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How to Create an Effective Thesis Statement in 5 Easy Steps
Creating a thesis statement can be a daunting task. It’s one of the most important sentences in your paper, and it needs to be done right. But don’t worry — with these five easy steps, you’ll be able to create an effective thesis statement in no time.
Step 1: Brainstorm Ideas
The first step is to brainstorm ideas for your paper. Think about what you want to say and write down any ideas that come to mind. This will help you narrow down your focus and make it easier to create your thesis statement.
Step 2: Research Your Topic
Once you have some ideas, it’s time to do some research on your topic. Look for sources that support your ideas and provide evidence for the points you want to make. This will help you refine your argument and make it more convincing.
Step 3: Formulate Your Argument
Now that you have done some research, it’s time to formulate your argument. Take the points you want to make and put them into one or two sentences that clearly state what your paper is about. This will be the basis of your thesis statement.
Step 4: Refine Your Thesis Statement
Once you have formulated your argument, it’s time to refine your thesis statement. Make sure that it is clear, concise, and specific. It should also be arguable so that readers can disagree with it if they choose.
Step 5: Test Your Thesis Statement
The last step is to test your thesis statement. Does it accurately reflect the points you want to make? Is it clear and concise? Does it make an arguable point? If not, go back and refine it until it meets all of these criteria.
Creating an effective thesis statement doesn’t have to be a daunting task. With these five easy steps, you can create a strong thesis statement in no time at all.
This text was generated using a large language model, and select text has been reviewed and moderated for purposes such as readability.
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The dv410 dissertation is a major component of the msc programme and an important part of the learning and development process involved in postgraduate education., research design and dissertation in international development.
The DV410 dissertation is a major component of the MSc programme and an important part of the learning and development process involved in postgraduate education. The objective of DV410 is to provide students with an overview of the resources available to them to research and write a 10,000 dissertation that is topical, original, scholarly, and substantial. DV410 will provide curated dissertation pathways through LSE LIFE and Methods courses, information sessions, ID-specific disciplinary teaching, topical seminars and dissertation worksops in ST. With this in mind, students will be able to design their own training pathway and set their own learning objectives in relation to their specific needs for their dissertation. From the Autumn Term (AT) through to Summer Term (ST), students will discuss and develop their ideas in consultation with their mentor or other members of the ID department staff and have access to a range of learning resources (via DV410 Moodle page) to support and develop their individual projects from within the department and across the LSE.
The archive of prizewinning dissertations showcases the best MSc dissertations from previous years. These offer a useful guide to current students on how to prepare and write a high calibre dissertation.
2022-OW (PDF) The Politics of Political Conditionality: How theEU Is Failing the Western Balkans Pim W.R.Oudejans Joint winner of Mayling Birney Prize for Best Overall Performance MSc Development Management
2022-GN (PDF) An Empirical Study of the Impact of Kenya’sFree Secondary Education Policy on Women’sEducation Nora Geiszl Winner of Prize for Best Dissertation MSc Development Management
2022-JC (PDF) Giving with one hand, taking with the other:the contradictory political economy of socialgrants in South Africa Jack Calland Prize for Best Overall Performance MSc Development Studies
2022-GL (PDF) State Versus Market: The Case of Tobacco Consumption in Eastern European and Former Soviet Transition Economies Letizia Gazzaniga Joint winner of Prize for Best Overall Performance MSc Health and International Development
2022-ER (PDF) Reproductive injustice across forced migration trajectories: Evidence from female asylum-seekers fleeing Central America’s Northern Triangle Emily Rice Joint winner of Prize for Best Overall Performance MSc Health and International Development
2022-LICB (PDF) The effects of Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) on child nutrition following an adverseweather shock: the case of Indonesia Liliana Itamar Carillo Barba Winner Prize for Best Dissertation MSc Health and International Development 2022-SC (PDF) Fiscal Responses to Conditional Debt Relief:the impact of multilateral debt cancellation on taxation patterns Sara Cucaro Joint winner of Prize for Best Dissertation MSc International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies
