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Your thesis is the central claim in your essay—your main insight or idea about your source or topic. Your thesis should appear early in an academic essay, followed by a logically constructed argument that supports this central claim. A strong thesis is arguable, which means a thoughtful reader could disagree with it and therefore needs your careful analysis of the evidence to understand how you arrived at this claim. You arrive at your thesis by examining and analyzing the evidence available to you, which might be text or other types of source material.
A thesis will generally respond to an analytical question or pose a solution to a problem that you have framed for your readers (and for yourself). When you frame that question or problem for your readers, you are telling them what is at stake in your argument—why your question matters and why they should care about the answer . If you can explain to your readers why a question or problem is worth addressing, then they will understand why it’s worth reading an essay that develops your thesis—and you will understand why it’s worth writing that essay.
A strong thesis will be arguable rather than descriptive , and it will be the right scope for the essay you are writing. If your thesis is descriptive, then you will not need to convince your readers of anything—you will be naming or summarizing something your readers can already see for themselves. If your thesis is too narrow, you won’t be able to explore your topic in enough depth to say something interesting about it. If your thesis is too broad, you may not be able to support it with evidence from the available sources.
When you are writing an essay for a course assignment, you should make sure you understand what type of claim you are being asked to make. Many of your assignments will be asking you to make analytical claims , which are based on interpretation of facts, data, or sources.
Some of your assignments may ask you to make normative claims. Normative claims are claims of value or evaluation rather than fact—claims about how things should be rather than how they are. A normative claim makes the case for the importance of something, the action that should be taken, or the way the world should be. When you are asked to write a policy memo, a proposal, or an essay based on your own opinion, you will be making normative claims.
Here are some examples of possible thesis statements for a student's analysis of the article “The Case Against Perfection” by Professor Michael Sandel.
Descriptive thesis (not arguable)
While Sandel argues that pursuing perfection through genetic engineering would decrease our sense of humility, he claims that the sense of solidarity we would lose is also important.
This thesis summarizes several points in Sandel’s argument, but it does not make a claim about how we should understand his argument. A reader who read Sandel’s argument would not also need to read an essay based on this descriptive thesis.
Broad thesis (arguable, but difficult to support with evidence)
Michael Sandel’s arguments about genetic engineering do not take into consideration all the relevant issues.
This is an arguable claim because it would be possible to argue against it by saying that Michael Sandel’s arguments do take all of the relevant issues into consideration. But the claim is too broad. Because the thesis does not specify which “issues” it is focused on—or why it matters if they are considered—readers won’t know what the rest of the essay will argue, and the writer won’t know what to focus on. If there is a particular issue that Sandel does not address, then a more specific version of the thesis would include that issue—hand an explanation of why it is important.
Arguable thesis with analytical claim
While Sandel argues persuasively that our instinct to “remake” (54) ourselves into something ever more perfect is a problem, his belief that we can always draw a line between what is medically necessary and what makes us simply “better than well” (51) is less convincing.
This is an arguable analytical claim. To argue for this claim, the essay writer will need to show how evidence from the article itself points to this interpretation. It’s also a reasonable scope for a thesis because it can be supported with evidence available in the text and is neither too broad nor too narrow.
Arguable thesis with normative claim
Given Sandel’s argument against genetic enhancement, we should not allow parents to decide on using Human Growth Hormone for their children.
This thesis tells us what we should do about a particular issue discussed in Sandel’s article, but it does not tell us how we should understand Sandel’s argument.
Questions to ask about your thesis
- Is the thesis truly arguable? Does it speak to a genuine dilemma in the source, or would most readers automatically agree with it?
- Is the thesis too obvious? Again, would most or all readers agree with it without needing to see your argument?
- Is the thesis complex enough to require a whole essay's worth of argument?
- Is the thesis supportable with evidence from the text rather than with generalizations or outside research?
- Would anyone want to read a paper in which this thesis was developed? That is, can you explain what this paper is adding to our understanding of a problem, question, or topic?
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EBSCO Open Dissertations
EBSCO Open Dissertations makes electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs) more accessible to researchers worldwide. The free portal is designed to benefit universities and their students and make ETDs more discoverable.
Increasing Discovery & Usage of ETD Research
EBSCO Open Dissertations is a collaboration between EBSCO and BiblioLabs to increase traffic and discoverability of ETD research. You can join the movement and add your theses and dissertations to the database, making them freely available to researchers everywhere while increasing traffic to your institutional repository.
EBSCO Open Dissertations extends the work started in 2014, when EBSCO and the H.W. Wilson Foundation created American Doctoral Dissertations which contained indexing from the H.W. Wilson print publication, Doctoral Dissertations Accepted by American Universities, 1933-1955. In 2015, the H.W. Wilson Foundation agreed to support the expansion of the scope of the American Doctoral Dissertations database to include records for dissertations and theses from 1955 to the present.
How Does EBSCO Open Dissertations Work?
Your ETD metadata is harvested via OAI and integrated into EBSCO’s platform, where pointers send traffic to your IR.
EBSCO integrates this data into their current subscriber environments and makes the data available on the open web via opendissertations.org .
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Why search this literature?
It is crucial for graduate students to search the thesis and dissertation literature to make sure that an idea or hypothesis has not already been tested, explored, and published. An additional reason to search this literature is that it is rich with ideas and information not found elsewhere. If graduate students do not continue on as academics or if students that came after them in their programs did not continue their research, this literature may be the end of the line for scholarship on a topic.
ProQuest has published dissertation e-learning modules covering the usefulness of using dissertations as a research source. See link below:
- Dissertation eLearning resources from ProQuest Uncover the value of dissertations.
All graduate students should, at minimum, search the ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global database (PQDT) to see if the research they are proposing to do has already been done by a student at another institution/university. RIT dissertations and theses have been included in PQDT since approximately 2006.
- Proquest Dissertations & Theses Global This link opens in a new window Identifies Ph.D. dissertations from U.S. & Canadian universities since 1861. Abstracts from 1980. Master's theses from 1988. Many with full-text.
RIT Scholar Works
- RIT Scholar Works This link opens in a new window Scholar Works contains graduate student theses and dissertations. An electronic copy of a thesis or dissertation is required from all graduate students. A project to scan print theses and dissertations has greatly enhanced the historical content in Scholar Works and content continues to be added on a regular basis as students defend and submit to us their completed work. Students do not submit their work directly to Scholar Works. We place a copy in Scholar Works when we approve the electronic copy for submission to ProQuest.
- ProQuest - Most Accessed Dissertations/Theses
Each month ProQuest updates this list of the top 25 Most-Accessed Dissertations and Theses across all subjects, based upon total PDF downloads. Find out what is trending.
