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Geography Research Proposal
by Hailegebriel Weldetekle
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ABSTRACT There are many factors that hinder the economic development of Ethiopia. Among multifactors that hampered the economic development of the country are severe soil erosion and low agricultural production and productivity. Hence, a study of assessments of soil erosion and its conservation practices conducted in the Adea worda was attempted in response of these complex issues. Accordingly, to assess the problems and come up with the matching solutions, both the primary and secondary data were collected. The study was carried out with the sample households of 231 from the total households of 2,310 that in turn from three Kebele Administrations by simple random sampling technique were selected. The data from interviews, targeted focus group discussion, and personal field observation were also collected to substantiate the study. The collected date were coded, organized, tabulated, analyzed, and discussed. The findings of the study revealed that the main causes of soil erosion are heavy rainfall of the summer season, over cultivation, over grazing, cultivation of the steep slope, and deforestation. These causes of soil erosion are also become the strong challenging factors that affect SWC practices. The findings of the study also revealed the prominent types of erosion are gully erosion, perennial stream channels erosion, and rill erosion formations. The findings of the study also indicated that the traditional hill side terracing and tree planting are the principal SWC measures practiced in the survey area. The findings of the study also have shown that the need of the intervention of the government and environmental protection sectors and all stakeholders should have to take in to account to bring the fundamental change in green development strategy. Particularly, by giving attention to the technical and financial support for the most degraded areas under the attentive supervision of the concerned bodies and development agents in the sites. Rather than depending totally on the natural resources for the daily livelihood, creating some other alternatives and means of income generation is also very essential in the area.
Now a days, land degradation has emerged as a significant threat to the promotion of green economy, wellbeing of the ecology and ensuring food security. To counteract such a problem, Scaling up SLM technologies is a drastic solution. It is with this grand theme that this study was conducted in Tehuledere Woreda in three surrounding districts (Amumo, Kundimeda and Messal) taking the vulnerability of the area in to consideration. It shade light at identifying the factors hindering the adoption of SLM technologies and, the role of SLM technologies to ensure food security, and assessing the causes of food security in the context of SLM in the study area. The data used were obtained from both primary and secondary sources. The primary sources include structured questionnaire survey and focus group discussion methods. A total of 193 households were interviewed and their responses were interpreted. Scientific reports and conference proceedings were used to support the primary data. Descriptive statistics method was used for analyzing among farm land size, household, topography, erosion status and the adoption of soil and water conservation practices. The results indicated that farm land size, educational status of household head, slop of the farm land, lack of awareness, lack of adequate rain fall, financial constraints and distance to the farm plot from household home were among the major factors that negatively influence adoption of SLM in the study area which resulted in food insecurity. Furthermore, applying cost effective technologies which are suited for different topography such as manure, stone bundles, check dams, planting trees, etc. are recommended to be adopted effectively to ensure food security. Finally, lack of rainfall, land degradation and soil erosion, small land size, and limited status of SLM technologies are found to be causes of food insecurity in the context of SLM. As land is the main stay of the life in rural areas, efforts should be exerted for successfully scaling up of SLM technologies.
A watershed is defined as any surface area from which runoff resulting from rainfall is collected and drained through a common confluence point. Now a day's, with the increasing population watershed degradation is a serious problem in developing countries like Ethiopia. Amhara Regional state is potential for agricultural production for the country. The region is now affected by land degradation. Antsokiya Gemiza is one of the potential woreda in the North Shewa Zone but the woreda is now become under immense threat of agricultural productivity reduction. Land degradation is the main cause of decline in productivity of land, low income of the people. Natural resource depletion by sever soil erosion and environmental mishaps eroded the confidence of farmers living in the high rainfall and productive regions. Antsokiya Gemiza woreda is one of those areas considered as agricultural potential areas. For sustainably develop this high agricultural potential and labor available area, priority should be given to natural resources, especially soil and water conservation, based and economically feasible development projects. For that matter, investment on irrigation projects will increase crop production and reduce natural hazard risks. Therefore, construction of small-scale irrigation project is significantly important for the area. Bishano small-scale irrigation project watershed is found in Antsokiya Gemiza wereda of North Shewa Zones of Amhara Regional State. Land degradation assessment study carried out at Bishano watershed at Antsokia Gemiza woreda in Amhara Regional State. The study has to assess land characteristics related to land degradation for watershed management project study. The study was based on overlay of soil geomorphology; climatic, present lands cover processed in Arc.GIS 9.3 environments and analyze physical land resources, social implications and economic benefits. The general objective of the Bishano intake irrigation watershed management plan study is to identify, understand ecological and socio-economic problems in the watershed and prepare the watershed intervention plan that enable sustainable management and use of resource; there by establishing long-lasting irrigation water supply system while improving livelihood of the communities in the watershed through creating and sustaining improved agricultural production systems and land productivity. The methodology employed includes collection of primary and secondary data at field level .The study approaches and procedures exercised during different stages of the study include pre-field work, fieldwork, and post fieldwork activities. Bishano irrigation project watershed, has an area of 1489.05 ha is located in Amhara National Regional State North Shewa zone Antsokiya Gemiza and Menz Mama Midr weredas. The watershed has an altitudinal range from 1763 to 3096 m.a.s.l. The Watershed has only one dry weathered feeder road join from kebele to woreda town. Four types of soils have been identified in the watershed namely: Eutric Cambisol, Eutric Regosols, Lithosols and rock surface. The dominant textures identified in this watershed are loam, clay loam and clay. All types of slopes are present in the watershed. It has about 1018.2mm/yr annual rainfall. The annual average maximum temperature is estimated at 28.65oC. The total population of watershed is about 14,287 in number. The farming system comprises field crop production, livestock rearing and tree growing. The major crop types cultivated in the watershed are Teff, sorghum and maize. The dominant trees grown in the watershed include Cordia Africana, Ficus Spps and Eucalyptus. Soil degradation is decline of organic matter, depletion of nutrient, salinization and drying up of rivers and lakes .The common type of erosion is water erosion exhibited with all forms of erosion such as sheet and rills, gully, stream bank and land sliding on very steep slope areas. To assess soil erosion hazard for project area the revised universal soil loss equation (RUSLE) approach was followed. The land degradation map was developed on Arc GIS environment by using RUSLE parameters (rainfall erosivity; soil erodibility; slope length and gradient; land cover; and land management practices) as an input to assess average annual soil loss rate of the area. Based on the analysis, the total amount of soil loss in the watershed is about 25.3 ton/ha/year in mountains and hilly areas and 0.52 ton/ha/yr at flat and level areas where deposition takes place, the mean annual soil loss is 6.86 tons/ha/yr. From the assessment, 45.08% of the area has soil loss below the mean value. About 91.58 % of the area non-to slight and 8.42% moderate soil loss class. In order to alleviate the problems, the study identified and presented different mitigation measures in the main body of the report.
ABSTRACT This paper assessed the spatiotemporal analysis of recent land use and land cover changes of Goro District, South west shewa, central Ethiopia. This study was aimed at to map and quantify Land-use/Land-cover change and spatiotemporal analysis of Goro district between 1995 and2015. Integrated Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques were effectively applied for analyzing the magnitude, rate, and spatial pattern of land use change The Land-use/Land-cover and urban expansion dynamics of the town was the result of remotely sensed multi-temporal satellite imageries interpretation traced back to 1995, 2005 and 2015. Land-use/Land-cover area changes detection of land cover classes comparison between each study period was computed. The supervised image classification method with maximum likelihood probability algorithm has been employed for the land -cover classification in ENVI4.7 software. Four land use and land cover maps were produced by analyzing multi temporal remotely sensed images of three dates from Landsat satellite imageries and shows the major land use and land cover types. These include forest, shrub or bush, grass and agricultural land. In between (1995 to 2015), there was a dramatic expansion of grassland followed by forest however; shrub and farm land shows a reduction in aerial coverage. On the other hand in between 2005 to 2015, the inverse is true for agricultural land and shrub land shows a dramatic expansion but grass and forest land shows a reduction in the aerial coverage. The human driving factors include Population growth and density, over intensification of land use, farm size and policies on land use. The other driving forces for these changes were natural factors such as drought and Climate change. These factors results in various forces and strong effect to change the quantity and quality of land use. Keywords: Land Use/Land Cover classes; GIS; Remote sensing; spatiotemporal; Ethiopia
The study was conducted with the aim of investigating the level of female headed household farmers' participation in teff production and Soil and Water Conservation practices on teff farm plot and determinates of their participation in teff production of Abeshege woreda, SNNP, Ethiopia. A random sampling method was employed to select 164 participant and 70 non-participant households from purposively selected six Rural Kebeles sample respondents. Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources using interview schedule, focus group discussion, semi-structured interview, key informant discussions, and observations. The study employed both quantitative and qualitative data. The quantitative data were analyzed and interpreted by using descriptive statistics such as mean, range, percentage, standard deviation, t-test, chi-square and frequencies in order to draw conclusions and generalizations. The qualitative data were also analyzed and described by using qualitative methods such as narration, and generalizations. The study also employed the probit econometric model as a component of inferential statistical analysis. The study revealed that, there was a variation in the level of participation of female headed household in teff production in the study area. Further, the results of the study showed that 7.5% of the sampled respondents were under the category of low participation, 14.9% were under medium level of participation category and 62.7% of the respondents were under high participation category. The study showed that female headed household contribute 37.4% of labor for teff production and 41.6% of female headed house hold participants had a very good level of participation on soil and water conservation practices on teff producing farm plots. The estimation of the probit analysis revealed that size of family(X4), land size (X5), Average annual income (X6), and contact with development agents (X8) are significant at 1% probability levels. The implication of finding is that an increase in the level of any of the explanatory variables with positive sign i.e. in the case of marital status (X2), education level (X3), size of house hold members(X4), land size(X5) and contact with development agents(X8) have a positive effect on the participation of female headed household in teff production in the study area. According to this finding concerned body should give attention to those significant variables with care and design a better teff production strategy focusing on effective supervision, and training to enhance the female headed farmers' participation in teff production.
