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Where Can I Get Help Writing My Thesis Online?
You’ve spent years preparing for your master’s degree or PhD. You’ve read, studied and spent hours of time and energy writing papers. Now you’ve arrived at the culmination of all this effort: writing your thesis. There are plenty of compelling stories about the time and energy that students have spent drafting their dissertations and theses.
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Digital Commons @ USF > Muma College of Business > Management > Theses and Dissertations
Management and Organization Theses and Dissertations
Theses/dissertations from 2023 2023.
For Love or Money: Investor Motivations in Equity-Based Crowdfunding , Jason C. Cherubini
Commitment to Change Dimensions: The Influence of Innovative Work Behavior and Organizational Environments , Michael Holmes
Turmoil in the Workforce: Introduction of the Nomadic Employee , Catrina Hopkins
Attention-Grabbing Tactics on Social Media , Arjun Kadian
Theses/Dissertations from 2022 2022
Building a Mentor-Mentee Maturity Model , Leroy A. Alexander
Do Auditors Respond to Changes in Clients’ Analyst Coverage? Evidence from a Natural Experiment , Mohammad Alkhamees
Designing a Messaging Strategy to Improve Information Security Policy Compliance , Federico Giovannetti
Are all pictures worth 1,000 words? An Investigation of Fit Between Graph Type and Performance on Accounting Data Analytics Tasks , Shawn Paul Granitto
An Enterprise Risk Management Framework to Design Pro-Ethical AI Solutions , Quintin P. McGrath
Deceptive Appeals and Cognitive Influences Used in Fraudulent Scheme Sales Pitches , Rafael J. Toledo
Using Online Reviews to Identify How Hotels Can Satisfy Travelers With Pets While Making Money , Sonia Weinhaus
Theses/Dissertations from 2021 2021
The IS Social Continuance Model: Using Conversational Agents to Support Co-creation , Naif Alawi
The Use of Data Analytic Visualizations to Inform the Audit Risk Assessment: The Impact of Initial Visualization Form and Documentation Focus , Rebecca N. Baaske (Becca)
Identification of Entrepreneurial Competencies in I-Corps Site Teams at the University of South Florida , Mark A. Giddarie
Understanding Nonprofit Boards: An Exploratory Study of the Governance Practices of Regional Nonprofits , Susan Ryan Goodman
Strengthening the Entrepreneurial Support Community , Andrew J. Hafer
Who to Choose? Rating Broker Best Practices in the Medicare Advantage Industry , Darwin R. Hale
Bridging the Innovatino Gap at SOCOM , Gregory J. Ingram
Improving Environmental Protection: One Imagined Touch at a Time , Luke Ingalls Liska
Residential Curbside Recycle Context Analysis , Ntchanang Mpafe
Fighting Mass Diffusion of Fake News on Social Media , Abdallah Musmar
Managing Incomplete Data in the Patient Discharge Summary to Support Correct Hospital Reimbursements , Fadi Naser Eddin
GAO Bid Protests by Small Business: Analysis of Perceived and Reported Outcomes in Federal Contracting , David M. Snyder
Engagement and Meaningfulness as Determinants of Employee Retention: A Longitudinal Case Study , Calvin Williams
Public Budgeting as Moral Dilemma , Ben Wroblewski
Theses/Dissertations from 2020 2020
Improving Engagement: The Moderating Effect of Leadership Style on the Relationship Between Psychological Capital and Employee Engagement , Scott Beatrice
Physician Self-Efficacy and Risk-Taking Attitudes as Determinants of Upcoding and Downcoding Errors: An Empirical Investigation , Samantha J. Champagnie
Digital Identity: A Human-Centered Risk Awareness Study , Toufic N. Chebib
Clarifying the Relationship of Design Thinking to the Military Decision-Making Process , Thomas S. Fisher
Essays on the Disposition Effect , Matthew Henriksson
Analysis of Malicious Behavior on Social Media Platforms Using Agent-Based Modeling , Agnieszka Anna Onuchowska
Who Rises to the Top: An Investigation of the Essential Skills Necessary for Partners of Non-Big 4 Public Accounting Firms , Amanda K. Thompson-Abbott
Theses/Dissertations from 2019 2019
The Financial and Nonfinancial Performance Measures That Drive Utility Abandonments and Transfers in the State of Florida , Daniel Acheampong
Locating a New Collegiate Entrepreneurship Program, a Framework for a University Campus , Douglas H. Carter
Understanding Employee Engagement: An Examination of Millennial Employees and Perceived Human Resource Management Practices , Danielle J. Clark
The Potential Impact Radius of a Natural Gas Transmission Line and Real Estate Valuations: A Behavioral Analysis , Charles M. Hilterbrand Jr.
Introducing a Mobile Health Care Platform in an Underserved Rural Population: Reducing Assimilations Gaps on Adoption and Use via Nudges , Joseph Hodges
Controlling Turnover in an Inside Sales Organization: What are the Contributing Factors , Dennis H. Kimerer
An Emergent Theory of Executive Leadership Selection: Leveraging Grounded Theory to Study the U.S. Military's Special Forces Assessment and Selection Process , Darryl J. Lavender
Essays on Migration Flows and Finance , Suin Lee
The Underutilized Tool of Project Management - Emotional Intelligence , Gerald C. Lowe
Increasing the Supply of the Missing Middle Housing Types in Walkable Urban Core Neighborhoods: Risk, Risk Reduction and Capital , Shrimatee Ojah Maharaj
Playing Darts in the Dark: How are Chamber of Commerce Leaders Aligned for Greater Effectiveness? , Robert J. Rohrlack Jr.
Are Transfer Pricing Disclosures Related to Tax Reporting Transparency? The Impact of Auditor-Provided Transfer Pricing Services , Stephanie Y. Walton
Theses/Dissertations from 2018 2018
Price Transparency in the United States Healthcare System , Gurlivleen (Minnie) Ahuja
How to Build a Climate of Quality in a Small to Medium Enterprise: An Action Research Project , Desmond M. Bishop III
Banking on Blockchain: A Grounded Theory Study of the Innovation Evaluation Process , Priya D. Dozier
Enhancing the Design of a Cybersecurity Risk Management Solution for Communities of Trust , James E. Fulford Jr.
An Examination of the Progressive and Regressive Factors that Business Owners Consider When Choosing Whether or Not to Implement an Exit Strategy , David C. Pickard
The Relationship between Ambient Lighting Color and Hotel Bar Customer Purchase Behavior and Satisfaction , Kunal Shah
The Unmanned Aerial Systems (UASs) Industry and the Business Impacts of the Evolution of the Federal Regulatory Environment , Darren W. Spencer
Intercultural Communication Between International Military Organizations; How Do You Turn a ‘No’ Into a ‘Yes’? , Douglas A. Straka
Essential Leadership Skills for Frontline Managers in a Multicultural Organization , Janelle Ward
Moffitt Cancer Center: Leadership, Culture and Transformation , W. James Wilson
Two Essays on String of Earnings Benchmarks , Yiyang Zhang
Theses/Dissertations from 2017 2017
Multi-Step Tokenization of Automated Clearing House Payment Transactions , Privin Alexander
The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility Investment and Disclosure on Cooperation in Business Collaborations , Sukari Farrington
What Factors during the Genesis of a Startup are Causal to Survival? , Gilbert T. Gonzalez
The Great Recession of 2007 and the Housing Market Crash: Why Did So Many Builders Fail? , Mohamad Ali Hasbini
The Effect of Expanded Audit Report Disclosures on Users’ Confidence in the Audit and the Financial Statements , Peter Kipp
An Examination of Innovation Idea Selection Factors in Large Organizations , Troy A. Montgomery
Essays on Sales Coaching , Carlin A. Nguyen
Vital Signs of U.S. Osteopathic Medical Residency Programs Pivoting to Single Accreditation Standards , Timothy S. Novak
Leaders Who Learn: The Intersection of Behavioral Science, Adult Learning and Leadership , Natalya I. Sabga
Toward a Systemic Model for Governance and Strategic Management: Evaluating Stakeholder Theory Versus Shareholder Theory Approaches , James A. Stikeleather
A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Cognitive Awareness Training on Transaction Processing Accuracy: An Introduction to the ACE Theoretical Construct , John Townsend
Theses/Dissertations from 2016 2016
The Effect of Presentation Format on Investor Judgments and Decisions: Does the Effect Differ for Varying Task Demands? , Kevin Agnew
Theses/Dissertations from 2014 2014
Multi-Task Setting Involving Simple and Complex Tasks: An Exploratory Study of Employee Motivation , Maia Jivkova Farkas
Essays on Mergers and Acquisitions , Marcin Krolikowski
Do Social Biases Impede Auditor Reliance on Specialists? Toward a Theory of Social Similarity , Rina Maxine Limor
Theses/Dissertations from 2013 2013
Psychological Distance: The Relation Between Construals, Mindsets, and Professional Skepticism , Jason Rasso
Theses/Dissertations from 2011 2011
Combining Natural Language Processing and Statistical Text Mining: A Study of Specialized Versus Common Languages , Jay Jarman
An Empirical Investigation of Decision Aids to Improve Auditor Effectiveness in Analytical Review , Robert N. Marley
The Effects of Item Complexity and the Method Used to Present a Complex Item on the Face of a Financial Statement on Nonprofessional Investors` Judgments , Linda Gale Ragland
Theses/Dissertations from 2010 2010
Two Essays on Information Ambiguity and Informed Traders’ Trade-Size Choice , Ziwei Xu
Theses/Dissertations from 2008 2008
Two Essays on the Conflict of Interests within the Financial Services Industry-- Financial Industry Consolidation: The Motivations and Consequences of the Financial Services Modernization Act (FSMA) and “Down but Not Out” Mutual Fund Manager Turnover within Fund Families , Lonnie Lashawn Bryant
Two Essays on Multiple Directorships , Chia-wei Chen
Two Essays on Financial Condition of Firms , Sanjay Kudrimoti
A Study of Cross-Border Takeovers: Examining the Impact of National Culture on Internalization Benefits, and the Implications of Early Versus Late-Mover Status for Bidders and Their Rivals , Tanja Steigner
Two Essays on Corporate Governance⎯Are Local Directors Better Monitors, and Directors Incentives and Earnings Management , Hong Wan
Theses/Dissertations from 2007 2007
The Role of Ethnic Compatibility in Attitude Formation: Marketing to America’s Diverse Consumers , Cynthia Rodriguez Cano
Two Essays on Venture Capital: What Drives the Underpricing of Venture CapitalBacked IPOs and Do Venture Capitalists Provide Anything More than Money? , Donald Flagg
Two essays on market efficiency: Tests of idiosyncratic risk: informed trading versus noise and arbitrage risk, and agency costs and the underlying causes of mispricing: information asymmetry versus conflict of interests , Jung Chul Park
The impact of management's tone on the perception of management's credibility in forecasting , Robert D. Slater
Uncertainty in the information supply chain: Integrating multiple health care data sources , Monica Chiarini Tremblay
Theses/Dissertations from 2006 2006
Adolescent alcohol use and educational outcomes , Wesley A. Austin
Certificate of need regulation in the nursing home industry: Has it outlived its usefulness? , Barbara J. Caldwell
The impacts of the handoffs on software development: A cost estimation model , Michael Jay Douglas
Using emergent outcome controls to manage dynamic software development , Michael Loyd Harris
The information technology professional's psychological contract viewed through their employment arrangement and the relationship to organizational behaviors , Sandra Kay Newton
The causal effect of alcohol consumption on employment status , Chanvuth Sangchai
The effect of transportation subsidies on urban sprawl , Qing Su
The effects of in-group bias and decision aids on auditors' evidence evaluation , Eileen Zalkin Taylor
The single market and pharmaceutical industry in the European Union: Is there any evidence of price convergence? , Aysegul Timur
A structural approach to the study of intra-organizational coalitions , Dean T. Walsh
Theses/Dissertations from 2005 2005
Investor and Worker Response to Corporate Downsizing of ESOP Companies: Wealth Effects, Productivity, and Performance , Jeanean J. Davis-Street
An Examination of User Resistance in Mandatory Adoption of Enterprise Systems , Timothy Paul Klaus
An Empirical Examination of Job Stress and Management of Emotionally-Based Behavior: Frontline Social Service Personnel Perspective , Doreen Sams
Disentangling the Repurchase Announcement An Event Study Analysis to the Purpose of Repurchases , Robin S. Wilber
Two Essays on Security Offerings: Information Production, Investor Perception and The Types of External Financing, and A Unified Analysis on Financing Choices and Offering Costs , Bingsheng Yi
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LIST OF BEST MANAGEMENT THESIS TOPICS FOR STUDENTS WITH EXAMPLES
We are known for this fact of struggling student’s situations because our team of experts is highly qualified, and each one of the members of our team has been through the challenges of thesis writing. Since the business management thesis writing is one of the essential parts of the management program, so it is evident for each of you to spend quality time and effort on it. However, we have witnessed students scratching their heads with the confusion of choosing the MBA thesis topics in management. So if you are one of them, you don’t need to worry now because you have our back in selecting the right topic for your thesis.
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List of management thesis topics for students
Management is just one part of business studies but it is the most crucial one. With this being said, our writers have taken the complete responsibility of giving you the best thesis writing services by reaching out to your most emerging problem of yours. We provide a wide range of management topics for your help which also includes project management thesis topics and all the other subfields of management. So have a look to get assisted outstandingly.
