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Using Online Keyword Generators

As the name implies, keyword generators allow you to generate combinations of keywords. But what’s the point of that? These keyword suggestions can be used for online marketing purposes, as your usage of more popular keywords will help deliver traffic to your site.

Search Engine Optimization

When a web user searches for a certain topic, search engines return authoritative results that match the keywords used. For example, if you search for horses, you’ll likely see listings of horse-related news stories from popular media outlets and guides on how to care for the animals from well-known sources. Because these sites appear so early in the search results, people browsing the web are more likely to see and click on them. In order for your article or website about horses to appear early on in the search results, as opposed to on page 100, you need to introduce commonly searched for keywords into your web content.

Finding the Right Keywords

So how do you know what keywords are right for your business? The keywords you use can change based on the content that you are posting and should always be relevant to your specific audience. Search industry trends and your competitors to see what keywords are resonating with a similar demographic as your audience. Brainstorm ideas about what your target market might be searching for that’s similar to your own products and services. Don’t forget to use keyword variations and mashups to cover a broad range of keywords related to your business.

Using Keywords from Generators

Once you’ve decided on a few key phrases or words relating to your business and services, it’s time to use your keyword generator. This will give you recommendations of frequently used keywords searched every day by your target audience. Make a list of all popular keywords you’ve found that resonate with the goods and services you sell and keywords you feel will reach your audience. Use these keywords in blog titles, post descriptions and more to maximize traffic on your business pages.

Additional Keyword Tips

Keep in mind that there are many variables to how keywords show up in searches. Be mindful of spelling mistakes, long-tail keywords and combined keywords. Check keyword generators for insight into what tools your competitors use to drive site traffic. Use specific places and events in keywords to reach local users.

Growing Your Business Using Keywords

Being smart about keyword usage can grow your business tremendously. Rank instantly in searches with detailed keywords in blog posts or on business pages. Using a few well-crafted keywords will drive traffic to your sites and increase revenue. If you don’t have the time or resources to try out different keywords, keep using those that work for you on a consistent basis. Posting a few times a week with specific keywords keeps your audience engaged and coming back for more.


conclusion keywords

Transition words

Printable version of Transition words (PDF) .

Transitions are connecting words or phrases that strengthen the internal cohesion of your writing. Transition words tell the reader how one idea relates to another. Using them appropriately makes your argument more convincing because the reader is able to understand the flow between and within paragraphs, including the relationship between different ideas, evidence, and analysis.

Sample transition words and phrases

  • additionally
  • coupled with
  • furthermore
  • equally important
  • in addition


  • accordingly
  • as consequence
  • as a result
  • at that time
  • concurrently
  • consequently
  • followed by
  • for this purpose
  • for this reason
  • subsequently
  • comparatively
  • correspondingly
  • in the same way
  • on the one han
  • together with


  • a different view is
  • alternatively
  • despite/in spite of (+ noun)
  • differing from
  • even though
  • in contrast
  • it could also be said that
  • nevertheless
  • notwithstanding (+ noun)
  • nonetheless
  • on the contrary
  • on (the) one hand
  • on the other hand
  • regardless of (+ noun)
  • in particular
  • particularly


  • as an example
  • as an illustration
  • for example
  • for instance
  • illustrated by
  • in the/this case
  • on this occasion
  • specifically
  • to demonstrate
  • to illustrate
  • all things considered
  • at the same time
  • in other words
  • on the whole
  • that is to say
  • to put it differently
  • first, second, third, etc.


  • by and large
  • in any case
  • in any event
  • in conclusion
  • to conclude
  • to summarize
  • at that/this point
  • at that/this time
  • immediately
  • in the future
  • in the meantime
  • in the past
  • simultaneously

Sample paragraph with transitions

Pay attention to how the following transitions were used in the paragraph below: while, currently, in fact, however, and ultimately. Without transitions, the ideas would not be as easily connected.

While qualitative data is helpful in gauging graduate student responses to Boot Camp, it is also crucial that we undertake data-driven analysis to support the value of the four-day writing event. Currently , quantitative measures of satisfaction of Dissertation Boot Camp participants are tracked in two ways: through a formal survey posted through SurveyMonkey and an informal survey that is handwritten at the end of the Camp. In fact , to ensure reliable data for analysis, the SurveyMonkey questionnaire is filled out by students at three different times: before Camp, on the first day of Camp, and 30 days after Camp. The decision to send the survey at three different times was made in order to ensure that attitudes prior to Camp matched attitudes on the first day, and to then compare that to results after Camp. However , the current survey questions are somewhat informal, and none have been psychometrically tested. In order to improve the reliability and usefulness of the collected data, we will need to revise some of our Likert-scale based questions using currently-available test questions from other indices. Ultimately , this combination of quantitative and qualitative data will help us to make decisions about the program as it is offered in subsequent semesters.

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50 Other Ways to Say “In Conclusion” in Writing (In Conclusion Synonyms)

List of other ways to say in conclusion in English with ESL picture. Learn these synonyms for “in conclusion” to improve your vocabulary and fluency in English.

Desserts are delicious, they are the perfect way to end a great meal. After reading a long piece of writing, so is a good conclusion. Don’t believe me? You’ve probably read a piece of writing at some point and found yourself a little confused or left with some questions, only to find the ending paragraph/s most likely starting with ‘in conclusion’ to clear it all up for you. This is especially important in professional and academic writing .

So, if you’re interested in taking your writing to the next step, then keep on reading!

Table of Contents

In Conclusion

What is ‘in conclusion’.

As you may already know, a conclusion is located at the end of a piece of writing. Its purpose is to evaluate everything that has been included in the writing before it, leaving the readers clear on what they just read, answering any questions that they may have developed while reading your writing.

If you’ve read a conclusion, then it may have started with ‘in conclusion’. This is just a way the writer can transition from the writing to the conclusion, while letting the readers know. However, there are many other ways to transition to your conclusion.

When to Use ‘In Conclusion’?

Although ‘in conclusion’ is a great way to begin your conclusion, it all depends on how you want to approach your conclusion.

For example, if your goal is to clearly indicate to the audience that you’re about to transition to your last words, then ‘in conclusion’ is perfect. However, several writers claim that ‘in conclusion’ is best used when you are presenting a piece of writing in an oral presentation, as in writing it can be seen as an unnecessary term.