Land degradation is one of the major challenges in agricultural production in many parts of the world, especially in developing countries like Ethiopia. This is despite the efforts to curb land degradation rates through the years, including the attempt to promote soil and water conservation (SWC) technologies. This study investigates the factors affecting adoption and intensity of use decision for SWC practices in the Ethiopian highlands, in Tigray regional state. Data analysis was done using cross-sectional data collected from 150 households possessing 409 plots. In addition, secondary data was collected from relevant sources such as the woreda office of agriculture and rural development. Descriptive statistics such as mean and percentage were used to describe socio-economic and institutional characteristics of sample respondents. In addition, a double-hurdle model was used to identify the factors that influence farmers’ adoption decision and use intensity of SWC technologies, with a particular focus on stone terraces and soil bunds. The results suggest that the decision to adopt SWC practices and intensity of use appears to be explained by different processes. Slope and distance of the plot from residence seem to have a similar effect on both adoption and intensity of adoption decisions. Adoption decision is determined by age of the household head, extension, perception of soil erosion, perceived profitability of the technology, availability of food-for-work in the village, tenure security, slope and distance of the plot. While the decision made on intensity of use of SWC practices is influenced by membership to organization, farm size, land to labor ratio, slope and distance of the plot from residence. Therefore, bringing major changes in soil and water conservation investments will require attention to all the above factors. Since some of these factors such as farm size, extension and tenure security can be directly influenced by government policies and programs, government policies should pay due attention on measures to improve the quality of extension service and tenure security enhancement to increase adoption of land conserving technologies and minimize the rate of land degradation. Key words: Adoption, SWC, Double hurdle model
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Sustainable agricultural practices (SAPs) is a pooled of practices that increase productivity while conserving soil, which put on firm foundation of zero tillage, use of manure, legume intercropping and legume crop rotation. Despite use of SAPs is a panacea for aggravated soil erosion and nutrient depletion and maximizing crop produce, but it seems a plateau for farmers in Dangila district. This study, therefore, assessed factors that affecting of farmers decision behavior of implementing SAPs in Amhara region. The multistage sampling procedure was used to identify kebeles and sample respondents. Mixed nature of data were collected from sample respondents. Both descriptive statistics and Binary logit model was employed. The result of this study indicates that executing of SAPs is the aggregate of many factors, which should be given due attention in the transformation agriculture to environmentally friendly technologies and climate smart agricultural practice.
The thesis describes the major factors contributing to the shrinkage of pastoralist resources in the Ethiopian Lakes Region and the process of transformation of traditional pastoralism. It investigates the impacts of external interventions on local community in relation to management of natural resources and how communities dynamically respond. It also identifies the role of local community and their institutions regarding resource and conflict management. In this research both primary and secondary data are used. Qualitative data was collected from different rural and urban areas of the Lakes Region from key informants and through in-depth interview. For analytical purpose, quantitative data about rainfall and temperature characteristics and trend is also incorporated from secondary sources. Other secondary sources such as census and research reports are also used regarding population growth, urbanization, and land use pattern and investment trend. The role of traditional pastoralism, once the dominant economy in the Ethiopian Lakes Region is declining due to the shrinkage of pastoralist resources. Internal dynamics and external interventions have forced the pastoralists to transform their livelihood. Political and institutional shocks at macro level, environmental degradation, declining role of traditional institutions, rapid urbanization, population growth, national parks, private and state farms and floriculture and horticulture industry are contributing for further shrinkage of resources. In the meantime the pastoralists and agro-pastoralists economy is undergoing several transformations. Sedentarization, privatization, intensification and diversification became pervasive phenomenon. In a struggle to maintain survival need as a pastoralist, the pastoralists of the Lakes Region are losers, while in innovatively adapting to the external and internal stimulus they are winners in appropriating their share of life sustaining resources. This strategy has supported the continuation and proliferation of triangular transhumance. As a result there is a continuous organization and reorganization of relationships within the communities settling in the Lakes Region.
Girma Zewdie , G. Teshome
Ethiopian Renaissance Journal of Social Sciences and the Humanities
Editorial by Yemataw Wondie 1 Research Articles A Survey of Anywaa (Anuak) Proverbs Related to Animals by Varghese Alexander Raju 3 Correlates of Juvenile Delinquency among Jailed Delinquents in Gondar, Ethiopia by Daniel Sewasew, Selamawit Kassa, Gebeyehu Abate, Mengesha Shebabaw, Hone Mandefero and Yemataw Wondie 13 Crop Sensitivity to inter-annual climate variability in Lay Gayint woreda, Northwest Ethiopia by Addisu Baye and Menberu Teshome 27 Community Based Ecotourism as a Tool for Biodiversity Conservation in Wunania-Kosoye Natural Attraction Site, Ethiopia by Endalkachew Teshome and Mulugeta Astery 43 Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics, Driving Forces and Impacts in Lay Gayint woreda of Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia by Girma Zewdie and Ebrahim Esa 57 Social Vulnerability to Climate Change in the Abbay Basin, Upper Blue Nile of Ethiopia by Menberu Teshome 73 Book Reviews Archaeology: English-Amharic Dictionary. የአርኪዎሎጂ እንግሊዝኛ-አማርኛ መዝገበ ቃላት . By Hasen Said and Asamrew Dessie by Andreu Martínez d’Alòs-Moner 99 News On the release of the first issue of Renaissance Journal of Social Sciences and the Humanities 103 About the Journal 107
Mehari A Alebachew
Adelegn A Asress
Abstract This study was conducted at Gido sub-microwatershed which is located in south Welo and a typical example of the ‘Woina dega’ agro-climatic classification system of Ethiopia. The main objectives of the survey was to assess crop yield and land management variation among the different capability units, to examine and evaluate the biophysical characteristics and to explain variation in crop yield based on the biophysical characteristics and land management practices. Data were collected during the field survey from November to December 2003.The two most widely cultivated crops i.e. teff and sorghum were considered for investigation. The findings indicates that the average teff yield (11.92qt/ha) on capability unit C1was found to be 27.6, 39.2, 45.5, and 47.6 percent greater than the average teff yield on capability units C2, C3, C/P and C4 respectively. Again the average sorghum yield on capability unit C1 (30.58 qt/ha) was almost 33, 46, 69 and 63.2 percent higher than the yield of capability units C2, C3, C/P and C4 respectively. Concerning about the effect of land management on crop yield, the findings show that, as the capability unit increases from C1 to C4 the variety of land management increases progressively. This indicates that crop cultivation in the marginal areas of the watershed was sustained because of the effectiveness of indigenous land management. However the effect of land management on crop yield variation was insignificant in capability unit C1, but on capability units of C2, C3 and C/P where a number of land management types were available their effect were significant. The study also sought to measure the effects of some pertinent variables such as slope, soil depth, soil depth/slope ratio, organic matter, total nitrogen, and available phosphorous and C/N ratio. However the only variables which were significantly correlated with sorghum crop yield were slope, soil depth/slope ratio, organic matter and total nitrogen. The result of the analysis pointed out some important implications regarding the agricultural production and in order to increase yield in the study area. Farmers and land managers stand to gain by paying attention to the recommended types of conservation measures, such as broad and narrow based terracing, and hillside ditching, for each capability units and to integrate them with the indigenous conservation measures. It is recommended that a type of conservation measures which integrates “Weber” and “Kirit”. However it is important to understand the linkages within the watershed, and how conservation farming in the uplands of the southern part of the watershed system affects the system as a whole and the decision making process of both the upper catchment farmers and downstream residents. Thus regional and national as well as international assistance is needed to restore, manage and conserve this endangered cropland to the benefit of both upstream and downstream communities, as well as the natural ecosystem.
Soil degradation is a global environmental problem which started since the innovation of agriculture by human kind. One third of the world's agricultural soils, or roughly 2 billion hectares of land, was reported as being affected by soil degradation. Water and wind erosion account for 84% of this observed damage. The problem is very high in Africa and Asia. Ethiopia is considered to have one of the most serious soil degradation problems in the world. The average annual rate of soil loss in Ethiopia is estimated to be 12 tons/ha/yr, and it can drastically exceed this on steep slopes with soil loss rates greater than 300 tons/ha/year, where vegetation is denuded. The problem is very much serious in the Ethiopian highlands. In mid 1980's, 27 million ha or almost 50% of the highland area was significantly erchoded, 14 million ha seriously eroded and over 2 million ha beyond reclamation. Recognizing the seriousness of the problem, the Ethiopian government launched a massive soil conservation program beginning the mid-1970s. However, most performance measures of soil and water conservation efforts of the country were failed. In 1980s, the concept of watershed management was implemented as a way of redressing the degradation of the natural resource base and increasing land productivity. From its introduction up to know, watershed management has being implementing in the country. Some success of conservation efforts following watershed management was reduced run off, soil erosion and associated downstream siltation, increased vegetation cover and surface roughness, increased soil depth, increased recharge of groundwater table, increased production area and green environment, increased crop production and productivity and improvement in fodder availability. The successes are indicators of sustainable resource conservation.
2013, THT( TADESSE M., HULGIZIE T. AND TESFAHUN F.)
SENIOR RESEARCH PROJECT IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR SCIENCE IN BIOSYSTEMS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
IFPRI Knowledge Management
Land degradation is one of the major environmental hazards. It is one of the major causes of low and decline agricultural productivity, loss of biodiversity and poverty in Ethiopia. In order to combat the problem of land degradation, various efforts of land rehabilitation practices have been made throughout the country. Hence, rehabilitation of vast degraded land is crucial to local communities’ livelihood improvement. Therefore, the major objective of this study is to assess implications of land rehabilitation practices on livelihood conditions in Abeshege woreda, Gurage zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia. To achieve this objective, both primary and secondary data were generated by employing qualitative and quantitative data. A total of 226 households were selected from six kebeles by using systematic random sampling. Stratified sampling technique was also used to select male and female households. To collect the required information from selected respondents, questionnaire, key informants interviews, personal observation and focus group discussion were conducted by preparing checklists. Descriptive survey statistics such as frequency and percentage was used to analyze quantitative data. The qualitative data obtained from interviews and FGD was analyzed by describing and interpreting the deeply the situation of land rehabilitation practices on livelihood conditions. The finding of the study indicated that the trend of land rehabilitation practices have been increasing and results in increasing of crop productivity, livestock productivity and household incomes in the study area. However, population pressure, access of education, off- farming activities, community participation and local government and local NGOs are the major determinant factors in implementing land rehabilitation practices in effective way. The study findings strongly recommended that limiting family size by regulating population growth, awareness creation and training advocacy for SWC activities is must for farmers. To achieve this, working in consultation with local communities and strengthening partnership between local government and NGOs in land rehabilitation practices need to be given due attention. Key words: land degradation, land rehabilitation, livelihood; soil and water conservation Practices.