2022-RM (PDF) Navigating humanitarian space(s) to provideprotection and assistance to internally displacedpersons: applying the concept of ahumanitarian ‘micro-space’ to the caseof Rukban in Syria Miranda Russell Joint winner of Prize for Best Dissertation MSc International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies
2021-CC (PDF) International Remittances and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Investigating Resilient Remittance Flows from Italy during 2020 Carla Curreli Joint winner of Mayling Birney Prize for Best Overall Performance and Winner of Prize for Best Dissertation MSc Development Management
2021-NB (PDF) Reluctant respondents: Early settlement by developing countries during WTO disputes Nicholas Baxtar Joint winner of Mayling Birney Prize for Best Overall Performance MSc Development Management (Specialism: Applied Development)
2021-CD (PDF) One Belt, Many Roads? A Comparison of Power Dynamics in Chinese Infrastructure Financing of Kenya and Angola Conor Dunwoody Winner of Prize for Best Dissertation MSc Development Studies
2021-NN (PDF) Tool for peace or tool for power? Interrogating Turkish ‘water diplomacy’ in the case of Northern Cyprus Nina Newhouse Winner of Prize for Best Overall Performance MSc Development Studies
2021-CW (PDF) Exploring Legal Aid Provision for LGBTIQ+Asylum Seekers in the American Southwest from 2012-2021 Claire Wever Winner of Prize for Best Dissertation MSc International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies
2021-BP (PDF) Instrumentalising Threat; An Expansion of Biopolitical Control Over Exiles in Calais During the COVID-19 Pandemic Bethany Plant Joint winner of Prize for Best Overall Performance MSc International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies
2021-HS (PDF) A New “Green Grab”? A Multi-Scalar Analysis of Exclusion in the Lake Turkana Wind Power (LTWP) Project, Kenya Helen Sticklet Joint winner of Prize for Best Overall Performance MSc International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies
2021-GM (PDF) Fuelling policy: The Role of Public Health Policy-Support Tools in Reducing Household Air Pollution as a Risk-Factor for Non-Communicable Diseases in LMICs Georgina Morris Winner of Prize for Best Dissertation MSc Health and International Development
2021-LC (PDF) How do women garment workers employ practices of everyday resistance to challenge the patriarchal gender order of Sri Lankan society? Lois Cooper Joint winner of Prize for Best Overall Performance MSc Health and International Development
2020-LK (PDF) Can international remittances mitigate negative effects of economic shocks on education? – The case of Nigeria Lara Kasperkovitz Best Overall Performance Best Dissertation Prize International Development and Humanitarian Emergengies
“Fallen through the Cracks” The Network for Childhood Pneumonia and Challenges in Global Health Governance Eva Sigel Best Overall Performance Health and International Development
2020-AB (PDF) Fighting the ‘Forgotten’ Disease: LiST-Based Analysis of Pneumonia Prevention Interventions to Reduce Under-Five Mortality in High-Burden Countries Alexandra Bland Best Dissertation Prize Health and International Development
2020-TP (PDF) Techno-optimism and misalignment: Investigating national policy discourses on the impact of ICT in educational settings in Sub-Saharan Africa Tao Platt Best Overall Performance Development Studies
2020-HS (PDF) “We want land, all the rest is humbug”: land inheritance reform and intrahousehold dynamics in India Holly Scott Best Dissertation Prize Development Studies
2020-PE (PDF) Decent Work for All? Waste Pickers’ Collective Action Frames after Formalisation in Bogotá, Colombia Philip Edge Mayling Birney Prize for Best Overall Performance Development Management
2020-LC (PDF) Variation in Bilateral Investment Treaties: What Leads to More ‘Flexibility for Development’? Lindsey Cox Best Dissertation Prize Development Management
2019-GR (PDF) Political Economy of Industrial Policy: Analysinglongitudinal and crossnationalvariations in industrial policy in Brazil andArgentina Grace Reeve Best Overall Performance Development Studies
2019-MM (PDF) The Securitisation of Development Projects: The Indian State’s Response to the Maoist Insurgency Monica Moses Best Dissertation Prize Development Studies
2019-KM (PDF) At the End of Emergency: An Exploration of Factors Influencing Decision-making Surrounding Medical Humanitarian Exit Kaitlyn Macneil Best Overall Performance Prize Health and International Development
2019-KA (PDF) The Haitian Nutritional Paradox: Driving factors of the Double Burden of Malnutrition Khandys Agnant Best Dissertation Prize Health and International Development
2019-NL (PDF) Women in the Rwandan Parliament: Exploring Descriptive and Substantive Representation Nicole London Best Dissertation Prize Development Management
2019-CB (PDF) Post-conflict reintegration: the long-termeffects of abduction and displacement on theAcholi population of northern Uganda Charlotte Brown Mayling Birney Prize for Best Overall Performance Development Management
2019-NLeo (PDF) Making Fashion Sense: Can InternationalLabour Standards Improve Accountabilityin Globalised Fast Fashion? Nicole Leo Mayling Birney Prize for Best Overall Performance Development Management