If you’re writing for a professional or academic purpose, then you may want to find a better way to start your conclusion. However, if your piece of writing isn’t meant to come across as formal, then ‘in conclusion’ is perfectly fine.

How to use ‘in conclusion’?

‘In conclusion’ is best used when you are starting your very last words in your piece of writing, as well as, concluding what you have said throughout. Here is an example of how you can use the concluding term ‘in conclusion’:

In conclusion, including a conclusion in your writing proves to state your ideas to your reader in a much better way, as you are making sure that your audience is left understanding exactly what they’ve read, as well as, possibly reminding them of anything they may have missed while reading your piece of writing.

In Conclusion Synonym

Other ways to say in conclusion.

List of 50 synonyms for in conclusion in English. They also are known as conclusion transition words and phrases which are used to sum up what has bee n previously stated in writing.

  • In summary,…
  • After all is said and done,..
  • All in all,…
  • All things considered,…
  • As a result,…
  • As a final observation,…
  • At the end of the day…
  • Briefly to conclude…
  • Bringing up rear,…
  • By and large,…
  • Considering all of these,…
  • Everything considered,…
  • Finally, it may be concluded…
  • Finally/ Lastly,…
  • In a nutshell…
  • In closing,…
  • In concluding,…
  • In consolidation,…
  • In ending this,…
  • In essence,…
  • In review,…
  • In the end,…
  • In the final analysis…
  • It is concluded that…
  • It’s apparent that through…
  • Last but not least…
  • On a final note…
  • On the whole,…
  • Overall, it may be said…
  • Summing up,…
  • Taking everything into account,…
  • Taking this into account,…
  • The research papers in the main…
  • To briefly paraphrase…
  • To come to the point…
  • To conclude,…
  • To end things off…
  • To make the long story short…
  • To put it all together…
  • To put it bluntly…
  • To sum up,…
  • To summarise the above…
  • To summarise,…
  • To wrap it all up,…
  • Ultimately,..

Learn more with a useful list of transition words in English.

Here are the 15 best alternatives ‘in conclusion’ to begin/transition to your conclusion:

  • In summary…
  • To sum up…
  • On the whole…
  • Overall, it may be said…
  • To conclude…
  • All things considered…
  • Finally…
  • Taking everything into account…
  • To put it all together…
  • Ultimately…
  • To briefly paraphrase…
  • Everything considered…
  • In closing…
  • Last but not least…
  • It is concluded that…

In Conclusion Synonyms with Examples

Learn many other ways to say in conclusion with example sentences.

  • In summary , it is difficult for this writer to recommend this book.
  • All in all , it has been a great success.
  • All things considered , your article is of great value.
  • As a result , services have been drastically reduced.
  • At the end of the day , he’ll still have to make his own decision.
  • By and large , the new arrangements have worked well.
  • Lastly , the course trains students to think logically.
  • In a nutshell , the owners thought they knew best.
  • In brief , the meeting was a disaster.
  • In concluding , he promised to go to prison rather than pay his fine.
  • In essence , formal systems and procedures depend on local knowledge.
  • In short , we must be prepared.
  • In sum , we need to cut costs.
  • In the end , a draw was a fair result.
  • In the final analysis , the project was a failure.
  • Last but not least , it will definitely benefit the citizens.
  • On the whole , I’m in favour of the proposal.
  • To conclude  , I’d like to express my thanks to my family.
  • To sum up , there are two main ways of tackling the problem.
  • To summarise , this is a clever approach to a common problem.
  • Ultimately , you’ll have to make the decision yourself.

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In Conclusion Synonym: 50 Other Ways to Say IN CONCLUSION

Last Updated on April 25, 2023

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35 Transition Words for Conclusions

transition words for conclusion, explained below

When transitioning to conclusions, we can simply use the term “In conclusion”, but over time, this word starts to feel tedious and repetitive. There are better ways to do it.

Transition words help your essays flow more easily and act as signposts for your reader so they know when you’re moving from one part of an essay to another.

So, for your next essay conclusion , consider the following transition words which can help you to improve your vocabulary and academic writing skills.

I’ve saved five bonus transition words for the very end which are my personal favorites. These are for advanced students who really want to demonstrate an academic tone – don’t miss them! They’re at the very end.

Transition Words for Conclusions

1. in conclusion.

This phrase is typically used to signal the final remarks in a piece of writing. It helps summarize the main points or findings that have been discussed throughout the text. It is still generally appropriate to use, but can sometimes appear rudimentary use of the English language.

Sample Sentences:

“ In conclusion , implementing green technology in our daily lives can significantly reduce carbon footprints.”
“The research findings were quite revealing. In conclusion , more emphasis should be put on early childhood education.”

2. To sum up

This is often used to encapsulate the main points of a discussion or argument in a succinct way. It is used almost as frequently as ‘in conclusion’.

“ To sum up , a balanced diet and regular exercise are crucial for maintaining a healthy lifestyle.”
“The evidence points towards the need for more environmental protections. To sum up , without immediate action, our natural resources may become irreversibly damaged.”

3. In summary

Similar to “to sum up”, this phrase is used to provide a brief overview of the main points or findings discussed in the writing.

“ In summary , the research suggests a strong correlation between air pollution and respiratory diseases.”
“ In summary , the novel is a fascinating exploration of human resilience in the face of adversity.”

4. All in all

This phrase is used to express a final general statement or judgment considering everything that has been said. It is somewhat more colloquial than the three phrases above, making it potentially less valuable for an essay. However, in reflective pieces, it may be used. See the reflective examples below.

“ All in all , the team performed well despite the challenging circumstances.”
“ All in all , the benefits of recycling outweigh any potential disadvantages.”

5. Ultimately

This word is used to indicate the final result or fundamental reason after considering everything.

“ Ultimately , the success of the project depends on the dedication of the team members.”
“Despite initial hurdles, the venture was successful. Ultimately , perseverance and commitment were key to our success.”

6. Therefore

This word is used to introduce a logical conclusion from the evidence or reasons previously stated. It is used best to conclude a paragraph of sub-section than as the final essay conclusion.

“The cost of production has significantly decreased. Therefore , we can expect an increase in profit margins.”
“He didn’t meet the eligibility criteria. Therefore , his application was rejected.”

