Disability Studies: Foundations & Key Concepts

This non-exhaustive reading list highlights some of the key debates and conceptual shifts in disability studies.

A series of four blue pictograms in front of a light yellow background. Three pictograms are disability access symbols, for wheelchair accessibility, sign language interpretation, and low vision access. The fourth pictogram is of a brain, and is meant to symbolize cognitive impairment accommodations.

Disability studies emerged out of the disability civil rights movement in the late twentieth century. Early scholarship distinguishes the medical model of disability, which locates physical and mental impairments in individual bodies, from the social model, which understands the world as disabling people. The social model names both architectural and attitudinal barriers as the cause of disablement. Over the last few decades, the field has expanded to include individuals with a wide range of disabilities—not just physical conditions, but also mental and chronic ones.

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This list, far from exhaustive, highlights some of the key debates and conceptual shifts in the field.  In addition to showcasing disability studies’ interdisciplinary focus, the list traces the relationship between D.S. and other minority fields of study. At its broadest, disability studies encourages scholars to value disability as a form of cultural difference. As the sources below reveal, ability should not be the default when it comes to human worth.

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Asch, Adrienne. “Recognizing Death while Affirming Life: Can End of Life Reform Uphold a Disabled Person’s Interest in Continued Life?” The Hastings Center Report , 2005

Bioethics scholar Adrienne Asch is one of the first scholars to bring a disability studies approach to bioethics. This essay addresses U.S. policy regarding decisions for end-of-life treatment and, more broadly, it critiques discourse surrounding “quality of life.” Asch attacks the slogan “better off dead than disabled” by showing how disability does not necessarily diminish one’s life. Instead, she argues, healthcare practitioners should focus on forms of care that give disabled people independence. She also offers pragmatic suggestions for how caretakers can affirm the humanity of patients receiving end-of-life treatment.

Baynton, Douglas. “Slaves, Immigrants, and Suffragists: The Uses of Disability in Citizenship Debates.” PMLA , 2005

Douglas Baynton’s groundbreaking essay foregrounds disability in accounts of American history. He assesses three U.S. debates regarding citizenship: the civil rights movement, women’s suffrage, and immigration legislation. This essay considers how disability has been used as a justification for the oppression of marginalized populations. For example, slaves were said to become “crazy” if they were granted freedom. Women were often described as mentally incapable of receiving an education. And immigrants have been cast as disabled due to racial difference. Baynton explores how attending to disability in its own right (rather than as a symptom of misogyny or racism) enables an intersectional analysis.

Brueggemann, Brenda Jo, Rosemarie Garland-Thomson, Georgina Kleege. “What Her Body Taught (Or, Teaching about and with a Disability): A Conversation.” Feminist Studies , 2005

Written from the perspective of three female scholars with disabilities, this essay is one of the first pieces of scholarship to address the presence of disabled faculty in the classroom. Brueggemann, Garland-Thomson, and Kleege explore the tension between wanting their disabilities to be normalized, but also wanting them to be present in students’ minds. In addition to discussing the difficulty of disclosure in the classroom, they explore how educators might adopt different approaches to teaching to accommodate instructors’ disabilities.

Davis, Lennard. “Crips Strike Back: The Rise of Disability Studies.” American Literary History , 1999

This essay reviews three publications that address disability studies from a humanities-based perspective. While D.S. first emerged in the social sciences, Davis makes a case for the centrality of disability studies scholarship in literary studies. More broadly, he proposes that disability studies should no longer be considered a narrow or specialized field. It’s applicable to us all.

Donaldson, Elizabeth J. “The Corpus of the Madwoman: Toward a Feminist Disability Studies Theory of Embodiment and Mental Illness.” NWSA Journal , 2002

This essay takes up the figure of the madwoman in literature. Adopting a feminist disability studies approach, Donaldson critiques the way feminist scholars read madwomen as merely symptomatic of patriarchal oppression, which discounts the reality of mental disability. She is resistant to framing disability as a metaphor and advocates for readings that consider disability alongside questions of gender.

Erevelles, Nirmala. “Race.” Keywords for Disability Studies (2015)

This short essay gives an overview of the relationship between disability studies and critical race studies. Erevelles shows how disability has been aligned with race. However, analogizing race to disability (or saying, “disability is like race”) eliminates the specificity of both identity categories. She uses special education as an example because it is a site where racial segregation takes place on the premise of disability. By attending to disabled people of color, she argues that we can achieve a more nuanced analysis, which accounts for how social forces like poverty and involuntary institutionalization exacerbate different forms of social marginalization.

Garland-Thomson, Rosemarie. “Feminist Disability Studies.” Signs , 2005

In placing feminist studies and disability studies in conversation, Garland-Thomson argues that both fields work to de-naturalize assumptions about embodiment and social roles. Her essay explores a range of pressing social issues, including selective abortion, caretaking, and reproductive rights.

Ginsburg, Faye and Rayna Rapp. “Disability Worlds.” Annual Review of Anthropology , 2013

Ginsburg and Rapp call for a critical approach to disability in the field of anthropology. Bridging the gap between the medical and anthropological fields, they shift toward understanding impairment as both environmental and cultural. They also consider what ethnography can bring to questions of disability within anthropological study.

Hershey, Laura. “Disabled Women Organize Worldwide.” o ff our backs , 2003

Recounting events from the NGO Forum on Women in China (1995) and the International Leadership Forum for Women with Disabilities in Maryland (1996), disability activist Laura Hershey moves beyond Western definitions of disability to offer a global perspective. In addition to showing how disabled women are doubly discriminated against, Hershey outlines how gender can influence the international movement for disability rights. She also considers how issues like poverty and illiteracy speak to the feminist and disability movements.

James, Jennifer C. and Cynthia Wu. “Editors’ Introduction: Race, Ethnicity, Disability, and Literature: Intersections and Interventions.” MELUS , 2006

This essay brings ethnic studies into conversation with debates regarding disability representation. From the nineteenth-century freakshow to forced sterilization, people of color have been disproportionately disabled, and James and Wu call for an intersectional approach to these complex subjectivities.

Kleege, Georgina. “Blind Rage: An Open Letter to Helen Keller.” Southwest Review , 1998

In this more personal essay, Kleege interrogates Helen Keller’s status as a disability icon. Kleege critiques the way disability has been individualized, refuting both tragic and triumphant representations of impairment. In describing her experience navigating everyday life as a blind woman, Kleege attends to the realities of living in a world not made for disabled people.

Kudlick, Catherine. “Disability History: Why We Need Another ‘Other.’” The American Historical Review , 2003

In this groundbreaking essay, Kudlick moves to situate disability studies in historical scholarship. Reframing disability as valuable, she argues that a renewed attention to bodily and mental impairments can revise our accounts of nearly all events in history—from women’s rights to labor movements. Her essay offers a comprehensive overview of books and articles pertaining to disability history, and, more specifically, deaf history.

Linker, Beth. “On the Borderland of Medical and Disability History: A Survey of Both Fields.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 2013

This essay addresses why the history of medicine and disability studies fail to interact. Linker begins by critiquing disability studies’ resistance to medical discourse. She argues that certain disabled people, especially those who are living with chronic conditions, often rely heavily on medical care, which is why the “medical model” should not be so readily dismissed. In turn, while disability history is typically understood as different from medical history, especially in the U.S., Linker argues for a greater need for cross-disciplinary collaboration.

Linton, Simi. “Reassigning Meaning.” Claiming Disability: Knowledge and Identity ,1988

One of the most foundational essays in the field of disability studies, Linton outlines how language has been important to naming disability as a political rather than medical category. She also addresses the problem of “overcoming rhetoric,” which fails to address disabled people’s need for access.

McRuer, Robert. “Crip Eye for the Normate Guy: Queer Theory and the Discipling of Disability Studies.” PMLA , 2005

McRuer is one of the first scholars to assess the relationship between disability and queerness. In this essay, he analyzes how the popular show The Queer Eye for the Straight Guy normalizes the disabled body. While representations of queer life often resist disability, he argues that queer and disability studies share a resistance to normalization, which should be embraced in future scholarship and activism.

Price, Margaret. Mad at School: Rhetorics of Mental Disability and Academic Life . University of Michigan, 2011

Price offers one of the first substantive accounts of mental disability, which has come belatedly to studies of physical disability. She focuses on higher education as a site that stigmatizes mental disability in its focus on rationality, cohesion, and cognitive agility. Her book offers a range of suggestions, many of which are pedagogical, for how mental disability might revitalize academic life.

Siebers, Tobin. “Disability in Theory: From Social Constructionism to the New Realism of the Body.” American Literary History , 2001

Siebers critiques the social model of disability, arguing that it fails to account for the experience of individual bodies. His term “the new realism of the body” calls for an assessment of the bodily effects of disability, which often cannot be altered through environmental transformations alone.

Wendell, Susan. “Unhealthy Disabled: Treating Chronic Illness as Disabilities.” Hypatia , 2001 

This article broadens the definition of disability to include individuals with chronic illnesses.  While people in the disability community often distinguish themselves from people who are ill, not all disabled people, she observes, are healthy. Wendell questions some of the main assumptions in disability activism and scholarship regarding social justice and reform. Dismantling the environmental effects of disablement will not always eliminate a body’s suffering, she argues.

Williamson, Bess. “Access.” Keywords for Disability Studies (2015)

This short essay gives a comprehensive account of the history of access and why it is a key term in D.S. Williamson argues that paying attention to access turns our focus away from the individual, highlighting instead the disabling makeup of the social world. Although access is easy to define, Williamson notes that it is hard to implement in practice because disabled people have conflicting needs.

Editor’s Note: This list has been updated to include publication dates.

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Doctoral Portfolio in Disability Studies

Steve hicks school of social work, texas center for disability studies, school of nursing, college of education, college of fine arts, and college of liberal arts.

The Doctoral level portfolio program in Disability Studies (DS) is designed to broaden a student’s conception of disability with a focus on the social context and cultural representations of disability. Disability Studies is an interdisciplinary approach that adds breadth to the traditional, primarily medical, view of disability. Disability Studies reframes the study of disability with a social/cultural/political paradigm, using a minority group model to critically examine existing beliefs, images, ideologies, policies, and stereotypes about disability. The  Doctoral  level portfolio program is designed to support future researchers in Disability Studies as well as develop leaders in this emerging field.

Admission Requirements

Admission to the DS Doctoral Portfolio  program will be selective and the DS Steering Committee reserves the right to admit or reject applicants.

Successful applicants to the  DS Doctoral Portfolio  will have met the admission standards required by the Graduate School and by their primary Doctoral degree program. Students may enter the DS portfolio program at any point in their graduate work, but it is recommended that they do so as soon as they decide to pursue the portfolio. The application should include:

  • A statement of purpose, including previous experience related to individuals with disabilities, relationship of DS to the student’s program of studies, and relationship of DS to future career goals.
  • Proof of enrollment and good academic standing in an approved graduate degree program.
  • Consent from the student’s Graduate Advisor or Dissertation Supervisor for participation in the DS portfolio area.