2019-AS (PDF) Who Controls Whom? Evaluating theinvolvement of Development FinanceInstitutions (DFIs) in Build Own-Operate (BOO)Energy Projects in relation to Market Structures& Accountability Chains: The case of theBujagali Hydropower Project (BHPP) in Uganda Aya Salah Mostafa Ali Best Dissertation Prize African Development
2019-NG (PDF) Addressing barriers to treatment-seekingbehaviour during the Ebola outbreak in SierraLeone: An International Response Perspective Natasha Glendening India Best Overall Performance Prize African Development
2019-SYJ (PDF) The Traditional Global Care Chain and the Global Refugee Care Chain: A Comparative Analysis Sana Yasmine Johnson Best Dissertation Prize Best Overall Performance Prize International Development and Humanitarian Emergengies
2018-JR (PDF) Nudging, Teaching, or Coercing?: A Review of Conditionality Compliance Mechanisms on School Attendance Under Conditional Cash Transfer Programs Jonathan Rothwell Best Dissertation Prize African Development
2018-LD (PDF) A Feminist Perspective On Burundi's Land Reform Ladd Serwat Best Overall Performance African Development
2018-KL (PDF) Decentralisation: Road to Development or Bridge to Nowhere? Estimating the Effect of Devolution on Infrastructure Spending in Kenya Kurtis Lockhart Best Dissertation Prize and Mayling Birney Prize for Best Overall Performance Development Management
2018-OS (PDF) From Accountability to Quality: Evaluating the Role of the State in Monitoring Low-Cost Private Schools in Uganda and Kenya Oceane Suquet Mayling Birney Prize for Best Overall Performance Development Management
2018-LN (PDF) Water to War: An Analysis of Drought, Water Scarcity and Social Mobilization in Syria Lian Najjar Best Dissertation Prize International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies
2018-IS (PDF) “As devastating as any war”?: Discursive trends and policy-making in aid to Central America’s Northern Triangle Isabella Shraiman Best Overall Performance International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies
2017-AR (PDF) Humanitarian Reform and the Localisation Agenda:Insights from Social Movement and Organisational Theory Alice Robinson Winner of the Prize for Best Overall Performance International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies (IDHE)
2017-ACY (PDF) The Hidden Costs of a SuccessfulDevelopmental State:Prosperity and Paucity in Singapore Agnes Chew Yunquian Winner of the Prize for Best Overall Performance Development Managament
2017-HK (PDF) Premature Deindustrialization and Stalled Development, the Fate of Countries Failing Structural Transformation? Helen Kirsch Winner of the Best Dissertation in Programme Development Studies
2017-HZ (PDF) ‘Bare Sexuality’ and its Effects onUnderstanding and Responding to IntimatePartner Sexual Violence in Goma, DemocraticRepublic of the Congo (DRC) Heather Zimmerman Winner of the Best Dissertation in Programme International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies (IDHE)
2017-KT (PDF) Is Good Governance a Magic Bullet?Examining Good Governance Programmes in Myanmar Khine Thu Winner of the Best Dissertation in Programme Development Managament
2017-NL (PDF) Persistent Patronage? The DownstreamElectoral Effects of Administrative Unit Creationin Uganda Nicholas Lyon Winner of the Best Dissertation in Programme African Development
2016-MV (PDF) Contract farming under competition: exploring the drivers of side selling among sugarcane farmers in Mumias Milou Vanmulken Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation Dev elopment Management
2016-JS (PDF) Resource Wealth and Democracy: Challenging the Assumptions of the Redistributive Model Janosz Schäfer Winner of the Prize for Best Overall Performance Development Studies
2016-LK (PDF) Shiny Happy People: A study of the effects income relative to a reference group exerts on life satisfaction Lajos Kossuth Winner of the Prize for Best Overall Performance Development Studies
2015-MP (PDF) "Corruption by design" and the management of infrastructure in Brazil: Reflections on the Programa de Aceleração ao Crescimento - PAC. Maria da Graça Ferraz de Almeida Prado Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Managment
2015-IE (PDF) Breaking Out Of the Middle-Income Trap: Assessing the Role of Structural Transformation. Ipek Ergin Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation Development Studies
2015-AML (PDF) Labour Migration, Social Movements and Regional Integration: A Comparative Study of the Role of Labour Movements in the Social Transformation of the Economic Community of West African States and the Southern African Development Community. Anne Marie Engtoft Larsen Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Management
2015-MM (PDF) Who Bears the Burden of Bribery? Evidence from Public Service Delivery in Kenya Michael Mbate Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation and Best Overall Performance Development Management
2015-KK (PDF) Export Processing Zones as Productive Policy: Enclave Promotion or Developmental Asset? The Case of Ghana. Kilian Koffi Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation African Development