The web sites below should also be consulted as appropriate to perform a full and thorough review of the dissertation and thesis literature beyond your introductory search of ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global. Consider whether a particular country or part of the world would have an interest in your potential research topic.
Only large-scale repositories of dissertations and theses are included here. You may also need to search individual university repositories directly.
- Ebsco Open Dissertations Search thousands of open dissertations and theses from over 50 participating libraries.
- EThOS (from the British Library) EThOS offers a 'single point of access' where researchers the world over can access ALL theses produced by UK Higher Education.
- Indian Institute of Science Dissertations and theses from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.
- Indian Theses and Dissertations (Shodhganga) Over 130 participating Indian universities and over 8800 ETD documents.
- National ETD Portal (South Africa) South African theses and dissertations.
- Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations The Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD), is an international organization dedicated to promoting the adoption, creation, use, dissemination, and preservation of electronic theses and dissertations (ETDs). The NDLTD Union Catalog contains more than one million records of electronic theses and dissertations. Search the Union Catalog from here: http://thumper.vtls.com:6090/?theme=NDLTD
- OhioLINK ETD Center Electronic theses and dissertations from colleges and universities in the state of Ohio.
- Open Access Theses and Dissertations OATD aims to be the best possible resource for finding open access graduate theses and dissertations published around the world. Metadata (information about the theses) comes from over 600 colleges, universities, and research institutions. OATD currently indexes over 1.5 million theses and dissertations. RIT is included.
- Theses Canada Canadian universities voluntarily participate by submitting approved theses and dissertation to Theses Canada. Click on "Search Theses Canada" under the Introduction on the left hand side of the page to begin your search.
- TROVE From the National Library of Australia - Search Trove to explore amazing collections from Australian libraries, universities, museums, galleries and archives.
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10 Best Online Websites and Resources for Academic Research
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- Finding credible sources for academic research can be a major challenge for many college students.
- A growing number of online databases and libraries offer millions of potential sources.
- The university library helps students access restricted academic sources.
- Discover new online resources to make your next research project more efficient.
Every college student conducts research at some point. And professors have strong views on what counts as a credible academic resource. Choosing the wrong sources can hurt your grade.
So how can you conduct research efficiently while avoiding sleepless nights in the campus library? Online academic research websites make it easier to find reliable sources quickly.
College students conduct academic research in all kinds of disciplines, including science, history, literature, engineering, and education. And when it comes to college research papers , academic resources are the best sources.
Rather than pulling random facts from the internet — and running into problems with citations — college students need to know how to find credible sources and how to use online academic tools. Keep reading to learn how you can find the best credible sources for your college research needs.
How to Find Credible Sources for Research
How can you find credible sources for research and avoid misinformation? Your instructor likely recommends avoiding general web content or Wikipedia.
Finding the most reliable websites for research starts with evaluating the website itself. Sites run by academic or government organizations rank high in reliability. Databases and specialized search engines can also provide good research sources.
Next, make sure you understand the source of the information and the process used to publish it. Scholarly articles and books that undergo peer review make for the best academic resources.
Finally, when in doubt, check with your instructor or an academic librarian. They can help point you to reliable sources or double-check sources you're unsure about.
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The 10 Best Academic Research Sources
What resources will point you toward reliable sources for your academic research? Rather than scrolling through pages of search results, turn to these academic resources when you need to find sources.
1. Google Scholar
Looking for an academic article, thesis , or abstract? Google Scholar should be your first stop. Google Scholar helps you find related works, locate full documents at your school library , and access scholarly research.
While Google created Google Scholar, it's very different from a general online search. Google Scholar brings together academic articles and ranks them based on the authors, publication location, and citation record. That means the top results generally represent the most reliable scholarship on your topic.
For journal articles, books, images, and even primary sources, JSTOR ranks among the best online resources for academic research. JSTOR's collection spans 75 disciplines, with strengths in the humanities and social sciences . The academic research database includes complete runs of over 2,800 journals.
And if you're looking for images, turn to Artstor , which offers over 2.5 million images related to the arts, sciences, and literature. However, JSTOR is not an open-access database. That means you'll need to log in through your university library, which typically includes off-campus access .
3. Library of Congress
As the largest library in the world, the Library of Congress is an amazing online resource for academic research. Students can search its collections to access digital resources, videos, audio recordings, photographs, and maps.
The library's materials also include notated music, web archives, legislation, and 3D objects. You'll find materials for almost any topic in its extensive collections. You can search historic American newspapers from 1777-1963 with the Chronicling America tool or look up pirate trials in another digital collection.
4. PubMed Central
The National Library of Medicine, part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, runs PubMed Central. Founded in 2000, the database includes academic scholarship dating back to the 18th century. The resource connects college students with life sciences and biomedical academic sources.
And as an open-access database, PubMed Central offers free access to scholarly literature. Today, PubMed Central has over 7 million full-text records, making it a great resource for students in the life sciences or medical fields.
5. Google Books
Whether you're looking for a recent publication or an out-of-print book, there's a good chance you'll find it on Google Books. In 2019, Google announced that Google Books contains over 40 million books .
You can enter any search term to find books that contain matches. And you can download the full text of any book in the public domain — which includes 10 million titles. Make sure to check publisher and author information when using Google Books.
The site also includes reference pages that link to book reviews. Keep in mind that you'll have more limited access to recent books. Still, Google Books is a great first step to find sources that you can later look for at your campus library.
If you're looking for scientific research, Science.gov is a great option. The site provides full-text documents, scientific data, and other resources from federally funded research.
A U.S. government site, Science.gov searches more than 60 databases and 2,200 scientific websites. You'll find over 200 million pages of research and development information, including projects funded by 14 federal agencies. Students in any STEM field can benefit from the resource.
7. Digital Commons Network
University librarians curate the Digital Commons Network, which connects students with peer-reviewed articles. The site's other resources include dissertations, book chapters, conference proceedings, and working papers.
The Digital Commons Network includes scholarly work from diverse disciplines like architecture, business, education, law, and the sciences. You can also access humanities, social sciences, and engineering scholarship through the network.
ResearchGate has been described as social networking for research scientists. But ResearchGate is also a great option to find open-access academic sources. Scholars upload their work to ResearchGate, which makes it available to the public for free.
Currently, over 20 million researchers around the world use the site, which contains over 135 million publications. College students looking for scientific research can often find resources on ResearchGate and even connect with scholars.
When you're looking for library resources, WorldCat is one of the best tools. Connected to over 10,000 libraries, WorldCat is a database that allows you to search library collections.
The database lists books and articles available at your local libraries, making it easier to find materials that are not available online. In addition to books, WorldCat contains music, videos, audiobooks, and scholarly articles.
You can also find digital research materials, including photos. When you're logged into WorldCat through your university library, you can also access full-text articles and other resources. Or you can use WorldCat to find sources to request through interlibrary loan.