Course Requirements

Coursework for the DS Doctoral Portfolio will consist of four (4) thematically related courses, or twelve (12) semester hours. At least two courses will be from the DS core courses offered through the Steve Hicks School of Social Work, and at least two of the courses will be outside the student’s academic department. Click here to view core courses.

Research Experience Requirements

In addition to the successful completion of the course sequence, students will participate in a research-based experience. This research may be part of a student’s dissertation; however, it should have one or more of the following:

  • Involve the conceptualization and production of a research proposal involving individuals with disabilities and/or family members.
  • Involve actual data collection or data analysis on a project involving individuals with disabilities.
  • Create a written product, i.e., a literature review, a research grant proposal, or an article for publication.

DS Doctoral Portfolio Plan

Once a student is accepted into the DS Doctoral Portfolio program, the student will meet with a designated faculty DS Steering Committee member to develop an individualized course plan. The DS Doctoral Portfolio Program Plan includes course selections and a research experience description. Students will be responsible for verifying the course plan with their Graduate Advisor or Faculty Advisor, and updating and maintaining the plan in concert with the designated DS Steering Committee member.

Students must keep the steering committee representative updated each semester on their progress. In addition, when nearing graduation, students must obtain approval from the DS Portfolio committee for their completed portfolio.

Upon Completion

Students satisfactorily completing the requirements of the DS Doctoral Portfolio and their primary Doctoral degree program will be awarded a Portfolio Certificate and notation on their official university transcript.

Getting Started

To begin your application, e-mail us with your interests and intentions. Upon approval submit a brief letter of intent and purpose, proof of active full-time enrollment at The University of Texas at Austin, and approval from your academic advisor.  Additionally, complete as much as you can of the  Disability Studies Doctoral Portfolio Program Plan  (download the document from "additional resources" section on this webpage) and submit all materials either in person (by appointment) or U.S. Mail; because the application includes confidential student information, it is preferred that you not e-mail your application.  After your application is reviewed, you will be contacted for any further information and discussions and, if accepted, you will be welcomed into the program and assigned to an advisor.

For more information contact:

Additional Resources

  • Doctoral Portfolio Program Plan

Purdue University Graduate School


Accessibility often isn’t recognized to the abled-bodied. The objects, systems and tools of access aren’t even noticed until those without disabilities need it or become disabled themselves. Building on my initial academic and scholarly research, I conducted a case study at The Wabash Center; a facility that serves people with disabilities in the local West Lafayette and surrounding communities. I spent three months observing, journaling, and identifying key patterns that revealed the tensions in food access issues at the facility. These patterns included community, agency, dependency and assistance, and accountability. The issues I identified at The Wabash Center all fall under the overarching issue of power and control. Power and control describes the notion that is often exercised by abled-bodies in the presence of people with disabilities. In this context, food and food access is used as a form of power and control. It is commonly found that the issue of power and control is embedded in design and the way that designers conduct their processes. To better understand the systemic relationships and issues of food access, it was imperative to analyze the internal interactions of how disabled people negotiate in an institutionalized setting. This thesis discusses the reflection process of my efforts to look critically at my own assumptions about disability, food access, and its relationship to design.

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Admission Requirements

Applicants will be considered on an individual basis by the admission committee for the doctoral program in Disability Studies. Individuals who fail to meet one or more criteria for admission may be admitted conditionally if their applications are otherwise strong and the applicant agrees to work with her/his mentor to address these gaps through courses and other recommended work.

To establish a mentor relationship, all applicants for the program are strongly encouraged to meet one or more faculty members whose research interests most closely match those of the student. The coordinator of the PhD program will arrange such meetings for applicants upon request.

In addition to the Graduate College minimum requirements, applicants must meet the following program requirements:

  • Baccalaureate Field No restrictions.
  • Prior Degrees A master’s degree is not required but is recommended for admission to the program.
  • Grade Point Average At least 3.00/4.00 for the final 60 semester hours (90 quarter hours) of undergraduate study and a minimum of 3.00/4.00 for all work beyond the baccalaureate level.
  • Tests Required None.
  • TOEFL 80, with subscores of Reading 19, Listening 17, Speaking 20, and Writing 21 (iBT Test); 60, with subscores of Reading 19, Listening 17, Writing 21 (revised Paper-Delivered Test, OR ,
  • IELTS 6.5, with subscores of 6.0 for all four subscores, OR ,
  • PTE-Academic 54, with subscores of Reading 51, Listening 47, Speaking 53, and Writing 56.
  • Letters of Recommendation Three required.
  • Personal Statement Required.
  • Deadlines Application deadlines for this program are listed on the Graduate College website.

Degree Requirements

The Disability Studies Program is designed primarily as a full-time course of study. Students who are full time will be expected to maintain a course load of three or more classes per semester. Each student will have an advisor chosen from the faculty of the program. The advisor will monitor the student’s progress through the program and serve as the chair for the dissertation committee.

  • Minimum Semester Hours Required 96 semester hours beyond the baccalaureate degree.
  • Course Work
  • Preliminary Examination: Required, written and oral.
  • Dissertation  Required. A minimum of 24 semester hours required. The dissertation must be defended at a public session before the dissertation committee and other members of the academic community.
  • Other Requirements Students entering the program with a baccalaureate degree are required to participate in a research project approved by their advisor. Students entering with a master's degree may have this requirement waived if they have completed equivalent work on a master's thesis.

Interdepartmental Concentrations

Students earning a graduate degree in this department may complement their courses by enrolling in select concentrations after consulting with their graduate advisor. Interdepartmental concentrations available for this degree include:

  • Black Studies
  • Gender and Women's Studies
  • Museum and Exhibition Studies

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Home > ETDs > Doctoral Dissertations

Doctoral Dissertations

Dissertations from 2024 2024.



Dissertations from 2023 2023


Power Dynamics of Sexual Assault on College Campuses , Jillian L. Chase



Understanding Filipino Wellness: Investigating the Effects of Colonial Mentality and Enculturation , Juliene Grace P. Fresnedi

A Qualitative Study of Ableism on the Postsecondary Campus , George Stuart Fuller

Alleviating Mathematics Anxiety For Middle School Students Using A Combined Intervention Approach Versus Only Using The Cognitive Intervention Approach For Increasing Mathematical Achievement: A Comparative Study , Patricia Anna Garcia

Parent-Child Conversations about Body Safety and Consent , Natasha Gerber

The Mental Health of First-Generation College Students of Color , Devin Hallquist

Identity Formation and Role Expansion for Nurse Practitioner Residency Preceptors: A Qualitative Thematic Analysis , Angel Chen Kuo

Understanding the Lived Experiences of Ethnic-Racial Minority Former Foster Youth Who Identify as Queer , Cristian A. Lemus


Mental Health and Experiences of Pregnancy Among Black Women and Birthing People with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) , Madeleine E. Marcus

The Association between Psychotic Symptoms and Romantic Relationship Quality among Young Adult Ethnic Minorites , Tashagaye T. McKenzie


A Case Study of a School-Supported Extracurricular Activity's Influence on STEM Identity and Interest for Females , Letta Meyer

African American Women Make Meaning of Historical Trauma , Deidre A. MILLER


Working with Other Immigrants Brings the Parts That I Lost Back To Me: The Experiences of Latin American Immigrant Therapists Working with Latin American Immigrant Populations , Elizabeth P. Rivera


The Effects of Acculturation, Marianismo, and Religiosity on Pregnancy Related Anxiety in Latina Women , Jennifer M. Zanoli

Dissertations from 2022 2022


Fifty Years of Underrepresented Student Advocacy at One Jesuit Secondary School , Sonya Cotero Arriola

Voces of Little Michoacan: A Collective Narrative of Resistance and Preservation of Home , Ana Angel Avendaño


The Use of Simulation with the School of Nursing and Health Professions (SONHP) Prelicensure Students to Support Affirming Practice with Transgender Communities , Genevieve Charbonneau

Understanding the perspectives, practices, and expectations of Korean American parents toward the heritage language education of their children , Yunhee Choi

The Association between Physical Pain, Depression, Anxiety, and Nervios among Latinx Agricultural Workers , Iveth Cuellar Celallos

Incorporating Andragogy and Cognitive Theory Of Multimedia Learning Into Self-Paced Training and Development Programs , Shanshan Gao

An Exploration of Learning-At-Home Experiences Among Families and Children of Color Labeled with Disabilities During COVID-19: A Narrative Inquiry , Nam Ju Han

"What’s Race Got To Do With It?”: A Virtual Participatory Action Research Study of Community College Students Exploring Intersectionality In Queer Studies , Breana Hansen



Teaching Solidarity: Popular Education in Grassroots U.S. Social Movements , Tenaya Summers Lafore

The Effects of Curriculum-Integrated Explicit Learning Strategy Instruction on Reading Comprehension for English as a Second Language (ESL) Learners at the Community College , Sylvia Chaiyeon Lee

Genocide in East Turkestan: Exploring the Perspectives of Uyghurs in the Diaspora and their Resistance to Chinese State Violence , Lina Semyonovna Lenberg

Mediating Language Fluency Development: An Action Research Study In A High-School AP Chinese Second-or-Foreign-Language Task-Based Language Teaching Classroom , Jing Liang


Women in Senior Leadership Roles Career Mobility, Challenges, Success Stories and Need for Future Research , Giselle Flores Martin

Impact of COVID-19 on New Teacher Retention and Perceived Supports in a Northern California Public School District , Rebecka Maxkenzie

African American Female Identified Therapists' Experiences Working Culturally Similar and Dissimilar Populations , Kimiko J. May



Feminist Catholic Organizational Identity: A Phenomenological Study of Charism in the Lay Educator of a Notre Dame de Namur Learning Community , Kathleen Barrera Quiazon

Effects of Teaching Argument to First-Year Community-College Students Using a Structural and Dialectical Approach , Sharon Radcliff


Cuentos Criollos: Colombian Internally Displaced Families as Knowledge Producers , Liliana Salazar de Deck

An Exploration of Higher Educational Experiences For Mixed Blood American Indian Males in the Santa Clara Valley , Edward Salcedo

The Relationship Between Metacognitive Strategies and Listening Comprehension Proficiency in Intensive-Korean-Foreign-Language Setting , Gumok Seo

The Collegiate Black Space: Black College Students’ Use of New Counter-Spaces for Support, Knowledge Production, and Organizing for Activism , Heather Marian Streets