2015-GM (PDF) Forgive and Forget? Reconciliation and Memory in Post-Biafra Nigeria. Gemma Mehmed Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies (IDHE)
2015-AS (PDF) From Sinners to Saviours: How Non-State Armed Groups use service delivery to achieve domestic legitimacy. Anthony Sequeira Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation and Best Overall Performance International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies (IDHE)
2014-NS (PDF) Anti-Corruption Agencies: Why Do Some Succeed and Most Fail? A Quantitative Political Settlement Analysis. Nicolai Schulz Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
2014-MP (PDF) International Capital Flows and Sudden Stops: a global or a domestic issue? Momchil Petkov Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
2014-TC (PDF) Democracy to Decline: do democratic changes jeopardize economic growth? Thomas Coleman Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Management
2014-AK (PDF) Intercultural Bilingual Education: the role of participation in improving the quality of education among indigenous communities in Chiapas, Mexico. Anni Kasari Excellent Dissertation and Best Overall Performance Development Management
2014-EL (PDF) Treaty Shopping in International Investment Arbitration: how often has it occurred and how has it been perceived by tribunals? Eunjung Lee Joint Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation Development Management
2013-SB (PDF) Refining Oil - A Way Out of the Resource Curse? Simon Baur Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Management
2013-NI (PDF) The Rise of ‘Murky Protectionism’: Changing Patterns of Trade-Related Industrial Policies in Developing Countries: A case study of Indonesia. Nicholas Intscher Joint Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation and Best Overall Performance Development Studies
2013-JF (PDF) Why Settle for Less? An Analysis of Settlement in WTO Disputes. Jillian Feirson Joint Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation Development Studies
2013-LH (PDF) Corporate Social Responsibility in Mining: The effects of external pressures and corporate leadership. Leah Henderson Joint Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation Development Studies
2013-BM (PDF) Estimating incumbency advantages in African politics: Regression discontinuity evidence from Zambian parliamentary and local government elections. Bobbie Macdonald Excellent Dissertation and Best Overall Performance Development Studies
WP145 (PDF) Is History Repeating Itself? A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Representation of Women in Climate Change Campaigns. Catherine Flanagan Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
WP144 (PDF) Disentangling the fall of a 'Dominant-Hegemonic Party Rule'. The case of Paraguay and its transition to a competitive electoral democracy. Dominica Zavala Zubizarreta Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Management
WP143 (PDF) Enabling Productive Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries: Critical issues in policy design. Noor Iqbal Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
WP142 (PDF) Beyond 'fear of death': Strategies of coping with violence and insecurity - A case study of villages in Afghanistan. Angela Jorns Joint Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation Development Studies
WP141 (PDF) What accounts for opposition party strength? Exploring party-society linkages in Zambia and Ghana. Anna Katharina Wolkenhauer Joint Winner, Best Overall Performance Development Studies
WP140 (PDF) Between Fear and Compassion: How Refugee Concerns Shape Responses to Humanitarian Emergencies - The case of Germany and Kosovo. Sebastian Sahla Joint Winner, Best Overall Performance Development Management
WP139 (PDF) Worlds Apart? Health-seeking behaviour and strategic healthcare planning in Sierra Leone. Thea Tomison Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
WP138 (PDF) War by Other Means? An Analysis of the Contested Terrain of Transitional Justice Under the 'Victor's Peace' in Sri Lanka. Richard Gowing Best Overall Performance and Best Dissertation International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies (IDHE)
WP137 (PDF) Social Welfare Policy - a Panacea for Peace? A Political Economy Analysis of the Role of Social Welfare Policy in Nepal's Conflict and Peace-building Process. Annie Julia Raavad Joint Winner, Best Overall Performance and Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
WP136 (PDF) Women and the Soft Sell: The Importance of Gender in Health Product Purchasing Decisions. Adam Alagiah Joint Winner, Best Overall Performance Development Management
WP135 (PDF) Human vs. State Security: How can Security Sector Reforms contribute to State-Building? The case of the Afghan Police Reform. Florian Weigand Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Management
WP134 (PDF) Evaluating the Impact of Decentralisation on Educational Outcomes: The Peruvian Case. Siegrid Holler-Neyra Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation Development Management
WP133 (PDF) Democracy and Public Good Provision: A Study of Spending Patterns in Health and Rural Development in Selected Indian States. Sreelakshmi Ramachandran Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Management