10. Your University Library
When you're conducting academic research, your university library can be one of your best resources. In addition to online databases, journal articles, and books, your campus library also has academic librarians who can point you to the best sources.
When you don't know where to start, reach out to an academic librarian to learn more about your school's research tools. Or use interlibrary loan to get a scanned copy of an article. Many of the campus library's resources are available online, making them easy to access.
How to Access Academic Resources
Many sites offer open-access resources. That means anyone can access the materials. Other sites restrict what you can read. For example, you might find some blank pages when searching on Google Books because of copyright restrictions. And many academic articles are behind paywalls.
Fortunately, college students benefit from one of the best resources for conducting research: the university library. Your library likely subscribes to multiple academic databases and journals. If you run into a paywall, check whether your library offers access to the resource.
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Strategies for Writing a Compelling Thesis Statement
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Thesis Help: 95 Best Online Tools for Thesis Writing
Writing a thesis is like being sentenced to life and hard labor in libraries. Forget regular working hours or your natural right to sleep and rest. Only successful defense of your project will break you free.
- Word Processing and Taking Notes
- Knowledge Management
- Student Planners
- Bibliography Helpers
- Academic Research Tools
- Productivity Apps
- Vocabulary Builders
- Plagiarism Check
- Grammar and Style Check
The following free tools, however, provide a ray of hope. Draconian time management and supernatural self-organization can help you cope with your thesis faster. Optimize the process and enjoy the time you save.
📝 Word Processing and Taking Notes
Although you may be used to Microsoft Word, the following free alternatives can be of much help for thesis writing:
- LaTeX is a high-quality system equipped with special features for technical and scientific documentation. A great tool for thesis help due to its user-friendly interface and dozens of helpful features. For example, the tool automatically generates bibliographies and indexes.
- LyX is a free document processor that emphasizes the importance of document structure.
- Scrivener is a popular text-editing tool for Windows users. Use one of several templates to construct your document. There are also labeling options available during the working process.
- XMind is an easy-to-use text-editing and mind-mapping tool. Develop essay maps with this paper editor you can use on an iPhone or iPad for creating, editing, and storing your files.
- OpenOffice is free and intuitive editing software popular with students. Try this excellent writing tool you can easily use instead of Microsoft Word. It gives similar functions for typing, formatting, and revising.
- AbiWord is a free word processing program similar to Microsoft Word and suitable for a wide range of academic tasks.
- Jarte is a free word processor that is based on Windows WordPad and fully compatible with Windows Word.
- Google Docs is Google’s awesome service that allows you to create, format, store, and share documents online.
- ThinkFree is a free Java-based word processor that is fully compatible with Word.
- Etherpad is an open source text editor that allows real-time collaborative editing online. You and your mentor can use this tool for online revision of your thesis.
🧠 Knowledge Management
Here’s the kicker:
While doing research for your dissertation, you will need to dig through an incredible amount of literature. Maybe even look at some free college essays examples.
To make your job easier without getting lost or wasting time, consider the following knowledge management tools — they are great for dissertation help.
- KeepNote is a particularly effective note-taking application that can help you use full-text search and store your findings and notes.
- TomBoy is a free and easy-to-use note-taking and mind-mapping application. When making an analysis of sources or gathering articles in one place, it’s easy to get lost in dozens of links. Tomboy allows you to store every link carefully and have access to them anytime from your desktop.
- TiddlyWiki is a knowledge management app with a number of helpful features of much help for your thesis.
- Mindnote is an effective mind-mapping tool that can help you organize your thoughts intuitively.
- Mendeley is a tool that allows you to create your own easily searchable library of your research findings and accessible from any device.
- VUE stands for Visual Understanding Environment. This tool can be used for structuring and sharing information.
- EyePlorer is a convenient tool for creating charts and mind maps online. You can just drag in your thesis statement’s keywords and get the results.
- Zotero is a valuable academic research and knowledge management tool that combines functionality of a citation maker and knowledge management.
- Endnote can help you find, save, and share the information you need. You can work on a document with your team, see the history of changes, and get your sources cited in one of 6,000 styles.
- Cam scanner is probably one of the easiest ways to save bibliographic information by simply “scanning” a resource with your phone or any other device.
⌚ Student Planners
In being preoccupied with your thesis, you may easily forget something. The following free tools will help you be better organized:
- Any do can synchronize your personal tasks and help you achieve maximum potential.
- Trello can help you see everything about your project in one place.
- Exam Countdown is a free and easy-to-use app to keep track of all your deadlines. Thesis development consists of many parts. Don’t miss any of them with this helpful and vivid tool.
- Wunderlist is a tool for ticking off all your personal and academic goals.
- Todoist is a free online task manager that will kindly remind you of approaching deadlines.
- Tomsplanner is an online chart to help you get things done.
- HabitRPG is a free productivity app that treats your life like an exciting game. Habitica is an RPG game that not only motivates you to start a thesis but also helps with everyday routines like cleaning your room or getting enough sleep.
- Todokyo is a simple way to create to-do lists online.
- Ta-da Lists will help you reach those amazing “ta-da” moments with all your daily and weekly tasks.
🙋 Bibliography Helpers
Collecting resources and formatting citations is important for your dissertation writing, but imagine letting free citation tools do that work for you! Make this academic dream come true with our past list of the top 25 free online best citation generators , or check out the following collection of free tools:
- BibDesk will help you edit and manage your bibliography. This tool can help you keep track of not only bibliographic information but also related links and files.
- BiblioExpress will help you find, manage, and edit bibliographic records.
- Docear is a free academic literature management suite that helps you discover, organize, and cite your resources.
- Recipes4Success is an open source bibliography maker that formats citations in MLA and APA. It works as a rewording generator—you fill in the fields, and the tool gives you a full sentence in one of the most popular citation styles.
- Ottobib is a free, easy, and fast bibliography maker that allows formatting citations using only ISBN. If you use ISBN for your referencing, you can save a lot of time.
- Citavi is a free reference management and knowledge organization tool that can help to not only create citations but also organize and highlight text.
- Cite This for Me is an open source and easy-to-use citation maker that is compatible with a wide range of citation styles.
- GoBiblio is a free online citation maker that generates citations in MLA and APA.
🔬 Academic Research Tools
One more thing you will appreciate is an academic full-text research environment free of commercial links:
- Google Scholar is the place to start your online research that will help you with your thesis.
- ContentMine is a tool that extracts scientific facts from around a billion academic resources.
- Data Elixir is a twice-monthly digest of the latest scientific discoveries.
- Labii is a template-based electronic notebook. Keep all your data organized into categories like protocols, results, samples, and so on.
- LazyScholar is a free Chrome or Mozilla extension that will do an automatic full-text search and create fast citations.