This is similar to “therefore” and is used to introduce a conclusion, a result or an implication. As with ‘therefore’, ‘It ‘hence’ is used best to conclude a paragraph of sub-section than as the final essay conclusion.

“He was late for his interview. Hence , he didn’t make a good impression.”
“The data was incomplete. Hence , the results of the study may not be entirely accurate.”

8. Consequently

This word is used to express a result or effect of a previous statement. It is best used mid-paragraph or in the middle of a sub-section, not an overall conclusion.

“There was heavy rainfall throughout the night. Consequently , the match was postponed.”
“The company didn’t adapt to the changing market trends. Consequently , they faced heavy losses.”

This is used to denote the conclusion or summary of something previously stated. It indicates that what follows is a result or inference from what has been stated before. It is best used mid-paragraph or in the middle of a sub-section, not an overall conclusion. While I quite like this term, some teachers see it as a bit old-timey.

“She didn’t study hard. Thus , she failed the exam.”
“The evidence is clearly inadmissible. Thus , the case should be dismissed.”

10. This essay’s final analysis is…

This phrase is used to introduce the ultimate conclusion that has been reached after consideration of all the facts.

“ This essay’s final analysis is that it is the lowest earners in society who have been hit hardest by this economic downturn.”
“ This essay’s final analysis is that it’s clear that the policy has had a positive impact on the community.”

11. On the whole

This phrase is often used when you want to make a general summary statement about a larger body of information or arguments. It implies that the statement accounts for all the details and complexities discussed previously. Generally, this is more colloquial so should only be used in less formal essay styles.

“On the whole” can help to simplify complex arguments, and it can signal that the writer has given due consideration to different perspectives or evidence before arriving at their conclusion.

“ On the whole , the company’s strategy has been effective, leading to an increase in profits and customer satisfaction.”
“Despite some negative feedback, on the whole , the policy has received wide public approval.”

12. To conclude

Similar to “In conclusion,” this phrase is a clear signal that the writer is about to wrap up their argument or findings.

“To conclude” can provide a sense of closure for the reader and it reaffirms the significance of the arguments or findings that have been presented.

“ To conclude , the study revealed that regular exercise can significantly reduce stress levels.”
“ To conclude , it is evident from the data that our marketing strategies have significantly boosted sales.”

13. To recap

This phrase is used when the writer wants to summarize the key points of their argument or discussion.

“To recap” can help to reinforce the importance of these points for the reader and it also serves as a quick reference or summary.

“ To recap , our findings suggest that the new drug can effectively alleviate symptoms in 80% of patients.”
“ To recap , our team achieved all project milestones on time and under budget.”

14. In essence

This phrase is often used when the writer wants to encapsulate the fundamental nature or core idea of their argument or discussion.

“In essence” can help to distill complex ideas or arguments down to their most basic and important elements.

“ In essence , the concept of freedom is at the heart of democratic societies.”
“ In essence , our project aims to develop sustainable solutions for waste management.”

15. In retrospect

This phrase is typically used when the writer wants to look back on a situation, decision, or period of time and make a summary statement or conclusion about it. Use it in reflective essays.

“In retrospect” can be useful for conveying a sense of learned wisdom or insight gained after the fact. It often suggests that the writer’s perspective has evolved or deepened over time.

“ In retrospect , investing in renewable energy technologies was a wise business decision.”
“ In retrospect , we could have implemented additional measures to ensure the safety of our staff during the pandemic.”

16. Overall

This is commonly used to indicate a consideration of all factors or an assessment of the situation in its entirety.

“Overall” is often used to summarize complex scenarios involving multiple elements. It represents a comprehensive viewpoint that takes into account all the variables discussed.

“ Overall , our company’s performance this year has been exceptional, with growth in nearly all sectors.”
“While the program faced some obstacles initially, overall , it has been successful in achieving its main objectives.”

17. Finally

This word is often used to indicate the last point or idea in a list or sequence.

“Finally” is a transition word that suggests the end of a discussion. It can also indicate the final and often most important point in an argument or discussion.

“ Finally , the most compelling evidence for climate change is the consistent rise in global temperatures over the past century.”
“ Finally , it’s worth mentioning the commitment and dedication of our team, which played a significant role in the project’s success.”

18. Accordingly

This word is used to express the idea that something is a logical result of something else.

“Accordingly” signifies that the statement that follows is based on what was previously mentioned. It reflects a cause-effect relationship between two points or arguments.

“We have noticed a significant increase in demand for our product. Accordingly , we have decided to increase our production capacity.”
“The weather forecast predicts heavy snowfall. Accordingly , we have postponed the event.”

19. As a result

Similar to “accordingly”, this phrase is used to indicate that something is a consequence of a previous action or situation.

“As a result” introduces the outcome of a given circumstance or set of circumstances, signifying a cause-effect relationship.

“Our competitors have lowered their prices. As a result , we have also decided to adjust our pricing strategy.”
“The new policies were not well received. As a result , the company faced significant backlash from the public.”

20. In short

This phrase is used when you want to summarize a complex idea, argument, or discussion in a concise way.

“In short” helps to condense complex or lengthy explanations into a simpler and shorter summary. It indicates a concise conclusion.

“ In short , the environmental benefits of renewable energy make it a vital component of our fight against climate change.”
“ In short , the project was a success, meeting all its goals and objectives within the allocated time and budget.”

21. In brief

This phrase is used to provide a concise summary of information or to draw a quick conclusion.

“In brief” helps to distill longer discussions or complex arguments into their most critical points. It aims to convey the gist of the matter succinctly.

“ In brief , adopting sustainable practices is not just beneficial for the environment, but it also makes economic sense.”
“ In brief , our research findings confirm the hypothesis that regular exercise can improve mental health.”

22. To summarize

This phrase helps encapsulate the key points discussed in the conversation or writing.

“To summarize” allows the writer to highlight the most important points or findings, reaffirming them for the reader. It reinforces the primary arguments or conclusions.

“ To summarize , we believe investing in renewable energy is a strategic decision that will yield long-term benefits.”
“ To summarize , the data clearly shows an upward trend in consumer demand for eco-friendly products.”

This word is often used to introduce a conclusion or a result based on the previous discussion.

“So” is a simple and effective way to link cause and effect, or problem and solution. It leads the reader directly to the outcome or conclusion.