Assefa M Melesse, Ph. D, P.E., D. WRE (Professor)
DAVID M THOLLEY
Gete Zeleke , Kaspar Hurni
The Ethiopian Highlands have been studied extensively, hosting a large amount of research for development projects in agriculture and forestry over several decades. The encounters in these projects were also encounters of different ways of knowing that were negotiated by the actors meeting in the space provided by the projects. This research explores these encounters and the social worlds they are embedded in, drawing on actor-oriented approaches as well as theories of narratives and framing. Ways of knowing and citizen epistemologies are taken as a lens to understand the role of identities in knowledge production and use. The two case studies were agroforestry research projects in the Ethiopian Highlands. The research followed a range of qualitative and ethnographic research methods. Different types of farmers and scientists meet in the case studies. I recognise that they all have individual agency, nevertheless I use the terms ‘scientist’ and ‘farmer’ in this thesis. I use the terms to describe certain groups of actors who all draw on different ways of knowing, and different value systems, when interacting with each other and their environment. The results indicate that the importance of social worlds at different scales and the contexts of research projects tend to be underestimated. In spite of good intentions scientific methodologies, terminologies and narratives tend to dominate. Scientists in the case studies acknowledged the existence of farmers’ ‘indigenous’ knowledge, but they determined the value of knowledge by its scientific applicability and the replicability of experiments. Research systems force the scientists into a certain modus operandi with limited possibilities to experiment and to respond to the complexities and diversities of people's social worlds. Farmers in the case studies preferred observation from their parents, observing from others or the environment as a way of learning and gaining knowledge. Depending on their personalities and their life histories they also relied on alternative ways of knowing rooted in spirituality, emotions and memories. Powerful influences on ways of knowing resulted from the way languages and authority had been used. These often led to the exclusion of marginalised community members from access to knowledge and technologies. Unfortunately, common narratives prevailed in the case studies, and alternative ways of knowing were often marginalised. By acknowledging different ways of knowing and the importance of different social worlds and different ways of doing research, both scientists and farmers could benefit and develop more sustainable pathways for agricultural and forestry land use.
Rural household food security interventions can be effectively formulated or implemented through in-depth analysis of food security status and its determinants. Therefore, this study was conducted to measure the status and identify determinants of household food security in rural Konso woreda. Total of 252 households were selected by random sampling from five kebeles. Survey Questionnaire, Focus Group Discussion and Key Informant Interview were data collection methods employed. In addition, review of government reports and academic papers was made. The data is presented using mean, percentages, frequencies, etc. T-test, Chi-square, ANOVA and Bi-variate analysis were used to describe the characteristics of food-secure and food-insecure households. Multiple regressions model was used to identify important determinants of rural household food security. Results show that 66.3% of the households were food-insecure. Besides, the average and squared food insecurity gap among the food-insecure households were found to be 23.3% and 10.9%, respectively. Further analysis of food insecurity showed that 12.3% of the sampled households were marginally food-insecure, while 13.9% and 40.1% were moderately and severely food-insecure, respectively. The multiple regressions model has resulted in six significant variables among fifteen variables. These were farmland, sex, irrigation, annual income, dependency ratio and household size. Education, draught oxen, credit and extension services, agricultural inputs, livestock and age have showed non-significant positive contribution to rural household food security. Poor household health showed negative influence while availability of off-farm and/or non-farm activities showed negligible influence on rural household food security. In addition, erratic rainfall distribution and natural resource degradation are also among factors listed by Focus Group Discussion participants and Key informants as determinants of household food security. Finally, the recommendation is that the government and non-governmental organizations should consider statistically-significant variables and variables with positive contribution to the household food security as the most important areas of intervention.
This research was conducted in one of Shara kebele in the districts of Arba Minch Zuria, in south nations nationalities region located in the low land of Gamo Gofa Zone to assess the problems of soil erosion and to determine how these drivers of soil erosion affect the livelihood of farmers. The research was a case study undertaken in an identified micro-watershed making use of the questionnaire and interviews methods. A household sample was obtained by using a simple random sampling technique, information interviews was conducted with community representatives, and development agents who worked in the community. The objective of the proposal was to assess the causes of soil erosion on crop production and the impact/its effects on livelihoods of the community. The research methods were questionnaire and direct observation. The result of the study indicated that the effects of soil erosion on land productivity, agriculture and livestock production at large had a negative effect on livelihoods of the community members. Recommendation based on the research affirm the necessary to undertake large-scale natural resource management starting with community based watershed management thereby reducing the impact of land degradation on livelihoods of farmers and ensuring food security and sustainable land management.
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the farmers’ perception on soil erosion and their use of structural soil conservation measures. The data for this studywas collected via interviewees, key informants and field observations. Farmers perceived indicators of the existence of erosion and soil fertility loss differently. For many farmers, gully development and stoniness of soil were main indicators to soil erosion on their land. Others recognize by observing soil color. They also perceived well the causes of soil erosion in their lands as slope steepness of cultivation fields, ceaseless cultivation and absence offallowing with many time preparations of soil for cropping; still other causes have great roles.Severity of soil erosion in the study area explained as severe, moderate, minor soil erosion and a few cultivation fields had no erosion risk. Consequently, farmers well understood the results of severe soil erosion on their farms and recognized as loss of topsoil, reduction of yield over time, loss of vegetation cover and grasses, change in soil color, requiring high input and management, formation ofuncross-able gullies, lack of farm land and grazing field, and out migration. Structural soil conservation measures practiced in the study area included cutoff drains, soil bunds, fanya juu, waterways, check dams, and trench digging. Yet farmers have been using biological and agronomic soil conservation measureseither separately or in combination with structural soil conservation measures. Practices ofstructural soil conservation measures have been influenced by many factors. Aged farmers have practiced structural soil conservation less likely than young farmers. Female farmers also showed high interest towards structural soil conservation, yet they invested little and rarely practiced. On the contrary, educated farmers, household sizes, farmers involved in off farm jobs, perceiving soil erosion well, having contact with DA and training provide a fertile ground for increased practice of structural soil conservation measures. Soil conservation efforts need hand- in- hand cooperation with concerned experts while planning and implementation. To effectively plan for soil conservation measures application and introduce new techniques to manage resources in the right way, it is necessary to involve local farmers and have knowledge of local concepts such as that of soil classification, soil quality, soil fertility and soil erosion.
Kindu Mekonnen , Berhane Kidane , Mesfin Gebremikael , Laura German , Shenkut Ayele , Amare Ghizaw , Tilahun Amede , Yohannes Gojjam
Alemayehu Belay , Katherine Snyder
2014, Public Administration and Development
Peter Trutmann , Tilahun Amede
2007, Proceedings of A planning workshop on Thematic Research Area of the Global Mountain Program (GMP) held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, August 29-30, 2006,
Executive Summary: A two-day planning workshop on RUL was conducted from August 29-30, in Addis Ababa. The primary objective of the planning workshop was to enrich the draft conceptual framework for the RUL Thematic research area and devise the way forward for action research/development intervention to strengthen RUL and thereby support the development efforts of the country. The workshop was attended by 80 participants drawn from federal and regional government offices, higher learning institutions, civil society organizations, private sector and International Agricultural Research Centers. The workshop was officially opened with welcoming and opening remarks by high level officials from EIAR, GMP, EPA and MoARD. The workshop was organized in to paper presentation sessions and group work sessions followed by a panel discussion. The first day of the workshop was dedicated for paper presentations and second day for group work and panel discussions. Key outcomes of the workshop: - Cognizing that RUL was a missing element in Ethiopia’s development endeavor and the consideration of RUL in PASDEP, a general agreement was reached that the initiative will be instrumental in providing vital information in addressing the current gap. - While endorsing the proposed sub-thematic areas, it was recommended to depict clearly the interconnections between the sub themes in the design of the conceptual framework (see Figure 2 of the paper presented by Gete Zeleke (Page 30) which shows the revised conceptual framework as per the recommendation). - Priority action areas were identified under each sub-theme to be incorporated in the improved version of the concept note. The identified priority action areas are: ° Flow analysis (goods and services) • Natural resources – flows of water , energy, sediment, nutrients , pollutants within rural-urban continuum; • Products flow (Value chain analysis) – flows of forest, crop (including high value horticultural products) and livestock products and by products; agricultural inputs; market and market infrastructure; • Labor flow (migration) – migration (RU, RR, UR, cross boarder) including flows of remittance/capital and gender and age relations; • Knowledge and information flow – analysis of flows of market and other information, skills, services, etc; ° Policy and institutional analysis • Policy – rural policies, urban policies, RUL-relevant common policies and International conventions and agreements including land tenure policies; • Institution – public, private and communal institutions both in rural and urban settings, issues related to institutional linkages and stability; ° Livelihoods analysis • Economic activity options including new frontiers such as ➢ The role of tourism as alternative livelihood options within RUL setting ➢ Value adding, etc… • Natural resources (NR) and livelihood options (analysis of the interdependence of poverty and land degradation) • Analyzing peri-urban and urban agriculture – going for business unusual intervention to improve livelihoods • Impacts of cultural values and norms towards improved livelihood options and solutions • Physical distance and livelihood options • Migration as livelihoods option within the RUL context – challenges, opportunities and actions • Factors affecting choice of livelihood options in rural and urban settings • Policy and institutional requirements to improve livelihoods within RUL context ° Cross cutting issues • Capacity building requirements (on system development and spatial planning and the inter-linkage with sectoral planning approaches) • Gender and HIV/AIDS - Baseline research to identify key gaps, opportunities and intervention areas related to the three sub-thematic areas is recommended as a first activity. - The workshop recommends that the RUL initiative need to be strongly linked with the national R&D system. - The proposal to establish a RUL platform was endorsed as a freestanding organ. List of members of the platform, TOR (including roles and responsibilities) to be developed later. - Strong collaboration by different stakeholders was emphasized and recommended that the platform shall be one avenue to ensure close collaboration. - In addition to the benchmark site and satellite cities proposed, it was recommended to include emerging urban areas such as Assosa and Gambella "
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Top 100 geography topics for research.