- The benefits of managing the people having similar characteristics.
- How leaders can use the managerial skills effectively.
- The desired management framework for a modern workplace.
- The in-depth detail of the relationship between employee commitment to the organizational and national culture.
- The application of conflict management at work.
- Enhancing personal relationships with the help of goal achievements at the organizations.
- How the culture of an organization can be improved with the help of modern organizations.
- The relationship between social responsibility and corporate financial performance.
- Effective methods and strategies of dealing with the senior and older employees respectively.
- How social conditions and competitiveness can be enhanced or improved by applying corporate policies.
- Why the management practices are more im[portant than the others; for every business sector.
- A company should align goals based on personal values.
- Management of technology and innovation effectively.
- Based on AT&T’s analysis of how to reinvent the business in a new and more professional way.
- Dealing with sustainable development and resource management.
- The effects of artificial intelligence on project management.
- The bond between influencer marketing and brand dominancy.
- Thre management of landing pages on the internet and their impact on marketing.
- How social media management is affecting the decision-making of the consumers.
- How black Friday drives the sale through the management strategies.
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How to come up with your management thesis topics 2022?
Though we have provided a long list of management topics for your help, whenever you feel that something is missing from your end, you can always start working on it. Giving you the best assistance for the Ph.D. thesis topics in management doesn’t mean that we don’t appreciate your efforts and skills. On the contrary, we can always assist you in showcasing your skills and performing better with your academic performance. Furthermore, you can start writing a topic on your own for the field of management with some pro tips provided by our experts.
- Start thinking about the topic from the main brainstorming task. As management is a diversified field, you will get many points in mind to cater to. Pool in your thoughts for your specific area of interest, and start figuring out the topic eventually.
- When you have selected a subject, perform some background research to know deeply about it once you have excessive information in hand, that is when you can go for choosing such a topic that is in demand of project management master thesis topics or as per the interest of the readers.
- It is better to write a research question at first. When you write a research question, you are also supposed to look for its answers. Now when you have both the questions and answers sorted so, this is the time when your topic will make its way out from the answer.
- Set your focus points differently; use multiple points at once to create uniqueness in the thesis and its topic. Since management is a vast field, it allows you to go beyond the boundaries and teach the people about what they are unaware of.
- Discuss your idea with your pals. Keep a list of friends in your mind that provides you comfort zone, and you are sure that they won’t steal your idea; share the details with them. All the sincere and honest ones will give you the right advice related to your topic selection.
- Ask your institution’s higher authority to provide you with the manual containing various thesis samples and ideas written by the graduates of your institutions. These manuals and samples will exceptionally help you.
- Look for the topic from all the study material you have at your end. You can go for your textbooks and even digital resource to find one topic that goes best with your subject of study and the ongoing trend.
Though it is always challenging to find management thesis topics for students, it can be done with just a little smartness, or if you still have doubts about your performance, you can contact us. We would put in all our great efforts to serve you the best possible solution for your problem.
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The 15 Best Business Management Master's Thesis Topics
When you are nearing the end of your Master’s program, you will be asked to write a thesis paper. The focus is to prove to a committee that you have gained the knowledge necessary to be considered a scholar in the field. It is the most important paper that you will write to date and should be taken very seriously. You will conduct a study using resources already written about your topic to make an analysis on a research question.
The topic for this paper is very hard to nail down because you will have to write on a topic that is worthy of this task. You can use this list of possible topics to start your research process. They are the best business management topics to write about and you can make your paper pop by choosing a topic that you are interested in. It is so much easier to write about a topic that you find interesting because you will likely have some prior knowledge on the subject and when you are conducting research you will be more engaged. Take a look at these suggestions and see if they will work for you. This list may also help you come up with your own topic as well.
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- Workplace ethics: analysis of small businesses
- Business strategies for environmental leadership: sustainability matters
- Reinventing the way they do business: AT&T analysis
- Strategy for transformational change: analysis of Intuit
- Inclusion: study of changing tense moments into productive conversations
- Sustainability in business: methods and results
- Working with Generation X employees: food industry
- Conflict management: dealing with conflict at work
- Delegation: methods that work
- Mentorship: spreading a culture of innovation
- Difference between leaders and bosses: analysis of start ups
- Tips to productivity: organizing work life
- Dealing with older employees: effective methods
- The Strategic Corporal: analysis of effectiveness
- Organizational success: military skills utilized
When you have chosen your topic, you will conduct some preliminary research so that you are able to start building your study. You will also want to develop an outline for this paper to get your ideas organized. The outline will also allow you to work out a solid thesis statement to prove and guide your paper in the right direction. Make sure that you work to prove the thesis and keep all of the insignificant information out of your paper even if it is interesting.
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20 Management Thesis Topics in Business Studies
- The Relationship between Employee Commitment to Organizational Culture and National Culture
- Perceptions Held by Male Employees toward Female Employees: How the Workplace Adopts Stereotypical Male Leadership Roles
- Resource-Based Company Strategies: How Firms Leverage Themselves
- Holistic Management Approaches: How to Encourage Strategic Thinking
- Management Strategy and Social Networks
- Employee Performance: Impact of Company Goals Aligning with Personal Values
- How to Improve Personal Relationships with Better Goal Achievement in the Workplace
- The Most Effective Measures of Performance: How Managers Can Evaluate Employees
- The Factors Which Lead Employees to Knowingly Commit Unethical Actions
- The Advantages of Managing People with Similar Characteristics
- Relationships between Social Responsibility and Corporate Financial Performance
- How Consumer Expectations Drive Philanthropy of Corporations
- How Corporate Policies Can Improve Social Conditions and Enhance Competitiveness
- Most Effective Management Style for a Modern Workplace
- Why Some Management Practices Are More Appropriate than Others in Different Business Sectors
- Distinguishing Leadership from Management in Order to Encourage Better Business Strategies
- Charisma: How Leaders Use Organizational Leadership Effectively
- Reinvention: How Modern Organizations Can Improve with Organizational Culture
- Transitioning to Safer Workplaces: Replacing Zero-Injury Workplace Goals with Safe Workplace Reports for Near-Misses
- Courage and Humility: The Two Most Popular Words for Leadership and the Change that Created It
If this list is insufficient in creating a good business management thesis, you might consider reviewing your previous coursework, curriculum, or even syllabi. It is here that you can review the things you have previously learned and search for ideas upon which to expound for your thesis writing .
Start by brainstorming after you read the ideas listed above. Conduct some writing exercises to get your creative juices flowing and move your mind in the right direction. Take some time to talk to other people about the ideas you might want to research so that you can determine how much information is available. If you have multiple topics in your mind it is best to make an outline to group together your ideas for each of those topics and to locate the core problem or argument you want to focus on during this process. It might benefit you to create a short mock thesis proposal for your different topic ideas so that you can better define your problem, outline any possible solutions, and identify the evaluation criteria you would use.
Remember that with all ideas, you should talk to your advisor before you begin the research and write so that you can be sure the idea you have selected will add something to the field of management. Once you start research you have to invest yourself in the intensive reading and keep track of any findings you stumble upon along the way.
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Master thesis, proposals for spring semester 2024.
MASTER THESES TOPICS SPRING SEMESTER 2024
Spatial Development and Infrastructure Systems:
- System dynamics model to determine funding allocation
- Land-use transport interaction modelling for infrastructure planning
- Infrastructure planning under future uncertainty
- Health benefits in appraising cycling infrastructure
- Impact on transport development on cantonal development
- Stress tests for transport systesms
Civil Engineering Topics:
- Use of extended reality for bridge inspetions
- Connecting service and organisational performance indicators
- Mapping cost estimates
- Failure trees to estimate probability of road asset failure
- Connecting future predictions of asset condition and interventions to BIM
- Information requirements to trigger intervention
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Thesis Proposal for Masters in Management
by Ashaba Susan
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The paper looked at the major infrastructural factors that contribute and hinder effective Knowledge Management (KM) Practices in a development context. This paper is unique because it discusses KM from the development perspective which needs further research attention.
China-USA Business Review ISSN 1537-1514 Chinese Business Review ISSN 1537-1506
Knowledge Management (KM) is one of those academic scopes that appeared relatively recently as a reply on demands of quickly growing information society. It lays on the intersection of areas of business administration, communication technologies and information systems, and may be defined as a process of creating, saving and sharing of organizational knowledge. With the widest variety of modern organizations, its’ types, aims and cultures knowledge management becomes an extremely interdisciplinary area of operation which develops own professional identification. Proposed paper aims to uncover specifics of KM within Erasmus+ youth mobility projects which are widely run by European NGOs and supported by European Commission. The study was performed among 76 practitioners of Erasmus+ mobility projects from 35 countries. Applied methods included online-survey and semi-structured interview with representatives of both volunteer and professional sectors of Erasmus+ program. Studyresults showed the importance of direct interaction and use of rich communication media for successful KM within the project team. It was also revealed the need for a structured system that would consolidate and store all kinds of knowledge produced during such projects. As a practical implication we suggested a project of mobile application that would optimize the process of KM within leaders team. The application relies on Nonaka’s SECI model and offers a number of features for smooth tacit-explicit knowledge transition. Moreover, it is designed with consideration of project leader’s experience and meets main professional needs of people who lead Erasmus+ youth mobility projects. Key words: knowledge management, Erasmus+, teamwork
Edda T Lwoga
2011, Journal of Documentation
Edda T Lwoga , Christine Stilwell
2010, International Information & Library Review
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monica Garfield , Getahun Semeon
Agriculture is the dominant sector in the Ethiopian economy but it is characterized by low productivity. Ethiopia is interested in creating access to agricultural knowledge through an agricultural knowledge management system (AKMS). Such a system has been developed using a web-based portal named Ethiopian Agriculture Portal (EAP). It is facilitated through Woreda Knowledge Centers (WKCs) which are in 10 Pilot Learning Woredas (PLW). Providing knowledge in the appropriate format, identification of affordable technological infrastructure, and integrating indigenous agricultural knowledge into the knowledge system is vital to empowering development agents (extension workers) in Ethiopia. This study addresses two research questions: 1)To what extent does the centralized AKMS support WKCs access and utilization of agricultural knowledge? 2) How can the existing AKMS support capturing and sharing of indigenous agricultural knowledge and best practices?
2006, SCECSAL XVII
Dr Haradhan K U M A R Mohajan
Knowledge is the most important factor of production, next to labor, land and capital. It is about managing and sharing knowledge for the development of an organization. In the competitive business world, knowledge management (KM) has become more essential for the sustainable development of organizations. In the 21st century knowledge and KM become the most professional element in many fields of knowledge, such as, education, cognitive science, health, sociology, management science, information science, computer science, information and technology, economics, philosophy, psychology, knowledge engineering, artificial intelligence and all branches of business. Through the application of successful KM, organizations can improve their effectiveness and can gain competitive advantage. KM helps in the decision making process for the benefit of a company. It leads to higher efficiency in terms of less duplication of work, followed by notably better performance, enhancing new staffs' capabilities and better quality decisions. The paper discusses the fundamentals and the importance of KM for professionals, users and technology experts. This article also examines the concepts of knowledge and KM in organizations. The major challenges and barriers for implementation of KM in organizations are discussed in some details. Additionally, the paper discusses the proficiencies, responsibilities, profiles and the roles of a knowledge manager. An attempt has been taken here to enhance knowledge related efficiencies in any organization.
Nonaka's theory of organizational knowledge creation1 has achieved paradigmatic status since its publication in the mid-1990s, 2 and has recently been described as “highly respected”(Easterby-Smith & Lyles, 2003b, p. 11). The theory rests on the assumption that knowledge is created through social interaction between tacit and explicit knowledge. Nonaka and his colleagues postulated four modes of knowledge conversion corresponding to different forms of such interaction (see Figure 13.1).
Jacob L Cybulski
2010, Journal of Information & Knowledge Management
Jenny Mackness (Retired)
2013, Knowledge and Process Management
This paper reports on a case study of a collaborative research project, in which researchers worked with key individuals in a third sector organisation to identify how the organisation might move forward to accelerate its learning capability. The research used the value creation framework of Wenger, Trayner and de Laat as a diagnostic tool for assessing where change is needed in building and sustaining knowledge frameworks in the organisation; we used Nonaka and Takeuchi's socialisation, externalisation, combination and internalisation framework to capture the tacit and explicit knowledge sharing processes in the organisation, and we used Wenger's concepts of horizontal, vertical and transversal to examine levels of accountability. Findings highlighted that by combining a top-down strategy with harnessing the knowledge of practitioners, the ‘executive sponsorship’ of the Senior Management Team is in a position to move Scottish Autism forward as a learning organisation by nurturing further opportunities for sharing knowledge across the organisation in a way that harnesses the enthusiasm and initiative of staff. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Prof Khaled Shaalan
Knowledge Management (KM) and knowledge sharing (KS) have become crucial tasks for both Middle Managers and Top Managers of many organizations, especially those who highly rely on the type of knowledge which is difficult to transfer from one person to another, or what is called " Tacit Knowledge ". The objective of this case study is to review the practical knowledge transfer techniques, the main motivators and demotivators of a tacit knowledge transfer process, and the measures that can be taken to overcome the demotivation factors. Siemens is chosen for this case study because it has been recently rated as one of the top Knowledge-Management-driven companies. We present here our own observations on some of the KM practices that Siemens strives to implement in its branches in the Middle East countries and the barriers which are challenging such practices. CCS Concepts CCS → Human-centered computing → Collaborative and social computing → Collaborative and social computing theory, concepts and paradigms →
This paper proposes the integration of The Competing Values Framework (Quinn 1984:1988) with Nonaka and Takeuchi's (1995) knowledge creation and conversion model. Conceptual parallels between the two models are identified and the interaction effects among dimensions are analysed. The resulting Organizational Knowledge Management Model highlights further understanding of the social and organizational cultural processes that drive knowledge creation and underpin organizational effectiveness. Implications for theory and practice, as well as directions for future research are presented. INTRODUCTION Several models and frameworks abound to guide knowledge management (KM) implementation and strategy in organizations. These are mostly based on experiences and studies in Western industrialized countries that are already becoming knowledge economies. Application of these models and frameworks in developing countries might not yield expected results. For organizations in developing countries to participate in this new economy, there is need to understand the issues of KM in their local context.