The Impact of #MeToo on Reasons for Sexual Assault Disclosure , Cheryl H. Tien

Developing Queer Faith: Exploring Experiences of Cognitive Dissonance and Identity Integration For LGBQ Catholics Individuals , Kendal M. Vaarwerk

Using Peer Review to Improve English as a Second Language College Students' Writing Scores , Mengjie Wei

Dissertations from 2021 2021

The Effect of Teaching and Learning Vocabulary in Lexical Chunks on the Listening Comprehension of Adult Learners of Arabic , Bassam Al-Maqtari

Exploring Student Engagement for Diverse Student Populations: A Case Study Examining Institutional Logics of Student Affairs Middle Management Leaders , Frangelo Rominque Ayran

Employment Discrimination: An Efficacy Study of African American Inequities in the California Utility Sector , Victor Baker

Mental Health Outcomes of Various Types of Fear Among University Students who have an Undocumented Legal Status During the Donald Trump Presidency , Liliana Campos

Experiences of UC Santa Barbara female alumni exposed to a gender-based mass shooting , Erin G. Carpenter

Majority to Minority Shift: Experiences for American Born Chinese College Students from Predominant Chinese American Communities to Predominantly White Institutions , Joseph C. Chung

The Role of Community Building in Second Language Acquisition in the Mainstream Classroom , Alejandro Clemente Fernandez

The Effectiveness of Using Multimedia for Teaching Phrasal Verbs in Community-College ESL Classes , Guohua Fu

Replanting a Wild Seed: Black Women School Leaders Subverting Ideological Lynching , Whitneé Louise Garrett-Walker

The Significance of Jesuit Educational Institution in the Reconstruction of Postcolonial and Post-Conflict East Timor , Plinio do Rosario Gusmao dosReis Martins

Effects of Static and Dynamic Visuals on the Learning of Science Concepts in the Secondary-School Classroom , Theodore Johnson

Impact of Moral Injury for Ethnic/Racial Minority Male Veterans , Kristopher Kern

Dysconscious Racism and Racial Microaggressions in the Public School System , Ryan Lee

Stigma and Social-Emotional Health in Youth with Learning Differences , Kelsey Maki

Provider Perspectives: Working with the Male Lifer Reentry Population , Laura R. Marker Dr.

Women Who Lead: A Feminist Phenomenology of Crisis Leadership in Higher Education , Ingrid Helene McVanner

The Use of Mindfulness Meditation to Increase the Efficacy of Mirror Visual Feedback for Reducing Phantom Limb Pain in Amputees , Nicolas Sebastian Mills

A Minority Within a Minority: Exploring Identity Development in Relation to Mental Health Outcomes Within the Black Deaf Community , Nekolas Milton

Community Based Participatory Research Informed Manualization and Piloting of E-Training of a Modified Dialectical Behavior Therapy Intervention , Annika M. Miyamoto

Early Childhood Special Education Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Inclusion: A Qualitative Study on a School’s Transition From Segregated Classrooms to More Inclusion Classrooms , Shally Moua

The Ignatian Pedagogical Paradigm as a Critical Theoretical Framework to Enhance Teachers' Professional Identity in Diverse Context , Lourdu Sunder Reddy Mummadi

Patient Reported Outcomes in Sickle Cell Disease Examined Within a Conceptual Model , Swapandeep Mushiana; Marsha Treadwell PhD; Sherif M. Badawy MD, MS; Liliana Preiss PhD; Allison King MD MPH PhD; Barbara Kroner PhD; Yumie Chen BS; Jeffrey Glassberg; Victor Gordeuk MD; Nirmish Shah MD; Angie Snyder Phd MPH; and Theodore Wun MD

Incorporating Critical Perspectives in Nonprofit Management Education Programs: How Critical Scholars of Color Navigate Pressures in Higher Education , Khanh H. Nguyen

A Critical Feminist Case Study of the Northern California Cherry Blossom Queen Program , Alison Kepola Nishiyama-Young

Understanding the African American Male Student Experience of Being Diagnosed with Emotional Disturbance Through the Use of Counter-Storytelling , Sara Ordaz

Sex or Sexual Assault? Critical Media Literacy as a Tool for Consent Education , Riana S. Pella

Higher Education Discourses of India’s National Education Policy 2020: Analysis and Teacher Counterspaces in Jesuit Institutions , Vincent Pereppadan Poulose

Effect of Transcendental Meditation on the Social Emotional Well-being of Bilingual Teacher Leaders , Margaret Peterson

Engaging Feminism, Transforming Institutions: How Community Engagement Professionals Employ Critical Feminist Praxis to Re-Imagine and Re-Shape the Public Purpose of Higher Education , Patricia Star Plaxton-Moore

Effect of Prenatal Yoga on Depression, Anxiety, and Maternal-fetal Attachment Among Pregnant Black, Indigenous and People of Color , Alicia Ranucci

The Effectiveness Of A Transaffirmative Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Group-Based Intervention To Help Transgender Individuals Suffering From Depression , Joy Riach

Investigating the Self-Efficacy Awareness of Black Female Technology Leaders , Marie Roberts De La Parra

Parental Involvement in Support of African American Families , September Rose

Pilipinx Radical Imagination: Healing and Visioning in our Process of Becoming , Anthony Abulencia Santa Ana

Interests Served and Interests Converged: A Mixed-Methods Critical Policy Analysis of the California Math Placement Act , Chalesea Schuler

Exploring the lived experiences of Middle-Eastern and North African (Mena) Jews through narrative inquiry using a digital storytelling approach , Brandy B. Shufutinsky

Understanding the Healthcare Experiences of LGBTQ+ People: An Adaptation of the Daily Heterosexist Experiences Questionnaire , Conor Smith

Indigenous Assessment Developers on Elements of the Disjuncture-Response Dialectic: A Critical Comparative Case Study , David A. Sul

Indigenous assessment developers on elements of the disjuncture-response dialectic: A critical comparative case study , David A. Sul

A Study of Students’ and Teachers’ Beliefs about Learning English as a Second Language in Hindi Medium Schools in India , Samir Toppo

The Ambivalence of Participation in Transitional Justice: The Promises and Failures of Peace in Colombia , Alejandro Urruzmendi

Narratives of Disability and Displacement: Oral Histories of the Lived Experiences of Disabled Refugees , Jennifer Lynn Ward

Equity in language programs: Revitalizing indigenous languages in secondary school in Anchorage, Alaska , Betsy Watson (Paskvan)

The Ignatian Leadership Model for Catholic Schools: Critical Spirituality Theory on Leadership Practices , Leonardus Evert Bambang Winandoko

Teaching Critical Thinking Skills in a Chinese Immersion School , Pui Hung Helen Wong

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Melbourne Disability Institute

Phd: disability, technology and society, a new scholarship is being offered to investigate issues of disability, technology and society.

This scholarship is provided by the Melbourne Disability Institute (MDI) and will be primarily located within the Melbourne Law School under the primary supervision of Prof Jeannie Patterson , co-director of the Centre for AI and Digital Ethics (CAIDE). The PhD research will be co-supervised by Dr. Piers Gooding from the Melbourne Law School and Dr. Jennifer Davidson , lecturer in social work, from the faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences.

Applications provisionally close April 2 nd 2021.

The MDI and CAIDE partnership invite proposals from applicants interested in undertaking research into the role of new and emerging technologies in the lives of people with disabilities, and particularly people with intellectual and cognitive disabilities. People with cognitive disabilities may include older people with age-related impairments and disabilities, such as dementia.

About the opportunity Digital technologies have potential for overcoming social, economic and geographic barriers and improving outcomes in health, access to justice and economic inclusion. However, they also risk increased discrimination, differentiation and exclusion. Importantly, issues of digital equity are not just about access to technology, but also about language, content, comprehension and safety. Very little research has been undertaken into the impact of the digital revolution or the rise of the information age on the lives of persons with intellectual and cognitive disabilities.

This PhD scholarship is aimed at supporting the successful candidate to help address this research gap. The successful candidate would propose a thesis topic, which is broadly concerned with the promise and peril of digital technologies in the lives of persons with cognitive and intellectual disabilities. This could include a range of technologies variously described as AI, machine learning, and other technologies of automation, as well as general information and communication technologies available through smartphones and tablets that may assist people to connect to others, whether for recreation, employment, the receipt of services, to develop and maintain relationships, to monitor and audit services, and so on.

This research program would evaluate the presumptions about knowledge, language, accessibility and consent that inform the design and implementation of new technologies of particular relevance to persons with intellectual and cognitive disabilities. The aim would be to promote ways to make a technologically-integrated society fairer and more equal.

Examples of research topics include, but are certainly not limited to:

  • legal and political issues concerning digital platforms for purchasing disability services, e.g. support staff;
  • algorithmic and data harms against persons with disabilities, particularly for people with intellectual and cognitive disabilities;
  • the implications of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in the digital era, particularly for people with intellectual and cognitive disabilities;
  • the social, economic, political and legal dimensions of digital exclusion/inclusion, including its impact on wellbeing;
  • consumer protection concerns of persons with disabilities amid the proliferation of algorithmic and data-driven technologies;
  • digital technologies as assistive devices and/or as therapeutic devices for persons with intellectual and cognitive disabilities, including the use of “ smart homes ” and the “Internet of Things”; and
  • the rights of persons with disabilities who are users and subjects of digital technologies, and the responsibilities of those who employ such technologies.

Applicants interested in pursing specific issues within these broad areas are encouraged to apply.

We are seeking PhD proposals that meet the following criteria:

  • Builds evidence to help people with disability, their family, informal supporters and carers to lead engaged, self-directed and fulfilling lives on an equal basis with others;
  • Aims to influence policy, law and/or practice impacting on people with disability;
  • Demonstrates active involvement of people with disability throughout the project.

The partnership will maintain a strong interest in the equality outcomes of the PhD, and the successful candidate will have the opportunity to work with MDI and CAIDE to develop materials relevant to law, policy and practice. Community-engaged and participatory research approaches are particularly welcome, and the successful candidate will be supported with access to local networks, data and industry expertise.

The scholarship benefits include:

  • Fee offset (full fee-exemption)
  • Stipend of $31,200 per annum (2020 pro-rata rate, tax free) for three years
  • Allowances as per the Graduate Research Scholarship Terms & Conditions
  • Eligibility to participate in the CAIDE early career research academy in Nov/Dec 2021

The Melbourne Disability Institute provides an additional $2,000 per annum (a maximum of $7,000 during candidature) in research support funds. The successful candidate will also receive automatic entry into the Institute’s PhD Program in MDI or CAIDE.

Further, as the student will be based in law they will additionally have access to the standard law PhD entitlements including up to $7,000 in research support funds over the course of their candidature, and a host of other MLS initiatives.