- Scientific Journal Finder can help you access the latest and most relevant resources in your field.
- Scizzle is a fast and easy way to discover new papers on a topic of your choice.
- MyScienceWork is a platform for making your research papers visible to anyone on the web or getting access to research of others.
- Sparrho is a collection of scientific channels and an easily navigated search engine. It contains more than 60 million scientific articles, and the best universities in the world use it.
Working with sources and doing research may be rather exhausting.
Here’s the deal:
You have to work on your performance and productivity.
🏃♀️ Productivity Apps
Another important routine change that can save hours and days of your life is blocking or minimizing distractions:
- TimeDoctor is an easy to use time-tracking app that will prevent you from distractions and increase your productivity.
- Online timer by TimeCamp is a free and simple solution for measuring your work time divided by separate tasks.
- Freedom can help you block the most distractions
- SelfControl is a Mac app that will help you avoid distracting websites. Just block social media or news feeds that interfere with your work.
- Write or Die is a web-based app designed to boost your productivity by reaching a target word count within a chosen time frame.
- Focus Time is a combination of an activity tracker and a Pomodoro timer.
- Rescue Time promises to help you block all distractions. Control the choice of blocked resources or use the default list.
- Leechblock NG is a Firefox add-on that can block time-wasting sites.
- StayFocusd politely questions if you shouldn’t be working and helps you achieve that.
- Write Monkey is software that can create a distraction-free interface for simply writing.
- Nirvana will help you prioritize your tasks and get the most important ones done on time.
- Tomato Timer is a minimalist timer that will help you work according to the well-known Pomodoro technique (working 25 minutes before taking a 5-minute break).
📖 Vocabulary Builders
By the time you finish your project, you can undoubtedly boast of having a rich and diverse academic vocabulary. You may want to boost your vocabulary even further with the following tools:
- IntensiveVocab is a free tool designed to help you improve your vocabulary, score higher on standardized tests, and thus improve your dissertation’s language.
- WhichWord is an iOS app designed to help you better understand the difference between frequently confused words.
- Just the Word is an online tool to help you better combine words in a sentence. You enter “just the word” into a search line and receive examples of how that word can be used and other students’ errors.
- Lexipedia is a tool that creates semantic differences for a word of your choice. This tool organizes the results in a mind map. It’s available in English, German, French, Spanish, Dutch, and Italian.
- Wordnik is a free tool that will give you several definitions for a word of your choice.
- Wordhippo is an easy and quick way to find synonyms and antonyms for a certain word. You can also find rhymes, scrabble options, words with specific letters, and so on.
- SAT Vocab by MindSnacks is a free app that can help you learn SAT vocabulary and formulate more difficult sentences by simply playing games.
- Vocabulary Builder from Magoosh is a free app to quickly boost your vocabulary.
- Visual Vocab SAT is a free but effective app for building your vocabulary.
This collection of sources will make you thesis writing process easy and professional.
- Abbreviations is a huge directory of all abbreviations imaginable. It’s a vast library of acronyms and abbreviations in various fields like science, medicine, government, business, and more.
- Cambridge Dictionaries is a collection of free online English dictionaries and thesauruses including bilingual and semi-bilingual resources.
- Definitions is a multilingual dictionary that provides definitions from many reputable resources. It knows every word in many narrow fields like trees, dinosaurs, and ancient history.
- Macmillan Dictionary is an open source tool with activities and word lists to not only find the words you need but also learn them.
- Merriam Webster is a free dictionary with a variety of online quizzes and tests. It’s one of the most valuable online dictionaries.
- Thesaurus is an open source dictionary offering synonyms and definitions.
- Urban Dictionary is the go-to place for synonyms and definitions. This is the best place to search for slang words.
- Ozdic is a free online collocation dictionary. You can get a full analysis of a particular word you need to learn.
- YourDictionary provides simple definitions that anyone can understand.
✅ Plagiarism Check
- PlagScan will compare your documents with billions of others.
- Article Checker is a free online plagiarism-checking tool that can search for copies of your text on the web.
- Duplichecker is a free plagiarism detection tool restricted to 1,000 words per search.
- PlagiarismCheck.org generates plagiarism reports and offers an unlimited number of free attempts.
- Plagium is a free, quick search that helps you detect instances of occasional plagiarism in your paper.
- Dustball is a free plagiarism detection tool that will easily find plagiarized parts in your text.
- ThePensters is free plagiarism-checking software for students and beyond. It analyzes the percentage of plagiarized text from web pages. Also, with the help of this tool, you can create a bibliography by ISBN code.
- PlagTracker is a convenient online plagiarism detection tool.
- Plagiarisma is another free online plagiarism checker. It supports about 200 languages, and you can switch between Google and Bing search engines when checking your documents.
- Copyscape will help you scan your thesis for any copies on the web.
✍️ Grammar and Style Check
Grammar and style checking of large amounts of text can last forever if you do it manually. The following free tools will make a world of difference for you:
- Ginger is a quick and quality online grammar checker. This is a perfect tool to eliminate misspellings.
- Grammarly with its grammar, style, and plagiarism check is a must-have for students.
- AftertheDeadline is a spell, style, and grammar checker that promises intelligent editing.
- Spellchecker is a spell check solution with a 300-day free trial. Along with grammar mistakes, it shows misused words and syntax errors.
- Online Correction is a tool for detecting style, spelling, and grammar mistakes in writing.
- Spell Check Online is a website for quick spell check online.
- Paper Rater is a free tool that offers online proofreading and does not require download.
- Grammar Check.me is a way to check and correct style, grammar, and spelling of your text online.
- Language Tool is an open source tool for style and grammar check.
Would you like to add some tool to this list? Which free apps and websites help you with your thesis?
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That’s an apt answer to an interesting question.
Thanks for stopping by. I hope these tools are really helpful to you. Good luck!
Thanks regarding furnishing this kind of well put together content.
Thanks for your feedback, Mandila! Glad you liked it!
Thank you for putting this together.
Thank you very much, Michele 🙂
If you are going for ‘fancy stuff’ you might mention markdown, rmarkdown/knitr etc. This will replace latex imho.
And if you mention Latex you should mention Overleaf (an online version and a way to learn it).
Overall though, a very interesting list. Do you rate/rank these tools?
Thank you for the feedback, David!
Wow right time, thanks for such a great article. Helpful.
Melik, I’m glad the article was helpful to you 🙂
I’m glad, your message via Twitter brought me here and I really found your blog so helpful. Cheers!
Thank you for your kind words! 🙂
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Home / Guides / Citation Guides / APA Format / How to Cite a Thesis or Dissertation in APA
How to Cite a Thesis or Dissertation in APA
In this citation guide, you will learn how to reference and cite an undergraduate thesis, master’s thesis, or doctoral dissertation. This guide will also review the differences between a thesis or dissertation that is published and one that has remained unpublished. The guidelines below come from the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2020a), pages 333 and 334. Please note that the association is not affiliated with this guide.