Abstract Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a content analysis framework and from that derive a process model of knowledge construction in the context of virtual product user communities, organization sponsored online forums where product users collaboratively construct knowledge to solve their technical problems. Design/methodology/approach – The study is based on a deductive and qualitative content analysis of discussion threads about solving technical problems selected from a series of virtual product user communities. Data are complemented with thematic analysis of interviews with forum members. Findings – The research develops a content analysis framework for knowledge construction. It is based on a combination of existing codes derived from frameworks developed for computer-supported collaborative learning and new categories identified from the data. Analysis using this framework allows the authors to propose a knowledge construction process model showing how these elements are organized around a typical “trial and error” knowledge construction strategy. Practical implications – The research makes suggestions about organizations’ management of knowledge activities in virtual product user communities, including moderators’ roles in facilitation. Originality/value – The paper outlines a new framework for analysing knowledge activities where there is a low level of critical thinking and a model of knowledge construction by trial and error. The new framework and model can be applied in other similar contexts. Keywords Communities, Knowledge processes, Virtual communities, Problem solving, Knowledge construction, User knowledge construction
2011, SECOND SESSION OF THE COMMITTEE ON DEVELOPMENT INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (CODIST-II)
ABSTRACT Information and knowledge are keys to industrial development and economic growth. Libraries and information services can effectively acquire, process and disseminate information and knowledge to spur innovation and industrial development in Africa. Most African libraries however are in a weak position to successfully play their roles in economic and industrial development. This paper therefore seeks to assess the role of library and information services as facilitators of innovation and industrial development in Africa. This study draws from the extensive literature review and various case studies to discuss the following: economic value of information and knowledge; role of innovative library and information services for industrial development; Other initiatives that facilitate access to knowledge and information in Africa; and explores ways on how best libraries and information centers can be used to foster innovation for industrial development in Africa. The analysis raises the need for libraries to change their roles and become active and dynamic knowledge facilitators by adding value to their services required to manage and convert information into knowledge. Librarians need to engage with the communities, where the business and industrial communities are both contributors and equal partners in knowledge construction, in order to play a key role in innovation and industrial development in Africa. Recommendations are given on how best libraries can respond to the information and knowledge needs of the business and industrial community, and foster innovation and industrial development in Africa.
Anita Mirijamdotter , Lydia Collins
2006, System Sciences, 2006. …
Michelle Whitford , Giang Phi , Dianne Dredge
Tourism is often employed as a vehicle for facilitating social-economic development, however its usefulness has been somewhat limited in relation to addressing social issues, and in particular, those issues relating to poverty. This is partly due to the lack of cross-sectoral interactions and knowledge exchange between private, public and third sectors that are needed to create effective and appropriate initiatives to leverage tourism for social benefits. Such traditional sectoral boundaries can be broken down through social entrepreneurship approaches which concomitantly, facilitate the creation and synergizing of social innovation that addresses persistent social issues. Yet to date, the utility of cross-sectoral knowledge dynamics still remains largely under-researched in both the social entrepreneurship and tourism literature. This chapter introduces readers to the concept of knowledge dynamics and discusses knowledge dynamics in the tourism and social entrepreneurship nexus via a case study of community-based tourism in Mai Hich, Vietnam. We argue that by gaining an enhanced understanding of cross-sectoral knowledge dynamics, we can strengthen the overall praxis of tourism and social entrepreneurship, and in particular, assist policymakers in fostering conditions that generate increased innovation.
Abstract Service activities are important in most of today's businesses. For this reason, decision makers need to place emphasis on service-oriented development and service innovations, as well as knowledge transfer and the sharing of service business-related capabilities to increase their competitiveness. This study sheds light on the processes and dynamics of services business knowledge transfer by identifying and analysing different knowledge transfer mechanisms available for service businesses.
Dr. Jack A Onyisi
This study investigated the influence of Knowledge Management (KM) systems on Sustainable Competitive Advantage (SCA) amongst Humanitarian Agencies-HAs through the use of IT systems as an enabler of knowledge management. The objective of study was to examine how information technology systems affect sustainable competitive advantage in humanitarian agencies-HAs-in Kenya. The study population was 42 HAs with 10,487 employees in Kenya. Both the primary and secondary data were collected using questionnaires, interviews, and observation checklists. The questionnaires were administered by a drop and collect method to ensure high response rates. Employees were stratified into management and junior staff. Purposive sampling was then used to sample management staff in the agencies surveyed and simple random sampling techniques were used to sample employees at the junior level. Statistical tools such as cross-tabulation and frequency tables were used to analyze the data. This study adopted a descriptive research design. The study used resource-based theory of knowledge management for competitive advantage as its theoretical basis. The resource-based view and theory of the firm defines a strategic asset as one that is rare, valuable, imperfectly imitable and non-substitutable. Knowledge is seen as one such strategic asset with the potential to be a source of competitive advantage for an organization. By adopting a resource-based theory of the firm with an extension of a knowledge-based perspective, this study aimed at developing and validating a conceptual model of the relationships between knowledge management enabler-it Systems and their influence on competitive advantage amongst humanitarian agencies in Kenya. From the study, there is substantial evidence to show that knowledge management has a strong positive influence on sustainable competitive advantage. The results from the 42 agencies surveyed reconfirmed a general agreement found in the literature that technological systems are ideal to bring significant positive correlations in improving organizational competitive advantage. Finally, recommendations were offered from practical ideas, drawn from experience, and intended for practitioners working with HAs but are also based on the theory behind the knowledge management concept and are just as relevant for consideration by knowledge management and development theorists alike.
Knowledge management in organizations has acquired an increasingly important strategic role in their management. Based on the four-factor explanatory model of knowledge management – knowledge-centred culture, competitive orientation, formal knowledge management practices and informal knowledge management practices – (Pais, 2014), the aim of our study is to analyse how formal and informal knowledge management practices affect customer satisfaction. Two separate surveys were carried out: the KMQ – SF (Pais, 2014) was filled in by 1307 municipal employees and the MSQ– S (Brito, 2010) was answered by 2914 citizens (as users of these municipalities). In order to find out whether the reviews by employees were sufficiently consistent to be taken into account as an organizational indicator (Yammarino & Dansereau, 2011) the ADM index of agreement was applied. The results obtained indicated that knowledge management predicts little of the satisfaction felt by customers regarding both dimensio...
Abstract: The objective of this study is to investigate knowledge management (KM) practices within call centre teams using as the main tool the KM Team Questionnaire (KMTQ) (Cardoso and Peralta 2011), an inquiry that explores seven main processes through which people manage the knowledge they need to perform their daily tasks: Acquisition/Creation, Sense Making, Sharing/Dissemination, Team Memory, Use of Knowledge, Knowledge Retrieval, and Enablers of KM Processes. KMTQ had never been applied in this type of workplace before, and eighteen hundred employees in a call centre company in Portugal participated in the research. It was also an opportunity to verify the factorial validity of the tool for this population, and for this purpose confirmatory factor analysis was performed with AMOS (Arbucklhe 2008, 2009). Goodness of fit was achieved by the indexes , SRMR, CFI, NFI, TLI and RMSEA, according to the respective reference values (Bentler 1990; Schumacker and Lomax 1996; Brown 2006; ...
Abstract: The aim of this article is to present some results of our research focused on the study of organizational processes related to knowledge. It is centred on their limitations and on their conceptual and operational dependence on the nature of assumptions operating in processes of human resource management (HRM) in organizations. Here, it concentrates particularly on practices related to training and career development. It aims to access knowledge of the representativeness of application of the processes referred to (of people management and knowledge management) and understand their relational dynamics in Portuguese organizations in the banking sub-sector of the service sector. In this context, the specialized literature was reviewed, from which we inferred that HRM can be understood in two ways, setting an organic perspective based on assumptions of value and development against a mechanical perspective based on assumptions of a restricted and non-valued orientation. This g...
Knowledge is an essential resource for establishing competitive advantage, and therefore its management by the intermediaries should attempt to understand processes that lead to knowledge identification, generation, deployment, and efficient utilization (Dierkes et al, 2003). These processes together define the larger field of knowledge management (KM). KM is a complex process comprising people, strategies, methods, and technologies for leveraging human knowledge to achieve gains in human performance and competitiveness. The definition of 'knowledge' itself is an on-going process with different perspectives. The implications of the various conceptions are that each knowledge perspective suggests a different strategy for managing, and a different perspective of the role of systems in support of its management (Carlsson et al., 1996; Alavi and Leidner, 2001). Thus, KM within innovation systems where a number of diverse actors with different goals are expected to engage in these processes - identifying, creating, capturing, sharing, and using knowledge for a common good , becomes a huge challenge. This is the case in agricultural innovation systems. A critical look into most agricultural innovation systems reveals three key actors - the farmer, the agricultural researcher and the agricultural extension agent. By default, the researcher is responsible for developing new knowledge, technologies, and innovations (Agrawal, 1995; Andersen, 2007). This 'scientific' mode of generating agricultural knowledge and innovations has dominated the agricultural sector for decades. On the other hand, several other authors have pointed out the critical role that farmers' local knowledge and innovations could play in agricultural production (Sumberg and Okali, 1997; Bellon, 2001). While agricultural extension services have also been designed to facilitate exchange of resources between scientific research institutes and local farming communities, due to the challenges being faced by most national agricultural extension systems in the developing nations (Feder et al., 2001), wide knowledge barriers have arisen between knowledge production and use. The exchange of the two knowledge domains being generated has been impeded leading to knowledge deficits especially at the farmer's end. This knowledge gap has led to the emergence of new and multiple intermediaries within most national agricultural innovation systems with the aim of bridging the gap. These intermediaries may be community-based organizations (CBOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), international development organizations, private sector organizations, ICT-enabled institutions or donor agencies. With the development of the new digital networks, the intermediary role between farmers and other service providers within the agricultural sector is given high impetus. Gould and Gomez (2010) for example referred to community telecenter or cybercafe operators as 'formal' information intermediaries that could help in reducing information gaps in communities in which they are located. The main goal of the paper therefore is to show how an effective integration of ICTs into a well-coordinated system of intermediaries could result in an efficient knowledge management system leading to a reduction in knowledge divide between communities. Specific objectives include: To highlight the existing challenge of knowledge gap within agricultural innovation systems through a two-way knowledge exchange approach, To point out the inefficiencies within most agricultural innovation systems due to lack of coordination and collaboration among the intermediary organizations, To show how "knowledge brokering role" framework or construct could be used to narrow knowledge gaps through effective collaboration and coordination of roles, and To illustrate how an effective and strategic deployment of ICTs could help facilitate the functions of intermediaries within an innovation system. The paper draws upon two theoretical perspectives - the theory of absorptive capacity of organizations (Cohen and Levinthal, 1990), and the emergence of new institutions (Attewell, 1992) to highlight some of the challenges associated with inter-organizational partnerships without strong coordination.
kingo J mchombu
The goal was to understand, document and module how information is currently flown internally in the largest dairy organization in Finland. The organization has undergone radical changes in the past years due to economic sanctions between European Union and Russia. Therefore, organization’s ultimate goal would be to continue its growth through managing its sales process more efficiently. The thesis consists of a literature review and an empirical part. The literature review consists of knowledge management and process modeling theories. First, the knowledge management discusses how data, information and knowledge are exchanged in the process. Knowledge management models and processes are describing how knowledge is created, exchanged and can be managed in an organization. Secondly, the process modeling is responsible for visualizing information flow through discussion of modeling approaches and presenting different methods and techniques. Finally, process’ documentation procedure was presented. In the end, a constructive research approach was used in order to identify process’ related problems and bottlenecks. Therefore, possible solutions were presented based on this approach. The empirical part of the study is based on 37 interviews, organization’s internal data sources and theoretical framework. The acquired data and information were used to document and to module the sales process in question with a flowchart diagram. Results are conducted through construction of the flowchart diagram and analysis of the documentation. In fact, answers to research questions are derived from empirical and theoretical parts. In the end, 14 problems and two bottlenecks were identified in the process. The most important problems are related to approach and/or standardization for information sharing, insufficient information technology tool utilization and lack of systematization of documentation. The bottlenecks are caused by the alarming amount of changes to files after their deadlines.