The scholarship is conditional upon acceptance into a PhD program at the University of Melbourne. Applicants must be eligible for acceptance by the University of Melbourne into a PhD program. The applicant will need to meet the entry requirements of the host faculty, which is the Melbourne Law School. By the commencement of the program applicants must have completed an accredited fourth year program at Honours 1 or Honours 1 equivalence level, or at an Honours 2 level with an outstanding record of professional or research achievements since graduation. (See MLS eligibility requirements for more information).

Applicants must be available to commence in 2021.


Applicants must be eligible for entry into the Melbourne Law School PhD program. In the first instance, applicants should contact the proposed supervisors ( [email protected] , [email protected] & je[email protected] ) with the following information:

  • Name and contact information
  • Relevant academic qualifications and experience (up to one paragraph)
  • Some brief ideas for a PhD thesis (up to one paragraph).

After this step, the applicant will be asked to confirm eligibility for the PhD program, before providing relevant information and a small research proposal. Key Dates  Please address the answers to the above points and submit to [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] by April 2 nd 2021.

Applications will be reviewed from 5-19 th April 2021 and the outcome will be announced shortly afterward.  Students must be enrolled by end of September 2021 and commence their PhD before end of December 2021.

For more information, please follow these hyperlinks:

  • Centre for AI and Digital Ethics
  • Melbourne Law School

If you have any questions about the PhD opportunity or the application process please contact Dr Piers Gooding [email protected] or Dr Jennifer Davidson [email protected] .

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  • Strengthening Disability Advocacy - Interview with Anne Kavanagh and Vasiliky Kasidis
  • Podcast - Intellectual disabilities and the fight for justice
  • CRE-CP Symposium: Making a Difference
  • Making Australia's most liveable city more inclusive
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  • Protecting people with disability during the pandemic
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Essays on disability and employment

Downloadable content.

thesis phd disability

  • March 21, 2019
  • Affiliation: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Economics
  • Despite the growing prevalence of disability among prime age men and strong correlations between disability and negative employment outcomes, few economic analyses address the avenues through which disability may influence these observed outcomes. Particularly, the impact of disability on employment decisions of disabled workers who remain employed is unknown. In this research, I focus on employment transitions and occupational choice, and the role these employment outcomes play as contributors to disability status and the observed difference in wages of working age males. Based on a dynamic framework of employment transitions and disability over time, the empirical model estimates equations for employer and occupational changes, occupational choice, disability status, and wages of men. The analyses are conducted using longitudinal data on individuals from the Survey of Income and Program Participation and data on occupations from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles. A nonlinear random effects joint estimation technique accounts for both permanent and time-varying unobserved heterogeneity that may influence employment transitions, wages, and disability. The results suggest that moderately disabled workers are 23 percent more likely to change occupations and/or employers compared to non-disabled men and that these transitions contribute negatively to wages through reductions in tenure. Furthermore, disabled individuals are found to select into occupations with low requirements of most job characteristics, most significantly reasoning and math. While the majority of these job characteristics have only a small impact on disability status, they have a large and significant effect on wages. The importance of controlling for occupational choice is also revealed, as the marginal effect of characteristics on wages differs across analyses that do and do not control for endogenous occupation selection.
  • https://doi.org/10.17615/r64c-nt95
  • Dissertation
  • In Copyright
  • Gilleskie, Donna B.
  • Open access
  • October 11, 2010

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PhD Thesis: The Disability Divide

A study into the impact of computing and internet-related technologies on people who are blind or vision impaired.

Scott Hollier Curtin University

People with disabilities, and in particular people who are blind or vision impaired, are not embracing computing and Internet-related technologies at the same rate as the able-bodied population. The purpose of this study was to find the reasons behind this digital divide for people with disabilities and provide solutions. The investigation into this ‘disability divide’ initially examined the historical significance of the social construction of disability, the developments of computing and Internet-related technologies and the evolution of associated government and corporate policies. In order to gain an understanding of the specific elements in the current disability divide, interviews were conducted with a range of government representatives, multinational information technology developers and online information providers in Australia and the United States of America. In order to gain an understanding of what people with disabilities required from information technology, a national survey was conducted with people who are blind or vision impaired to determine their computing and Internet experiences. This study clearly identified that people with vision disabilities have a high level of computing and Internet expertise and it is specific barriers, rather than lack of will, that has prevented access to computing and Internet-related technologies. These barriers include issues relating to the perception of disability in society, Federal and state government policy, corporate policy, mainstream computing products, assistive technologies, real-time online communication, poverty and a lack of educational opportunities. Addressing the issues in these areas will significantly reduce the impact of the disability divide, allowing people who are blind or vision impaired to participate more effectively in the information age.

Read the full thesis (Accessible PDF). 

Posted 1 August 2018 By ncsehe

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Zhihao Cui PhD Dissertation Defense

Picture of Zhihao Cui, PhD candidate

Public PhD Dissertation Defense:

Wednesday, November 8th, at 9AM in CBEC 267 Dissertation title:   CO2 Electroreduction Mechanism Study on Transition Metal Catalyst Surfaces

Division: Inorganic Advisor: Anne Co

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158 Disabilities Topics for Research Papers & Essays

Looking for interesting disability topics for a research paper or project? This field is hot, controversial, and definitely worth studying!

🏆 Best Disability Topics for Research Papers

👍 disability essay topics, 📑 research questions about disabilities, 🎓 good research topics about disabilities, 💯 free disabilities essay topic generator.

The disability study field includes the issues of physical, mental, and learning disabilities, as well as the problem of discrimination. In this article, we’ve gathered great disability essay topics & research questions, as well as disability topics to talk about. We hope that our collection will inspire you.

  • Preschool Teachers’ Actions for Integrating Children With Disabilities Of special interest was whether the gravity of a child’s educational requirements and the teacher’s knowledge about the disability condition were linked to teacher’s responses towards incorporating such children in their classrooms.
  • Peer Buddy Programs for Students With Disabilities In the essay, the author will provide recommendations with regard to how the peer buddy program can be successfully implemented in schools in the future. The aim is to enhance the success of the peer […]
  • Defining Disabilities in Modern World Defining disability has not been easy due to the various opinions related to the understanding of the concept. Disability has significant impact on the society due to the relationships that exists between the individual and […]
  • The Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act However, the gradual increase in the number of individuals with learning disabilities led to the disapproval of this method. As a result of this separation and early identification school performances tend to improve and the […]
  • Students With Disabilities in Higher Education Institutions Accommodations for students depend on the disability type that the student has, and whether the disability allows the student to get an accommodation in the institution.
  • Sociocultural Barriers for People With Disabilities On the other hand, stigmatization, stereotyping and prejudice have been highlighted as the barriers to social inclusion of people with disabilities in society.
  • US Should Ratify the Un Convention on the Rights of People With Disabilities The UN has recognized the importance of the disabled person’s rights and freedoms and has come up with the UN convention on the Rights of People with disabilities, CRPD and has urged member states to […]