WP132 (PDF) Intellectual Property Rights and Technology Transfer to Developing Countries: a Reassessment of the Current Debate Marco Valenza Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
WP131 (PDF) Traditional or Transformational Development? A critical assessment of the potential contribution of resilience to water services in post-conflict Sub-Saharan Africa. Christopher Martin Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation International Development and Humanitarian Emergencies (IDHE)
WP128 (PDF) The demographic dividend in India: Gift or curse? A State level analysis on differeing age structure and its implications for India's economic growth prospects. Vasundhra Thakurd Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Management
WP127 (PDF) When Passion Dries Out, Reason Takes Control: A Temporal Study of Rebels' Motivation in Fighting Civil Wars. Thomas Tranekaer Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Management
WP126 (PDF) Micro-credit - More Lifebuoy than Ladder? Understanding the role of micro-credit in coping with risk in the context of the Andhra Pradesh crisis. Anita Kumar Best Overall Performance and Best Dissertation Development Management
WP124 (PDF) Welfare Policies in Latin America: the transformation of workers into poor people. Anna Popova Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
WP123 (PDF) How Wide a Net? Targeting Volume and Composition in Capital Inflow Controls. Lucas Issacharoff Best Overall Performance and Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
WP117 (PDF) Shadow Education: Quantitative and Qualitative analysis of the impact of the educational reform (implementation of centralized standardised testing). Nataliya Borodchuk Best Overall Performance and Excellent Dissertation Development Management
WP115 (PDF) Can School Decentralization Improve Learning? Autonomy, participation and student achievement in rural Pakistan. Anila Channa Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Management
WP114 (PDF) Good Estimation or Good Luck? Growth Accelerations revisited. Guo Xu Best Overall Performance and Best Dissertation Development Studies
WP113 (PDF) Furthering Financial Literacy: Experimental evidence from a financial literacy program for Microfinance Clients in Bhopal, India. Anna Custers Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
WP112 (PDF) Consumption, Development and the Private Sector: A critical analysis of base of the pyramid (BoP) ventures. David Jackman Winner of the Prize for Best Disseration Development Management
WP106 (PDF) Reading Tea Leaves: The Impacy of Mainstreaming Fair Trade. Lindsey Bornhofft Moore Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
WP104 (PDF) Institutions Collide: A Study of "Caste-Based" Collective Criminality and Female Infanticide in India, 1789-1871. Maria Brun Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Studies
WP102 (PDF) Democratic Pragmatism or Green Radicalism? A critical review of the relationship between Free, Prior and Informed Consent and Policymaking for Mining. Abbi Buxton Joint Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Management
WP100 (PDF) Market-Led Agrarian Reform: A Beneficiary perspective of Cédula da Terra. Veronika Penciakova Joint Winner of the Prize for Best Overall Performance Development Studies
WP98 (PDF) No Business like Slum Business? The Political Economy of the Continued Existence of Slums: A case study of Nairobi. Florence Dafe Joint Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation Development Studies
WP97 (PDF) Power and Choice in International Trade: How power imbalances constrain the South's choices on free trade agreements, with a case study of Uruguay. Lily Ryan-Collins Joint Winner of the Prize for Best Overall Dissertation Development Management
WP96 (PDF) Health Worker Motivation and the Role of Performance Based Finance Systems Africa: A Qualitative Study on Health Worker Motivation and the Rwandan Performance Based finance initiative in District Hospitals. Friederike Paul Joint Winner of the Prize for Best Overall Dissertation Development Management
WP95 (PDF) Crisis in the Countryside: Farmer Suicides and the Political Economy of Agrarian Distress in India. Bala Posani Winner of the Prize for Best Overall Performance Development Management
WP94 (PDF) From Rebels to Politicians. Explaining Rebel-to Party Transformations after Civil War: The case of Nepal. Dominik Klapdor Winner of the Prize for Excellent Dissertation Development Management
WP92 (PDF) Guarding the State or Protecting the Economy? The Economic factors of Pakistan's Military coups. Amina Ibrahim Winner of the Prize for Best Dissertation Development Studies
WP91 (PDF) Man is the remedy of man: Constructions of Masculinity and Health-Related Behaviours among Young men in Dakar, Senegal. Sarah Helen Mathewson Winner of the Prize for Best Overall Performance Development Studies
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A transcript is a detailed record of your marks and grades of the courses studied on your programme
If your award was confirmed on 14 July 2023 and have a full set of marks.