Currently, collaborative networks are evolving fast, taking on completely new forms and dynamics. On the SOCOLNET website (an international technical and scientific association, that promotes and stimulates scientific research, education, technological development, scientific and technical interactions among researchers in the area of Collaborative Networks) it is explained that: “A growing number of collaborative network organization forms are emerging as a result of the advances in the information and communication technologies, the market and societal needs, and the progress achieved in a large number of international projects. In fact, a large variety of collaborative networks have emerged during the last years as a result of the challenges faced by both the business and scientific worlds.” (2017) This deeply influences the ways of knowledge creation, aggregation, and sharing. New organisations, characterized by decentralized and transdisciplinary networks, are more than ever based on knowledge exchange, data, and constant change. Business, educational institutions, freelance networks and design-oriented organisations focus much stronger than before on areas such as networking, exchanging opinions and instant feedback. Collaborative networks are in practice, a way of fostering a policy of innovation. The research was funded by the International Visegrad Fund
Previous research has thoroughly investigated knowledge creation from various perspectives and fields of expertise, although only a few studies have presented integrated discussions on the topic. This thesis situates knowledge creation at the intersection of two domains: organizational studies and craft and design research. While theories in organizational studies outline how tacit knowledge can be explicitly articulated through structured social practices, craft and design research inquires into knowledge creation through the process of materializing artifacts. In arguing for the integration of both perspectives, the present research examines collaborative craft as an organized activity and highlights the agency of objects in social practices where knowledge is articulated. Conceptually, this thesis draws on poststructuralist thinking and materialist approaches to organization in order to propose a material-discursive practice theory. Methodologically, it employs a multiple case study conducted in three distinct geographies and cultural contexts, which allowed the designer-researcher to collaborate with craftspeople, collect rich empirical data, and confirm that social practices can yield knowledge via the production of artifacts. The research findings reveal the type of knowledge that can be articulated when craftspeople and designers collaborate, drawing attention to the relationship between the knowledge created and the artifacts produced. The study also emphasizes the significance of materiality in generating meaning and enacting discourse, especially in work settings where communication is hindered by sociocultural phenomena.
Bhairav Mehta Mehta
E-business has changed the face of most business functions in competitive enterprises. E-business functions are enterprise resource planning (ERP) and related systems such as supply chain management (SCM) and customer relationship management (CRM), are incorporating decision support tools and technologies. Data mining has matured as a field of basic and applied research in e-business. Effective knowledge management (KM) enhances products, improves operational efficiency, speeds deployment, increases sales and profits, and creates customer satisfaction. The aim of this study is to make an association with e-business, KM and data mining. Therefore, firstly, it will brief review the existing on knowledge management, e-business, and data mining, decision support system. We then present on linkages or supplementary relationships between the knowledge management and e-business with data mining. Secondly, knowledge, knowledge management and knowledge process is defined, and point out the need for integration with e-business. Thirdly, it introduces data mining and examined data mining in data warehouse environment. Fourth, the e-business is defined. Using this definition, it can drive e-business application architecture and knowledge process frameworks with business process. Finally, Integrating Intelligent Decision Support System and knowledge management with data mining model is discussed. It presents the proposed KM architecture and discusses how decision support system and data mining can enhance KM. In this study some suggestions are made to get knowledge with data mining, which will help, for the improvement of e-business. Chinese Motor Corporation's knowledge and Sequent Computer's knowledge are discussed.
Ambjørn Naeve , Miloš Kravčík , Matthias Palmér
The end of labour-intensive manufacturing leaves us with organizations, which receive their added value from the knowledge and the creativity of their employees rather than from their muscle-power. Fewer people, thinking better, and supported by clever machines and computers add more value than gangs or lines of unthinking “human resources”. The result is not only a requirement for different people, but different organizations, organizations which recognize that they cannot do everything themselves. They are smaller and more ...
Dr Adnan Nadeem
2016, Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences
Knowledge management is gaining more and more attention from business management with a consideration of knowledge as a critical intellectual resource for organization in getting successful competitive advantage. The aim of integrating of KM processes with business processes is to add value, provide supports and increase productivity. The role of technology for knowledge management processes, i.e., capture, codification, dissemination, is very important. Organization are readily adapting e-commerce and shifting business activities over web to maintain competitive advantage and building strong relationship with suppliers, employees, and customers. E-retailing emerged as a new way of shopping; people search/browse products online, compare and purchase with great convenience. It also eliminates barriers that disabled persons encounter when they visit shopping stores such as inaccessible entrance for wheelchair shoppers. However, still there is a significant part of disabled population is neglected from getting benefits of online shopping because of lack of accessibility features in websites. Understanding the knowledge about them can lead business managers to better facilitate in online shopping. This paper proposed a model based on the Nonaka Knowledge Spiral model to support business managers to capture knowledge about disabled person's online shopping behaviors; supplement this knowledge into their website to support disabled persons. This also helps business managers to capture the unattended population in their business net.
Dr Mostafa Jafari
Any organization that wishes to excel at KM needs to improve its knowledge creation processes, both at the individual and at the group level. In this way, the theory of organizational knowledge creation has developed rapidly in academic world and been broadly scattered in management science over the last 19 years. This paper conducts a general study about the theory's
2010, International Journal of Education and Development …
the paper examined relevance and strategic planing in knowledge management and knowledge sharing in primary healthcare services, it also explained the process of implementing the KM for effective service delivery.
2007, Information Development
IJCAMS Publication , Dr. Mukul Burghate
The abstract should cover the content of the paper. Try to write the abstract in between 150 words. Do not keep references or In this twenty-first century, every organization is striving in a highly dynamic and competitive market. Entrepreneurs are continuously trying to use various maneuvers with a blend of technology to gain competitive advantage. However, only using technology may not help them to a large extent. So they need to discover some innovative way to survive, using the existing resources to gain maximum benefit. Knowledge management has been found to be a better option to achieve competitive advantage. It helps in improve competencies and taking right decision to reduce or minimize the errors. The primary objective of this study is to understand the concept of Knowledge Management and its practices being adopted in Indian IT Industry. The study focuses on exploring the factors influencing the implementation of Knowledge Management and the factors affecting the satisfaction level of employees of IT industry by evaluating various models of Knowledge Management. This study will offer a comprehensive platform for future Knowledge Management research and provides managerial implications for IT companies, to better realize its worth and the possible impediments involved in the processes of adopting, implementing and innovation in Knowledge Management. The findings of the study will be useful to understand and analyze various facets of Knowledge Management as well as to highlight the importance for the continuous growth of businesses in India with the help of exemplifying knowledge management practices conducted in IT industry of India.
Luke A Amadi
There are raging debates that corporate practices of large corporate organizations such as multinational oil companies (MNOCs) are at variance with sustainable environmental development proclivity. Knowledge Management (KM) could assume new roles for institutional overhaul of corporate organizations such as MNOCs where Green Corporate Social Responsibility (GCSR) could be prioritized in crude oil resource exploitation to alleviate deleterious environmental effects. A four decade scenario of oil spill (1976 to 2011) and case analysis between Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) a major MNOC in the Niger Delta South -South Nigeria and Ogoni an oil bearing community in the Niger Delta was examined to demonstrate how Ogoni sealed SPDCs’ operations since 1993. The study deployed sets of primary and secondary data sources as well as seminal theoretical issues raised on environmental sustainability. Findings suggest that green KM initiatives have had minimal impacts on multinational oil companies (MNOCs) and their business transactions as MNOCs protect their historical corporate interests against KM scrutiny. The paper proposes a green corporate social responsibility (GCSR) as a model for corporate resource sustainability.
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Topics for master theses
The Department of Business and Management Science can offer the following Master Theses topics:
- Department of Business and Management Science
- Master's thesis
Investments, Insurance and Household Finance
Insurance (life insurance or non-life insurance).
Insurance topics can be divided into life insurance and non-life insurance. They address different kinds of risks. There are several types of products considered as life insurance: payments to the policyholder's beneficiaries in the event of death, income to individuals unable to work due to a disability, pensions, etc. Non-life insurance is designed to protect against other types of risks, such as property damage or liability.
We can discuss your specific interests concerning insurance. For example, a possible thesis topic can be an analysis of a particular insurance product or methodology of insurance premium computation.
Supervisor: Roman Kozlov .
What determines donations to charitable causes in Norway?
Charitable donations by individuals are an important source of funding for social services and public goods. This study aims at identifying important factors that determine when and how people donate using detailed information on the Norwegian deposit lottery (pantelotteri) in which people are able to donate deposits they would receive for recycling bottles and cans. For example, how did individuals respond to insecurity during Covid-19? Do news of natural disasters affect donations? How long-lasting are these effects?
Supervisor: Maximilian Todtenhaupt .
Data på individnivå fra Statistisk sentralbyrå
Tjenesten microdata.no gir tilgang til variabler på individnivå om befolkning, utdanning, sysselsetting, inntekt, formue, gjeld, skatt, trygd, barnevern, valg og boforhold. Jeg har ikke et bestemt spørsmål i tankene, men veileder gjerne oppgaver som bruker disse dataene. Studenter som ønsker å gjøre dette kan få tilgang til microdata.no gjennom NHH. Bakgrunn fra et kurs i økonometri er sterkt å anbefale.
Supervisor: Øyvind Thomassen .
The black swans of climate risk: Compound events
Extreme weather events such as floods, heatwaves, droughts, and storms cause major economic losses to private and public sector alike. The latest IPCC report shows that the frequency, and to some extent the magnitude, of such events will continue to increase although there are exceptions. The probability of so-called ‘compound events’ – that two or more extreme events happen simultaneously or successively – will increase due to this ongoing trend.
Such events carry even more extreme economic losses and play a crucial role in evaluating climate risk, but they are not well constrained nor understood. In 2018, there was elevated risk for snow-driven flooding in central Norway, which was followed by one of the warmest and driest summers on record, which coincided with several climatically induced forest fires. Based on both historical data and climate predictions, the students will evaluate the probability and potential economic consequences of compound events today and in the future and provide insights and advice for the insurance industry. The industry partner for this thesis is Tryg.
Supervisor: Geir Drage Berentsen .
Inequality and the inheritance tax in Norway
Prior research argues that the inheritance tax is an important instrument to reduce inequality. In Norway, the inheritance tax was abolished in 2014. How did this effect income and wealth inequality in various parts of Norway? The aim of this thesis is to investigate these questions using micro-level data from Statistics Norway (SSB).
Did companies misuse government support during Covid-19?
Government support to firms during the Covid-19 pandemic was comprehensive and supposed to quickly reach businesses. This may have lead to some firms exploiting government funds that were not eligible. For example, some companies may have been reconstructed to utilize the support schemes and then initiate bankruptcies in parts of companies. It may also be of interest to look at risk factors that arise in companies that receive payments from several support schemes. This study will contribute to an evaluation of how well the grant schemes have worked.
Corporate solvency and government support during Covid-19
The lock-down of Norway on March 12, 2020 meant that many businesses had problems paying taxes and fees. In order to alleviate the burdens and avoid bankruptcies, the government, with effect from 12 June 2020, issued a regulatory provision that allows for deferral of payment for most tax and duty claims. This has led to a halving of bankruptcies compared with 2019 and raises several interesting, empirical questions: Have schemes led to companies being kept alive that would normally have gone bankrupt? How can the tax administration predict bankruptcy among firms?
Topics on mutual funds
I can provide data on equity mutual funds that can be used and extended with additional data to examine different research questions. Experience with programming in R/Stata/Python or similar is useful.
Supervisor: Andreas Ørpetveit .
Analyze a given investment project, either accepted or planned, in order to show its value creation by calculating the related net present value (or using a different profitability measure). This problem is thus a parallel to company valuation, however, the time horizon will typically be shorter and including option characteristics may be more relevant. Besides, strategic and financial issues will be more prominent than accounting issues in this thesis.
Supervisor: Øystein Gjerde .
The Dynamics of Conflict through the Lens of Financial Markets
In a series of influential studies, scholars have identified that companies benefit from conflict. Arms companies are involved in smuggling, diamond mining companies exploit the chaos to secure extraction rights and corrupt officials disclose top secret information. Every conflict is different and firms will find a way to profit from the chaos.
Possible questions are: do these findings still hold in recent times, from for e.g. 2005 to 2020? Are the perpetrators different? Can we link perpetrators through their board composition? How connected are the boards of companies that violate embargoes? How does corporate governance influence illegal activities?
Starting point: DellaVigna, S. and La Ferrara, E., 2010. Detecting illegal arms trade. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy , 2(4), pp. 26-57.
Supervisor: Evelina Gavrilova-Zoutman .
Consumer behavior and insurance
Supervisor: Aysil Emirmahmutoglu .
Performance evaluation for mutual funds
Supervisor: Trond M. Døskeland .
Identifying financial behavioral biases for households
Analyze a given company or a given line of business exposed to price risk from commodities/services sold or bought. May also be combined with currency risk. What is the level of risk, how do we measure it, which instruments are available to deal with this risk and how successful is the risk-reducing strategy, using these instruments. Hedging strategies are based on a combination of risk-reduction and expected values, so both components may be included in the analyses.
Supervisor: Øystein Gjerde .
Topics on Shipping economics and finance
We have comprehensive data on micro-level commodity trades, vessel behaviors, satellite-based information, in addition to the commodity and freight market data. By addressing practical challenges faced by shipping companies, theses can be developed based on hands-on projects in collabration with shipping companies, banks or insurance companies. The following aspects serve as broad examples:
Topic 1: Trade flow and freight rate forecasting
Topic 2: Investment horizon. How to balance asset lifespan, carbon neutral regulation and investment costs.