Alternatively, you can visit EasyBib.com for helpful citation tools to cite your thesis or dissertation .
Citing an unpublished thesis or dissertation, citing a published dissertation or thesis from a database, citing a thesis or dissertation published online but not from a database, citing a thesis or dissertation: reference overview, what you need.
Since unpublished theses can usually only be sourced in print form from a university library, the correct citation structure includes the university name where the publisher element usually goes.
Author’s last name, F. M. (Year published). Title in sentence case [Unpublished degree type thesis or dissertation]. Name of institution.
Ames, J. H., & Doughty, L. H. (1911). The proposed plans for the Iowa State College athletic field including the design of a reinforced concrete grandstand and wall [Unpublished bachelor’s thesis]. Iowa State University.
In-text citation example:
- Parenthetical : (Ames & Doughty, 1911)
- Narrative : Ames & Doughty (1911)
If a thesis or dissertation has been published and is found on a database, then follow the structure below. It’s similar to the format for an unpublished dissertation/thesis, but with a few differences:
- The institution is presented in brackets after the title
- The archive or database name is included
Author’s last name, F. M. (Year published). Title in sentence case (Publication or Document No.) [Degree type thesis or dissertation, Name of institution]. Database name.
Knight, K. A. (2011). Media epidemics: Viral structures in literature and new media (Accession No. 2013420395) [Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara]. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.
Trotman, J.B. (2018). New insights into the biochemistry and cell biology of RNA recapping (Document No. osu1523896565730483) [Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University]. OhioLINK Electronic Theses & Dissertations Center.
In the example given above, the dissertation is presented with a Document Number (Document No.). Sometimes called a database number or publication number, this is the identifier that is used by the database’s indexing system. If the database you are using provides you with such a number, then include it directly after the work’s title in parentheses.
If you are interested in learning more about how to handle works that were accessed via academic research databases, see Section 9.3 of the Publication Manual.
In-text citation examples :
- Parenthetical citation : (Trotman, 2018)
- Narrative citation : Trotman (2018)
Author’s last name, F. M. (Year Published). Title in sentence case [Degree type thesis or dissertation, Name of institution]. Name of archive or collection. URL
Kim, O. (2019). Soviet tableau: cinema and history under late socialism [Doctoral dissertation, University of Pittsburgh]. Institutional Repository at the University of Pittsburgh. https://d-scholarship.pitt.edu/37669/7/Olga%20Kim%20Final%20ETD.pdf
Stiles, T. W. (2001). Doing science: Teachers’ authentic experiences at the Lone Star Dinosaur Field Institute [Master’s thesis, Texas A&M University]. OAKTrust. https://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2001-THESIS-S745
It is important to note that not every thesis or dissertation published online will be associated with a specific archive or collection. If the work is published on a private website, provide only the URL as the source element.
In-text citation examples:
- Parenthetical citation : (Kim, 2019)
- Narrative citation : Kim (2019)
- Parenthetical citation : (Stiles, 2001)
- Narrative citation : Stiles (2001)
We hope that the information provided here will serve as an effective guide for your research. If you’re looking for even more citation info, visit EasyBib.com for a comprehensive collection of educational materials covering multiple source types.
If you’re citing a variety of different sources, consider taking the EasyBib citation generator for a spin. It can help you cite easily and offers citation forms for several different kinds of sources.
To start things off, let’s take a look at the different types of literature that are classified under Chapter 10.6 of the Publication Manual :
- Undergraduate thesis
- Master’s thesis
- Doctoral dissertation
You will need to know which type you are citing. You’ll also need to know if it is published or unpublished .
When you decide to cite a dissertation or thesis, you’ll need to look for the following information to use in your citation:
- Author’s last name, and first and middle initials
- Year published
- Title of thesis or dissertation
- If it is unpublished
- Publication or document number (if applicable; for published work)
- Degree type (bachelor’s, master’s, doctoral)
- Thesis or dissertation
- Name of institution awarding degree
- DOI (https://doi.org/xxxxx) or URL (if applicable)
Since theses and dissertations are directly linked to educational degrees, it is necessary to list the name of the associated institution; i.e., the college, university, or school that is awarding the associated degree.
To get an idea of the proper form, take a look at the examples below. There are three outlined scenarios:
- Unpublished thesis or dissertation
- Published thesis or dissertation from a database
- Thesis or dissertation published online but not from a database
American Psychological Association. (2020a). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000
American Psychological Association. (2020b). Style-Grammar-Guidelines. https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/citations/basic-principles/parenthetical-versus-narrative
Published August 10, 2012. Updated March 24, 2020.
Written and edited by Michele Kirschenbaum and Elise Barbeau. Michele Kirschenbaum is a school library media specialist and the in-house librarian at EasyBib.com. Elise Barbeau is the Citation Specialist at Chegg. She has worked in digital marketing, libraries, and publishing.
APA Formatting Guide
- Annotated Bibliography
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- Reference Page
- Sample Paper
- APA 7 Updates
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- Magazine Article
- Newspaper Article
- Website (no author)
- View all APA Examples
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To cite a published thesis in APA style, it is important that you know some basic information such as the author, publication year, title of the thesis, institute name, archive name, and URL (uniform resource locator). The templates for an in-text citation and reference list entry of a thesis, along with examples, are given below:
In-text citation template and example:
Use the author surname and the publication year in the in-text citation.
Author Surname (Publication Year)
(Author Surname, Publication Year)
Reference list entry template and example:
The title of the thesis is set in sentence case and italicized. Enclose the thesis and the institute awarding the degree inside brackets following the publication year. Then add the name of the database followed by the URL.
Author Surname, F. M. (Publication Year). Title of the thesis [Master’s thesis, Institute Name]. Name of the Database. URL
Cartmel, J. (2007). Outside school hours care and schools [Master’s thesis, Queensland University of Technology]. EPrints. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/17810/1/Jennifer_Cartmel_Thesis.pdf
To cite an unpublished dissertation in APA style, it is important that you know some basic information such as the author, year, title of the dissertation, and institute name. The templates for in-text citation and reference list entry of an online thesis, along with examples, are given below:
Author Surname (Year)
(Author Surname, Year)
The title of the dissertation is set in sentence case and italicized. Enclose “Unpublished doctoral dissertation” inside brackets following the year. Then add the name of the institution awarding the degree.
Author Surname, F. M. (Publication Year). Title of the dissertation [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Name of the Institute.
Averill, R. (2009). Teacher–student relationships in diverse New Zealand year 10 mathematics classrooms: Teacher care [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Victoria University of Wellington.