  • General Curriculum for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Learners The purpose of the study was to examine the extent to which learners with intellectual and developmental disabilities have access to the general education curriculum and the extent to which such access is related to […]
  • Current Trends and Issues in Educating Students With Disabilities Following the existence of cases of racial and ethnic bias across the United States educational system, the government has seen the importance to intervene in improving education in the U.S.
  • Autism and Educational Process Owing to these adverse effects that can stem from autism and the shear prevalence of the condition in the country’s population, a lot of research effort has been dedicated to the early diagnosis and treatment […]
  • The Impact of a Fitness Intervention on People with Developmental and Intellectual Disabilities This is one of the issues that should be singled out. This is one of the issues that should be considered.
  • Inclusion for Students With Severe Disabilities Modification and accommodation are the methods used to manipulate education system to make it favourable for these students. Modification and Accommodation are the methods used to manipulate the system to make it favourable for students […]
  • Assistive Technology for Kids with Learning Disabilities An increasing number of educators are incorporating frame routines to the web platform, in which a constant touch with both students and parents is maintained.
  • The Right Attitude Towards Disabled People First, it can be questioned whether any form of physical or mental disability can be referred to as something that deserves to be ‘celebrated’, as the promoters of political correctness want us to believe.
  • Women, Development and Disabilities The mission of the organization is to enhance the voice of women in society and influence other organizations that advocate for women rights.
  • Post Education for Adults With Disabilities Recommendations for further research and practice that refer to the disability problems are presented at the end of the paper with the purpose of enabling the interaction of services.
  • People With Disabilities and the Hotel Industry According to this act, the needs of people with disabilities should be satisfied in relation to the fixed rules in order to provide the necessary conditions for these persons and follow the principle of the […]
  • Terminology and Etiquette Discussion Regarding Persons With Disabilities The media refer to people with disability as to persons with special needs, which reveals the inappropriate use of terminologies to refer to them.
  • Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) There is a commission in the US that fights for the rights of people with disabilities when it comes to employment.
  • People With Disabilities and Abuse of People With Disabilities and Criminal Justice In addition, there is need to train police, lawyers and other persons in the criminal justice system on how to interact with persons with disabilities.
  • Culturally Responsive Teaching of Students With Disabilities Cultural Responsive teaching is a teaching technique used to identify and address cognitive, social, emotional, and cultural and language needs of students with developmental needs as a way of providing them with assistance in all […]
  • Classroom Design for Children with Disabilities Furthermore, children with disabilities require individual attention from the teacher just like the other children, and if the classroom is congested it would be difficult for the teacher to reach such learners.
  • People With Disabilities The code consists of sixteen articles that define the terms associated with disability in Saudi Arabia, the role of the government in the welfare of disabled children, administration of the bodies concerned with disabled person, […]
  • Case Study of a Child with Intellectual Disability It is crucial to integrate the input of a learning coach into the school curriculum to encourage the participation of Meagan’s parents in his educational endeavors.
  • The Problems of Children With Disabilities and Possible Ways of Solution It is very important for disabled people to be on the same level with others in the conditions that compensate the deviations in the development and constraints of the abilities in learning.
  • The Problem of Reading of Children With Learning Disabilities The difference in phonological awareness and reading between groups of children with SSDs and a language matched comparison group Reading fluency is a key tool of assessment the reading disability among children.
  • Adolescents with Learning and Behaviour Disabilities: Graduation and Employment Difficulties One of the causes of high school dropout of this group of students is the feeling of being out of place.
  • Human Rights of People With Intellectual Disabilities Since disability is not inability, human rights’ advocates argue that perception of people with disabilities as disabled is discriminative and therefore call for their recognition as a minority people with unique abilities that do not […]
  • Internal Campaign Planning for Inclusion of Persons With Disabilities The key mandate of the act was to protect the employment rights of persons with disabilities. Secondly, newsletters can be developed so as to raise awareness on the importance of diversity and inclusion.
  • Managing Students With Disabilities Instructional issues that are encountered in education are those arising due to the inability of the students to acquire, maintain, and relate the skills that are learned in class to other settings within and outside […]
  • An Action Plan for Serving Individuals With Disabilities – Library and Information Science First is the total cost of the whole project, the architectural design of the library building and whether it can accommodate the new developments and the current issues affecting accessibility with regards to the disabled.
  • Peer Buddy Program: Students with Disabilities in High School This research paper seeks to establish the purpose, importance, and rationale of the study of peer buddy program on students with disabilities in high school, in both social and academic grounds.
  • Support Inclusion and Effective Practices for Students With Disabilities The purpose of this article is positioning that the ambition towards support inclusion and effective practices for students with disabilities have to be the groundwork for inclusive postsecondary education.
  • Recreational Activities for People with Disabilities Even the number of customized recreational equipments should be increased so as to enable the people with disabilities to choose from.
  • Families With Members Who Experience Disabilities Early childhood services which offer professionalized care services to parents help them meet the needs of the special children so that parents are able to balance their strengths, resources and challenges in the family.
  • High Incidence Disabilities and Pedagogical Strategies for Learning Disabilities In the context of disability, it is important to mention that this model is beneficial to students with learning disabilities as it involves teaching them how to approach tasks and use knowledge to complete learning […]
  • Sensory Disabilities and Age of Onset This can happen, for instance, when learning the subject that call for lots of diagrams, figures and illustrations to be applied, which may also give a challenge to the visually impaired students.
  • Physical Disabilities and Assistive Technology For example, learners with visual impairments can use text-to-speech programs. Learners with physical disabilities can be gathered for with the help of assistive technology devices such as adaptive keyboard and screen reading software for learners […]
  • Supporting Students with Speech Impairment This assistive technology uses appropriate symbols and techniques to support the needs of different learners. These technologies will support the needs of many learners.
  • GM’s Committal to People With Disabilities The company aims to create awareness about PWDs by providing support and information to employees with disabilities and other PWDs outside the GM community.
  • Americans With Disabilities Act With all due respect to the efforts of the U.S.government to come up with a framework, which would allow for a faster and a more efficient integration of the disabled into the society, the fact […]
  • Children With Learning Disabilities The following research questions will be used in achieving the objectives: What is the role of learning disabilities in affecting the ability of the students to learn?
  • Improving Reading Performance of Students With Learning Disabilities The purpose of the present research is to assess the efficiency of utilizing Reading Racetracks to improve the reading of words found on the K-2 list key phrases adopted in the school district.
  • Computer-Based Technologies That Assist People With Disabilities The visually impaired To assist the visually impaired to use computers, there are Braille computer keyboards and Braille display to enable them to enter information and read it. Most of these devices are very expensive […]
  • Remediation in Students with Disabilities Since this strategy is essentially crucial to the curriculum, this proposal will portray the importance of conducting a profound research that seeks to determine the effectiveness of remediation in reading.
  • Action Plan for Patrons With Disabilities For instance, the writer of the essay suggests that in terms of facility planning, it is vital for the library to invest in wiring its facilities with audio induction loop.
  • Developmental Disabilities and Lifelong Learning Some of the common transitional programs for children with developmental disabilities would include things such as books, learning manuals, and software programs intended to assist the children in adjusting to the new programs or settings.
  • Writing Disabilities Management in Children Learning disorder is among the defects, which interferes with the writing abilities of a person or a child. The first way to identify children with writing disabilities is through observation of their behaviour.
  • People with Disabilities: The Systemic Ableism Whereas the absence of disability in the fashion world is based on the dominant view of what is considered beautiful, the absence of disabled in politics can be explained with the lack of access to […]
  • Instructional Plan in Writing for Learners With Disabilities The purpose of this essay is to provide an instructional plan for learners with disabilities in writing. Writing skills require learners to account for the task, the aim of writing and audience.
  • Students With Disabilities: Characteristics and Strategies Disability Categories Example Strategy English Learner Students 1 Autism is the developmental disability which influences the aspects of social interaction and different types of communication. The child with this disability can demonstrate various restricted and stereotypic patterns of behavior. The student with autism cannot focus attention on the teacher’s words, demonstrates the unusual gestures and […]
  • Students With Learning Disabilities: Needs and Problems According to Chloe, there are three aspects associated with this complex issue, and they are the problem of appropriate parents and professionals’ intervention, the problem of identifying resources, and the problem of government’s funding.
  • People With Disabilities: Local and a Federal Law’ Regulation To be more exact, the current standards need to be shaped so that the policy in question should not affect the social perception of people with physical or mental disabilities.
  • Employment Equity Act: Aboriginals and Disabilities Persons If the Employment Equity Act is applied appropriately, the Act will guarantee that people in the labour force are given the opportunity of the equivalent admission to job openings along with identical management in the […]
  • Grandparents Raising Grandchildren With Disabilities In the case of their absence, these grandparents worry about the well-being of their disabled grandchildren and the influence they have on other children.
  • Emotional and Behavioural Disabilities in Schools Furthermore, there is equal doubt about whether the professionals in the sphere of education give no significance to the term of emotional and behavioural disability itself.
  • Talent-Oriented Therapy: Patients With Learning Disabilities Although the tool to be designed in the course of the research will have to experience a range of tests, it will serve as the impetus for the further development of the framework.
  • Patients With Learning Disabilities: Quality Care Although the current study is not aimed at detecting the differences in the efficacy of the intervention based on the gender of the participants, the outcomes of the research may create prerequisites for a follow-up […]
  • Mental Disabilities: Characteristics and Causes TBIs are caused by an impact of the head against a blunt object or from its penetration by a sharp object; it often results from vehicle accidents. Autism is a developmental disorder that influences the […]
  • Students With Learning Disabilities and Assessment The education of students with learning disabilities poses great difficulty for the majority of parents and educators. It may not be self-evident that the learning problems of students are attributable to learning disabilities.
  • People With Disabilities and Their Employment Issues The major similarity between the perceptions of older people and individuals with disabilities is based on the belief that they are slow and could slow down the other workers and the idea that the managers […]
  • Caregivers’ Perceptions of People With Intellectual Disabilities The proposed study will present new approaches and practices that can be used to support the health needs of many patients with mental disabilities.
  • Parenting Children With Learning Disabilities A number of parents also feel worthless since they get an impression that the respective learning disabilities portrayed in their children are due to their own genetic malformations.
  • Effective Teaching of Students with Disabilities To support the information that was posted in three blog entries, the author of this submission reviewed other literature on the subject to be able to support their point of view.
  • Employees With Disabilities and Their Workplace Behavior In H3, the authors found that employees with disabilities remained loyal and committed to work and were satisfied with their job.
  • Young Adult Children With Intellectual Disabilities Like in the study, I would also use pilot testing of the questionnaire to ascertain its validity and reliability in measuring the intended variables. The descriptions of the concepts and terms in this study are […]
  • Psychological Testing of Intellectual Disabilities Speaking of its psychometric properties, the PCL-5 is a valid and reliable self-report measure for the assessment and quantifying symptoms of PTSD.
  • Intellectual Disabilities and Limitations for Human Life The recognition of the lack of such skills can contribute to future opportunities for an independent life with effective interdependence and inclusion in the life of a society.
  • School Event Supporting Students With Disabilities Because of the vast opportunities for vulnerable groups to share their experiences and create a bond with the rest of the learners in a non-threatening environment, significant progress in encouraging disability awareness and the promotion […]
  • Independence of Students With Intellectual Disabilities In a humane and highly functional society, students with physical and intellectual disabilities should be allowed to function independently and enjoy their personal and academic life to the fullest.
  • Students With Intellectual Disabilities and Their Independence Some of these programs in the US include the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, which provides grants for research, technology, and training for disabled individuals, as well as the Secondary Education Act of 2002, […]
  • Intellectual Disabilities and Higher Education The access to higher education for individuals with ID and the attitude of their parents towards their performance can be analyzed with the help of equity theory.
  • Veterans With Disabilities: Integration and Employment In this paper, the researcher looks at the main barriers to employment and integration back to the society that the veterans face, and the manner in which the existing policies can be amended to help […]
  • Constructivism Theory for Adolescents with Disabilities The key component of the theory is people’s interaction with the environment. Therefore, Vygotsky’s theory is effective in developing the social and academic skills of an adolescent with learning and behavior disabilities.
  • Teaching Children With Multiple Disabilities The teacher should also assist such a child in maintaining a perceptual continuum than learners who are not handicapped. On the same note, the teacher should not give the amount of work similar to children […]
  • Students With Mild and Moderate Disabilities Sometimes students with disabilities are not able to understand what they are to do if the instruction is not explicit and systematic. It is difficult for students with mild and moderate disabilities to generalize the […]
  • Learning Disabilities and Memory Disorders Large amounts of phenylalanine in the blood will result in complications of the neurons in the central nervous system referred to as myelinization of the cerebral hemispheres.
  • Strategies for Teaching Students With Mild Disabilities The good thing about having a child with a disability in the family is that it teaches everyone in the household to be patient. The greatest problem I have encountered in having a child with […]
  • Government Grants for People With Disabilities The paper will be based on the conditions of disabled people and the federal or state grants that they could receive in order to facilitate changes in their health and work.
  • Rights of Parents of Students With Disabilities Trying to fix the problem, parents should understand that the only way they are to behave is the move in the direction of a correct education of their child.
  • Americans With Disabilities in Criminal Justice Agencies Since the legislation is relatively new, the process of the change requires such guidelines given the lack of an appropriate number of the best practices for the time being.
  • School Counselor Job for People With Disabilities A school counselor that faces the risk of having a cardiovascular incident is challenged by the possible implications of the disease that could have an adverse impact on the overall practice and well being. Therefore, […]