Topic 3: Carbon costs in transportation
Topic 4: ESG disclosure in shipping & offshore industry
Topic 5: Climate change and credit risk in shipping & offshore
Supervisor: Haiying Jia
Topics on Marine Insurance
Topic 1: Marine accident analysis w.r.t. attributes such as trade, location, or crew
Topic 2: Automated underwriting in marine insurance
Topic 3: Risk exposure vs. financial return
Analysis of high-frequency supply data for oil tankers
Using unique daily spatial data for vessel employment, analyze how regional freight rate changes are driven by supply and demand, and whether the specifications and operator of a ship matters for its attractiveness in the market.
Supervisor: Haiying Jia .
Dividend taxation, abusive stock swap and loan transactions
A tax strategy among investors is to recast a dividend payment as a swap payment in order to take advantage of favoured tax treatment given to swap agreements involving non-US persons in the US. US stock dividents paid to non-US persons are subject to the dividend tax, whereas “dividend equivalents” paid to non-US persons as part of a swap agreement are not subject to any US tax.
Since a 2009 Senate hearing identified the tax evasion nature of these transactions, there has been little research on the topic. These transactions are likely the origin from which cum fraud schemes have arisen. Since 2009 the US has had reforms in their dividend tax and in the legislation surrounding the claiming of these dividend equivalents. What is the impact of these reforms on stock lending of US stocks?
Supervisor: Floris Zoutman and Evelina Gavrilova-Zoutman
Dividend taxation, Cum-Cum Trading and Ex-Dividend Pricing
A common tax planning strategy among investors is to sell their stocks the day before dividends are due, and buy them back on the ex-dividend day. This strategy, known as cum-cum trading, allows investors to avoid paying dividend taxes. The Norwegian tax authorities are considering to implement policies that make cum-cum trading less attractive in order to generate more dividend tax revenue.
Your task will be to see how cum-cum trading relates to taxation and other policy variables, using international stock market data. Questions that you could answer in this topic are: Do stock market experience excess trade around the dividend day? Does excess trade relate to the dividend tax rate? Do stock prices reflect the level of the dividend tax? Are policies aimed at combating cum-cum trading effective in other countries?
Cum-cum trading strategies have been detected in Europe. Are they present in the Asian and South-American market? Are these trades a global problem that contributes to rising inequality?
Agricultural policy, the environment and the price of necessities in norway.
It is well known that the price of necessities, especially food products in Norway is higher than in neighboring countries. An important determinant of the price of necessities consists in tariff barriers. Tariffs in Norway are among the highest in the developed world. Norway charges particularly high tariffs on meat and dairy products, but also substantial tariffs on fruit and vegetables. In neo-classical models of trade such tariffs generate a negative shock to consumer surplus that exceeds the gain in producer surplus. Moreover, in the recent context tariffs have become increasingly controversial because they contribute to already rising prices in supermarkets.
A recent paper by Shapiro (2021) also highlights the environmental impact of tariffs. On the one hand, Norwegian tariffs displace agricultural production from abroad to Norway. This is good for the environment if production in Norway is cleaner than abroad and vice versa. On the other hand, tariffs affect the relative price of clean (low emissions per unit of produced good) to dirty (high emissions) goods. Shapiro (2021) finds that tariffs, on average, increase the price of clean goods more than the price of dirty goods. That is, tariffs act as an implicit subsidy on pollution.
In this topic you can think of the following research questions:
- What is the benefit of the current tariffs to the Norwegian agricultural sector and how do they compare to the cost incurred by consumers?
- What is the environmental impact of Norwegian tariffs? Is Shapiro’s conclusion that tariffs, worldwide, harm the environment also valid for Norway’s tariffs? If so, how can Norway introduce greener tariffs?
- Anything else relating to tariffs that comes to mind.
Joseph S Shapiro, The Environmental Bias of Trade Policy, The Quarterly Journal of Economics , Volume 136, Issue 2, May 2021, Pages 831–886, https://doi.org/10.1093/qje/qjaa042
Energy Subsidies in Europe: a cross-country analysis
Mainly, as a result of the Russian invasion of Ukraine energy prices across Europe have increased tremendously. The price of natural gas, which prior to the invasion ranged between 50-100 euro per MWh peaked to more than 300 euro per MWh in September of 2022. Prices of other forms of energy, particularly electricity, have seen a corresponding incline. At the same time the consumption of electricity has dropped significantly. Between August 2022 and January 2023 European demand for natural gas dropped by 19.3 percent. This decline challenges the traditional view that the demand for energy is inelastic. At the same time, there is confounding variation in the form of changes in weather which hinder the possibility to estimate the causal relationship between the price of energy and the demand of energy.
In this thesis you will aim to estimate the price elasticity of energy using variation in energy policy. While all European countries faced similar increases in the price of energy, the policy response between countries differed substantially. In some countries, government offered little in the form of direct subsidies on energy. Other countries, like Norway, offered generous subsidies effectively shielding consumers from most of the price increase. If the demand for energy is elastic, we should see that higher subsidies result in more energy consumption. On the other hand, of the demand for energy is inelastic there will be no relation between the two variables.
Data on energy policies and energy/electricity consumption for several European countries.
Solving the Replication Crisis
Recently there are many calls to create a practice of replicating empirical research. In this topic students can choose one of more than 4000 published papers with data packages and attempt to replicate the tables and figures in the paper. While replicating a paper, the students would learn a given method of analysis. The individual contribution of students would be to implement an additional analysis such as machine learning with the purpose of corroborating the results or answering an additional question on the base of the data.
Airbnb in Norway & electricity prices
The risk of accepting Airbnb guests is that they might run up all of your utilities. Are renters sensitive to this concern? Estimate the relationship between listings and electricity prices.
Scrape the Data from http://insideairbnb.com/get-the-data/ and determine whether Airbnb listings in the last 2 years respond to electricity prices.
Bank disclosures and corporate governance
Since 2015 European banks must disclose their operations in tax havens. These operations involve activities like complicated tax arbitrage strategies. While technically legal, tax arbitrage may be morally questionable and sometimes courts make rulings turning some tax arbitrage strategies illegal. How does the involvement of banks in tax havens correlate to their corporate governance? What is the relationship between a bank’s ethical credo and the ethicality of the bank’s behavior?
Starting point: https://policy-practice.oxfam.org/resources/opening-the-vaults-the-use-of-tax-havens-by-europes-biggest-banks-620234/ .
Leak data and nationality
A recent article identified a set of 30 last names of individuals involved in mafia activities in Italy. Are these names mentioned in the Panama papers, Pandora papers or other leaks? What are the activities of the involved firms? Are these mentions consistent with money laundering.
Taxing foreign investors: an empirical analysis of recent reforms of the dividend withholding tax system
Foreign individual and institutional investors are a fundamental component of global capital markets. On the one side, attracting foreign portfolio equity investments is a key policy objective for many countries around the world given the related benefits. On the other side, they pose serious challenges from a tax collection perspective. Traditionally, countries around the world rely on withholding tax to ensure the proper collection of taxes on foreign investors. Yet, existing withholding tax systems are far from being ideal and reforming them is high on the political agenda in Norway and within the European Union. Recently Finland launched a new innovative system called TRACE to make the collection of such taxes easier. Norway has also a similar system since few years now.
The master thesis should provide an overview of the two systems, compare them and analyses whether the introduction of such systems increased investment in those countries and/or affected dividend payment policy of domestic companies.
Supervisor: Elisa Casi-Eberhard .
Digital residency program: a policy to boost the economy or a high-tech route for suspect funds?
In 2021, Palau launched its digital residency program, which offers foreigners a digital identity to access to all services within Palau’s emerging digital economy. However, Palau is not the first country to offer such a program. In 2014, Estonia was the first country to establish a digital residency program. It primarily targeted businesses that could start a EU based company and run it from anywhere, fully online.
For example, a foreign entrepreneur would be able to use his/her digital signature to conclude contracts throughout the European Union entirely remotely. So far, it has been a success with more than 50,000 applications as of 2019. Yet, anecdotal evidence suggests that the Estonian digital residency program has also been vulnerable to money laundering risks. What is the economic effect of such programs? Do they improve the business environment of a country or do they offer a high-tech route for suspect funds?
Supervisor: Elisa Casi and Mohammed Mardan .
Inventors and tax havens
Inventors are an important source of innovation for any country. At the same time they are highly mobile and respond to tax incentives. Furthermore, the intellectual property they create (e.g. patents) can be used shift income to tax havens. How many inventors are involved in such tax avoidance behavior? This project will assess the importance of inventors in tax havens by combining data on international inventors with the Panama papers which have recently become available.
The Tax Haven Call
In political and institutional economy we think of countries as having extractive and inclusive institutions. Institutions are loosely defined as informal norms of behaviour. In an influential (but controversial) paper by Acemoglu et al. (2001) the type of institutions are shown to impact economic development. However, it is unclear whether what aspect of these informal norms have influenced countries like the Netherlands, Ireland and Bermuda to become tax havens?
Dharmapala and Hines (2009) have found that governance is an important factor that separates tax havens from non-tax havens. Better-governed small countries are more likely to be successful tax havens than badly governed small countries. Governance and institutions are closely related, but the link is not explored in this article.
In addition, the list of tax havens has expanded since 2009 and now we have continuous measures of secrecy and tax haven status, which can give better identification in re-examining the question: What makes a tax haven?
Starting point: Dharmapala, D. and Hines Jr, J.R., 2009. Which countries become tax havens?. Journal of Public Economics, 93(9-10), pp.1058-1068.
Wealth Taxation in Norway
The wealth tax is one of the most controversial aspects of the Norwegian tax system. Detractors believe that the wealth tax hurts economic growth by disincentivizing entrepreneurial activity and risk taking, and taking away a source of liquidity for business owners. Proponents argue that the wealth tax is a great instrument to reduce inequality.
In this project you will use data on Norwegian tax payers to evaluate the arguments of the detractors. Specifically, the goal is to understand i.) whether the arguments are valid empirically, ii.) how large the concerns are quantitatively. Specific research questions could be i.) does the wealth tax discourage individuals/business owners from taking risk, ii.) does the wealth tax reduce liquidity for small businesses, iii.) does the wealth tax reduce innovation or iv). does the wealth tax discourage savings. The answer of each of these four questions is of great practical relevance to policy makers that have to make a trade-off between the efficiency cost and the equity gain associated with the wealth tax.
Data: Individual tax return data
- Berzins, Janis, Øyvind Bøhren and Bodan Stacesu (2019). Illiquid Shareholders and real firm effects: the personal wealth tax and financial constraints. Working Paper BI.
- Akcigit, U., Grigsby, J., Nicholas, T., & Stantcheva, S. (2018). Taxation and Innovation in the 20th Century. NBER Working Paper.
Supervisor: Floris Zoutman
Using Textual Analysis to identify whether there is a gender gap in financial white collar crime
There is very little systematic evidence on the gender gap in crime. In particular, it is difficult to quantify it for financial white collar crime, as they do not find their way into police statistics and as there is little female presence on the top levels of companies.
In this project, we can use textual analysis tools to collect data from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on insider trading and other frauds. We can match the name of the defendant to a gender, and quantify what is the difference between males and females.
Then, we can correlate the gap, as well as the fraud itself, to past financial statements of involved companies in terms of gender representation in the board of the company and other indicators of company culture. Finally, we can compare the gap to other measures of female participation in the boardroom and determine whether white collar females seem more or less likely to commit crimes than white collar males. We can provide a partial answer to the question: Are companies going to become more responsible (do less criminal rule-breaking) if there are more females on the board?
Methods: Textual analysis, web crawling, R
Detecting Corruption in the Oil-For-Food Program
The Oil for Food Program (OFFP) was a relief effort orchestrated by the United Nations to help the people of Iraq after the Gulf War. It lasted from 1995 to 2003. Leaks from classified reports reveal that there has been rampant corruption, from the bank that handled the Iraq escrow account, to the trucking company that was supposed to handle the logistics of food transport. Even the then UN General Secretary Kofi Annan has been implicated in this corruption scandal. By looking at important events that influence the survival of the OFFP and stock prices of companies bidding for contracts, by virtue of insider trading, we can find an indirect proof for corruption.
The methodology for this thesis is the same as in DellaVigna, S. and La Ferrara, E., 2010. Detecting illegal arms trade. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2(4), pp.26-57.
COVID-19 and lockdown measures: understanding the mechanisms
During the COVID-19 pandemic most countries imposed Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs) or lockdown measures in an effort to halt the spread of the disease. In a case study focusing on the Scandinavian countries we show that in Scandinavia the NPIs introduced by Norway and Denmark were extraordinarily effective in reducing the pressure on the health care system and mortality (Juranek and Zoutman 2020). In this thesis we want you to pick apart the mechanisms. Which NPIs are most effective in reducing the spread of the disease? When should countries introduce NPIs (traditional epidemiology suggests that early NPIs will be much more effective than the same NPIs introduced at later stages)? What is the relationship between mobility on the one hand, and the spread of COVID-19 on the other hand? All of these questions remain mostly unanswered and are of extreme importance to policy makers trying to stop a second (or third) COVID-19 wave, or trying to fight a new infectious disease in the future.