APA Citation Examples
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The Best Research and Reference Websites
Where to look when you need information
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Research websites come in handy in all kinds of situations, whether you're looking for the average rainfall in the Amazon rainforest, researching Roman history, or just having fun learning to find information.
This list of the best research websites will help greatly, and most of them are updated daily with new information.
I like to pair these sites with free research organizational tools to keep track of everything I gather online.
Best Research Websites
- Library of Congress : LOC.gov lets you not only ask a librarian for help , but also search catalogs of libraries from all over the world. This is truly a huge resource that should be on your Top 10 best research sites list. Anything from Academia Sinica in Taiwan to Yale University in the U.S. is here and ready to be searched.
- ReferenceDesk.org : Dubbed "The Internet's Best Reference Source," this extremely useful web directory provides everything from business and finance information to federal government resources, scholarship details, links to newspapers and calendars, search engines, and more.
- Ask the Space Expert : NASA's source for space and science research help. Use the video links to listen to questions answered by experts. These are from 2013 through 2015.
- USA.gov : This is where you should start when looking for specific U.S. government information. Learn about the country in general or education, housing, disability services, jobs, taxes, laws, and more.
- Reference.com : Extremely simple to use with a basic layout, this reference website lets you browse by category or search by keywords to research everything from food and health to history, beauty, education, technology, vehicles, art, and more.
- Refdesk.com : Billing itself as the internet's fact-checker, this site includes in-depth research links to breaking news, editorials, Today in History, Word of the Day, and other references.
- Encyclopedia.com : The #1 online encyclopedia that lets you search over 200 reference books and encyclopedias at once. The Picks of the week is a neat section to examine each week.
- Encyclopedia Britannica : One of the world's oldest encyclopedias online; has featured posts and category listings. The company launched in the 18th century and has been publishing exclusively online since 2011.
- Purdue University Quick Reference : This site has tons of information that includes resources specific to Purdue University and surrounding areas in Indiana. It also includes an Ask a Librarian service.
- Prescriber's Digital Reference : A wonderful research tool when gathering detailed medical information. The drug name browser includes summaries (dosage, description, and more) for hundreds of drugs.
- iTools.com : Serves as a gateway for reference and research links. It uses other websites for its searches, like YouTube and Google.
- ResearchGate : Scientific knowledge from over 160 million publication pages; browse topics in categories like engineering, biology, climate change, medicine, math, and more.
- Baseball-Reference.com : Here's everything you ever wanted to know about baseball.
- FOLDOC : Free Online Dictionary of Computing is a detailed computing dictionary for researching the meaning behind computer-related tools, standards, jargon, languages, and more. The "random" button is a fun way to learn new concepts.
Depending on the type of research you're doing or how you need to reference the information, you may need quick access to books. There are lots of places to find free book downloads , textbooks , and educational movies .
Other Ways to Do Research
Search engines like Google are a great way to perform online research. You can locate books, articles, interviews, and lots more. Learn how to search better to get the most out of your research.
Another top source of expert information is your local librarian— search for libraries near you at WorldCat . Librarians are trained to find answers to obscure questions, they're friendly, and best of all, you can talk with them face to face. They often ask you questions you might not have considered, leading to even better results. You can get help from librarians online, too, through some of the sources above.
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43 Helpful Websites And Tools For Thesis Writing
Welcome to a compilation post on 43 helpful websites and tools for thesis writing, as well as any academic papers, including final year project thesis or dissertation and journal article.
My name is Nurul, a part-time master student from Master of Language Studies program that just passed her oral examination for Master Project .
Edit: I got my result last month. I’m happy to announce that I’ve completed my master study!
Congratulations to me!
To celebrate my success completing my master degree, I present to you all the website and tools that have helped me in writing my master thesis and academic writing paper.
1. Finding Journal Articles and Thesis
There are many websites to find peer reviewed journal articles and thesis, but for many students, it can be difficult to judge the journal trust worthiness and ensure that the journal that we’re going to cite in our paper or the journal article that we chose for article review assignment does not fall into the predatory journal category.
You can check the journal you visit and cross-check it with the list of Beall’s List of Predatory Journals , but who got the time to do that every single time you’re looking for an academic paper?
Your best bet is to search the keywords or topics in these following websites, as they’ve a reliable reputation in academic world. If you’re a student, the chance is your universities have already subscribed to some of these journals, which means you can access to these sites for free.
For UiTM students, ProQuest, ScienceDirect, Taylor and Francis Online and Emerald can be accessed using our student Email ID.
p/s: Google Scholar is good in terms of QUANTITY, but the QUALITY of certain websites are questionable , so keep it in mind.
- Taylor and Francis Online
- Emerald Publishing
- SAGE Journals
- Atlantis Press
- Project MUSE
- Open Access Theses and Dissertations (OATD)
- Research Gate
- Google Scholar
- CiNii – Japanese Journal Articles and Theses
2. Malaysian University Thesis and Dissertation Repository
3. reference manager.
For reference manager, I’ve tried EndNote, Zotero, Mendeley and EasyBib and so far I found that Zotero works the best for me. It is open source, free and offers many plugins that will help you to manage your citations better.
Connected Papers is also a cool website as it showed you a graph of related research papers with the paper you’re searching for.
- Connected Papers
- Research Rabbit
- APA Citation Machine
4. Other Useful Sites to Summarize, Paraphrase and Grammar
- Academic Phrasebank (a lifesaver)
5. Analyzing Qualitative and Quantitative Data
- SPSS (Quantitative)
- Atlas.ti (Qualitative)
- Nvivo (Qualitative)
6. Writing and Organization Tools
I use Notion to create my literature review matrix because I found that building it on Excel didn’t fit my aesthetic.
GoodNotes is where I annotated my papers on iPad and Obsidian, a fairly new software that I tried on, is for documenting website articles or any Reddit or Twitter posts that I found interesting for my research.
Important reminder, please BACK UP your writings and journal/thesis PDFs . I’ve heard a plethora of horror stories from other postgrads losing their data.
- Google Doc (backup)
- Microsoft Word (for writing drafts, mostly written on iCloud)
- Obsidian (Available on Mac, iPad and iPhone)
- Notion (Available on Mac, iPad and iPhone)
- GoodNotes (Available on Mac, iPad and iPhone)
- Notability (Available on Mac, iPad and iPhone)
That’s all from me, and I hope that this post will be helpful for your thesis writing journey. If you’ve any sites or tools to recommend, please do so in the comment section!
For other postgrads or students writing your thesis, good luck! If I, a student with tonnes of grammatical error, can pass my dissertation, you can do it too!
- Academic Writing
Blog on lifestyle, Japanese language study tips, digital note-taking, stationery haul and books. Also love Korean Webtoon and Chinese web novels.