  • Children With Disabilities and Parental Mistreatment The information in the article is helpful for parents of children with disabilities and other parents since it assists them in appreciating the significance of each parent’s education in lessening the incidence of child disability.
  • Learning Disabilities: Differentiating ADHD and EBD As for the most appropriate setting, it is possible to seat the child near the teacher. It is possible to provide instructions with the help of visual aids.
  • Ableism: Bias Against People With Disabilities People concerned with rights advocacy ought to ensure a facilitated awareness of the distressing impacts of ableism through the inclusion of the subject in private and public discussions.
  • Ican Bike for Individuals With Disabilities I think iCan Bike is a very good initiative that targets a vulnerable population with a plethora of special needs and relies on the community in order to deliver the results.
  • Natural Supports for Individuals With Disabilities Natural supports can be defined as personal connections and associations that improve the quality of a person’s life; these primarily include family relationships and friendships and constitute “the first line of supports, followed by informal […]
  • Lifespan Development and Learning Disabilities in Childhood Parents in this situation would most likely select the authoritative parenting style to manage children because they are left to make their own choices under a guided framework.
  • Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities in the Workplace Intellectual disability puts a strain on an individual’s ability to have a social life and communicate with other human beings due to the fact that their capability of adapting is limited to a certain extent.
  • Life Stages of People with Learning Disabilities In order to proceed with the observation, it is necessary to identify the normal issues likely to be encountered by the representatives of both groups.
  • Teaching Adaptive Behavior Skills to Children Suffering From Intellectual Disabilities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia This theoretical framework will contribute to the validation of the perspectives used by the teachers to construct their system of beliefs regarding the process of teaching ABS to students with ID.
  • Daily Living Skills Training for Individuals With Learning Disabilities Teaching individuals with physical and mental disabilities the life skills needed to compensate for their disadvantages are considered to be the key factor to ensuring a relatively safe, functional, and happy life for those individuals.
  • Program Improvement: Developmental and Intellectual Disabilities The government has been keen to present specific resources and support systems that can support the educational and career goals of these individuals.
  • Teaching Language to Students With Severe Disabilities The objective of this study is to find the different approaches that can be used in teaching phonics and the whole language to students with varied severe disabilities.
  • Americans With Disabilities Act for Employers However, in practice, an employer could still legally discriminate against those with disabilities An employer is obligated to make reasonable accommodations for an employee or applicant if they are ‘otherwise qualified’ to perform the responsibilities […]
  • Genetic Testing Under Americans With Disabilities Act There is nothing surprising in the fact that the genetically tested employees counted the testing as a violation of their human rights, and The Americans with Disabilities Act was adopted in 1990.
  • American With Disabilities Amendment Act The main intention of the Act is that civilians receiving benefits or services through the measures of local and state governments may not be differentiated on the fundamentals of the individual’s physical disabilities.
  • Plan of the Kickball Game That Involves the Students With the Disabilities While simulating the situation where one is in charge of the PE class, one needs to remember that disability is never inability, thus the students with the disabilities can participate in any games as well […]
  • Teaching Character Education to Students With Behavioral and Learning Disabilities The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of character education programs implemented in schools on students with behavioral and learning disabilities.
  • Americans With Disabilities and Act Amendments Act to the ADA: The Main Issues and Comparison Moreover, the essence of the major amendments to the ADA is disclosed in the article using comparison and implications of those changes for the public use in the spheres of employment and human resources management […]
  • Children With Disabilities: Supporting Student Behavior The comfortable atmosphere will help the children to attend the class and also provide a good way to mingle with the children with disabilities.
  • Children With Disabilities in Education By the end of the experiment the student will demonstrate his ability to understand the information, to discuss it, and to reflect his ideas in writing.
  • Learning Disabilities and Communication Disorders The students are also being taken through research-based and special education programs and the determination of these disorders is done cooperatively between teachers and specialists like psychologists.
  • An Audit of the Accessibility of the College of the North Atlantic-Qatar to Individuals With Physical Disabilities It should be noted that structural presentation of the paper is considered to be one of the most important elements of the paper because it allows following the logical thought of the research paper.
  • Therapeutic Vests for Children With Disabilities The purpose of this review is to examine the available literature on the effectiveness of using therapeutic vests, weighted vests, and pressure vests on children with Autism spectrum disorders, Attention deficit disorder, Pervasive Development Disorder, […]
  • Job for Individuals With Physical Disabilities For instance, when a new technology is about to be installed, it will be rational for a number of workers based on departments to be selected and taken through how to use the innovation, such […]
  • Assistive Technology for Students with Disabilities The United Nations Convention on the Rights of people with disabilities proposes a raft of measures to be undertaken by states to promote the wellbeing of individuals with disabilities.
  • The Specific Needs of Students With Physical Disabilities The research problem that will be the focus of the planned paper relates to the specific needs of students with physical disabilities or behavioral issues in general classrooms.
  • Adaptive Behavior Skills and Intellectual Disabilities Four assessment tools are important for identifying adaptive behavior and skills: the Adaptive Behavior Scale, the Scale of Independent Behavior, and the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale.
  • School Counselors for Students With Disabilities When the goals are set out, and the professional sphere is chosen, the counselor becomes responsible for the student’s preparation and reception of essential job skills as well as for the communication with the post-school […]
  • Students With Disabilities: Research Analysis In the process of undertaking this research and practical alignment, there is a misalignment in the inclusion of students with disabilities in the GE class.
  • Literature Circles for Students With Learning Disabilities On the other hand, the affected individuals contend that the categorization should be removed to pave the way for the integration of assistances where all needs are attended without classification regardless of the student’s physical […]
  • The Resilience Experiences of People With Disabilities The focus of the study was on the participants’ lived experiences, as well as their attitudes towards certain aspects, so the use of interviews as a data collection method is justified.
  • Law for People With Disabilities in California The family, the immediate environment of a person with disabilities, is the main link in the system of his or her care, socialization, the satisfaction of needs, support, and career guidance.
  • Problem Behaviors in Intellectual Disabilities Community The proposed quality designed study will evaluate the behavior of people with intellectual disabilities over a certain period of time and consequently conclude the primary triggers that influence ID people to demonstrate behavioral issues, including […]
  • Music Therapy as a Related Service for Students With Disabilities From a neuroscientific perspective, how would music intervention improve classroom behaviors and academic outcomes of students with ADHD as a way to inform policy-makers of the importance of music therapy as a related service?
  • Communication and People With Disabilities The bathrooms were close to the food court; moreover, there were special handle bars which helped to transfer to the commode and, at this, the height of the commode was almost the same as the […]
  • Relationship Satisfaction and Psychological Well-Being Among Greek People With Physical Disabilities In the light of this lack of knowledge, the present study attempts to explore the degree of relationship satisfaction in connection with the way handicapped people deal with the challenges of romantic involvement, as well […]
  • Elderly Women with Disabilities: Problems and Needs Despite the economic crisis, the cost of medical care has also increased due to the rise in the number of lawsuits filed against the physicians of the state.
  • Discrimination Against Customers With Disabilities The role of the law is to regulate such cases and to provide necessary tools for both sides to prove their point of view.
  • Addressing the Needs of People With Learning Disabilities As a student aiming at becoming a Nurse Practitioner, I am currently focusing on the exploration of the options for managing the work of the nursing staff, as well as seeking the opportunities for improving […]
  • The Understanding of Needs of People With Learning Disabilities Despite several problems in the overall design of the strategy that can be used to improve the nursing services for PLD, Drozd and Clinch make a very valid point by stressing the significance of a […]
  • Community Disability Awareness Program: Elderly Women With Disabilities A measurable outcome in the program’s success will be a decline in the rate of crime related to elderly women with disabilities.
  • The Prevalence, Effects and Challenges of Developmental Disabilities While the increase in the number of people with developmental disabilities is attributed to the rising numbers of the aging population, disabilities may arise in childhood and affect the entire lives of people.
  • Death Penalty: Juveniles and Mental Disabilities Consequently, the Eight Amendment should dismiss the death penalty for this category and state laws must implement recommendations of the National Alliance on Mental Illness, the American Psychological Association, and the American Bar Association that […]
  • Protection for Persons With Disabilities and Their Service Animals Additionally, it must be trained to give assistance to a person with disability. Service animals that can be selected to assist persons with disability must be either a dog or a miniature horse.
  • Healthcare Professionals: Individuals With Developmental Disabilities The presentation provide an overview of relevant health related issues in individuals with developmental disabilities and how it relates to the group of professionals assigned.
  • Music Therapy for Children With Learning Disabilities This review includes the evidence supporting music therapy as an effective strategy for promoting auditory, communication, and socio-emotional progression in children with ASD.
  • Impact of Social Darwinism on the Perception of Human Disabilities In addition, connecting behavior such as the likeliness of criminality to genetics is incorrect and damaging not only to the individual but to a community and society as a whole.
  • Genetic Modification and Implicit Bias Against People With Disabilities There is also a factor of disabilities that are life-threatening to a child, or illnesses that may be able to be fatal within the first few years of life.
  • Career Counseling for People with Disabilities To sufficiently research, the issue of career counseling for individuals with disabilities in the academic press, a list of journals that offer such information was developed.
  • Workplace and People With Disabilities The purpose of the research is to make coherent and accurate observations in regards to the usefulness of the given method in improving the overall attitudes of people and organizations toward people with disabilities.
  • United Arab Emirates Schools: Students With Learning Disabilities The current UAE public school environment does not allow for the provision of the necessary skills due to the lack of a proper teaching strategy.
  • Living with Disabilities from an Insider’s Perspective Additionally, Armendariz was able to use a prosthetic arm to assist with her disability which she recalled as being helpful before it led to severe negativity from her peers at the time.
  • Living with Disabilities in the Nondisabled World A variety of laws, initiatives, and regulations are currently implemented to ensure simpler and less costly access to information resources and the functionality of a device.
  • Lawsuits Regarding College Students With Disabilities Abuse is one of the factors considered to have discouraged physically challenged students from pursuing their academic careers.
  • People with Disabilities’ Problem of Employment Although truck driving can be a stressful job, it is not evident if it is true, and thus, it is important for John to experience the job-related himself and determine whether he can handle it. […]
  • Alternate Assessments for Students With Learning Disabilities The problem is that many school districts experience difficulties with proposing adequate formative and summative assessments for those students who require special attention.
  • People With Disabilities and Social Work Moreover, there is a tendency towards the rise in the number of such people because of the deterioration of the situation and the growing number of environmental concerns.
  • People With Disabilities in Society I think that these people are powerful and inspiring, as they prove to the world that it is possible to live life to the fullest with a disability.
  • Laws Protecting the Rights of People With Disabilities The aim of this essay is to research the law that protects the rights of people with disabilities in the context of sporting events.
  • Employment for People With Disabilities Accommodation is also considered to be a restructuring of work and the attraction of other personnel to help in adaptation – as it should have happened with Adele.
  • Healthcare Disparities in People With Disabilities In addition to health care disparities, such as poor access to care, including preventive one, and dependency, people with disabilities also face higher morbidity and lack of insurance.
  • The Experience of Parents of Children With Disabilities Enhancing support for the mental well-being of parents of children with a disability: developing a resource based on the perspectives of parents and professionals.
  • Partnership for People with Disabilities’ Mission The mission of this organization is to partner with stakeholders both in the intellectual and developmental disability community and other interested groups at Virginia Commonwealth University. The organization was founded in 1985 to better people’s […]
  • Life of Individuals Dealing with Disabilities The child’s image hitting the t-ball also showcased a powerful issue, that disabled individuals should be treated similarly to other people and given equal opportunities to give them the chance to perform optimally.
  • Americans with Disabilities Act and Nursing Practice Acts such as the Americans with Disabilities Act affect not only the political and legal environment in a country but also the rights and responsibilities of nurses.
  • Smart Farms Hiring People with Disabilities Although Smart Farms is a non-profit organization and benefits from donations, the workers play their role in income generation by working on the farms and sales.
  • Assistive Technologies for Individuals with Disabilities A rehabilitation consultant will be able to recommend this equipment to people who are acutely worried about the inability to use a computer and the Internet to ensure a comfortable life.
  • Bronx Developmental Disabilities Council: Organization Assessment During events, council, and committee meetings, the organization provides printed materials with information on disability and the prevention of social distancing of people with disabilities.
  • Developmental Disabilities: Best Practice and Support Family therapy and the creation of support groups seem to be an effective method for children with disabilities and their environment.
  • The Quality of the Working Environment for Persons With Disabilities The progressive introduction of new practices more tolerant of the disabled will be carried out at every stage of the work cycle and in every segment of the corporation as a connected infrastructure.
  • Ohio Department of Developmental Disabilities’ Staff Training Specifically, the introduction of the assessment modules for the evaluation of the staff members’ compliance with the set requirements will be enacted.
  • The Ohio Department of Developmental Disabilities Policy The paper outlines the proper policy and procedure of incident reporting and investigation and thus, provides how to become an agent for the Ohio Department of Developmental Disabilities and satisfy individuals receiving services.
  • Special Olympics and Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities Together with partners, the Special Olympics aspires to improve the health outcomes for people with physical and mental disabilities to close the gap with the healthy population who are more advantaged in terms of access […]
  • Individuals with Disabilities: Prejudice and Discrimination I researched that people with persistent medical or physical disorders, such as cerebral palsy or multiple sclerosis, who have speech, articulation, or communication impairments, for example, are sometimes seen as having an intellectual deficiency. Corey […]
  • Individuals with Disabilities: Social Misconceptions One of the misconceptions I noticed is the community’s attitudes to people with disability. Community views about individuals with disabilities can also be impacted by features of the person with a disability unrelated to the […]
  • Safety Evacuation for People with Disabilities First, before a disaster occurs, the government should be aware of the number of individuals in the scenario and keep track of them to verify the figures are correct.
  • Chicago (N-B)
  • Chicago (A-D)