Data: the EU has created a database which contains an overview of all NPIs passed in EEA countries. The database also contains records on hospitalizations, which for many reasons is the most valuable measure in tracking the spread of the disease. Google has publicly available data on mobility. For Scandinavian countries we can also track data at the regional level.
Methods: the methods depend on the background and training of the student undertaking the thesis. Many meaningful relationship can be estimated through linear regression. However, it is also possible to use more advanced methods such as machine learning or epidemiological models.
Reference: Juranek, Steffen and Floris Zoutman (2020). “The Effect of Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions on the Demand for Health Care and Mortality: Evidence on COVID-19 in Scandinavia” SSRN Working Paper.
COVID-19 and Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions: A cost-benefit analysis
All countries in developed countries have introduced Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs) such as social distancing, handwashing, mask wearing and school closures, in an effort to stop the spread of COVID-19. The charge has up to now been lead almost exclusively by epidemiologists. In most countries economists are not included in the team of experts that advice the government on these decisions. That’s a pity, because economics, and especially, old-fashioned cost-benefit analysis has a lot to offer under these conditions. Roughly speaking NPIs all have their economic costs and benefits (i.e. their ability to halt the spread of COVID-19). From a cost-benefit standpoint it is possible to sort NPIs from “cheap” (high benefits, low costs) to “expensive” (low costs, high benefits). In case of a pandemic the objective of the government should be to keep the pandemic suppressed at the lowest possible cost. This means that we should pass NPIs in order from cheap to expensive. In particular, the most expensive measures should only be introduced in case cheaper methods do not suffice.
To give a practical example, handwashing is cheap in the sense that it has very little economic costs and is most likely quite effective at stopping the spread of COVID-19. Social distancing is relatively more costly as it comes with high economic costs (think for instance about spacing people out in classrooms, public transport etc.), and is probably not much more effective than handwashing. This does not imply that we should not practice social distancing, but it does imply that handwashing comes “first”.
In this thesis, you will do two things. First, you explain in more detail the principles of cost-benefit analysis applied to the COVID-19 pandemic. Second, you provide your best guestimates of the costs and benefits of NPIs passed in Norway using, for instance, academic literature, media sources and interviews with experts. Third, you apply your cost-benefit analysis with the guestimates to provide clear policy advice to Norwegian policy makers on which measures should come first.
Methods: cost-benefit analysis, literature review, interviews with experts
COVID-19 and the Labor Market: Understanding the Mechanisms
Juranek et al (2020) study the labor market in the Nordic countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. We find that the pandemic has had disastrous consequences in terms of both unemployed and furloughed workers in all four countries. Sweden, comparatively does the best, and Norway is at the bottom (at least in the short run). Part of the difference in labor market outcomes is driven by differences in lockdown measures, which Sweden (in)famously abstained from, but there are also differences in labor market policies. Moreover, the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic itself may have a direct effect on labor markets. In this project, you will try to unpack the mechanisms focusing on data from the Nordic countries. As a first pass, you will extend the data of Juranek et al (2020) and replicate their analysis over a longer time frame. Afterwards, you will build a statistical model that disentangles the mechanisms between COVID-19 and the labor market using causal diagrams, regression analysis and/or machine learning tools. The results will be helpful in understanding how the pandemic affected labor markets, and guide policy makers in passing measures that fight the pandemic but minimize the damage to the labor market. Data: Labor market data from the Nordic countries available from the various statistical agencies, data on mobility available from Google and data on the spread of the pandemic, available from health institutes. Methods: Linear Regression, causal diagrams, machine learnings (the choice of methods can be adjusted based on the student’s background).
References: Juranek, Steffen, Jörg Paetzold, Hannes Winner and Floris Zoutman (2020) “Labor Market Effects of COVID-19 in Sweden and its Neighbors: Evidence from Novel Administrative Data” SSRN Working Paper
How do schools adapt to their physical infrastructure?
Does it matter for teaching practice whether the school is new, old, well maintained, run down, a permanent building or temporary modules ("barracks")?
Supervisor: Arnt-Ove Hopland
Data Science and Analytics
Use high frequency satellite data to estimate economic and environmental outcomes of energy production processes.
ESA’s Earth Online portal offers European research institutes direct and simple access to Earth Observation data coming from satellite missions operated directly by the European Space Agency and Third Party Missions. These data can be combined with ghgsat estimates to answer the following question: "How much carbon dioxide equivalent was released during the mining/extraction of a particular mine/oil & gas field?"
Supervisor: Giacomo Benini .
Gender gap in acting and sensitivity to sudden reputation changes
The value of a good reputation has changed in recent years. A simple internet search can show that no one can maintain a good reputation. This is especially relevant in jobs that are close to the public eye. Consider Johnny Depp who lost on a considerable income after he was dropped by movie studios during his divorce proceedings. The research question is: How much of the gender pay gap of film stars is due to reputation?
Scrape data from https://www.qscores.com/performer , and determine what is the price of a good reputation.
Social and economic networks
Networks are important in shaping behavior in many environments. For example, economic production and supply chains are organized as networks, new technologies diffuse in the economy through research and development collaboration networks. Social networks pervade our social and economic lives. They play a central role in the transmission of information about job opportunities and are critical to the trade of many goods and services. The presence of networks makes it important to understand which network structures can emerge and how networks impact behavior.
We can discuss your specific interests concerning with analysis of network models or/and analysis of real life networks. For example, a possible thesis topic can be online networks, networks in science and education (e.g. collaboration, co-authorship networks, citation networks), financial networks (e.g. influence of networks on financial decisions), trade networks, networks in labor markets.
Detailing the Value of Climate- and Environmental Surveillance on Sea food production
What’s the cost-benefit for using an integrated climate and environment surveillance on seafood production? The student will assess the impact and values associated with using a detailed monitoring tool called Clarify, which currently is employed by many seafood producers. The student will be given access to unpublished data afforded by Clarify that can be directly compared to other chains of the seafood production, including feeding, fish welfare, loss to sickness and slaughter. Additional climate data can also be made available to the student depending on emerging needs. This Master opens for a relevant exploration of how monitoring can strengthen seafood sustainability and resilience to the changing climate conditions that remain the key premise for seafood production. The industry partner for this thesis is Clarify.
Optimal placement and impact of offshore wind parks
In this thesis, the students will use historical weather data to investigate the potential of Norwegian wind power in a scenario where all the current offshore locations suggested by the NVE are in full production. Alternative locations derived from optimizing production output are available and can be compared to the sites suggested by NVE. A secondary goal is to use the results to investigate the impact on the European energy market. The industry partner for this thesis is Statkraft.
What are the optimal sites for future seafood production?
Wind conditions, sea currents, -temperature and -salinity are all important factors when considering new locations for ocean-based aquaculture facilities. Moreover, locations that are considered optimal today may not be suitable locations in the future due to climate change. In this thesis, the students will investigate the current optimal placements of aquaculture based on detailed historical data. By considering state of the art climate predictions, it can be investigated how these placements will change on different time horizons. The students should also discuss placement conflicts with fisheries and coastal shipping routes. The industry partner for this thesis is Clarify.
Economic impacts of climate change
Many social and economic activities are heavily affected by weather variables such as temperatures and precipitation. In this master thesis, the students will explore the relationship between weather variables and economic decisions made by Norwegian households and/or businesses. In addition, the students will explore how climate change, through its effect on temperatures and precipitation, will affect these economic decisions into the future.
Examples of relationships to explore are the effects of heatwaves on human mortality rates, extreme precipitation on agricultural production, or drought on hydropower production. The exploration can be either on the macro or micro level and can be in the form of either a statistical analysis or modelling exercise. For the prediction exercise, the students will have access to novel climate forecasts from the Climate Futures project. An interesting question to explore is how access to improved seasonal weather forecasts can mitigate the harmful economic impacts of climate change.
Investigating patterns in procurement data
Public procurement involves a large amount of money and involves a wide range of sectors. In Norway public procurement was almost 600 million NOK in the 2019 statistics and the public bought everything: from toilet paper and office supplies to new roads, high-tech hospital supplies and defense material. Data on official tenders (possibilities for contracting with the public sector) are announced on doffin.no and there is a special complaint committee dealing with disputes related to public contracts. This offers a rich amount of data to explore topics within public procurement.
For instance, sometimes a public entity can pretend to be looking for a contractor in a competitive manner, however the phrasing of the contract allows the entity to choose preferentially a predetermined contractor. This step can be part of a larger corruption kick-back scheme that is well-hidden beneath a veil of legality. There could also be differences in how public procurement in various dimensions (geographical, type of public entity, etc.). This topic allows students to investigate procurement tenders and complaints on decisions made to determine whether there is evidence of specific patterns or preferential treatment.
Necessary skills: web scraping, textual analysis, statistical/econometric analysis
Supervisors: Evelina Gavrilova-Zoutman and Malin Arve .
Textual analysis of topics in the facilities management literature
Using machine learning techniques to study the evolvement of the facilities management literature.
Supervisor: Arnt Ove Hopland .
Textual analysis of topics in the public choice literature
Using machine learning techniques to study the evolvement of the public choice literature.
Textual analysis of topics in the operations research literature
Using machine learning techniques to study the evolvement of the operations research literature.
Does climate change affect the probability distributions of weather at sea?
Using large amounts of global hindcasting data for weather variables, to investigate the spatial and temporal changes in the probability distributions for certain key drivers (e.g. wave height, wind speed) for chosen main trade routes in ocean transportation. The objective is to provide further insight in, for instance, seasonal and spatial patterns. Also to develop an algorithm that can match a vessel track in space and time with interpolated weather variables observable only at certain spatial nodes.
Supervisor: Professor Roar Ådland
Port operations and weather impact
Using empirical hindcast and forecast data for precipitation in selected South American ports, to assess and predict the impact of rain events and intensity on the loading of weather sensitive cargoes such as paper, grain etc.
Work in co-operation with shipping companies Western Bulk and/or G2Ocean.
Correcting witness reports through Machine Learning
It is well known that witness accounts on crime are often unreliable. The effects of stress or poor light on the victim can create a skewed perception of how the perpetrator looked. This, coupled with an unconscious discriminatory bias, leads to the victim reporting that the perpetrator was unknown or from the black racial minority. Often the witness report is based on an estimate – e.g. “ the perpetrator looked black, around 25 years”.
Comparing actual arrests to reports, we can try to put a number on the amount of witness error. By training a machine learning model on a subsample, we can try to predict the gender, race and age of unobserved criminals. This can impact the computation of statistics on black/white, male/female and young/old crime gaps. What if blacks are actually responsible for a very small fraction of crimes? What if females are responsible for more crimes? This could lead us to rethink current racial profiling strategies in crime detection.
Data: National Incident Based Reporting System, US
Starting point: Imbens, G.W. and Lemieux, T., 2008. Regression discontinuity designs: A guide to practice. Journal of econometrics, 142(2), pp.615-635. Fryer Jr, R.G., 2016. An empirical analysis of racial differences in police use of force (No. w22399). National Bureau of Economic Research
A large portion of empirical research within economics and finance is based on linear models, of which the linear regression is by far the most prominent. Is this because we live in a linear world, or at least an approximately linear world, or is it the case that we implicitly close our eyes to important features i our data by not considering nonlinear methods on equal footing as traditional ones?
Questions like this may take your master project in several directions, such as (listed from least to most statistical/mathematical maturity recommended to complete the project, all of them benefit from programming skills):
1. To what degree is linear regression the main vehicle for measuring marginal effects of explanatory variables X to a response variable Y within economic research (within a certain field/ in Norway/ at NHH or otherwise suitably limited)? Why do researchers choose this method (convenience/interpretability of coefficients/easy presentation/theoretical foundations/...)? Then, figure out to which degree such concerns can be addressed by a corresponding nonlinear model. A nice touch would be to re-do a recent linear study nonlinearly and see if there indeed are effects that were missed.
2. A bit more technical version of the point above is to write a thesis that revolves around the systematical development of a tool in your programming language of choice (such as R or Python) that implements as many needs as possible of the linearly oriented researcher in a nonlinear framework, with pre-work consisting of providing a theoretical foundation, and as post-work perhaps testing your «product» by trying to «sell it» to an experienced researcher.
3. Financial time series are typically nonlinear in the sense that the correlation coefficient does not, in general, give good descriptions of dependencies across time and space. This has naturally lead to the development of nonlinear methods to model financial processes. For example, the classical theory for portfolio allocation that Harry Markowitz introduced in the 1950s balances expected return (as measured by means) and risk (as measured by standard deviations and correlations) in order to provide the optimal distribution of wealth across different assets.
The Markowitz portfolio theory is very simple and easy to implement. But, it explicitly assumes that dependence between assets is linear, so the decades following its introduction have seen many attempts to improve the Markowitz method by modelling dependencies nonlinearly. Many authors note, however, that it is actually quite hard to attain higher returns using modern methods compared to the classical approach. This project may contain a survey of modern portfolio selection methods (which will require the ability to read fairly technical research papers), and a discussion part where we try to answer the question whether beating the classical approach indeed is «hard», and if so, why?
Supervisor: Håkon Otneim .
Energy Markets, Resource Management and Sustainability
Finance as resource allocation: does esg build real assets.