I noticed the fascinating color design on Obsidian and it inspired me to update my own color design. Could you please tell us where you found the color scheme or what influenced you in choosing the colors?
Hi! I used a pre-built theme called Bubble Space and set it to dark theme.
Congrats dear for your very fine achievement! All the best in your future endeavours. I will definitely have a look at the above list when I have mustered enough courage to pursue a masters degree.
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Reference management. Clean and simple.
The top list of academic search engines
Academic search engines have become the number one resource to turn to in order to find research papers and other scholarly sources. While classic academic databases like Web of Science and Scopus are locked behind paywalls, Google Scholar and others can be accessed free of charge. In order to help you get your research done fast, we have compiled the top list of free academic search engines.
- 1. Google Scholar
Google Scholar is the clear number one when it comes to academic search engines. It's the power of Google searches applied to research papers and patents. It not only lets you find research papers for all academic disciplines for free but also often provides links to full-text PDF files.
- Coverage: approx. 200 million articles
- Abstracts: only a snippet of the abstract is available
- Related articles: ✔
- References: ✔
- Cited by: ✔
- Links to full text: ✔
- Export formats: APA, MLA, Chicago, Harvard, Vancouver, RIS, BibTeX
BASE is hosted at Bielefeld University in Germany. That is also where its name stems from (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine).
- Coverage: approx. 136 million articles (contains duplicates)
- Abstracts: ✔
- Related articles: ✘
- References: ✘
- Cited by: ✘
- Export formats: RIS, BibTeX
CORE is an academic search engine dedicated to open-access research papers. For each search result, a link to the full-text PDF or full-text web page is provided.
- Coverage: approx. 136 million articles
- Links to full text: ✔ (all articles in CORE are open access)
- Export formats: BibTeX
- 4. Science.gov
Science.gov is a fantastic resource as it bundles and offers free access to search results from more than 15 U.S. federal agencies. There is no need anymore to query all those resources separately!
- Coverage: approx. 200 million articles and reports
- Links to full text: ✔ (available for some databases)
- Export formats: APA, MLA, RIS, BibTeX (available for some databases)
- 5. Semantic Scholar
Semantic Scholar is the new kid on the block. Its mission is to provide more relevant and impactful search results using AI-powered algorithms that find hidden connections and links between research topics.
- Coverage: approx. 40 million articles
- Export formats: APA, MLA, Chicago, BibTeX
- 6. Baidu Scholar
Although Baidu Scholar's interface is in Chinese, its index contains research papers in English as well as Chinese.
- Coverage: no detailed statistics available, approx. 100 million articles
- Abstracts: only snippets of the abstract are available
- Export formats: APA, MLA, RIS, BibTeX
RefSeek searches more than one billion documents from academic and organizational websites. Its clean interface makes it especially easy to use for students and new researchers.
- Coverage: no detailed statistics available, approx. 1 billion documents
- Abstracts: only snippets of the article are available
- Export formats: not available
- Frequently Asked Questions about academic search engines
Google Scholar is an academic search engine, and it is the clear number one when it comes to academic search engines. It's the power of Google searches applied to research papers and patents. It not only let's you find research papers for all academic disciplines for free, but also often provides links to full text PDF file.
Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature developed at the Allen Institute for AI. Sematic Scholar was publicly released in 2015 and uses advances in natural language processing to provide summaries for scholarly papers.
BASE , as its name suggest is an academic search engine. It is hosted at Bielefeld University in Germany and that's where it name stems from (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine).
CORE is an academic search engine dedicated to open access research papers. For each search result a link to the full text PDF or full text web page is provided.
Science.gov is a fantastic resource as it bundles and offers free access to search results from more than 15 U.S. federal agencies. There is no need any more to query all those resources separately!
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Thesis / Dissertation
Cite a thesis or dissertation (unpublished, published online, or accessed through a database). Use other forms to cite books , journal articles , reports , and conference proceedings .
Free Databases (all subjects): Dissertations
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- EBSCO Open Dissertations
- Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations Provides free access to thousands of dissertation and thesis abstracts from universities around the world, and links to full text when freely available.
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Finding Theses and Dissertations
- International Theses
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- Borrowing & Purchasing Copies of Theses
International Theses: Search Tools
Proquest dissertations and theses.
A comprehensive collection of dissertations and theses from around the world from 1861-present. Full text since 1997. Abstracts since 1980 for doctoral dissertations and 1988 for masters' theses. Citations since 1861.
Citations are indexed in Web of Science in the ProQuest ™ Dissertations & Theses Citation Index collection.
Center for Research Libraries
CRL holds more than 800,000 doctoral dissertations outside of the U.S. and Canada. Search dissertations in the dissertations section of the CRL catalogue. Digitized dissertations can be searched in the catalogue's e-resources section.
Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations
A collection of more than 800,000 international full text theses and dissertations.
Try searching Google Scholar for theses posted on institutional digital repositories or on personal web pages.
A web search engine devoted to Science and Technology.
Search for dissertations, theses and published material based on theses catalogued in WorldCat by OCLC member libraries worldwide. In Advanced Search, you can search by author, title, subject, year, and keyword. Under Subtype Limits, select Theses/Dissertation from the Any Content menu
International Theses: By Country
The Austrian dissertation database contains the bibliographical data of dissertations approved in Austria from 1990 on, and in most cases the relevant abstracts. (This website is hosted by the National Library of Austria).
National Library of Australia’s Trove Service
Search for full text digital theses from Australian universities. On the Advanced search screen under Format, select Thesis.
DART-Europe : Access to full text theses and dissertations from many countries in Europe.
Europeana : Additional electronic dissertations from other European libraries.
Système universitaire de documentation (Sudoc): Provides access to records and some electronic theses and dissertations published at French research institutions.
Fichier central des thèses
DissOnline provides information on the subject of electronic university publications. It can be used to find out directly all about online dissertations and post-doctoral theses. Sample documents can be downloaded to provide help in the creation of electronic university publications. For more information about the portal, please go to German National Library website (DNB) .
TESIUNAM: Tesis del Sistema Bibliotecario de la Unam
(Theses from the National University of Mexico / Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México). To search for electronic theses, click on “tesis electrónicas (REDUNAM).”
The Center for Research Libraries and the British Library have made available online 400 UK doctoral theses focusing on the Middle East, Islamic studies, and related subjects. More information .
Some Dutch e-theses are available through NARCIS.
- Some electronic theses from Bolivia, Brasil, Chile and Peru can be found at Cybertesis.NET , a portal created by the University of Chile (Information Services & Library System) that provides an easily accessible tool to full text electronic theses published in different universities of the world.
For more university/national library catalogues, search for the word University/Universidad and the country (Argentina, Peru, etc.) in Google. Find the link to the library ( biblioteca ) and search the catalogue for theses ( tesis ). You may need to click on the advanced search function ( búsqueda guíada or búsqueda avanzada ) and select tesis as a format or type.