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What do ai chatbots really mean for students and cheating.

Student working on laptop and phone and notebook

The launch of ChatGPT and other artificial intelligence (AI) chatbots has triggered an alarm for many educators, who worry about students using the technology to cheat by passing its writing off as their own. But two Stanford researchers say that concern is misdirected, based on their ongoing research into cheating among U.S. high school students before and after the release of ChatGPT.  

“There’s been a ton of media coverage about AI making it easier and more likely for students to cheat,” said Denise Pope , a senior lecturer at Stanford Graduate School of Education (GSE). “But we haven’t seen that bear out in our data so far. And we know from our research that when students do cheat, it’s typically for reasons that have very little to do with their access to technology.”

Pope is a co-founder of Challenge Success , a school reform nonprofit affiliated with the GSE, which conducts research into the student experience, including students’ well-being and sense of belonging, academic integrity, and their engagement with learning. She is the author of Doing School: How We Are Creating a Generation of Stressed-Out, Materialistic, and Miseducated Students , and coauthor of Overloaded and Underprepared: Strategies for Stronger Schools and Healthy, Successful Kids.  

Victor Lee is an associate professor at the GSE whose focus includes researching and designing learning experiences for K-12 data science education and AI literacy. He is the faculty lead for the AI + Education initiative at the Stanford Accelerator for Learning and director of CRAFT (Classroom-Ready Resources about AI for Teaching), a program that provides free resources to help teach AI literacy to high school students. 

Here, Lee and Pope discuss the state of cheating in U.S. schools, what research shows about why students cheat, and their recommendations for educators working to address the problem.

Denise Pope

Denise Pope

What do we know about how much students cheat?

Pope: We know that cheating rates have been high for a long time. At Challenge Success we’ve been running surveys and focus groups at schools for over 15 years, asking students about different aspects of their lives — the amount of sleep they get, homework pressure, extracurricular activities, family expectations, things like that — and also several questions about different forms of cheating. 

For years, long before ChatGPT hit the scene, some 60 to 70 percent of students have reported engaging in at least one “cheating” behavior during the previous month. That percentage has stayed about the same or even decreased slightly in our 2023 surveys, when we added questions specific to new AI technologies, like ChatGPT, and how students are using it for school assignments.

Victor Lee

Isn’t it possible that they’re lying about cheating? 

Pope: Because these surveys are anonymous, students are surprisingly honest — especially when they know we’re doing these surveys to help improve their school experience. We often follow up our surveys with focus groups where the students tell us that those numbers seem accurate. If anything, they’re underreporting the frequency of these behaviors.

Lee: The surveys are also carefully written so they don’t ask, point-blank, “Do you cheat?” They ask about specific actions that are classified as cheating, like whether they have copied material word for word for an assignment in the past month or knowingly looked at someone else’s answer during a test. With AI, most of the fear is that the chatbot will write the paper for the student. But there isn’t evidence of an increase in that.

So AI isn’t changing how often students cheat — just the tools that they’re using? 

Lee: The most prudent thing to say right now is that the data suggest, perhaps to the surprise of many people, that AI is not increasing the frequency of cheating. This may change as students become increasingly familiar with the technology, and we’ll continue to study it and see if and how this changes. 

But I think it’s important to point out that, in Challenge Success’ most recent survey, students were also asked if and how they felt an AI chatbot like ChatGPT should be allowed for school-related tasks. Many said they thought it should be acceptable for “starter” purposes, like explaining a new concept or generating ideas for a paper. But the vast majority said that using a chatbot to write an entire paper should never be allowed. So this idea that students who’ve never cheated before are going to suddenly run amok and have AI write all of their papers appears unfounded.

But clearly a lot of students are cheating in the first place. Isn’t that a problem? 

Pope: There are so many reasons why students cheat. They might be struggling with the material and unable to get the help they need. Maybe they have too much homework and not enough time to do it. Or maybe assignments feel like pointless busywork. Many students tell us they’re overwhelmed by the pressure to achieve — they know cheating is wrong, but they don’t want to let their family down by bringing home a low grade. 

We know from our research that cheating is generally a symptom of a deeper, systemic problem. When students feel respected and valued, they’re more likely to engage in learning and act with integrity. They’re less likely to cheat when they feel a sense of belonging and connection at school, and when they find purpose and meaning in their classes. Strategies to help students feel more engaged and valued are likely to be more effective than taking a hard line on AI, especially since we know AI is here to stay and can actually be a great tool to promote deeper engagement with learning.

What would you suggest to school leaders who are concerned about students using AI chatbots? 

Pope: Even before ChatGPT, we could never be sure whether kids were getting help from a parent or tutor or another source on their assignments, and this was not considered cheating. Kids in our focus groups are wondering why they can't use ChatGPT as another resource to help them write their papers — not to write the whole thing word for word, but to get the kind of help a parent or tutor would offer. We need to help students and educators find ways to discuss the ethics of using this technology and when it is and isn't useful for student learning.

Lee: There’s a lot of fear about students using this technology. Schools have considered putting significant amounts of money in AI-detection software, which studies show can be highly unreliable. Some districts have tried blocking AI chatbots from school wifi and devices, then repealed those bans because they were ineffective. 

AI is not going away. Along with addressing the deeper reasons why students cheat, we need to teach students how to understand and think critically about this technology. For starters, at Stanford we’ve begun developing free resources to help teachers bring these topics into the classroom as it relates to different subject areas. We know that teachers don’t have time to introduce a whole new class, but we have been working with teachers to make sure these are activities and lessons that can fit with what they’re already covering in the time they have available. 

I think of AI literacy as being akin to driver’s ed: We’ve got a powerful tool that can be a great asset, but it can also be dangerous. We want students to learn how to use it responsibly.

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Thesis Statement On Disability

Thesis Statement On Disability

Thesis statement on learning disabilities: definition

A disability is a condition that causes a person to be considered disabled. This means that the subject in question will have difficulties to develop daily and ordinary tasks that, to the rest of the individuals, they are not complicated. The origin of a disability is usually a disorder in the physical or mental faculties.

For example thesis statement on disability: “Authorities must take into account the needs of people with disabilities”, “In my case, disability has never been an excuse to stop doing things”, “Moving through these streets when you have a physical disability is almost impossible”.

Throughout the years, thesis statement on disability has been perceived in different ways by society. In the twentieth century was linked to a certain function that was rated as damaged compared to the general state of a subject. It could be a physical disability, intellectual or other, caused by a mental disorder or a chronic disease.

Based on the above we have to emphasize that basically when we talk about physical disability we are referring to the absence or decrease of motor skills that a person has, which means that it is very difficult to carry out various activities of routine life.

Problems during pregnancy or at birth as well as various accidents that may have caused serious damage to your body and specifically in areas such as the marrow are some of the main causes that bring with it that someone have a physical disability.

An example would be: “Manuel suffers a disability as a result of a traffic accident that now makes him go in a wheelchair.”

There is also what is known as mental disability. This in particular is the one that arises in a human being as a result of it is suffering from schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or Asperger syndrome, among others. All this means that he has difficulties when integrating and behaving in the social field.

And finally we have mental thesis statement about disability. With this denomination reference is made to that someone has a development and mental functioning that is lower than the average. For all this, we could establish that among people with this type of disability would be those who have Down syndrome as well as all those who due to problems in childbirth, traffic accidents or prenatal injuries have seen decreased intellectual capacity.

In recent years, however, thesis statement about disability began to be considered from a human rights perspective. The objective became the integration of the disabled in the community, facilitating this from the idea of ​​accessibility.

thesis phd disability

10 facts about disability

People with disabilities, in line with discrimination thesis, make up one of the most marginalized groups in the world. These people have worse health outcomes, obtain lower academic results, participate less in the economy and have higher poverty rates than people without disabilities.

Today disability is considered a human rights issue. People are disabled by society, not just by their bodies. These obstacles can be overcome if governments, non-governmental organizations, professionals and persons with disabilities and their families work collaboratively. The World Report on Disability published by the WHO / World Bank shows us the way forward.

Fact 1: more than 1000 million people suffer from some type of disability

This figure represents around 15% of the world population. Between 110 and 190 million people have great difficulties to function. Rates of people with disabilities are increasing due to the aging of the population and the increase in chronic diseases worldwide.

Fact 2: disability disproportionately affects vulnerable populations

Low-income countries have a higher prevalence of disabilities than high-income countries. Disability is more common among women, the elderly and children and adults who are poor.

Fact 3: people with disabilities do not usually receive the health care they need

Half of people with disabilities cannot afford health care, compared to a third of people without disabilities. People with disabilities are more than twice as likely to consider the health services they receive to be unsatisfactory. They are four times more likely to report that they are treated poorly and almost three times more likely to be denied health care.