“The experiment failed to produce the expected results, so we’ll need to revise our approach.”
“Our marketing campaign has been highly successful, so we plan to increase our advertising budget.”

24. Clearly

This word is often used to express that something is obvious or noticeable, especially after analyzing the data or arguments presented.

“Clearly” can emphasize the strength of the evidence or arguments, and it signals confidence in the conclusion.

“ Clearly , our efforts to improve customer service have resulted in higher client satisfaction rates.”
“After reviewing the data, it’s clearly evident that our sales have significantly increased since launching the new product line.”

25. After all

This phrase can be used to emphasize a decisive argument or fact that should be considered.

“After all” often introduces a compelling reason or justification that supports the conclusion. It can help stress the importance of the points previously mentioned.

“We should move forward with the merger, after all , it presents a unique opportunity to expand our market reach.”
“The committee decided to fund the project, after all , it aligns with our goals and has significant potential.”

26. As mentioned earlier

This phrase refers back to something that was stated previously in the conversation or text.

“As mentioned earlier” can be used to re-emphasize an important point or piece of evidence that supports the conclusion. It can reinforce the argument by reminding the reader of what has been discussed previously.

One downside of this is it seems redundant – why are you repeating what you said earlier rather than doing what a conclusion should do: summarizing and synthesizing your points.

“ As mentioned earlier , the correlation between the variables is strong, indicating a significant relationship.”
“ As mentioned earlier , our success is largely due to our dedicated and talented team.”

27. As has been noted

This phrase is often used to restate something important that has been pointed out in the discussion.

“As has been noted” functions similarly to “as mentioned earlier,” serving to underscore a significant point or detail previously discussed. It strengthens the conclusion by referencing crucial information.

As with the phrase “as mentioned earlier”, this one may come across as a redundant phrase and could even signal that you’re repeating yourself rather than adding value through an evaluation or revision exercise.

“ As has been noted , the high turnover rate in the company is a significant concern that requires immediate attention.”
“ As has been noted , the initiative has resulted in substantial benefits for our community.”

28. As has been shown

This phrase is used to reference evidence or arguments that have been presented earlier.

“As has been shown” emphasizes the proof or reasoning that led to the conclusion. It reaffirms the legitimacy of the conclusion based on the presented evidence.

This can also come across as redundant, though.

“ As has been shown , our new marketing strategies have significantly boosted our brand visibility.”
“ As has been shown , the new policy has had a substantial positive impact on our employees’ work-life balance.”

29. As we have seen

Similar to the above, this phrase refers to the evidence or arguments discussed earlier in the text.

“As we have seen” serves to revisit important details or arguments that have been presented. It strengthens the conclusion by directly linking it to the evidence discussed.

“ As we have seen , the implementation of stricter environmental regulations has led to significant improvements in air quality.”
“ As we have seen , investing in staff training and development leads to increased productivity and employee satisfaction.”

30. Given the above points

This phrase is used to draw a conclusion from the arguments or points that have been presented.

“Given these points” signals that the following statement is based on the information discussed earlier. It helps establish a logical connection between the conclusion and the supporting points.

“ Given the above points , it’s clear that we must take immediate action to address the climate crisis.”
“ Given the above points , our company should continue to prioritize customer service as a key aspect of our business strategy.”

31. By and large

This phrase is often used to indicate a general conclusion, considering all the information.

“By and large” is used to sum up general trends or themes that have been discussed. It signals that the conclusion takes into account all the points made, rather than focusing on one particular point.

However, it can come across as a bit informal.

“ By and large , our team’s performance this quarter has exceeded expectations.”
“ By and large , customer feedback about our new product line has been positive.”

32. For the most part

Similar to “by and large”, this phrase indicates that the conclusion drawn applies broadly but allows for exceptions.

“For the most part” suggests a nuanced conclusion that covers the majority of situations or cases but acknowledges that there may be exceptions. It indicates a balanced and fair summary.

This one’s formality level is also quite low

“ For the most part , the new legislation has been successful, though there are a few areas that require further refinement.”
“ For the most part , our employees have embraced the new remote working arrangements, though a small number have experienced challenges.”

33. As has been demonstrated

This phrase refers to the evidence or arguments presented in the body of the text that support the conclusion.

“As has been demonstrated” underscores the points or evidence that have been made and connects them directly to the conclusion. It is a way of affirming the strength of the presented arguments or evidence.

“ As has been demonstrated , the innovative design features of our product set us apart from the competition.”
“ As has been demonstrated , implementing green initiatives in our operations has both environmental and economic benefits.”

34. With this in mind

This phrase suggests that the conclusion follows logically from the information or arguments that have been presented.

“With this in mind” sets up the conclusion as a direct response or reaction to the evidence or points made. It indicates that the conclusion is informed by these considerations.

“ With this in mind , we propose an expansion of our research and development department to drive future innovation.”
“ With this in mind , it’s crucial that we continue our efforts to reduce carbon emissions and promote sustainable practices.”

35. Taking everything into account

This phrase is used to express a comprehensive conclusion that considers all the arguments, evidence, or factors presented.

“Taking everything into account” shows a thorough and thoughtful conclusion that takes into account all aspects of the discussion. It signifies a balanced and careful consideration of all the relevant information.

“ Taking everything into account , we recommend a strategic pivot towards digital marketing in order to reach a broader audience.”
“ Taking everything into account , our analysis suggests that investing in renewable energy sources would be beneficial for our long-term growth.”

Advanced Transition Phrases for Conclusions

The following are five phrases I personally use in my own academic conclusions, especially for argumentative essays. They’re for advanced students aiming to show depth of knowledge!

36. Based on the available evidence

This phrase is demonstrating that you’re about to sum up the essay’s key arguments. You are saying that you’re making an evaluation after examining all of the evidence and research on the topic. It helps to show your argument is based on evidence , which is good to show in an academic paper.

“ Based on the available evidence , it appears that the best path forward for addressing AI in the workplace is to allow it but regulate it to prevent unwanted negative externalities such as job losses.”
“ Based on the available evidence , teachers should be paid more than they currently are, given that they contribute significantly to social and economic development of societies.”

37. According to the key literature outlined in this paper

Similar to the above example, this one demonstrates that your final decision and thesis statement in your argumentative essay is based on real evidence and research, not just your opinion. So, you could begin your conclusion like this!