April 13, 2021
Your geography paper or essay can also cover multiple fields. You can also opt to write on scientific or empirical geographic models. Alternatively, you can write about how humans relate to the environment. If your educator has asked you to write a research paper or essay, here are some of the best geographical topics to consider for your project.
Unique Geography Topics
Maybe you like researching and writing about unique ideas. And this is very important because uniqueness is one of the factors that educators consider when grading academic papers and essays. Here is a list of unique geography topics for research that you should consider.
- Environmental and social-economic effects of gas and oil exploration in your town
- Demographic and land-use changes in your area
- Cartography history
- The emerging grassland agriculture trends
- Badland areas geomorphological changes
- How human activities contribute to climate change
- What causes soil erosion – How to mitigate it
- How weather variables like wind, temperature, and snow contribute to the vegetation in native grassland
- Effects of wet summer on agricultural production
- Effects of modern farming techniques on agricultural production
- Science historical geographies
- How to control galley erosion in your area
- How volcanic action affects land fertility
- Mapping for landslide hazard and potential solutions
- How acidification of ocean weather affects the marine life
- How weather patents relate and possible mitigation in various countries
- Effects of high urban areas’ population
- How global warming affects the planet
- How to manage the aging infrastructure
- How to deal with urbanization and expansion in big cities
These are some of the best world geography project ideas to explore when writing an essay or a paper. Nevertheless, take your time to research your topic extensively and analyze data to come up with a solid paper.
Cultural Geography Topics
Cultural geography is among the major science branches, alongside social, political, and economic geography. It entails the study of ethnic geography. And this covers religion, art, and languages. Maybe you love researching and writing about cultural geography. In that case, consider these cultural geography essay topics.
- The educational systems in western and eastern cultures
- Geographical aspects of the world religions’ study
- The role women play in the Chinese society
- Heritage monuments in the geo-cultural space
- The Native culture’s influence on human psychology
- How globalization benefits developed and developing countries
- How cultural superiority affects how humans behave
- How globalization has affected the Chinese economy
- The role of cultural geography in promoting tourism
- The most represented food in my country
These are brilliant cultural geography research paper topics. Pick any of these ideas and then develop them to suit your project.
Human Geography Topics
Human geography entails the study of the network and distribution of people and different cultures across the world. It’s also about the study of how humans relate to their physical environment. Here are some of the best human geography research topics to consider for your papers.
- India and China – The universal effects of the increasing economic powers of these countries
- Ethnic Dressing evolution through different centuries
- Human culture – How it has changed over time
- The untoward impacts of overgrazing on the Mongolian Steppe’s agricultural production
- World Power – The evolution of China into a powerful country
- The development of military geography
- The expansion of large cities – how does it affect the environment?
- Settlement movements of the Scythians
- How the Indian population growth impacts the environment
- The spread of the South African diseases
These are interesting human geography essay topics. But, you should research your ideas carefully and extensively to come up with a solid paper regardless of your chosen topic.
Physical Geography Research Topics
Physical geography is arguably a major field in this subject. It entails the study of the natural environment. This includes the patterns and processes like the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere. Ideally, physical geography covers both the built and cultural environment. Here are some of the best physical geography topics to consider for your paper or essay.
- How climate change affects the intensity of the Australian bushfire
- The meteorology history and its effects on modern research
- River ice – The worldwide effects of the high ice loss rate across the globe
- How the Australian bush fires affect the global weather
- Organizational forms of the living matter on earth
- The evolution and origin of the biosphere
- The geographical envelope and its causes
- Environmental nihilism and environmental determinism
- Forms of chemical elements migration
- The atmospheric vertical structure – Gas composition features of air and the determining factors
- Characteristics of the elementary geochemical landscapes
- The significance of the main gases in the atmosphere
- Alkalinity and acidity of the soil – How to regulate them
- The soil horizons color – How physicochemical properties of the constituent substances of the soil depend on their color
- Soil formation – The anthropogenic factors
- The role of endogenous geological processes in earth l formation
Physical geography is generally a complete sciences’ system that entails the study of dynamics, structures, and functioning of the geological envelope, as well as, its structural parts. Pick your geography topic from this category if you love exploring the environment in its natural and man-made forms.
Interesting Geography Topics
Do you want to research and write about something interesting? In that case, consider this category of interesting geography paper topics.
- Features and qualities of coastal erosion
- Why should humans protect the endangered rain forests tree species?
- Why glaciers melting is happening faster than predicted
- Which was the worst ecological crisis in the world’s history
- Meteorological science – Is it accurate or real?
- How to minimize the effects of deforestation
- Effects of floods on the lives of humans
- Hurricanes effects and how to predict them
- An exploration of geographical features of a desert
- Human roles in the increasing global warming
- Why earthquakes and landslides are popular today
- Can eco-friendly food feed the world?
- How to use innovative technologies to produce eco-friendly food
- The role of humans in their extinction
- How a volcanic eruption occurs
- How humans have contributed to the ever-changing climate
- How oil and gas exploration affects the social issues
- How volcanoes affect nearby settlements
- The happenings and process of earthquakes
- Factors that lead to the urbanization of some areas over time
- Indicators and causes of climate change
Choose your geography research topic from this category and then develop it extensively. Use reliable and authentic sources to find relevant information for your paper or essay to earn the top grade.
The Best Geography Research Topics to Choose from
Maybe you want to pick your geography essay topics from a list of the best ideas. Whether you need AP human geography topics or world geography topics, this list comprises the best ideas to consider when writing your paper or essay.
- The main causes and effects of earthquakes
- A description of the Amazon basin formation
- How flooding helps in sustaining life
- Environmental effects of oil exploration
- Common hazards associated with landslides
- Glaciers formation – Describe this process
- Dumping waste alternatives
- Explain the impact of the atomic blasts on Nagasaki and Hiroshima
- Continental drift process from Pangaea until today
- How geography relates to climate
- How water bodies affect the climate
- How public housing affects the housing industry
- Influence of geographical location on a country’s climate
- What causes water pollution?
- What causes the eruption of wildfire
- Effects of the rising industrialization trend
- What should humans do to protect rare species
- How to protect floods
- How to prevent human-animal conflicts
- How to deal with the continuing water crisis
- The severity of natural disasters in the modern world
- What’s the responsibility of individuals in curbing global warming?
- How using green energy can substitute fossil fuels
These are amazing topics to consider when writing an essay or a research paper. Take your time to understand each of these ideas to pick the one you will be comfortable working with.
Students have many ideas to explore when writing academic papers and essays. However, the most important thing is to choose a topic you will be happy to research and write about. What’s more, understand the requirements and instructions set by your educator when exploring different geographical project topics. Additionally, take your time to find relevant sources, gather and analyze information before writing. That way, you will come up with a paper that will impress the educator to award you the top grade. You can also contact our writing service to save your time and effort.
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- Department of Geography
Writing your proposal
These guidelines are designed to assist you in developing and writing a project proposal.
Do I need to write a research proposal?
All applications for PhD study places in the department of Geography must include a proposal that outlines your topic and proposed programme of research. The only exception to this requirement is when you are applying only for an advertised project, for which the title and description of the project are already given.
Your proposal will help us to make sure that:
- the topic is viable
- the department can provide appropriate supervision and other resources
- you have thought through your interest in, and commitment to, a piece of research
We recommend that you use our Find a supervisor page to identify a staff member who can provide you with advice on your topic and proposal before you apply.
What should my research proposal look like?
We advise that research proposals are approximately 1000—1500 words long and should contain the following elements:
A provisional title
This is the headline for your proposed research and so it should include any key concepts, empirical focus, or lines of inquiry that you aim to pursue. Whilst your title may change, it is important to devise a title that describes what you aspire to research.
A key question, hypothesis or the broad topic for investigation
You need key questions or hypotheses to drive your research. These will need to be original, timely and of importance to the discipline. This could involve investigating something that no-one has looked at before, or it might mean taking a fresh approach to an existing topic or issue.
An outline of the key aims of the research
What will the PhD do? Your aims will be broader than the questions/hypotheses. They should give a prospective statement about the overall destination of the PhD and its potential impact.
A brief outline of key literature in the area (what we already know)
This section should situate your topic with reference to the existing research literature. At PhD level, a literature review is more than simply a descriptive mapping exercise, it should cite key theories or debates and suggest how your project would engage with them.
A description of the topic and an explanation of why further research in the area is important (the gap in the literature - what we need to know)
This section follows logically from the previous one. It highlights what the gap in current knowledge is and how your research will contribute original scholarship. Will your research provide a new perspective, generate new evidence, challenge existing assumptions? By whom might the PhD be valued: scholars looking at a particular issue, communities within specific institutions, certain groups of people?
Details of how the research will be carried out, including any special facilities or resources required and any necessary skills which you either have already or would need to acquire (the tools that will enable us to fill the gap you have identified)
A clear methodological statement shows how you will execute your research project. This section should outline your approach to your research as well as the methods you will use. Of course, the resources you will need will vary according to the nature of the research: access to a particular archive, specialist library, visits to field sites, the use of analytical software, access to databases, training, workshop attendance and so on. It is important to list any of these resources and give a very brief account of how their role in your research.
A plan and timetable of the work you will carry out
Submission of the PhD is expected to take place by the end of the tuition-fee paying period, which for most PhD candidates will be at 3.5 years from the date of commencing PhD study. This section should show how you will carry out your research within that timeframe. Try to be as detailed as you can at this stage.
How do I submit my research proposal?
Upload your research proposal document (as a PDF or Word document) within the online application form as part of your PhD study place application .
If you further intend to apply for a scholarship, we recommend that you consult your proposed supervisor on appropriate scholarship opportunities and on adapting your proposal to meet the requirements of the scholarships section of the online application form.
Writing support for international applicants
The Faculty of Social Sciences has partnered with the English Language Teaching Centre (ELTC) to introduce a new Bridge Programme for International Applicants . Find out how this online course can support you at the start of your PhD journey.
Our PhD research
How to apply for a PhD
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Search for PhD opportunities at Sheffield and be part of our world-leading research.