Fact 4: children with disabilities are less likely to be enrolled than children without disabilities

There are gaps between the completion rates of studies for all age groups and in all contexts, with more pronounced contrasts in the poorest countries. For example, the difference between the percentage of children with disabilities and the percentage of children without disabilities attending primary school ranges from 10% in India to 60% in Indonesia.

Fact 5: people with disabilities are more likely to be unemployed than people without disabilities

Global data indicate that employment rates in, line with statement for disability, are lower for men with disabilities (53%) and women with disabilities (20%) than for men without disabilities (65%) and women without disabilities (30%). In the OECD countries, the employment rate for people with disabilities (44%) amounted to just over half of that for people without disabilities (75%).

Fact 6: people with disabilities are vulnerable to poverty

People with disabilities live in worse conditions – for example, insufficient food, precarious housing, lack of access to drinking water and sanitation – than people without disabilities. Due to the additional costs that generate, among other aspects, medical care, help devices or personal assistance, people with disabilities are usually poorer than non-disabled people with similar incomes.

Fact 7: rehabilitation helps maximize the ability to live normally and strengthen independence

In many countries, rehabilitation services are insufficient. Data from four countries in southern Africa indicate that only between 26 and 55% of people requiring medical rehabilitation services received them, and only between 17 and 37% of those who needed help devices (for example, wheelchairs, prosthetics, hearing aids) could access them.

Fact 8: people with disabilities can live and participate in the community

Even in high-income countries, between 20% and 40% of people with disabilities do not generally see their assistance needs in relation to the activities they perform on a daily basis. In the United States of America, 70% of adults trust their friends and family to provide assistance in their daily activities.

Fact 9: disabling obstacles can be overcome

Governments can:

  • promote access to general services;
  • invest in specific programs for people with disabilities;
  • adopt a national strategy and action plan;
  • improve the education, training and hiring of staff;
  • provide adequate financing;
  • increase public awareness and understanding of disabilities;
  • strengthen research and data collection;
  • guarantee the participation of people with disabilities in the application of policies and programs.

Fact 10: The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities aims to promote, protect and ensure the enjoyment of human rights by all persons with disabilities

To date, more than 170 countries and regional integration organizations have signed the Convention, and 130 have ratified it. The WHO / World Bank report on disability thesis statement provides the best available scientific evidence to ensure the improvement of the health and well-being of people with disabilities in line with the Convention.

Thesis Statement On Disability

Are you familiar with disability and what it involves? Here is a brief overview to help you understand what disability is generally about with an approach to the condition.

For some reason, disability is but a blanket word used to refer impairments in human activity, limitations or even participation restrictions. In a much broader sense, impairment refers to problems in body structure or function; activity limitations are the difficulties encountered by the victim in carrying out various tasks while the participation restriction are problems disability victims encounter whenever they’re involved in various life occurrences. Some refer to disability as a health problem but looking at it objectively; it is a complex phenomenon ting to bring out the relation between some of our body features and functions in relation to the environment around them or society. To beat or overcome some of the challenges disability victims go through, society needs to come up with innovative ideas on how to get rid of the social barriers that impair disability function.

Just like normal individuals, people living with disability require the same medical support or health needs or even better, needs like immunization. The challenge is, they tend to experience or have a narrow health margin thus making them highly susceptible to other health conditions leave along the low economic status and discrimination they face. Studies claim that people living with disability have a hard time accessing some of the day to day health services that are central towards to humanly function.

Understanding Thesis Statements

Creating a working thesis statement requires some proper understanding of what thesis statements are about. This is a challenge to most students, and for some reason, a significant contribution to them not excelling in academic papers involving thesis statements. However, some find it an easy task while for others, it’s quite a headache. Fact is, a single sentence -thesis statement determines the eventual outcome of the whole paper, leave alone capturing your audience, writers find it quite challenging and demanding; a small gas spill and the whole factory goes to flames. On the other hand, once you understand this and all that is involved, you’ll be assured of good grades. A good working and effective thesis statement will give the rest of the text an easy time supporting the mentioned claims, besides you won’t be a blind supporter, would you?

Now, when it comes to a thesis statement on disability, we have several types based on your preferred or what the instructor requires of you. For instance; it can be a thesis for disability on;

  • Social security disability benefits
  • Effects of disability on the economy
  • Health impact of disability
  • How to get rid of the social barriers that impair disability function

At the end of the day, you ought to come up with a disability thesis statement based on the information or idea available. A thesis statement functions to declare your opinion on the subject in question and go ahead to support the impression with some evidence.

All in all, to create a strong argument, the thesis statement for disability governs the flow of the paper. A quick example; the topic is disability discrimination, the thesis statement about disability discrimination will declare a claim on the issue of disability and maybe go-ahead to elaborate on the point by a perfect way on how to combat the issue of discrimination. This involves giving an idea and then a reason why you think your opinion is the right option. The goal is to convince your reader into accepting your claim. Of note, all this is tackled in one sentence, averagely not more than 40 words. In as much as the thesis statement is one sentence, it just has to achieve its goal or else it won’t qualify as one.

Here is a quick example of an excelling thesis statement about disability that has gone ahead to capture the various aspects of what is expected of a good working statement:

“A major challenge among disability patients is that they tend to experience a narrower health margin, a good way to combat this is by ensuring each of them gets access to the Social Security Disability Benefits.”

Essentials of a Disability Thesis Statement

When writing a disability paper, there are various types of thesis statements that have proven effective. Most of them have been recommended for academic writings, and now it’s up to you to find out which ones they are. Here, we’re going to look at some of the excelling and effective thesis statement about disability that will flow well with the rest of the text making it easier for your audience to read and understand your content, besides helping with persuading your readers.

To begin with, let’s take a look at the first one which is an informative thesis statement for disability. This is the easy one, doesn’t require much from you as a writer except for doing some little research to come up with facts that you’d love to expound more on. The catch here is that a writer is not allowed to take sides as that will be against the instructions of an informative disability thesis statement. Taking sides and stating your opinions forms the basis of an argument, and that is a different type of thesis statement for disability. Do your research based on the assignment’s requirements, and come up with a disability thesis statement based on facts that will give your readers a clue or rough idea of what they should expect in the rest of the text. A declaration can prove useful to help in deriving bold conclusions that will make your paper stand out.

“Use of teratogenic drugs during the first trimester of pregnancy is some of the contributing”

This is information that has been proven by scientists over the years, a fact you’d say. Such a disability thesis statement informs the reader on what is going on, a perfect example of a thesis statement for disability. The writer has mentioned the topic in question- factors that lead to factors that lead to disability, he has then gone ahead to give a supporting answer – teratogenic drugs in the first-trimester cause congenital anomalies that eventually lead to disability, which is the focus of the paper. The thesis statement is summarized well and in a way to ensure that the reader’s needs have been met without a doubt.

Another type of thesis statement on disability is the argumentative type. The target of such thesis statements is to create arguments by declaring or mentioning opinions that are subject to dispute. Create the mood for an argument “I have made my declarations based on available evidence, what do you think” In this case, facts don’t count as they can’t be argued. In a much broader sense, the assignments come with instructions on whether the writer should opt for an informative or argumentative approach, so long as the end of the day, you satisfy your instructor. In case the assignment demands that you come up with claims, then your paper is expected to convince the readers for it to have served its purpose. At the end of it all, your audience should have been persuaded into accepting that your opinion on disability is the right one and that it should be considered in a bid to try and bring about change.

The thesis statement has two components; the dependent and independent clause, all are like a paste and motor, they go hand in hand. The independent clause comes first in the sentence, and its role is to declare your opinion on the issue of disability while the dependent clause, just like the name suggests supports the mentioned claim. The dependent clause works by giving solid reasons that will form the basis of your paper. Each claim with its supportive evidence, or else your claim will not be valid. While at this, relevance is critical, stay on track always. An excellent way to ensure you stay relevant is to seek for a second opinion on your paper.

“They say disability is inability, but what if I told you, disability is just but a gateway to more potential with the help of advanced medical tech.”

Wow, look at such a thesis statement on disability and tell me your reader won’t be captured. We know you’re wowed too! Such a statement for disability will form a good basis for arguments considering the fact that it is disputable. The writer has captured the essential components of an argumentative thesis statement on disability discrimination; focus and the two clauses. While trying to persuade his readers, the writer has declared his position on the subject matter. This helps the reader with knowing what your intentions truly are. Not enough, the statement has gone further to defend his opinion by giving a supporting reason that will back up the claim.

After reading such, you can rest assured that you’d have impressed your instructor even better, in for some good rewards. In simpler terms, you’d have effectively persuaded your audience. As a writer with ideas on the issue of disability discrimination in the society and ways to combat this and you’re looking for ways to put across your thoughts and opinions, persuasive thesis statements should help you with that. Forming claims that are disputable and at the end of the day still being able to support the claims you make is quite something every thesis statement writer looks forward to.

Formulating a Thesis Statement about Disability

You have the assignment with you; we get it. Time is of the essence; nevertheless, this is not a guarantee for you to rush into drafting a thesis statement on learning disabilities. Take your time to come up with something native and groundbreaking. At the end of the day, keenness and precision will help you avoid some of the unnecessary mistakes. With that in mind, with us are some of the essential details to be keen on whenever you’re drafting a thesis statement about disability discrimination.

  • Guide Your Readers

The paper content needs to be controlled and expressed in an orderly fashion. Order is central towards the outcome of your paper, in terms of the flow of information and ideas. Be it an argumentative or informative thesis statement on learning disabilities, the flow of information should be perfect. Just by reading the thesis statement on learning disabilities, the reader should be able to tell what to expect of the paper. This gears the reader towards developing their conclusion even before getting to yours. A good thesis statement should have captured all this.

  • Have Supporting Evidence

Whichever the declaration you claim, it ought to be accompanied by supporting evidence to cream the cake. This forms the basis of a working thesis statement for disability. Justify the position you take with evidence from the research collected and if possible make appropriate sources with reference links and verbatim quotes.

Your sources should be credible to avoid instances of falsified information. This can ruin your paper and just like the law states. You might only be penalized for such. While at this, always stick to being as exciting as possible and not just throwing points here and there. Find an ideal and effective way to put across your ideas, a persuasive way that will give no room for doubt. For instance, you can use some of the pleasant words, and magnet transition sentences quotes from renowned scholars in that field of study and many more.

  • Effectively Use The Clauses

Make sure you’re keen with both the dependent and independent clauses. Use them well and strengthen your thesis statement about disability discrimination.

The good thing about the above thesis statement on disability is that it controls the ideas in the text. It provides a limit to the content that can be written. Not too wide, not too shallow.

What you’ve been reading are some of the essentials to be on the lookout for. The job now lies with you; use the web to read more on the guidelines and quick hacks, and with time you’ll be a good thesis statement about disability discrimination writer.


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