“ According to the key literature outlined in this paper , it appears that the best path forward for addressing AI in the workplace is to allow it but regulate it to prevent unwanted negative externalities such as job losses.”
“ According to the key literature outlined in this paper , teachers should be paid more than they currently are, given that they contribute significantly to social and economic development of societies.”

38. From an evaluation of the above arguments

This point doesn’t lean on evidence for your conclusion directly, but it does lean on the culminated evidence of the arguments you’ve put forward. You’re saying that you have put forward a range of arguments, and now, you’re going to powerfully sum them up and present your final thesis statement.

“ From an evaluation of the above arguments , the most compelling argument is that students should still be given homework, despite the fact there is evidence on both sides of the homework argument.”
“ From an evaluation of the above arguments , it is the position of this paper that schools should start later to allow children to sleep in and therefore be more rested when it is time to study.”

39. The balance of evidence finds

This statement highlights that you have looked at both the pros and cons of your topic before coming to a position. The metaphor of ‘balance’ makes us think of someone holding the points for one side of the argument in one hand, the opposing points in the other hand, and they’re weighing each up before deciding which is heavier.

“ The balance of evidence finds that essays help students to reinforce their knowledge, learn more deeply, and develop academic skills.”
“ The balance of evidence finds that taxation should be lowered in order to stimulate economic growth which, on balance, will lead to a more prosperous and thriving society.”

40. The research compellingly indicates

Lastly, the phrase “the research compellingly indicates” can be used in a transition to a conclusion because it demonstrates that you’re about to sum up all the research you’ve just made and you’re going to make a final evaluation.

“ The research compellingly indicates that visiting the doctor for a yearly check-up saves money overall, prevents backlog in hospitals, and prolongs life.”
“ The research compellingly indicates that essay writing helps students to learn their topics more deeply, develop critical thinking skills, and improve long-term retention of knowledge.”

Other Types Of Transition Words

  • Compare and Contrast: In comparison, In contrast, However, Despite this, Other researchers argue, Unlike the above point, Conflicting research finds
  • Cause and Effect : Therefore, Thus, As a result, This has led to, As a result, Because, Consequently, For that reason, Hence, For that reason
  • List Order: First, Second, Third, Forth, In the first instance, In the second instance, Firstly, Secondly, Next, Lastly, Finally
  • Time Order: Afterwards, Concurrently, Later, Meanwhile, Following, In the meantime, Simultaneously, Concomitantly, Subsequently
  • Evidence Transition Words : As can be seen in, To demonstrate, Evidence of this fact can be seen in, Proof of this point is found in, For instance, For one thing, Compelling evidence shows
  • Transitioning to examples : For example, for instance, as illustrated by, take the following case in point.
  • Emphasis and addition : In fact, Indeed, Furthermore, Particularly, Surely, Undeniably, Indesputably, Confirms, Certifies, Proves
  • Similarity: Similarly, In a similar way, Concurring research finds, likewise, equivalently, also, significantly

Well, how would someone conclude an article about how to write a good conclusion? I’ll finish up like this: every conclusion is unique. Work on your own writerly voice, come up with your own transition words for conclusions, and be creative with it. The biggest challenge you will face is staying within the formal guidelines of an academic essay. For this, rely on your teacher. Keep asking for feedback, and even specifically ask for feedback on your transition words. This will help you learn what your teacher prefers and help you to keep refining your writing style.


Chris Drew (PhD)

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CONCLUSION Transition Words: Useful List & Examples

CONCLUSION Transition Words: Useful List & Examples

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CONCLUSION Transition Words! Following is a list of 40+ transition words of conclusion with example sentences in English. They’re really helpful for you to master your writing and speaking skills .

Table of Contents

Conclusion Transition Words

List of conclusion transitions.

  • generally speaking
  • in the final analysis
  • all things considered
  • as shown above
  • in the long run
  • given these points
  • as has been noted
  • for the most part
  • in conclusion
  • to summarize
  • by and large
  • on the whole
  • in any event
  • in either case
  • as a result
  • consequently
  • to conclude
  • taking everything into account
  • in light of these facts
  • without a doubt

Conclusion Transition Words with Examples

Learn useful conclusion transition words with example sentences in English.

Generally speaking, it’s quite a good school.

In the final analysis, the only people who will benefit are property owners.

She took it very well, all things considered.

It’s possible, as shown above, to write a rename rule that converts case-sensitive files into lowercase file names, thereby causing clashes among previously unique file names.

In the long run, it works out more expensive to rent a television than to buy one.

Given these points, it’s clearly time to consider some changes. In the long run, these recommendations will benefit our company.

But there was much evidence of divided counsels on both the Labour and Conservative sides, as has been noted above.

In a word, the whole plan fell through.

He was, for the most part, quite helpful.

The world is but a little place, after all.

Experience is not interesting till it begins to repeat itself, in fact, till it does that, it hardly is experience.

In summary, this was a disappointing performance.

In conclusion, I would like to say how much I have enjoyed myself today.

Try tennis, badminton or windsurfing. In short, anything challenging.

In brief, I have made up my mind to quit the job.

In essence, all computers are the same.

To summarize, the organic compounds found in cells are built up and broken down by enzymes.

On balance, the company has had a successful year.

Altogether, our achievements are very great.

Overall, the tone of the book is satirical/the book is satirical in tone.

Ordinarily, he didn’t like to go to the movies.

Usually when Opposition MPs question Ministers they are just playing party politics.

By and large, I enjoyed my time at school.

To sum up, there are three main ways of tackling the problem

On the whole, I’m happy with the way I look.

In any event, the worst that she can do is say ‘no’.

In either case, public spending should increase by the income elasticity of demand.

All in all, I love the summer very much! You should start practising your English from now on.

Obviously, television has both advantages and disadvantages.

Ultimately, the war had to end; it cost too much in both lives and dollars.

Ending a relationship is always hard but in this case, it’s definitely for the best.

  • as can be seen

As can be seen from the picture the background is the Muda Dam.