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Proposal Tips and Examples
Nggdpp preservation projects, preserving valuable and irreplaceable geoscience collections, sample preservation and inventory.
Geologic Map Conversion to GeMS
Activities Not Funded by NGGDPP
Annually, the NGGDPP solicits proposals from state geological surveys for the preservation and rescue of geoscience materials and data. Funding opportunities may be available to U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) bureaus annually as funding allows. A review panel evaluates and ranks the proposals according to four criteria: technical merit; societal project benefits; knowledge, performance, and experience of project personnel; and reasonableness of budget for proposed project.
Note: This section, Tips and Examples, focuses primarily on guidance for state geological surveys, but the suggestions also apply to DOI opportunities. Cost-share requirements and package submission to grants.gov do not apply to the DOI.
Proposal applicants are encouraged to consider the following guidance for drafting impactful proposals:
- Clear justification for preserving the selected data and materials should be provided, including how the results of the project meet the organization priorities and benefit stakeholders and society.
- The Program places high value on increasing access to preserved materials. Ideally, digital data should be made readily available through digital means.
- The project and workflow process should be described.
- Federal share of the cost of the proposed activities must be no more than 50 percent of the total cost . The state portion can be larger than the federal portion; however, if the federal contribution is more than the state portion - regardless of the amount - the grant proposal shall be disqualified and will not be evaluated by the grant review panel.
- Descriptions of project personnel and their experience and skills relevant to complete the proposed tasks must be provided.
- Equipment funding requests including scanners, computers, storage media, and relevant software licenses are acceptable as long as the equipment is necessary for the successful completion of the work funded by the NGGDPP. A full justification and a dealer or manufacturer quote are required for any proposed equipment purchase.
- Submission of proposal package to grants.gov should be initiated well in advance of due date.
2024 State Grant Notice of Funding Opportunity Webinar
The presentation and recording are available from the September 7, 2023 webinar on the 2024 NGGDPP Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) Webinar.
Presentation ( Click here for Powerpoint slides )
Recording September 7, 2023 ( Click here for mp4 file 497MB )
Recording September 7, 2023 ( Click here for Word Document )
Recording - October 18, 2023 ( Click here for mp4 file 449MB )
Recording - October 18, 2023 ( Click here for Word Document )
2023 State Proposal Examples
These state geological survey proposal examples from 2023 are available for reference to support proposal writing.
Arizona Geological Survey 2023 Proposal ( Click here for pdf file )
Michigan Geological Survey 2020 Proposal ( Click here for pdf file )
Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey 2023 Proposal ( Click here for pdf file )
2023 State Grant Program Announcement Webinar
The presentation is available from the July 19, 2022 and August 10, 2022 webinars on the NGGDPP Webinar on FY2023 Program Announcement.
The recording and transcript are available from the August 10, 2022 webinar.
Recording ( Click here for mp4 file 523MB )
Recording ( Click here for Word Document )
2022 State Grant Program Announcement Webinar and Office Hours
The presentation is available from the October 2021 webinar on the NGGDPP Webinar on FY2022 Program Announcement.
The presentation is available from the December 8th and 16th, 2021 Office Hours sessions on the modifications to the FY 2022 Program Announcement in response to the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (PL 117-58).
2021 State Grant Program Announcement Webinar
The presentation and recording are available from the October 2020 webinar, NGGDPP Webinar on FY2021 Program Announcement and Proposal Writing Best Practices.
Recording ( Click here for mp4 file 656MB )
2020 State Proposal Examples
These additional state geological survey proposal examples from 2020 are available for reference to support proposal writing.
Idaho Geological Survey 2020 Proposal ( Click here for pdf file )
Kansas Geological Survey 2020 Proposal ( Click here for pdf file )
Nebraska Conservation and Survey Division 2020 Workflow Table ( Click here for pdf file )
Utah Geological Survey 2020 Proposal ( Click here for pdf file )
These NGGDPP templates are available for use by state geological surveys throughout the grant lifecycle from proposal writing, data compilation, through final submittal.
Attachment D – Mineral Deposits/Districts Templates ( Click here for zip file )
Attachment E – Borehole Template ( Click here for Excel file )
NGGDPP Data Management Plan Template ( Click here for Word document )
Final Technical Report Template ( Click here for Word document )
Abstract Template ( Click here for Word document )
Data Management Plan Examples
These examples of data management plans (DMP) are available for reference to support proposal writing.
DMP - Core and Core Photos ( Click here for Word document )
DMP - Geologic maps, Well logs, Geochemistry, Critical Minerals, Field Notebooks ( Click here for Word document )
- How It Works
146 Impressive Geography Research Topics Every Student Will Like
Are you a student seeking inspiration for your next geography research project? Look no further! In this article, we present you with a treasure trove of 146 original and top-quality geography research topics, completely free of charge. Whether you’re pursuing a degree in geography or simply passionate about exploring the world around you, these topics cover a wide range of fascinating subjects.
From human geography and cultural landscapes to physical geography and environmental sustainability, we’ve got you covered. Each topic is carefully crafted to ignite your curiosity and help you delve deeper into the field. Get ready to embark on an exciting journey of exploration and discovery as you uncover unique research ideas that will captivate both you and your readers.
Areas Of Geography
Geography is a field of study that explores the Earth’s physical features, human activities and their interactions. It examines the spatial patterns, processes, and relationships between the environment and society. Geographers investigate the Earth’s surface, analyzing its landscapes, climate, ecosystems and resources, as well as the distribution of populations, cultures, economies, and political systems. There are several types of geography, each focusing on specific aspects of the Earth’s physical and human dimensions:
Physical geography examines natural phenomena like landforms, weather and ecosystems. Human geography studies human activities, such as population distribution, urbanization and cultural landscapes. Economic geography explores the spatial patterns of economic activities, trade and resource distribution. Political geography analyzes the political systems, boundaries and geopolitical relationships between regions. Environmental geography investigates the interactions between humans and the environment, including environmental issues and sustainability. Geographical information systems (GIS) and remote sensing employ technology to analyze spatial data and maps.
These subfields together provide a comprehensive understanding of the Earth’s complexities and its relationship with human society.
Easy Geography Research Paper Topics
Want to write your paper in just a couple of hours? Explore a curated list of accessible and easy geography research paper topics that will make your geography research paper a breeze:
- The impact of climate change on coastal regions
- Exploring the relationship between geography and tourism
- Analyzing urbanization trends in developing countries
- Investigating the effects of deforestation on biodiversity
- Examining the role of geography in natural disaster management
- Studying the cultural landscape of a specific region
- Analyzing the geography of food production and distribution
- Exploring the impact of transportation on urban development
- Investigating the geography of renewable energy sources
- Analyzing the spatial patterns of population growth
- Studying the impact of globalization on local economies
- Examining the geography of water resources and management
Human Geography Research Topics
Improve your chances of getting a top grade! Delve into the complex interplay between humans and their environment with this comprehensive list of human geography research topics:
- Exploring the social implications of gentrification in urban areas
- Analyzing the influence of gender on migration patterns
- Investigating the impact of globalization on cultural identity
- Examining the geography of poverty and social inequality
- Studying the relationship between health and geographical location
- Analyzing the spatial distribution of ethnic communities in cities
- Investigating the geography of political power and governance
- Exploring the role of geography in shaping human behavior
- Analyzing the impacts of urban sprawl on communities
- Studying the geography of education access and quality
- Examining the spatial patterns of crime and its socio-economic factors
- Investigating the geography of healthcare provision and disparities
Cultural Geography Research Topics
Interested in cultural geography? Immerse yourself in the rich tapestry of cultures and their geographical influences with this captivating list of cultural geography research topics:
- Analyzing the cultural landscapes of indigenous communities
- Exploring the impact of globalization on cultural diversity
- Investigating the geography of language and its preservation
- Examining the influence of religion on cultural landscapes
- Studying the role of cultural heritage in tourism development
- Analyzing the geography of cultural festivals and events
- Investigating the spatial patterns of cultural diffusion
- Exploring the impact of migration on cultural identities
- Analyzing the geography of music and its regional variations
- Investigating the role of food culture in shaping identities
- Examining the spatial distribution of cultural institutions
- Studying the geography of art and its impact on communities
Physical Geography Research Topics
Do you want to write about physical geography? Investigate the natural processes and phenomena shaping our planet through this collection of compelling physical geography research topics:
- Analyzing the processes of coastal erosion and their impacts
- Investigating the formation and characteristics of river systems
- Examining the effects of climate change on glacial landscapes
- Analyzing the spatial patterns of soil erosion and conservation
- Investigating the biogeography of specific ecosystems
- Exploring the impacts of climate on vegetation patterns
- Analyzing the geography of water resources and hydrology
- Investigating the formation and classification of landforms
- Examining the spatial distribution of biodiversity hotspots
- Studying the interactions between humans and the natural environment
- Exploring the impacts of urbanization on natural landscapes
Geography Thesis Topics
Are you busy planning your thesis? Engage in an in-depth exploration of geographic concepts and theories with this thought-provoking list of geography thesis topics:
- Investigating the geographical aspects of sustainable development
- Analyzing the impacts of climate change on vulnerable communities
- Exploring the role of geography in disaster risk reduction
- Studying the geography of migration and refugee movements
- Examining the relationship between urban planning and social equity
- Analyzing the spatial patterns of energy consumption and renewable solutions
- Exploring the geographical dimensions of political conflicts and peacebuilding
- Investigating the role of geography in land use planning and conservation
- Examining the impacts of globalization on local economies
Urban Geography Thesis Topics
Are you interested in writing about urban geography? Analyze the complexities of urban landscapes and urbanization processes with this curated selection of urban geography thesis topics:
- Analyzing the effects of gentrification on urban neighborhoods
- Investigating the role of urban design in creating sustainable cities
- Examining the spatial patterns of urban sprawl and its consequences
- Studying the geography of social segregation in urban areas
- Analyzing the impacts of transportation systems on urban mobility
- Investigating the relationship between urbanization and public health
- Exploring the geography of informal settlements and slums
- Analyzing the impacts of urban green spaces on quality of life
- Investigating the geography of urban food systems and food security
- Examining the role of technology in shaping smart cities
- Studying the spatial distribution of cultural and recreational amenities in cities
PhD Research Topics In Geography
Expand the boundaries of geographical knowledge and contribute to the field with this diverse and stimulating list of PhD research topics in geography:
- Analyzing the geography of environmental justice in urban areas
- Investigating the impacts of climate change on indigenous communities
- Examining the role of geography in disaster risk governance