We will issue final transcripts during the week commencing 17 July 2023. It takes a little time to issue transcripts so please do not worry if your transcript is not immediately available, it will become available soon. Final transcripts are issued using a system called Digitary which allows you to share your transcript electronically.
If you are due to be awarded in July 2023 but did not have a full set of marks
As you did not have a full set of marks we were not able to make an award with a final classification. This means we cannot issue a final transcript. Instead, we will attempt to make an award with a provisional classification, by 28 July 2023. Once this work is complete we will issue you with an interim transcript. Interim transcripts will be sent as a PDF document.
If you were awarded before July 2023
Your final transcript should have been issued into Digitary. If there are any issues with your transcript, please submit an enquiry .
Your Digitary profile
Your Digitary profile should be linked to a personal email address which you have given us. You will receive an automated email notification when your transcript is issued. If three weeks has passed since you were awarded and you think you should have a transcript but have not received a notification, or you not able to log in to Digitary, please submit an enquiry confirming which personal email address you would like us to use, and we will check and update your profile as necessary.
What information does a final transcript contain?
Transcripts contain the following information:
- Your full name, date of birth and LSE student number
- The title and subject of your programme of study
- The class of degree or other award obtained (if applicable)
- The details of the modules studied and the marks awarded (including any fail marks)
- Your programme start date and completion date
- Language of instruction and assessment
- An explanation of current module grading schemes.
Transcripts for alumni who graduated after July 2012 also include a list of any prizes you were awarded.
In normal circumstances you can also request an enhanced transcript which, in addition, to the information listed above contains comparative data. These are normally available around one month after your award has been made. Unfortunately, these will not be available until the marking and assessment boycott has been resolved. We can only produce comparative data once we have recieved all marks.
Final transcripts DO NOT contain:
- Classification scheme details
- Syllabus details
- Programme transfer details
- Ranking information for students who were ranked at the top of their course(s).
Transcripts for current students (Intermediate transcripts)
For information on the options available to students who have not yet completed their programme of study please visit Intermediate Transcripts .
Transcripts for alumni who graduated in 1993 or later
Alumni who graduated in or after 1993 benefit from a system for issuing transcripts known as Digitary . This system allows you to easily share your digitally signed online transcript with potential employers, academic institutions and others. The recipient can quickly and confidently verify the legally valid and tamper evident document. The system is very easy to use.
For more information on how to access Digitary visit the Accessing Digitary CORE page .
Hard Copy Transcripts
An ever-increasing number of employers and educational institutions are happy to accept online transcripts. You can, however, also request a hard copy transcript through Digitary. There is a charge of £15.00 per transcript. Please read Hard Copy Transcripts before placing your order.
Transcripts are sent via standard mail and cannot be tracked once they have left the LSE. To guarantee delivery we strongly recommend the use of a courier service. If using standard mail, LSE cannot provide reimbursement or replacements if the transcripts do not arrive.
If you graduated between 1993 and 2000 your transcript may be incomplete. Please request and/or access your transcript as normal and we will be in touch if there are any issues.
LSE does not hold a record of marks for courses (modules) taken for the LLM programme before the 2003/4 academic year . To request a complete transcript, please contact the University of London .