There are several portals/catalogues in Spain for theses and dissertations. Here are some examples listed on Spain’s National Library website:
Spain’s Ministry of Education thesis database (TESEO)
Biblioteca Virtual del Español (on the Biblioteca Virtual, Miguel de Cervantes website)
Universidad Complutense de Madrid’s catalogue
TDX (Tesis Doctorals en Xarxa)
This is a cooperative repository of digital theses from the University of Cataluña and other autonomous communities (such as Murcia, Cantabria, Barcelona, and Oviedo)
For print and electronic dissertations, please consult the Swiss National Library website.
- NDLTD: National Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations in Taiwan is an open full-text permanent archive of scholarly research in Taiwan.
EThOS : Access to doctoral dissertations (paper and electronic) from UK institutions of higher education.
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a proposition stated or put forward for consideration, especially one to be discussed and proved or to be maintained against objections: He vigorously defended his thesis on the causes of war.
a subject for a composition or essay.
a dissertation on a particular subject in which one has done original research, as one presented by a candidate for a diploma or degree.
Music . the downward stroke in conducting; downbeat. : Compare arsis (def. 1) .
a part of a metrical foot that does not bear the ictus or stress.
(less commonly) the part of a metrical foot that bears the ictus. : Compare arsis (def. 2) .
Philosophy . See under Hegelian dialectic .
Origin of thesis
Word story for thesis, other words for thesis, words that may be confused with thesis.
- 1. antithesis , synthesis , thesis
- 2. dissertation , thesis
Words Nearby thesis
- shit will hit the fan, the
- shoe is on the other foot, the
- short end of the stick, the
- The show must go on
- thesis play
- thesis statement
- Sketch Book, The
- Skin of Our Teeth, The
- sky's the limit, the
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use thesis in a sentence
“The Saudis have been proving the thesis of the film — they do in fact have an army,” said Thor Halvorssen, founder and chief executive of the nonprofit Human Rights Foundation, which funded the movie.
It’s a hypothesis that Bush pursued in her master’s thesis , and last year she began attending virtual Goth parties in a final round of field work before defending her doctoral thesis later this year.
While this partnership was planned prior to the coronavirus outbreak, co-founder Jordana Kier said the pandemic instantly proved out the expansion thesis .
They’ve had to defend that thesis for a very, very long time in front of a variety of different customers and different people.
Over the past decade, In-Q-Tel has been one of the most active investors in the commercial space sector, with a broad investment thesis that touches many aspects of the sector.
In “Back Home,” Gil also revisits the nostalgia for the South explored in his Johns Hopkins thesis , “Circle of Stone.”
At least father and son were in alignment on this central thesis : acting “gay”—bad; being thought of as gay—bad.
Her doctoral thesis , says Ramin Takloo at the University of Illinois, was simply outstanding.
Marshall McLuhan long ago argued the now accepted thesis that different mediums have different influences on thinking.
He wrote his Master's thesis on the underrepresentation of young people in Congress.
And indeed for most young men a college thesis is but an exercise for sharpening the wits, rarely dangerous in its later effects.
It will be for the reader to determine whether the main thesis of the book has gained or lost by the new evidence.
But the word thesis , when applied to Systems, does not mean the 'position' of single notes, but of groups of notes.
This conclusion, it need hardly be said, is in entire agreement with the main thesis of the preceding pages.
Sundry outlying Indians, with ammunition to waste, took belly and knee rests and strengthened the thesis to the contrary.
British Dictionary definitions for thesis
/ ( ˈθiːsɪs ) /
a dissertation resulting from original research, esp when submitted by a candidate for a degree or diploma
a doctrine maintained or promoted in argument
a subject for a discussion or essay
an unproved statement, esp one put forward as a premise in an argument
music the downbeat of a bar, as indicated in conducting
(in classical prosody) the syllable or part of a metrical foot not receiving the ictus : Compare arsis
philosophy the first stage in the Hegelian dialectic, that is challenged by the antithesis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cultural definitions for thesis
The central idea in a piece of writing, sometimes contained in a topic sentence .
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Thesis manual / forms / thesis template.
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Synonyms of thesis
- as in argument
- as in hypothesis
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Thesaurus Definition of thesis
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Cite this entry.
“Thesis.” Merriam-Webster.com Thesaurus , Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/thesaurus/thesis. Accessed 7 Nov. 2023.
More from Merriam-Webster on thesis
Nglish: Translation of thesis for Spanish Speakers
Britannica English: Translation of thesis for Arabic Speakers
Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about thesis
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by Aditya | Nov 5, 2023 | 0 comments
This semester I’ve begun working on my thesis. After a lengthy process of narrowing things down I have eventually decided to do an analysis of inflation in the UK since COVID. I hope to identify the main factors that contributed to inflation and tell a story of how they each contributed to one of the worst bouts of inflation in UK history. While high prices has gripped much of the global economy in the past three years, the UK had a uniquely bad experience of it relative to other developed nation, with inflation reaching double digits in 2022. I believe certain factors, such as Brexit and poor Fiscal policy such as Lizz Truss’s Mini-Budget, contributed adversely to British inflation and would like to examine further their causes and relative impacts.
So far, I am still working on creating a thorough outline that is filled-out enough to make the writing process quite easy when that begins. Once I make that outline, I should be good to start the writing-grind. My goal is to finish the thesis by Christmas so that I can chill next semester and focus on booling. Given that the due date is in April, it’s been quite hard trying to get work done over the past few weeks. The longer the time horizon, the easier it becomes to procrastinate. Fortunately, things look like they’re coming in stride this month so I hope the momentum continues.
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Xi Jin (Titi) nominated for MAGS/ProQuest Distinguished Master’s Thesis Award
ACS graduate student Xi Jin (Titi) was recently nominated for the Midwestern Association of Graduate Schools (MAGS)/ProQuest Distinguished Master’s Thesis Award.
The purpose of the annual award is to recognize and reward distinguished scholarship and research at the master’s level. This year, nominations will be awarded to theses within the disciplines of Biological/Life Sciences and Humanities.
Winners of the award will each receive a $750 honorarium, plus up to $500 toward travel expenses to attend the MAGS meeting.
Democratic Republic of Congo confirms 26 candidates for December election
Nov 4 (Reuters) - The Democratic Republic of Congo has officially registered 26 presidential candidates for a Dec. 20 election, a final list from the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) shows.
Old rivals , first-time contenders , and previously sidelined presidential hopefuls are among those running against President Felix Tshisekedi, creating a crowded field which some believe could split the opposition vote and increase his chances of securing a second term.
Reporting by Sonia Rolley; writing by Alessandra Prentice; editing by Jason Neely
Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.
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