- Studying the spatial patterns of land use change in rapidly urbanizing regions
- Analyzing the impacts of transportation infrastructure on accessibility and equity
- Investigating the geographical dimensions of health inequalities
- Exploring the relationship between globalization and urbanization processes
- Analyzing the geography of political conflicts and territorial disputes
- Investigating the impacts of natural resource extraction on local communities
- Studying the spatial dynamics of international migration and its consequences
- Exploring the geography of innovation and knowledge economies in cities
Captivating Research Topics In Geography
Looking for some captivating research topics in geography? Ignite curiosity and scholarly interest with this awesome collection of research topics that delve into various aspects of geography:
- Investigating the geography of mega-cities and their challenges
- Analyzing the impacts of climate change on vulnerable coastal regions
- Exploring the spatial patterns of cultural landscapes and heritage sites
- Studying the geography of borderlands and transnational interactions
- Examining the impacts of tourism on local communities and environments
- The role of geography in understanding human-environment interactions
- Analyzing the spatial distribution of environmental pollution and its impacts
- Exploring the geography of global food systems and agricultural practices
- Investigating the impacts of natural disasters on urban resilience
- Examining the role of geography in understanding urban inequalities
- Studying the geography of geopolitical conflicts and their implications
- Exploring the impacts of technological advancements on landscapes
Interesting Geography Research Topics
Discover a wide range of interesting geography research topics that will pique your professor’s curiosity and offer new insights into the world of geography:
- Analyzing the impacts of climate change on glacier retreat and water resources
- Investigating the geography of renewable energy transition and its challenges
- Examining the spatial patterns of urban heat islands and their mitigation strategies
- Studying the impacts of land use change on biodiversity conservation
- Investigating the role of geography in understanding cultural diversity
- Exploring the geography of disease outbreaks and their spatial spread
- Investigating the impacts of natural hazards on human vulnerability and resilience
- Examining the spatial distribution of ecological corridors
- Studying the geography of regional economic disparities and development strategies
- Exploring the impacts of transportation infrastructure on urban accessibility
- The role of geography in understanding weather patterns
Good Geography Research Topics For 2023
Looking for some current topics to write about? Choose from a list of good geography research topics for 2023 that showcase the relevance and significance of geography in today’s world:
- Impacts of population growth on urban infrastructure and services in geography
- Geography of water scarcity and its implications for communities
- Spatial patterns of environmental conservation and protected areas in geography
- Impacts of land degradation on agricultural productivity and food security
- Geography of natural resource management and sustainable practices
- Relationship between climate change and human migration patterns in geography
- Spatial distribution of environmental justice and marginalized communities
- Impacts of urbanization on water pollution and ecosystem degradation
- Geography of renewable energy sources and their integration into the grid
- Role of geography in understanding regional conflicts over natural resources
- Impacts of deforestation on biodiversity loss and ecosystem services
Geography Topics For Research For College
Need some great geography topics for research for college? Explore a comprehensive list of geography research topics tailored for college-level studies, offering opportunities for critical analysis and exploration:
- Impacts of transportation infrastructure on urban air quality in geography
- Geography of urban gentrification and displacement
- Spatial patterns of urban food waste and its environmental consequences
- Impacts of tourism development on fragile ecosystems in geography
- Geography of environmental migration and its social implications
- Role of geography in understanding climate adaptation strategies
- Spatial distribution of environmental inequalities and environmental racism
- Impacts of land use change on water quality in agricultural regions
- Geography of geopolitical conflicts and territorial disputes
- Impacts of industrial pollution on urban health and well-being
- Role of geography in understanding disaster preparedness
Interesting Geography Topics For High School
Get the most interesting geography topics for high school. Foster geographical curiosity and critical thinking skills with this intriguing list of essay topics designed specifically by our best dissertation service writers for high school students:
- Analyzing the impacts of climate change on the polar regions
- Investigating the geography of natural hazards
- Examining the spatial distribution of endangered species
- Studying the impacts of urbanization on wildlife habitat fragmentation
- Exploring the geography of cultural diversity and multiculturalism in cities
- Investigating the role of geography in understanding climate variability
- Analyzing the spatial patterns of population distribution and density
- Investigating the geography of international migration and refugee flows
- Examining the impacts of tourism on local communities and cultures
- Studying the geography of natural resources
- Exploring the role of geography in understanding global inequality
Engaging Geographical Research Topics
Embark on a captivating journey of geographical exploration with this diverse collection of engaging geographical research topics, connecting people, places and the environment through insightful investigations:
- Urban sprawl impacts on land use and ecosystem services in geography
- Geography of renewable energy transition and its challenges
- Spatial patterns of urban heat islands and impacts on residents
- Impacts of climate change on coastal erosion and shoreline management
- Geography of water scarcity and implications for human populations
- Role of geography in understanding geopolitical conflicts and peacebuilding
- Spatial distribution of environmental pollutants and health effects
- Impacts of globalization on local economies and cultural landscapes
- Geography of gender inequalities and spatial dimensions
- Impacts of natural disasters on vulnerable communities and recovery
- Role of geography in understanding migration dynamics and urbanization
- Geography of political borders and their social and economic implications
Affordable Thesis Help You Can Rely On
When it comes to writing a geography research paper or scientific thesis , our company is your trusted source for comprehensive thesis help. Our team of expert writers consists of experienced professionals who specialize in geography, ensuring that you receive top marks for your school or class. We pride ourselves on delivering high quality and impressive custom written theses tailored to your specific requirements.
With our secure and fast online service, you can access thesis help that is not only affordable but available 24/7. Rest assured that your work will be handled by native English-speaking experts (ENL writers), guaranteeing exceptional quality and adherence to academic standards. Trust us for all your thesis needs and achieve academic success with ease!
Why is choosing a great topic important when writing a geography essay?
Choosing a great topic ensures that your essay is engaging, relevant, and allows you to demonstrate your understanding of key geographical concepts while capturing the reader’s interest.
How can I choose a great topic for my geography essay?
To choose a great topic, consider current geographical issues, areas of personal interest and the availability of reliable sources. Additionally, ensure that the topic aligns with your essay’s objectives and requirements.
What are some strategies for narrowing down a geography essay topic?
To narrow down your topic, focus on specific geographical regions, phenomena, or concepts. Consider exploring the intersections between different aspects of geography, such as human and physical geography, to create a unique and well-rounded essay topic.
Can I get assistance in choosing a great topic for my geography essay?
Yes, you can seek guidance from your instructor, consult reputable academic resources or utilize online platforms that provide topic suggestions. Engaging in discussions with peers or experts in the field can also help generate ideas and refine your topic choice.
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- Samples List
An research proposal examples on geography is a prosaic composition of a small volume and free composition, expressing individual impressions and thoughts on a specific occasion or issue and obviously not claiming a definitive or exhaustive interpretation of the subject.
Some signs of geography research proposal:
- the presence of a specific topic or question. A work devoted to the analysis of a wide range of problems in biology, by definition, cannot be performed in the genre of geography research proposal topic.
- The research proposal expresses individual impressions and thoughts on a specific occasion or issue, in this case, on geography and does not knowingly pretend to a definitive or exhaustive interpretation of the subject.
- As a rule, an essay suggests a new, subjectively colored word about something, such a work may have a philosophical, historical, biographical, journalistic, literary, critical, popular scientific or purely fiction character.
- in the content of an research proposal samples on geography , first of all, the author’s personality is assessed - his worldview, thoughts and feelings.
The goal of an research proposal in geography is to develop such skills as independent creative thinking and writing out your own thoughts.
Writing an research proposal is extremely useful, because it allows the author to learn to clearly and correctly formulate thoughts, structure information, use basic concepts, highlight causal relationships, illustrate experience with relevant examples, and substantiate his conclusions.
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160 Awesome Geography Research Topics To Be Excellent
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Geography is diverse and that’s why you should choose an ideal topic. If you choose a hectic topic you will end lamenting your choice.
How To Write A Geography Essay
Writing a geography essay is just like any other kind of work. Here is a clear outline of how to write a geography essay:
Choose a topic – First, you need to choose a suitable topic that you can use to write your essay, research paper, research project, thesis, or dissertation. However, while choosing a topic, ensure that your professor approves it. Whether in college or university, finding an ideal topic is important. While in class try to listen to your professor’s advice. They are always right! Set aside some suitable geography topics – Yes you have shortlisted some geography topics, what’s left is finding the most ideal one for you. This can be in population geography, social geography, or other geographical topics. With a few shortlisted topics, you can be in a position to choose the best. Research and draft – Your essay, thesis, dissertation, or research paper need to be as informative as possible. Hence, research various resources, books, scholarly articles, and websites. With this, you can draft a great outline for yourself. Break down the various elements to fit all the sections in your paper. Check for previous studies on the specific topic – While creating a draft, you need support from various sources. Hence, check for similar work that can help you build on your custom paper. However, don’t plagiarize, just refer to the work. Finalize your work – Write your final work, proofread and ensure you have included everything. You are now good to go. If there is a documentary or film you can watch to help provide more details, do watch it.
Compelling Geography Research Topic
Are you looking for compelling geography research topics? Well, these can help you to be in a better position to know your geographical world. It is not hectic as you would think. Choose one topic, do research, and you will get all your questions answered on the subject matter.
- The importance of the study of geography.
- How do landslides develop?
- The various types of volcanoes.
- The effects of climate change.
- All you need to know about the Ozone layer.
- The earth’s average surface temperature.
- The various layers of the earth.
- The effects of stratospheric ozone depletion.
- The formation of acid rain.
- The discovery and study of fossils.
- Stages of the carbon cycle.
- How trees promote rainfall in an area.
- The diverse effects of volcanic activity on the soil.
Fun Human Geography Topics
Human beings play a big role in the environment. These topics are ideal and will increase your study scope. In all that we do, we should always strive to conserve the environment.
- The sub-disciplinary fields in human geography.
- The human activities that contribute to climate change.
- The effects of mining on the environment.
- Human activities that result in ozone depletion.
- The history of agriculture.