Conclusion Transitions | Infographic

CONCLUSION Transition Words

Sunday 23rd of July 2023

It's very interesting but it's more important if there are the uses & meanings of all these transition words

Monday 3rd of April 2023

Tuesday 29th of November 2022

To summarize

Thursday 3rd of November 2022


Tuesday 1st of November 2022

Thursday 12th of January 2023

bro dont say that man\

Reading Worksheets, Spelling, Grammar, Comprehension, Lesson Plans

Conclusion Transition Words

To help your students make their conclusion paragraphs a little more unique, it helps to provide a nuts-and-bolts lesson on conclusion  transition words . You’ve probably already worked on general transition phrases as you broke down how to write a strong body paragraph, but conclusion transition words are easy to skip over! Try these tips to get your students ready to find another word for “in conclusion,” and you’ll have given them a useful skill for life.

Brainstorming Conclusion Transition Words

It’s always a good idea to see where your students are at when you start a new topic. Try starting with a brainstorming session to see if your budding writers can come up with conclusion transition words on their own. Get them all down on a piece of chart paper and hang it somewhere everyone will be able to see it when it comes time to write.

Research Conclusion Transition Words

If the brainstorming session was harder than you thought it would be, now’s the time to add some thesaurus work to your lesson plan. Have students work independently — or perhaps with a partner — to look up words related to “conclusion” and craft some more interesting conclusion transition words based on their findings. You can come back together as a whole group to add to your original brainstorming document or to make more polished classroom posters.

Printable Reference of Conclusion Transition Words

It’s also helpful to hand students a reference sheet of common conclusion transition words to make their essay writing easier. After all, you don’t want them to struggle and stress about getting that conclusion started when they should be focusing their energies on the content! You can make your own, or you can grab a quick printable worksheet of conclusion transition words to photocopy for your students to keep in their writing notebooks.

Examples of Conclusion Transition Words

Not sure if you’ve covered all the bases yet? Try adding these concluding phrases and conclusion transition words to your repertoire:

  • all things considered
  • in conclusion
  • in the final analysis
  • to conclude
  • to summarize

Conclusion Transition Words Sentence Examples

It’s also a good idea to share as many well written conclusions as you can with your students. Make this fun by adding in conclusion transition words to fairy tales, fables and other stories everyone knows:

  • In summary , Goldilocks was a very messy and very picky little girl.
  • Finally , the tortoise crossed the finish line to prove that “slow and steady” really does win the race.
  • All things considered , being locked in a castle with talking dishes and furniture may have been the best thing that ever happened to Belle.
  • Ultimately , the only person who can decide if his adventure up the bean stalk was worth it is Jack himself.
  • In the final analysis, the third little pig was very generous when he allowed his lazy brothers to hide in his house made of bricks.

In Conclusion…

Once you have worked with your students on conclusion transition words to get them started on their conclusion paragraphs, it’s time to get writing! Pick some conclusion transition words, gather your thoughts and put pencil to paper. Remember, these lessons will help writers of all ages — and even you! — come up with some new ways to end a paper so you don’t sound like a broken record. Now that you know what to do, all that’s left is to write! (Or to get started on  grading  that stack of papers you collected from the newly minted essay writers in your classroom!)

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How To Write A Conclusion For An Essay

Your conclusion paragraph should begin with a smooth transition from the body of your essay. The first sentence of your paragraph should include clear transition words to signal to your reader that you are beginning to wrap up your essay. Different transition words can have different effects, so be sure to choose a transition word or phrase that clearly communicates that you are closing your essay. Some common examples of conclusion transition words and phrases include:

  • In conclusion,
  • To conclude,
  • As previously stated.

Once you have signalled that you are drawing your essay to a close, you can then restate the primary points of your essay. Depending on the length of your essay, this may be done in a single sentence, or it may require a few sentences. Be concise and clear; you should be able to summarise each main point in a simple phrase that avoids restating each detail and piece of evidence related to the point. Also, simply list off the point as a reminder to your audience about what they’ve just read.

Restate your main points

Finally, if you are writing an argumentative essay, you’ll want to clearly restate your main argument in order to leave readers with one final appeal. If you have provided enough evidence along the way, this restatement should make readers feel as if you’ve persuaded them fully.

Call to action

For some expository and argumentative essays, it’s appropriate to end with a call to action as your last sentence. For example, if you’re writing an informative essay about the sea creatures that live in the very deepest parts of the ocean, you may close with a sentence like this: “It’s clear that today’s scientists should continue to observe and document these mysterious creatures, so we may learn more about the life at the bottom of the ocean.” A call to action like this can make your reader feel inspired and informed after reading your essay.

What to avoid

When writing a strong conclusion paragraph, you want to keep it simple. Use a clear transition word or phrase, restate your main points and arguments, and possibly finish with a call to action. Be sure to avoid the following common mistakes:

  • New information. Your conclusion is not the place to introduce anything new. Simply restate and summarise the main points clearly.
  • Personal opinion. Unless you are writing an opinion piece that includes several “I” statements throughout, avoid ending your essay with a sudden “I think…” or “I feel…” If you haven’t been including your personal opinion throughout the essay, then you shouldn’t insert your opinion into the conclusion.
  • Lots of detail. When you restate your main points, don’t worry about restating all the small details that make up your description or evidence. The place for details is in your body paragraphs. The conclusion is simply for summary and a possible call for action or next steps.

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Good Words To Start an Effective Conclusion

Table of Contents

Conclusions are one of the most challenging and essential paragraphs you will write in your essay or paper.

The concluding paragraph should summarize the thoughts discussed in your writing. It should also convey the most important arguments and leave a powerful impression on readers. But how exactly do you start this important paragraph? Well, we’re here with some tips and creative ideas on  good words to start your conclusion paragraph !

The way you start your conclusion is very important. You want to steer clear of overused conclusion starters such as: “I concluded that” or “In this essay I have.” Keep on reading to learn how to start your conclusion in a way that will make it stand out.

What Makes a Good Conclusion

The conclusion is the last paragraph of an essay or research paper that summarizes your entire writing . It conveys the main points of your work.

A good conclusion has the following characteristics:

  • It gives a clear overview of what the essay or research topic is about
  • Helps motivate the readers to ponder on the issue or act on it
  • It serves as a reminder of the strength of your arguments.
  • Provides significant evidence in support of the argument.

Tips for Writing an Effective Conclusion Paragraph

Conclusions are meant to reiterate the arguments and thesis of the essay . In other words, it provides a sense of closure and suggests that you have accomplished the goal.