This study complements the many that have asked whether ESG (environment, sustainability and governance) is associated with higher or lower return on investment: Finance also creates real assets. Is there evidence, in our time, that preferences or policies, regulation, raises resource flows and asset creation (builds windmills, for instance).
Supervisor: Gunnar S. Eskeland .
The potential in renewable power
Contact Eskeland for Study design, as many approaches are on the table. One is the role of taxes (incl the new 'grunnrenteskatt'), another is new concessions and the role and shape of auctions, including contracts of difference; a third is offshore installations and how they are placed in terms of access to markets, etc.
Political Economy and Social Perspectives on the Climate Transition
NHH works with technically oriented partners (industry, ntnu, ife) on scenarios for the transition to a low-carbon economy. This thesis will combine such scenarios for the transition with perspectives from political economy (as with: who pays, and industry interests, and rich vs poor) and social acceptance.
Electric vehicles and de-carbonizing transportation
This topic is in collaboration with ENOVA.
Norway has pledged to reach almost net zero emissions by 2050. The transport sector is responsible for almost one-third of the emissions in Norway, and the use of passenger cars alone is responsible for almost 10%. Therefore, to reach net zero, it is vital to de-carbonize the Norwegian car fleet. A key strategy to reduce emissions from the transport sector is to induce households to replace their fossil fuel cars with electric vehicles. Although most of the new cars sold in Norway are electric, the national fleet of cars still contains 'only' electric vehicles 20%. Will all cars in the future eventually be electric? Or are there barriers preventing the switch to electric vehicles?
In this topic, students will explore the sources of emissions from the Norwegian car fleet and how these emissions can be reduced. The thesis will focus on two main issues:
1. Emissions from the car fleet in Norway: Emissions from the transport sector have been steadily falling. But the car fleet is projected to increase in the coming years, and the share of transport with car is also increasing.
a) What are the drivers of emissions? For example, number of miles driven per car, age of the cars, geographical distribution, etc.
b) How will these emissions evolve over time?
2. Switching from fossil fuel cars to electric vehicles: Purchasing and driving electric vehicles have been heavily subsidized by the government. But people are still driving fossil fuel cars.
a) What are the barriers to replacing your fossil fuel car with an electric vehicle? For example, economic, behavioral, social, etc.
b) How can we induce households to make the switch to electric?
This topic can be approached from many different angles and is suitable for a wide range of empirical methods.
Supervisor: Isabel Hovdahl .
Electric vehicles in Norway: Emission reductions versus lost tax tax revenue
An analysis of electrical vehicles in Norway where reduced emissions are measured against reduced tax revenue.
Supervisor: Stein Ivar Steinshamn .
A number of topics in collaboration with the Maritime Cleantech cluster administration
- What branding effect will the use of green/emission-free logistics chains have for the fish farming industry?
- What is the willingness to pay on the part of cargo owners for the use of low- and zero-emission vessels in their logistics operations?
- Economic valuation of Maritime Cleantech as a cluster organisation.
- Hydrogen and hydrogen-based fuels - how big a role can the production and distribution of these play for Norwegian value creation in 2050?
- Joint Norwegian investment for the maritime industry: how to position ourselves for increased exports of green technology? (Strategic/Marketing)
- Analysis of the market for green maritime technology in Southern Europe (can be built on research done by Innovation Norway in France, Spain and Italy)
- Size, scope and framework of incentive schemes for contracts for difference.
- Are end consumers willing to pay for green (maritime) transport? If so, how much?
- Profitability analyzes and CO2 reduction for conversion of existing vessels vs. new construction.
- Life cycle analyzes for ships - case speedboats and/or cargo ships - Lifetime of vessels - co2 emissions - conversion or measures that can reduce emissions during the ship's lifetime.
- Return scheme/ circular economy model for ships.
- Is there an update of the policy apparatus to support wider and more retrofit solutions for ships, to make them more energy efficient?
Possible topics in collaboration with Maritime Cleantech cluster partners with assistance from the cluster administration
- Shipping aims to halve its emissions by 2050. How should a shipping company approach this goal in terms of investment and redevelopment programmes? (Shipping company)
- How to market/sell green fuels and technologies that have not yet been demonstrated in the market? For example hydrogen, fuel cells etc. (fuel producers, FC producers and the like.)
- Strategy for marketing hydrogen/ammonia as a safe and secure green fuel (producers).
- Green innovation: How to change from traditional offshore to deliveries in new value chains (supplier industry, shipyards, shipping companies).
- Efficient/appropriate incentive/public/industrial structure for the production and supply of new energy carriers from wind farms and other offshore locations.
Evaluation of various ways for Norway to fulfill the Paris-agreement
The objective is to compare various ways Norway can fulfill the Paris-agreement with respect to consequences for the Norwegian economy and for global emissions among other things.
Can or will energy transition hold back development
Clean up and transition in the north sea, energy companies, esg and responsive strategies, esg in finance, and eus taxonomy, how suited are batteries to solve the intermittency problem.
A study of the efficiency and suitability of batteries in order to solve the intermittency problem associated with new renewable energy such as solar and wind power.
Hydrogen and its role in Europe's energy transition
Transport and co2 emission reductions (or any segment: maritime, aviation, cars, etc), war, crisis and energy in europe, green energy and guarantees of origin.
During the last years, governments around the world have implemented different policies to promote investments in renewable production capacity. One of the main instruments is a policy known as guarantees of origin. These guarantees operate as a guarantee for final consumers that the electricity they consume comes from renewable energy sources.
An important characteristic of the guarantees is that the producers are free to sell the electricity and guarantees separately. What we are observing is that while electricity from Norwegian hydropower is largely sold to consumers in Norway, the guarantees from Norwegian hydropower is sold to consumers in Germany and the Netherlands. Despite the growing importance of this policy, there are few studies of the impacts of guarantees of origin on renewable production capacity.
In this master thesis, the students will investigate the effect of this policy instrument on renewable electricity capacity in Europe. What has Norway’s role been in promoting renewable energy capacity through guarantees of origin? What has the interaction been between guarantees of origin and other incentives to boost investments in renewable production capacity? And what are the implications of the de-coupling of the sale of the electricity with the sale of the guarantees?
This topic of research is suitable for many different types of methods, depending on the interests and skills of the students. The thesis can be based on either a statistical analysis, case study or modelling exercise.
Supervisor: Isabel Hovdahl and Mario Blázquez .
The value of green innovations
Although the development of new, green technology is crucial for reaching the ambitious emission targets in the Paris agreement, only a small share of investment in energy technology is currently going to renewable energy. To switch innovation efforts away from fossil fuel technologies, policy makers must increase the expected value of investing in green innovations.
In this master thesis, the students will explore the value of green innovations by exploring patents on such innovations. A patent is a legal document that grants the holder of the patent exclusive right to the innovation described in the document for a limited period (usually 20 years). Patents also contain citations to all previous patents that are relevant for developing the innovation, and thus, patents offer a paper trail of how a technology has developed over time.
Since we cannot directly observe innovations, patent counts have become a popular measure of both the magnitude of innovative activity, as well as the value of innovations. First, patents are not free, which means that only innovations that are perceived to be valuable will be patented. Second, the number of citations a patent receives is an indicator of the value that a specific patent has had for facilitating future innovations.
The students will collect data on green patents from PATSTAT and use the rich information in the patents to explore the value of green innovations. Has green innovation become more valuable over time as the climate crisis has become more acute? What have been the most valuable types of green innovations? How has policy affected the speed and value of green innovations? And what has Norway's role been in promoting and developing green innovations?
Supervisor: Isabel Hovdahl and Steffen Juranek .
Analysis of catch data in Norwegian fisheries
Organizing and analyzing data from the Norwegian directorate of fisheries.
Econometric analysis of the sales of new cars in Norway
Supervisor: Øyvind Thomassen .
Contact: [email protected] .
I have three data sets that you can use for the thesis: 1) price lists with car model variant and some technical characteristics, 2) new registrations of car model engine variants, by age and sex of the registered owner, 3) the annual rules for calculating the registration tax (engangsavgift).
For most uses, you will want to merge data sets 1) and 2). This will entail some tedious data work (probably using Stata or R), because of a lack of exact common identifiers.
The data go up to 2015, but it may be possible to obtain more recent data.
There are many questions that could be answered with the data, including saying something about the effect of the favorable tax treatment given to electric vehicles, which probably explains their large market share in Norway.
To choose this topic you must have taken a course in econometrics.
Econometric analysis of data from the government vehicle register
Like my topic ‘Econometric analysis of the sales of new cars in Norway’, this topic is based on data on cars in Norway. However, for this topic, I currently do not have the data, but I believe they can be obtained from Statens Vegvesen (Norwegian Public Roads Administration). See information here: https://www.vegvesen.no/om-oss/om-organisasjonen/apne-data/api-for-kjoretoyopplysninger/utvidet-utlevering-av-kjoretoyopplysninger/
My other topic uses data on the flow of new cars. This topic uses data on the stock of cars. The two data sources could conceivably be combined.
Background from a course in econometrics is needed.
Natural resource extraction nearby: opportunity or concern for non-resource firms?
How does natural resource extraction such as oil&gas production affect nearby firms in other sectors, such as manufacturing and services? Potential agglomeration effects could benefit firms, but increased competition for labor or more corruption might harm firms. Since firms are the backbone of every modern economy, these considerations are crucial to understand whether natural resources are a blessing or a curse.
Supervisor: Paul Pelzl .
Topics on Environmental Economics
Potential topics are:
- Zero emissions (in shipping/buildings/road veh/airplanes): too much, or just right?
- Certificates of Origin for Electricity; Stepchild or rising star?
- A carbon cap for Norwegian farmers: Let forests do what cows and farmers cannot?
- Carbon footprint and economic analysis for a firm/sector
- Hydrogen: which part is failing: cars, hydrogen or filling and logistics
- A new look at biomass and biofuels: can photosynthesis propel transport
- Oceans in a sustainability strategy
- Solar power: if a leap lies ahead, what can trigger it
- Decentralized power generation in Norway: framework and business analysis
- Renewable power in Norway: shall it expand, and with what instruments
- A role for Norway as a battery for Europe’s intermittent power
- A business analysis of Norway’s three proposed carbon capture and storage projects (cement, fertilizer, waste dump)
- Analysis of emission reduction prospects in Norwegian transport
- Econometric analysis of demand for energy (or carbon) intensive goods, transport
- Forests: More wood and biomass in buildings: Economic analysis of climate prospects
- Financial markets: is there evidence of ‘sin portfolios’ or ‘virtue’ (or green/fossil)? The value of fossil assets / promises in financial markets
- Analysis of CO2 markets
- Modeling energy exchange in Northern Europe
Analysis of electric batteries and improvements in electricity networks
In cooperation with ENOVA
Contact: Gunnar Eskeland (NHH) and Børge Nilssen Stafne (ENOVA)
Logistics: improvements in efficiency and greenhouse gas reductions
Contact: Gunnar Eskeland (NHH) and Arnt Gunnar Lium (ENOVA)
Electricity in the transport sector: Economic and environmental effects
Regulation and benchmarking of natural monopolies in the energy sector.
Supervisors: Endre Bjørndal and Mette Bjørndal .
Pricing and congestion management in wholesale electricity markets
Integration of renewable energy sources in electricity markets, local flexibility markets and demand response in the electricity sector, integration of regional electricity markets and use of hvdc interconnectors, european integration of intraday and balancing markets, sustainable energy and development.
Around the world, the governments are imple- menting policies to foster the introduction of renewable energy. In that context, there are different research questions to develop in a master thesis that could contribute to develop a sustainable economic system.
- Which will be the relation between renewable energy and hydrogen?
- Which are the policies introduced in cities to reduce carbon emissions?
- Which will be the impact of the adoption of renewable energy in women unemploy- ment? Could the introduction of renewable energy increase the gender gap?
- Which will be the changes in the design of electricity markets induced by the intro- duction of renewable energy?
- Which is the relation between hydrogen and lithium batteries? Which is the best way to store electricity in the short-term and in the long-term?
- Which policies could be implemented to promote energy effciency?
- How do the electricity grid need to change to accommodate renewable energy?
Supervisor: Mario Blazques de Paz
Electricity markets are moving through the integration around the world. Moreover, the countries are increasing their investments in renewable production capacity to fulfil with the agreements in carbon emission reductions. In that context, the transmission grid plays a crucial role promoting the integration of electricity markets and accommodating the renewable production capacity into the system. In re- lation with this topic, there are different research questions that could be of interest to develop a master thesis.
- Which should be design of electricity markets in the presence of transmission con- straints.
- Could the integration of electricity markets in Europe increase competition? Which will be the impact of that integration in the investments in transmission capacity, and in renewable production capacity?
- Which should be the relation between the spot and the redispatch market when the transmission lines are congested? How we can design those markets to increase com- petition?
- How should the regulator design transmission tariffs to guarantee investments in trans- mission capacity, and transmission effciency?
Supervisor: Mario Blazques de Paz
Incentives, Contracts and Firm Behaviour
How do natural disasters affect local business activity evidence from indonesia.