- The impact of fishing on man.
- How agriculture has altered with the weather patterns?
- The effects of urbanization on natural resources.
- The relation between human geography and cultural geography.
- Comparison between human geography and physical geography.
- Major issues studied in human geography.
- The relation between business and urban geography.
- The importance of studying human geography in modern times.
Engaging Geography Topics For Research
Geography is interesting if you dwell on the right topics. All these topics are engaging and will help you achieve better in your geography course unit.
- How a dormant volcano may erupt with time?
- The theories revolving around how continents were formed.
- Factors that promote the growth of hyacinth on water bodies.
- Ways of reducing and eliminating hyacinth on water bodies.
- The various types of vegetation.
- Evaluate the evolution of man.
- Conditions that promote the growth of different types of vegetation.
- The various activities done by early men.
- The effects of acid rain
- The effects of fossil fuel on the climate
- How does climate influences the distribution of different animals in different regions?
- The impact of the study of weather.
- Major effects of deforestation.
Awesome Geographical Research Topics
Geography is interesting. Just look around and see all the great features around. You can use these topics to expand your geographical knowledge.
- The major factors that trigger forest fires.
- Energy conservation as a way of solving the issues of climate change.
- How to define different climatic regions globally.
- The modes of reducing soil erosion.
- The effects of high humidity in an area.
- Sea breeze vs land breeze.
- Activities done on the leeward side of a hill or mountain
- Difference between earthquakes and landslides
- How a tsunami is formed.
- Oceans are claimed to be carbon skinks for greenhouse gases.
- The formation of glaciers of ice.
- The various stages of soil erosion.
- Evaluate how the water cycle happens.
Great Cultural Geography Topics
Culture is diverse in different ways. To succeed in these cultural geography topics you need to break them down into different elements to understand the various concepts.
- Cultural geography vs physical geography.
- Cultural geography is a subfield of human geography.
- The importance of cultural geography.
- The influence of humans on various physical land activities.
- Cultural activities that promote urbanization.
- The cultural landscapes and forms of communication.
- The concept of culture in contemporary human geography.
- Cultural history and ecology.
- The role of cultural geography in building a modern society.
- The dilemmas of counter-mapping community resources.
- Democratizing electoral geography.
- The major global imposition systems.
- Analyze critically the GIS.
Global Issues Research Paper Topics
Globally we are facing many issues that affect humans in different ways. However, we need to conserve our environment to live in a healthy place. Hence, to broaden your environmental scope, you can start with any of these topics.
- Explain broadly the greenhouse effect.
- The effects of water pollution on marine life.
- How plastics are disposed of in water bodies affects marine life.
- Urbanization and its effects.
- The importance of taking care of the forests.
- Air pollution is a global problem.
- Development of renewable energy.
- The effects of climate change on humans and animals.
- Evaluate population distribution globally.
- Proper disposal and recycling of plastic.
- How to promote the preservation of forests.
- Appropriate methods of disposing of factory gases.
- Proper environmental management.
Comprehensive World Geography Topics
There are many physical features in the world. Hence, here are some comprehensive world geography topics that you can start with. However, do thorough research on the various platforms to get nothing but the best.
- The major drainage basins in the world.
- The influence of erosion, transportation, and deposition.
- The major concept of the erosion cycle.
- The major causes of landslides worldwide.
- Correlation of Aeolian, glacial and coastal landforms.
- The major application of geomorphology.
- The most recent trends in geography.
- How weather forecasting helps in shaping geography.
- Evaluate the origins of ocean basins.
- Comparison between physical and biological oceanography.
- Evaluate the global biodiversity.
- Evaluate Darwin’s theory of evolution.
- The species dispersal and immigration.
- Discuss the various population theories and their impact on the modern world.
- The major energy resources in the world.
Fantastic Geographic Research Topics
Geography is interesting especially when you learn about the various phenomenon and how they came to be. However, you can try to check various documentation to get a better overview of the environment.
- The major effects of gully erosion on the environment.
- The effects of global warming on the world.
- The planning implications of housing development.
- The effect of domestic airline operations and management in maintaining the environment.
- The effect of traffic congestion on the environment.
- The effectiveness of the electoral voting system in a country.
- The impact of ocean water acidification on marine life.
- The influence of low-cost airlines on people’s lifestyle.
- Mapping urban ecology education.
- The geochemical medical of groundwater for prevention of incrustation.
- The numeric modeling for control of saltwater encroachment.
- The remote sensing and GIS application for water resources studies.
- The importance of geochemical modeling.
- The importance of the study of climatology.
Environment Research Topics
Are you looking for the best environment research topics? These are some of the best. However, you need to find a suitable one that won’t bring issues while carrying out research.
- The importance of remote sensing and GIS.
- The influence of bioremediation.
- Are acid rains connected to industrial activities in the world?
- The importance of the conservation of the Antarctic.
- The importance of coral reeds and consequences on the environment.
- The impact of Fukushima disasters on the environment.
- The major consequences of deforestation.
- Why does humanity try to prevent endangered species extinction?
- Are national parks important to the ecosystem?
- The role of the Greenpeace organization is to preserve the global ecology.
- The major causes of groundwater contamination and the associated risks.
- The best way to reinforce the ozone layer.
- Is deep-sea mining safe for oceans?
- The impact of the ice age on the climate.
Interesting Environmental Research Topic
The environment is diverse and finding out more about the various phenomenon is interesting. To create a sustainable environment, we need to make some sacrifices here and there.
- How can reforestation help in environmental reviving?
- The main causes of groundwater contamination.
- The uniqueness of extinct wildlife.
- How should sustainable consumption be implemented into real life?
- The impact of desert spreading on the local wildlife.
- The best way to manage water in different regions of the world.
- Evaluate the various resources in the world. Are they spread equally?
- How can humanity harness the greenhouse effect?
- The best way to save the planet through recycling.
- How does the ecosystem deal with disasters like forest fires
- The importance of small water bodies to the environment.
- The importance of the study of paleoecology.
- The best way to save the planet is to make the ecosystem better.
- How the ecosystem deals with the seasonal weather change.
Physical Geography Research Topics
There are many geographical features in the environment. While walking outside, you can’t miss seeing a mountain, hill, lake, dam, and much more. That’s what makes the environment outstanding.
- The social dimension of natural resources
- The importance of geospatial science and modeling.
- The climate adaptability and sustainability practices.
- Evaluate fisheries ecology and management.
- Evaluate the invasive species found on the planet.
- The human role in global warming.
- The best way to switch to cleaner fuels and vehicles.
- The realities surrounding global warming.
- How pesticides and wastes contribute to soil contamination.
- How increase in carbon dioxide concentrations affects the atmosphere.
- How does climate change affect agricultural production?
- The importance of mangrove trees on marine ecosystems.
- The scientific implications of water scarcity.
- The role of nuclear power to the environment.
Environmental Geography Research Topics
How do you undertake your research? Do you first jot down what you want to find out then start writing, or do you go into research right on? Whatever your method, these topics can be ideal for you.
- The impact of coral reef destruction.
- How a new ecosystem is possible in the future.
- The impact of ocean acidification on the environment.
- How can hybrid vehicles help to control atmospheric pollution?
- The importance of small water sources to the environment.
- The myths surrounding soil contamination.
- The importance of trees to the environment.
- The importance of bees to the ecosystem.
- The effect of light sources on the aquariums.
- The importance of crustaceans to the environment.
- The way sewage treatment works.
Geography Thesis Or Paper Is Too Challenging?
Have you ever read any of the geography documentaries? You will be amazed. You can even get to see a volcano eruption. Even though it can be fun seeing with your eyes, but a documentary is still fun. All these geography research topics are ideal and will help you to meet your academic target. If in need of some help, we are here for you!
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Geography Project Topics and Materials PDF Free Download
Geography project topics and research materials in PDF and DOC files are ready for instant download for undergraduates and postgraduate students in NCE, OND, HND, BSC, PGDE, MSC, and PH.D. degree level.
All project topics in geography listed on this page are easy topics, current and past research project works. The complete ready-made project material PDF are available for instant download from chapters 1 to 5 with references and questionnaires. Final year students can download some of the topics and materials here for free while most geography project materials are paid versions.
Eduprojecttopics.com is an online academic research website in Nigeria assisting students on this page to get free geography project topics with good research materials from chapters 1 to 5 with references and citations.
Free Geography Project Topics and Materials PDF for Final Year Students
In our web archive, we have free geography project topics and premium research papers in geography education, settlement geography, gis project topics, climatology, and also, related research seminar works and journals for final year students in the geography department.
Masters and Ph.D. students can also get their thesis and dissertation topics on this page. All you need to do is to select your topics below and submit to your supervisor for approval. Then after approval come back for your complete material.
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If you wish to download a copy of our geography project topics and materials from chapters 1-5, we would like to let you know that our geography project material documents of any topic come with Proposal Samples, Table of contents , Abstracts, Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology , Summary, Recommendation, Conclusion, References/Bibliography, Questionnaires. The list of best geography project topics PDF are on this page. After approval of your topic, you can come back to this website to get your complete materials instantly.
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Below is a list of best geography project topics and materials PDF documents for students acquiring a degree in the college of education (NCE), National Diploma (ND), higher national diploma (HND), and Bachelor of Science (BSC).