Keep these tips in mind when writing your conclusion to ensure its effectiveness:

  • End the essay with a positive note
  • Communicate the significance of your ideas and the subject matter
  • Provide a sense of closure to the reader
  • Summarise your main points and re-emphasize them
  • Rephrase your thesis statement and support it with evidence

Good Words to Start Your Conclusion Paragraph

It’s common for papers to start their conclusion with common phrases like “In conclusion” or “To conclude.” But there are more effective ways to begin your conclusion. Here are just some of them.

Conclusion Starter Ideas for Research Paper

  • As per the final analysis
  • Based on the evidence presented
  • As expected, the results signify
  • In light of these findings
  • The research data reveals that
  • As per the data, we can infer that
  • The significant revelations made by the study
  • Unexpectedly the data revealed
  • To assume from the data
  • The result of this research showcases
  • What the study shows is
  • Through reviewing these findings, we can state
  • In the context of this paper,
  • While further research is competent
  • In the final analysis
  • For the most part
  • In my opinion
  • As a final point
  • All things considered
  • For these reasons
  • As such, I have come to a conclusion that
  • To wrap it all up

Other Good Conclusion Starters

  • Based on our observation
  • After all, it has been told and done
  • In my point of view
  • To make a long story short
  • No one could have assumed that
  • In a simple language
  • As stated in the introduction
  • I would like to say finally
  • One final idea
  • My conclusions are
  • The data indicate that
  • It is worth re-examining
  • The nexus between
  • As this paper demonstrates
  • After discussing
  • I’m looking forward to

The conclusion paragraph of your paper is meant to wrap up all the essential things you’ve discussed. It should bring your paper to a close by connecting the points you’ve made. Transition to your conclusion clearly, using these  good words to start your conclusion paragraph .

Good Words To Start an Effective Conclusion

Abir Ghenaiet

Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.

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List of 50 "In Conclusion" Synonyms—Write Better with ProWritingAid

Alex Simmonds

Alex Simmonds

Cover image for article

The final paragraphs of any paper can be extremely difficult to get right, and yet they are probably the most important. They offer you a chance to summarize the points you have made into a neat package and leave a good impression on the reader.

Many people choose to start the last paragraph with the phrase in conclusion , but this has its downsides.

Firstly, you should only use it once. Any more than that and your essay will sound horribly repetitive. Secondly, there is the question of whether you should even use the phrase at all?

Image showing synonyms for in conclusion

Why Is It Wrong to Use "In Conclusion" when Writing a Conclusion?

What can i use instead of "in conclusion" for an essay, what are some synonyms for "in conclusion" in formal writing, what are some synonyms for "in conclusion" in informal writing, what is another word for "in conclusion", what should a conclusion do in an article or paper.

Though it’s okay to use in conclusion in a speech or presentation, when writing an essay it comes across as stating the obvious. The phrase will come across as a bit unnecessary or "on the nose."

Its use in an essay is clichéd, and there are far cleaner and more elegant ways of indicating that you are going to be concluding the paper. Using in conclusion might even irritate and alienate your audience or readers.

Thankfully, there are hundreds of synonyms available in the English language which do a much better (and much more subtle) job of drawing a piece of writing to a close.

The key is to choose ones which suit the tone of the paper. Here we will look at both formal options for an essay or academic paper, and informal options for light-hearted, low key writing, or speeches.

Image showing as has been demonstrated in a sentence

If you are writing an academic essay, a white paper, a business paper, or any other formal text, you will want to use formal transitional expressions that successfully work as synonyms for in conclusion .

The following are some suggestions you could use:

As has been demonstrated

A simple way of concluding all your points and summarizing everything you have said is to confidently state that those points have convincingly proven your case:

As the research has demonstrated , kids really do love chocolate.

As all the above points have demonstrated , Dan Brown really was the most technically gifted writer of the 20th Century.

As has been demonstrated in this paper , the side-effects of the vaccine are mild in comparison to the consequences of the virus.

As has been shown

This is another way of saying as has been demonstrated , but perhaps less scientific and more literary. As has been shown would work well in literature, history, or philosophy essays.

For example:

  • As has been shown above , the First World War and industrialization were the drivers for a new way of seeing the world, reflected in Pound’s poetry.

In the final analysis

This is a great expression to use in your conclusion, since it’s almost as blunt as in conclusion , but is a more refined and far less clichéd way of starting the concluding paragraph.

Once you have finished your argument and started drawing things to a close, using in the final analysis allows you to tail nicely into your last summation.

  • In the final analysis , there can be little doubt that Transformers: Dark of the Moon represents a low point in the history of cinema.

Image showing final analysis as a substitute for in conclusion

Along with let’s review , this is short and blunt way of announcing that you intend to recap the points you have made so far, rather than actually drawing a conclusion.

It definitely works best when presenting or reading out a speech, but less well in an essay or paper.

However, it does work effectively in a scientific paper or if you wish to recap a long train of thought, argument, or sequence before getting to the final concluding lines.

  • To review , of the two groups of senior citizens, one was given a placebo and the other a large dose of amphetamines.

Image showing phrases to use instead of in conclusion

Another phrase you could consider is in closing . This is probably better when speaking or presenting because of how double-edged it is. It still has an in conclusion element to it, but arguably it could also work well when drawing an academic or scientific paper to a conclusion.

For example, it is particularly useful in scientific or business papers where you want to sum up your points, and then even have a call to action:

  • In closing then, it is clear that as a society, we all need to carefully monitor our consumption of gummy bears.

Or in an academic paper, it offers a slightly less blunt way to begin a paragraph:

  • In closing , how do we tie all these different elements of Ballard’s writing together?

Perhaps the most similar expression to in conclusion is in summary . In summary offers a clear indication to the reader that you are going to restate the main points of your paper and draw a conclusion from those points:

In summary , Existentialism is the only philosophy that has any real validity in the 21st century.

In summary , we believe that by switching to a subscription model...

On top of those previously mentioned, here are some other phrases that you can use as an alternative to in conclusion :

  • To summarize
  • Overall, it may be said
  • Taking everything into account
  • On the whole
  • In general, it can be said that
  • With this in mind
  • Considering all this
  • Everything considered
  • As a final observation
  • Considering all of the facts
  • For the most part
  • In light of these facts

When it comes to finishing up a speech, a light-hearted paper, blog post, or magazine article, there are a couple of informal phrases you can use rather than in conclusion :

In a nutshell

The phrase in a nutshell is extremely informal and can be used both in speech and in writing. However, it should never be used in academic or formal writing.