Besides having adverse humanitarian effects, natural disasters may have a large detrimental impact on local business activity in the affected region. On the other hand, unaffected yet nearby regions may experience a surge in business activity, as these regions compensate for the neighboring downturn. The aim of this master thesis is to quantify these and potentially other effects using Indonesian data on various types of natural disasters and on manufacturing, thereby shedding light on the economic effects of natural disasters across space. The thesis requires some training in econometrics and motivation to do a considerable amount of data work. Regarding business activity, data comes from the Indonesian manufacturing plant census and can be provided by the supervisor; regarding natural disasters, data comes from https://www.desinventar.net/. Please note that a thesis on this topic cannot be written in Spring 2023 due to parental leave of the supervisor.
- Kirchberger (2017): Natural disasters and labor markets . Journal of Development Economics , Volume 125, pages 40-58.
- Gignoux and Menendez (2016): Benefit in the wake of disaster: Long-run effects of earthquakes on welfare in rural Indonesia . Journal of Development Economics , Volume 118, pages 26-44.
Economics of organization and management control
Including the use of bonus pay (case studies or across companies), how to measure performance, balanced scorecard (or alternative ways to use key performance indicators for management control purposes), drivers of profitability in an industry or a company, beyond budgeting, transfer pricing, and organizational boundaries.
Supervisor: Iver Bragelien.
Streaming markets for music and books
Supervisor: Øystein Foros .
Interplay between content providers and distributors in digital platforms
The appstore battle with music and app providers (the case of fortnite and spotify), the war among consoles 2020: sony (playstation 5-) vs microsoft (xbox series), konkurransen i mobilmarkedet.
Sammenligne f.eks. Norge og Finland som har ulik markedsstruktur. Mye deskriptiv empiri for å bedre forstå markedet og forskjellen mellom landene.
Supervisor: Øystein Foros .
Kulturminister Trine Skei Grande har nylig foreslått å utvide bokavtalen. Det vil gi en lengre fastprisperiode og høyere priser på opptil 65 prosent av bøkene. Den norske bokavtalen, som gir forleggerne rett til å sette en fast pris på nye bøker, er havnet i søkelyset til Efta-landenes overvåkningsorgan Esa. Nylig besvarte Nærings- og fiskeridepartementet (NFD), på vegne av den norske regjeringen, en rekke spørsmål fra Esa om forholdet mellom bokavtalen og EØS-avtalens eksplisitte forbud mot prissamarbeid i artikkel 53. Her kunne det være interessant å sammenligne med kommisjonens sak mot Amazon ift most-favored nation (MFN) klausuler.
Med utgangspunkt i prosjektet Moving towards the market of one? Competition with personalized pricing and endogenous mismatch costs, jobbe med applikasjoner? Kan også knyttet opp mot AI.
Shipping, Logistics and Operations Management
Impact of climate change on vessel operations.
Utilizing weather data and AIS data, we aim to evaluate the influence of climatic events on routine maritime trade operations. Significant events, such as the draught restriction in the Panama Canal due to severe droughts, have resulted in costlier transits and prolonged waiting time durations. This thesis can investigate the externality cost of severe weather patterns, such as intensified El Niño.
Supervisor: Gabriel Fuentes
Climate Policy and Its Effect on Maritime Trade
By quantifying shipping emissions, including greenhouse gases (GHGs) and sulfur, a thesis on this topic can investigate the impact of maritime climate-related policies on the overall trajectory of vessel emissions. There's ongoing debate surrounding regulations like the IMO 2020 Sulphur Cap and the introduction of measures like the Carbon Intensity Indicator (CII). We will evaluate the appropriateness and effectiveness of these regulations.
Decision Support for Maritime Investments Amid Uncertain Climate Policies
Maritime investments face uncertainties with evolving climate-related policies. A seemingly recent and valuable asset today might become obsolete or uncompetitive due to policy shifts in the near future. A thesis on this topic could aim to introduce a model that navigates potential scenarios related to the progression of climate policies.
Dark Fleet Economics in Grain and Oil Trade
The phenomenon of "dark fleets" refers to vessels that operate in hidden or illegal capacities, often eluding detection through various means. Leveraging a blend of AIS (Automatic Identification System) data and satellite optical imagery, we can observe the activities of these fleets, particularly in the grain and oil trade sectors. Your thesis could focus on the externalities of the dark fleet on the legal market or the effect on trading patterns.
Working with Vake.ai
Supervisor: Evelina Gavrilova-Zoutman and Gabriel Fuentes
In 2019 before the sanitary emergency started, Norway received 5.88 million tourists representing 7,04 billion dollars and 1,7% of its GDP, reaching the highest levels in 2017. In this year, the tourism industry represented nearly 4,2% of Norwegian GDP and attracted around 170 billion NOK in total tourism consumption. These numbers show the potential of this industry for economic growth and depict some challenges. Particularly when we put the number of tourists in relation to the population of the country, it becomes clear the necessity to take a closer look at current policies and opportunities from point of view of operation research.
For the City of Bergen, the cruise industry is especially important. Bergen receives the largest number of cruise tourists in the country, making of it one of the most visited cities in Scandinavia.
It might be interesting for cruise companies to have touristic recommendations for their passengers, itineraries that provide the most benefits out the visit, and ensure the passengers will be back to the ship on time. But also, from the city hall perspective, it might be desirable to have a more homogenous distribution of the visitors across town in order to avoid crowds. Additionally, according to Bergen’s urbanization plan, there could be desirable areas of the city where it is more interesting to bring visitors and the money they spend on their trip, in the frame of urban development, social welfare, and environment.
In order to assess the different locations, it is necessary to understand the city trends, socio-economic indicators, passenger preferences, and tourist offers, among others. Then use this information as support for an optimization model, allowing to suggest the best routes, both for the tourists and the City of Bergen.
Main supervisor: PhD-candidate Andres Felipe Velez Correa .
Helicopter fleet composition and allocation
In the oil and gas industry, helicopters are widely used for personnel and cargo transport between offshore platforms and heliports on the land. Therefore, the decision-making regarding the composition of the helicopter fleet and the allocation of this resource is vital for a stable operation of oil & gas exploration and extraction. Such tactical decision affects various aspects of an oil company, including contract utilization, carbon footprint, plan robustness and operating expenses.
However, the common practice in the industry is that the decision of fleet composition and allocation is still manually made based on demand forecast and individual’s experience. Such decision-making process cannot guarantee optimal solutions, is not scalable, and would likely lead to low resource utilization rate and high operating cost.
We are now seeing a clear trend in the oil and gas industry which is to apply automation in its various and complex decision-making process with the support of optimization. In terms of the helicopter fleet composition and allocation problem in this case, a decision support tool is expected to facilitate the decision of helicopter chattering and deployment with stochastic demand for the next planning period. Moreover, resource sharing, namely utilizing idle helicopter resources from other operators, is also a promising opportunity to increase the overall efficiency on an industry level and hence is becoming increasingly popular among different oil companies and helicopter operators.
With its trademark solution DaWinci as the industry standard in personnel logistics management, Quorum is the software supplier for many of the largest oil and gas companies in the world. Quorum Software Norway, as the market leader, is now cooperating with several major players in the oil and gas industry to address various new challenges with new software planning tools. This master project will take advantage of Quorum’s expertise in logistics management in oil and gas industry, and look at some of the following issues:
- Literature review on related problems and topics
- Mathematical formulation of the problem
- Study the uncertainty involved in this problem and methods to handle such stochasticity
- Study and develop necessary solution methods
- Analyze the numerical results based on a realistic problem instance from Quorum
Students choosing this project should expect to visit Quorum Software’s Bergen office to work alongside our optimization engineers for up to a week.
Collaborator: Quorum Software, contact person Xin Wang ( [email protected] ).
Supervisor: Yewen Gu .
What is the value of better weather forecasts?
Using empirical case studies to quantify how more accurate short-term weather forecasting can improve chartering decisions for a ship operator.
Working with company Western Bulk.
Evacuation of large passenger ships
Large cruise ships can be hard to exit in emergency situations and face unique challenges regarding evacuation. The ship’s steel hull has so far precluded the use of wireless technologies, which implies that all communications must be cabled-based, not even cell-phones work in an emergency. Another challenge is that evacuation plans are static and cannot be adapted as the emergency unfolds, something important in this context as different factors, such as winds, waves and tilting of the boat, affect passenger behaviour and the evacuation itself. In an ongoing project we try to develop a practical and theoretically sound stochastic and dynamic evacuation model for a large passenger ships aided by innovative wireless technology.
The project is in cooperation with NTNU (that covers the technical parts with respect to engineering and ship design) while NHH cover the dynamic modeling of an evacuation. The new wireless technology comes from ScanReach at Sotra - https://www.scanreach.com/ - and they are closely involved in the project.
Possible theses would cover aspects (to be agreed upon between supervisor and student) of modeling the evacuation or solving resulting models. There are many challenges in the modeling so that the resulting model is fast, which is required in an emergency.
Supervisor: Stein W. Wallace
For e.g. breakbulk and chemical shipping companies it is challenging to find out which cargoes fit best together into a voyage such that all cargoes can be transported on voyages and ships travel the least possible distance. The aim of this topic is to create a model with typical restrictions and find a good weighing of the different aspects of the objective function. In cooperation with Dataloy Systems, you can use data to develop and test your model as well as discuss the underlying concepts.
Supervisor: Julio Cesar Goez
Small city logistics
Urban population growth is driving an increase in the amount of freight that goes into and out of cities. That growth poses an increasing challenge to freight transportation in smaller compact cities with difficult topology, which is typical for most Norwegian cities and numerous cities abroad.
This transportation challenge is exacerbated by phenomena such as an increase in internet trade, the demand for fast delivery, and a reduction in the ownership of private cars in the city centre which could be used for shopping. The result is an increase in the total volume of freight, and more critically, in the total number of deliveries, normally managed by a large variety of transportation companies.
Unless planned for and regulated, a consequence might be increased traffic, with enhanced energy consumption, that competes for available space and may affect living conditions for a growing urban population.
This project will study small city logistics, with a focus on Bergen, to find the options available for the authorities, business models for a better city logistics setup, as well as mathematical modeling. Will be done in cooperation with the City of Bergen, Vestland County, Bergen Chamber of Commerce and Centre for Climate and Energy Transformation (CET) at The University of Bergen. The project can be qualitative as well as quantitative.
The project is funded by the Research Council of Norway, and we offer two project grants of NOK 25,000.
Possible supervisors: Stein W. Wallace or Julio C. Goez .
Using autonomous vehicles to improve our emergency services
The aim of emergency medical services (EMS) is to provide timely assistance to emergencies in order to save lives. Within this service, quality and capacity have sometimes deteriorated because staffing is not satisfactory and because the organization and directives are not clear. My interest is to work on the use of autonomous vessels to help ameliorate the burden that EMS staffing represents in the case of boat ambulances, and to improve the logistics planning of the system.
The aim is to analyze the use of autonomous vessels to improve response times and coverage. For example, by combining autonomous vessels with geographic information systems, one may use real time information of potential patients to improve the deployment of the resources. In particular my interest is to explore the following key research topic: designing algorithms with predictive capabilities that can be included in real time systems and capable of managing a continuous feed of data points coming from users’ cell phones and other sources.
Supervisor: Julio C. Goez .
Repositioning of Empty Vessels in the Dry Bulk Shipping Market
Aim: find key drivers for decision-making process of repositioning empty vessels - current market conditions, sentiment - repeating patterns, etc.
Supervisor: Vít Procházka.
Logistics/sharing economy: Analytics for car-sharing models
Car-sharing provides short-term vehicle access to a group of user members who share the use of a vehicle fleet owned by a car-sharing organization that maintains, manages, and insures the vehicles. An example of this model in Bergen is bildeleringer. Managing the fleet involves decisions such as the size of the fleet, how to position and reposition the vehicles, maintenance schedules, and pricing approaches. Strong background on analytics required
Supervisor: Julio C. Goez
Optimization of requirements of cloud computing resources
The providers of online applications usually need to find the deployment of minimum cost for running it in the cloud. For the deployment, the planner on the application side must consider renting resources from cloud providers. However, there is a service level constraint that must be satisfied to ensure the quality of the service.
How to analyze the impact of introducing a scheduling software?
Scheduling takes an important role in making shipping as efficient as possible. We want to evaluate the quality of a schedule in practice. As the amount of information changes from what is available during planning to what is available when the plan comes into action, this is a complex problem. The aim of this topic is to find a model to evaluate a plan with respect to how it was used in practice. This will allow us to evaluate if companies improved their scheduling over time. Using data provided by Dataloy Systems, we want to test the model and for example analyse if the implementation of a scheduling software had a positive impact on the schedules.
Supervisors: Julio Cesar Goez
Modelling storage and capacity for scheduling for example for antarctic fishing
Fishing in the antarctic is a profitable business that is aiming to professionalize its scheduling. Fishing boats are fishing and at the same time producing various fish products on board, increasing their stock of fish products on board. On regular intervals they need to meet a cargo vessel to transfer all their cargo onto the cargo vessel. This is to avoid the fishing boat having to go all the way to the coast and losing valuable fishing time. We want to find a model that fits this operation and can be extended to other storage scenarios (storage on the cargo ship, storage at a warehouse the cargo ship delivers to)
Scheduling well in a single port
For a ship that should visit several terminals in a port to discharge cargo and load cargo scheduling these terminal visits is not trivial. Each terminal has an individual waiting list, each cargo potentially has a deadline when it needs to be discharged or loaded and additionally the ship is not allowed to be overloaded at any point in time. We are interested in a model to evaluate the quality of different solutions.