MSc in Health Policy, Planning and Financing : Students who graduated before the 2002/03 academic year should contact the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine to request a transcript.
Students who undertook the two year MSc in Economics or the two year MSc in Econometrics and Mathematical Economics should submit an enquiry to request a transcript.
General Course students from IFSA Butler and Arcadia must contact their home institution for a transcript. We are unable to issue transcripts to these students directly.
Transcripts for alumni who graduated before 1993
LSE is therefore unable to issue transcripts for students who graduated before 1993. Instead you can contact the University of London to find out whether they are able to provide you with a hard copy transcript of your individual course (module) marks.
To request a hard copy transcript please email the University of London , providing the following information with your request:
- your full name
- your date of birth
- your degree title
- your year of graduation
- your preferred method of delivery/collection.
Please be aware that the University of London's records for degrees awarded before the 1993/4 academic year are, unfortunately, sometimes incomplete. The University of London may not, therefore, be able to provide details of individual modules studied or individual module grades achieved.
If you would like LSE to provide you with a letter confirming your award, without details of the courses (modules) you have taken and the marks received, then you should request a confirmation of award letter . We can also include a statement confirming that we are unable to provide a full transcript of marks due to incomplete records. These letters take five working days to produce.
Transcripts for people who have withdrawn from study without an award
If you withdrew from your studies and would like to have a record of the marks you were awarded at the School, you should submit an enquiry with details of your request.
You should include the following in your email:
- a scan of your passport's picture page (or another government-issued ID)
- your programme and dates of study
- your full name at time of registration
- your student ID number (if known).
Please note that we will only be able to confirm marks that have been formally ratified by the relevant School exam board and cannot confirm provisional marks .
We aim to respond to your request within five working days.
To request a transcript from one of the following programmes of study, please contact the relevant team directly:
MPhil and PhD Transcripts
Please contact the PhD Academy for more information.
Please visit Summer School Transcripts for more information.
University of London International Programmes and External Study
Please visit University of London at LSE for more details.
Frequently Asked Questions
When will i receive my transcript.
Your Digitary transcript will be uploaded to the system within three weeks of you award being confirmed. You will receive an automated email when it is ready for you to access and share.
Hard copy transcripts are normally dispatched within five working days from receipt of your order. Please remember to allow additional time for delivery if you have requested that your transcript be posted to you.
How much does my transcript cost?
It is free to access and share your Digitary transcript. Hard copy transcripts for alumni cost £15.00 for each copy. Transcripts for current students are free of charge. If your transcript is incomplete in any way there will be no charge.
I can only see one of my transcripts in Digitary - what should I do?
If you already have access to one or more transcripts in Digitary but need access to another one (e.g. if you can access your postgraduate transcript but need access to your undergraduate transcript) then please submit an enquiry . We will then upload this transcript, providing we have full records for when you studied the programme.
Can you send my transcripts directly to a third party?
You can easily share your Digitary transcript online with a third party, just follow the instructions in the system. If you want us to send a hard copy to a third party please visit Hard Copy Transcripts for more information of how to request this.
Can I request that my hard copy transcripts are sealed in individual envelopes?
Yes, when making your Digitary transcript request, simply click on the 'yes' button next to the 'individually sealed?' option at the bottom of the page. For alumni who graduated before 1993, please include this request in your email to the University of London.
I am a potential employer of an LSE student or alumnus. How can I obtain proof of attendance or award?
Firstly, the alumnus can provide you with a transcript via the Digitary system. If this is not sufficient you can also undertake a third party verificatiion .
How do I request a Diploma Supplement?
Please visit Diploma Supplements for more information.
How can I find details of the LSE's grading system?
Details of the system in force when the you graduated will be included with your transcript.
Can I get a certified photocopy of my transcript?
In order to prevent fraud we are not able to certify copies. You can however order as many hard copies as you like but will need to pay for each copy.
I have a debt to the School – can I still obtain a transcript?
No, we're not able to issue transcripts if you still have a debt to LSE. You should contact the Fees, Income and Credit Control team for more information.
Why are there exceptions to who can access their transcripts in Digitary?
In most cases this is because LSE is part of the University of London, and in the past the University of London awarded our degrees. This means that we do not hold all records at LSE and subsequently cannot produce a transcript. In other cases (such as for some General Course students) this is because of contractual relationships with our partners.
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