List of Free Geography Project Topics and Research Materials PDF
- THE EFFECT OF GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION ON INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
- ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF SAND EXCAVATION ON THE ENVIRONMENT OF ABRAKA-EKU ALONG ETHIOPE RIVER
- CHALLENGES OF SMALL SCALE HOTELS IN OLEH, DELTA STATE-NIGERIA
- EFFECT OF FULANI-HERDSMEN AND FARMERS CRISIS ON FOOD SECURITY IN ABRAKA, DELTA STATE-NIGERIA
- EFFECT OF SOIL EROSION ON ARABLE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN ASABA AND IT’S ENVIRONS, DELTA STATE
- IMPACT OF FARMERS AND HERDSMEN CONFLICT ON HOUSEHOLD, NANGERE OF YOBE STATE
- AGROTEERRORISM IN CATTLE PRODUCTION, ITS EFFECTS AND SOLUTIONS
- AN ANALYSIS OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT HOTSPOTS IN ZARIA-KADUNA EXPRESSWAY, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
- HOUSING PROBLEMS IN A UNIVERSITY TOWN: A CASE STUDY OF EKPOMA
- EFFECT OF LAND DISPUTE ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES IN OGBE-IJAW COMMUNITY, WARRI SOUTH-WEST L.G.A OF DELTA STATE
- BENEFITS OF THE HOSPITALITY AND TOURISM INDUSTRY ON THE SOCIO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN ONICHA-UGBO TOWN)
- THE EFFECT OF LAND USE ACT ON SUSTAINABLE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN DELTA STATE
- HEALTH EFFECTS OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION IN ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE
- EVALUATION OF TOURISM POTENTIAL FOR DEVELOPMENT AND SPATIAL BEHVAVIOUR OF RESIDENCE IN ENHANCING REVENUE GENERATION: A CASE STUDY OF DELTA STATE
- INVESTIGATION INTO THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC EFFECT OF URBAN-RURAL MIGRATION ON THE DESTINATION AREAS BASED ( A CASE STUDY OF WARRI, DELTA STATE)
- POPULATION GROWTH EFFECTS ON TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES IN WARRI METROPOLIS
- EFFECTS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN ABRAKA REGION
- URBAN TRANSPORT SERVICES IN BENIN CITY, EDO STATE
- COMPARATIVE EFFECT OF MOTORCYCLE AND TRICYCLE ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES IN ABRAKA, DELTA STATE-NIGERIA
- THE EFFECT OF POOR PLANNING POLICIES AND PRACTICES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ABRAKA TOWN, DELTA STATE-NIGERIA
- EFFECTS OF SOIL EROSION ON SETTLEMENT IN AGBOR, DELTA STATE-NIGERIA
- TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF OKPE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE
- AUTOMOBILE MECHANIC WORKSHOP DISTRIBUTIONAL PATTERN IN IBADAN NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT, OYO STATE
- PERCEPTION OF URBAN BEAUTIFICATION PROGRAM IN IBADAN
- LOCAL FARMERS PERCEPTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE IN IDO LOCAL GOVT AREA OF OYO STATE
- EARTH-SPACE RAIN ATTENUATION PREDICTION FOR LAGOS AT KU BAND
- EFFECTS OF SOIL EROSION IN EMERGING URBAN CENTRE OF AFUZE
- TIME SERIES ANALYSIS ON RAINFALL PATTERN IN CALABAR MUNICIPALITY FROM 2002-2014 A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN METEOROLOGICAL CENTER CALABAR
- CONTRIBUTION OF ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
- THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES IN GEOGRAPHY(A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU EDUCATION ZONE)
- THE EFFECT OF GEOGRAPHY LITERACY POSSESSED BY SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ON THEIR ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT (A CASE STUDY OF SS III STUDENTS IN ENUGU EAST L.G.A. OF ENUGU STATE)
- THE EFFECTS OF GEOGRAPHY ON THE ECONOMIC GROWTH OF SOLIVE OIL MANUFACTURING COMPANY NIGERIA LIMITED
- THE IMPORTANCE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE TEACHING OF GEOGRAPHY (A CASE STUDY OF YABA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)
- POLDER RICE CULTIVATION (A CRITICAL STUDY OF PEREMABIRI RICE PROJECT).
- URBAN HOUSING PROBLEM: THE WARRI EXPERIENCE.
- TRANSPORTATION CONSTRAINTS ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY. CASE STUDY OF NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA.
- THE IMPACT OF THE GIN INDUSTRY ON THE ECONOMY OF OKODI AND ITS ENVIRONS, OGBIA DISTRICT, RIVERS STATE.
- GEOMORPHIC AND HUMAN INFLUENCE ON LAND RESOURCES: A CASE STUDY OF POLOBUBOU AREA IN WARRI LGA, EDO STATE.
- SETTLEMENT IN KOLOKUMA CLAN
- THE IMPACT OF PETROLEUM ECONOMY ON NATURAL RUBBER IN ISOKO LGA OF EDO STATE.
- URBAN FIRE DISASTER: A CASE STUDY OF PORT HARCOURT.
- THE EFFECT OF AJAOKUTA STEEL COMPANY LIMITED ON LAND UTILIZATION IN OKENE AND OKEHI LGA IN KWARA STATE.
- THE IMPACT OF LARGE-SCALE PROJECT ON THE LOCAL COMMUNITY: A CASE STUDY OF THE OKPELLA CEMENT PLANT.
- SPATIAL DIFFUSION OF POULTRY FARMING IN OSHIMILI LGA, EDO STATE OF NIGERIA
- RIVER BASINS AND FOOD CROPS PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA. A CASE STUDY OF ANAMBRA RIVER BASIN AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
- POPULATION PRESSURE AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY. A CASE STUDY OF NONWA TAI; RIVERS STATE.
- PRODUCTION OF RESIDENTIAL MAPS OF MAKURDI, GBOKO AND OTUKPO.
- EROSION ALONG THE NUN RIVER FROM KAIMA TO OTUOKPOTI IN EKOLI CREEK.
- A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SOIL NUTRIENT STATUS IN AN OIL PALM PLANTATION OF VARYING AGES AND A MATURE FOREST IN RIVERS STATE.
- THE IMPACT OF THE GREEN REVOLUTION PROGRAMME ON RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION IN NIGERIA
- YAM PRODUCTION AND MARKETING IN OJI RIVER LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA ANAMBRA STATE
- CAUSES OF TRAFFIC CONGESTION: A CASE STUDY OF APAPA AND OJO METROPOLIS OF LAGOS STATE
- ECOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES OF PLANTAIN AGRO-ECOSYSTEMS OF THE HUMID TROPICS
- THE PROBLEMS OF FOOD CROP PRODUCTION IN THE RIVER ORASHI FLOOD PLAIN IN ENGENNI DISTRICT.
- ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS: A CASE STUDY OF BENIN CITY.
- A CASE STUDY OF THE OKETE AGRICULTURAL PROJECT.
- RURAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH RIVER BASIN AGRICULTURAL
- LAND USE ANALYSIS OF PORT HARCOURT
- DECLINE OF COCOA PRODUCTION IN ONDO AREA.
- SPATIAL VARIATION IN HOUSING RENT IN PORT HARCOURT: CASE STUDY OF DIOBU MILES I, II, II AND MAIN TOWN.
- SLOPE PROCESSES AND LANDFORM DEVELOPMENT, A GEOMORPHOLOGICAL CASE STUDY OF IDANRE AREA OF ONDO STATE
- CALABAR AIRPORT: A GEOGRAPHICAL STUDY.
- SOCIAL ANALYSIS OF HOMES NEAR POWER LINE/MAST :POSSIBLE EFFECTS ON RESIDENTS.
- WASTE DISPOSAL SYSTEM IN LAGOS:A MODERN SYSTEM OF GARBAGE DUMPING/DISPOSA.
- SOCIAL ANALYSIS OF HOMES ON THE CROSS ROADS:WHY DO RESIDENTS LIVE THERE.
- EFFECTS OF LITTERED CANS IN PORT HARCOURT, NIGERIA.
- HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT AND DEMOGRAPHY CHANGE IN LAGOS STATE.
- CAUSES OF EXCESS FLOOD IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA.
- THE CONTRIBUTION OF ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION TO CLIMATE CHANGE. GEOGRAPHY PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS
- WASTE GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES (A CASE STUDY OF UYO METROPOLIS)
- THE EFFECTS OF OIL SPILLAGE IN THE NIGER DELTA A CASE STUDY OF UGHELLI SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE
- RESOURCE EXPLOITATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT (A CASE STUDY OF NIGER DELTA REGION OF NIGERIA)
- ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF LIMESTONE QUARRYING IN LIMESTONE DEPOSIT AREAS
- CAUSES OF EXCESS FLOOD IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
- HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT AND DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE IN LAGOS STATE GEOGRAPHY PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS
- IMPACTS OF INDUSTRIAL SET-UP ON THE ENVIRONMENT(A CASE STUDY OF THE AGBARA INDUSTRIAL ESTATE IN OGUN STATE)
- WATER SUPPLY AND CONSUMPTION IN IBADAN NORTH EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OYO STATE
- DISTRIBUTIONAL PATTERN OF AUTOMOBILE MECHANIC WORKSHOP IN IBADAN NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT, OYO STATE
- RAINFALL TRENDS AND VARABILITY IN IBADAN, OYO STATE (1984 -2014)
- AN ASSESSMENT OF THE PERCEPTION OF LOCAL FARMERS ON CLIMATE CHANGE IN IDO LOCAL GOVT AREA OF OYO STATE
- EARTH-SPACE RAIN ATTENUATION PREDICTION FOR LAGOS AT KU BAND GEOGRAPHY PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIALS
- THE VARIOUS METHODS AND APPLICATIONS OF WEATHER FORECASTING MODELS
- HOUSEHOLD WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN ZARIA CITY KADUNA STATE
- EFFECT OF LAND TENURE SYSTEM ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN ANAMBRA STATE
CLICK HERE FOR MORE TOPICS
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Geography Research Proposals Samples For Students
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While studying in college, you will inevitably have to pen a lot of Research Proposals on Geography. Lucky you if linking words together and transforming them into meaningful content comes naturally to you; if it's not the case, you can save the day by finding a previously written Geography Research Proposal example and using it as a template to follow.
This is when you will definitely find WowEssays' free samples catalog extremely helpful as it embodies numerous professionally written works on most various Geography Research Proposals topics. Ideally, you should be able to find a piece that meets your requirements and use it as a template to build your own Research Proposal. Alternatively, our qualified essay writers can deliver you a unique Geography Research Proposal model written from scratch according to your personal instructions.
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Problem statement, sample research proposal on tourism system in molokai (demand and supply characteristics).
Molokai Island is the fifth largest of the Hawaiian Islands. The island was built between two distinct shield volcanoes, with one forming the larger eastern Molokai and the lesser forming the western Molokai (Bardolet and Pauline, 905). The island is located in the Maui County and through its geography and culture it is perfect for tourism. Tourism is one of the economic boosters of the Maui County, and part of the tourism revenues of Maui County is from the Island of Molokai though in a larger proportion.
Free Research Proposal About Green Sea Turtles
Free animals in zoos research proposal sample.
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