It could probably be used in informal business presentations, to let the audience know that you are summing up in a light-hearted manner:

  • In a nutshell , our new formula Pro Jazzinol shampoo does the same as our old shampoo, but we get to charge 20% more for it!

You can also use it if you want to get straight to the point at the end of a speech or article, without any fluff:

  • In a nutshell , our new SocialShocka app does what it says on the tin—gives you an electric shock every time you try to access your social media!

At the end of the day

This is a pretty useful expression if you want to informally conclude an argument, having made all your points. It basically means in the final reckoning or the main thing to consider is , but said in a more conversational manner:

At the end of the day , he will never make the national team, but will make a good living as a professional.

At the end of the day , the former President was never destined to unite the country…

Image showing a wedding toast

Long story short

Another informal option when replacing in conclusion is to opt for to make a long story short —sometimes shortened to long story short .

Again, this is not one you would use when writing an academic or formal paper, as it is much too conversational. It’s a phrase that is far better suited to telling a joke or story to your friends:

  • Long story short , Billy has only gone and started his own religion!

Would you ever use it in writing? Probably not, except for at the end of friendly, low-key presentations:

  • Long story short , our conclusion is that you are spending far too much money on after work company bowling trips.

And possibly at the end of an offbeat magazine article or blog post:

  • Long story short , Henry VIII was a great king—not so great a husband though!

Other "In Conclusion" Synonyms for Informal Writing

You can use any of the synonyms in this article when writing informally, but these are particularly useful when you want your writing to sound conversational:

  • By and large
  • On a final note
  • Last but not least
  • For all intents and purposes
  • The bottom line is
  • To put it bluntly
  • To wrap things up
  • To come to the point
  • To wind things up

Image showing list of words to replace in conclusion

Instead of opting for one of the above expressions or idioms, there are several different singular transition words you can use instead. Here are a couple of examples:

The perfect word to tell the reader you are reaching the end of your argument. Lastly is an adverb that means "at the end" or "in summary." It is best used when you are beginning your conclusion:

  • Lastly , with all the previous points in mind, there is the question of why Philip K Dick was so fascinated with alternate history?

But can also be used at the very end of your conclusion too:

  • Lastly then, we are left with Eliot’s own words on his inspiration for "The Waste Land."

Finally does exactly the same job as lastly . It lets the reader know that you are at the final point of your argument or are about to draw your conclusion:

  • Finally , we can see from all the previous points that...

Another word that can be used at beginning of the conclusion is the adverb ultimately . Meaning "in the end" or "at the end of the day," it can be used as a conclusion to both informal and formal papers or articles:

  • Ultimately , it comes down to whether one takes an Old Testament view of capital punishment or...

It can also be used in more survey, scientific, or charity appeal style articles as a call to action of some sort:

  • Ultimately , we will all need to put some thought into our own carbon footprints over the next couple of years.

A good word to conclude a scientific, or survey style paper is overall . It can be used when discussing the points, arguments or results that have been outlined in the paper up until that point.

Thus, you can say:

  • Overall , our survey showed that most people believe you should spread the cream before you add the jam, when eating scones.

Other Transition Words to Replace "In Conclusion"

Here are a few transition word alternatives to add to your arsenal:

  • Considering
  • Essentially
  • Principally
  • Summarizing

Pro tip: You should use transition words throughout your essay, paper, or article to guide your reader through your ideas towards your conclusion. ProWritingAid’s Transitions Report tells you how many transition words you’ve used throughout your document so you can make sure you’re supporting your readers’ understanding.

prowritingaid's transition report shows a conclusion word

It’ll also tell you what type of transitions you’ve used. If there are no conclusion words in your writing, consider using one of the synonyms from this article.

Sign up for a free ProWritingAid account to try the Transitions Report.

One of the most effective ways of finishing up a piece of writing is to ask a question, or return to the question that was asked at the beginning of the paper using. This can be achieved using how , what , why , or who .

This is sometimes referred to as the "so what?" question. This takes all your points and moves your writing (and your reader) back to the broader context, and gets the reader to ask, why are these points important? Your conclusion should answer the question "so what?" .

Image showing teenager with words, so what

To answer that, you circle back to the main concept or driving force of the essay / paper (usually found in the title) and tie it together with the points you have made, in a final, elegant few sentences:

How, then, is Kafka’s writing modernist in outlook?

Why should we consider Dickens’ work from a feminist perspective?

What, then , was Blake referring to, when he spoke of mind forged manacles?

In Conclusion

There are plenty of alternatives for drawing an effective and elegant close to your arguments, rather than simply stating in conclusion .

Whether you ask a question or opt for a transition expression or a single transition word, just taking the time to choose the right synonyms will make all the difference to what is, essentially, the most important part of your paper.

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Alex Simmonds is a freelance copywriter based in the UK and has been using words to help people sell things for over 20 years. He has an MA in English Lit and has been struggling to write a novel for most of the last decade. He can be found at

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    1. In conclusion. This phrase is typically used to signal the final remarks in a piece of writing. It helps summarize the main points or

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    Common Alternatives for “In Conclusion” · all in all · all things considered · altogether · as a rule · by and large · finally · in the end · largely

  9. CONCLUSION Transition Words: Useful List & Examples

    CONCLUSION Transition Words! Following is a list of 31 transition words of conclusion with example sentences in English. They're really helpful for you to

  10. Conclusion Transition Words and Phrases

    Examples of Conclusion Transition Words · all in all · all things considered · altogether · finally · in brief · in conclusion · in essence · in short

  11. How To Write A Conclusion For An Essay

    The first sentence of your paragraph should include clear transition words to signal to your reader that you are beginning to wrap up your essay

  12. 10 Synonyms for In Conclusion: Formal & Casual Phrases

    Ultimately is an effective transition word you can use in place of in conclusion. It indicates that you've clearly expressed the central idea of your writing

  13. Good Words To Start an Effective Conclusion

    Conclusions are one of the most challenging and essential paragraphs you will write in your essay or paper. The concluding paragraph should

  14. List of 50 "In Conclusion" Synonyms—Write Better with ProWritingAid

    Other Transition Words to Replace "In Conclusion" · Briefly · Obviously · Considering · Therefore · Thus · Essentially · Indeed · Principally