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City Life vs. Village Life Essay

Life in a city and life in a village is in deep contrast with each other. They both have their pros and cons based on the availability of resources, the pace of life and social structure. Despite the differences, both cities and villages along with their residents are an integral part of Indian culture.

Short and Long Essay on City Life vs. Village Life in English

Find here some essays on the topic to compare city life and village life in short as well as in detail.

City Life vs. Village Life Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) Due to industrialization the life of people is divided into city life and village life.

2) Village life is free from noise and pollution.

3) Facilities like hospitals, transportation, schools, etc are absent in villages.

4) Village peoples are mostly employed in agriculture.

5) Village life is more peaceful and prosperous than city life.

6) City life enjoys all the facilities at the door.

7) City life is more expensive than village life.

8) Big industries are giving employment to city people.

9) Amenities like theatres, parks, malls, etc are present only in cities.

10) City lives are benefitted from various government services.

Essay 1 (250 Words) – Pros and Cons of City Life vs. Village Life


If you are living in India, then you must be aware of both city life and village life, except the few who have never been to a village. The general perception of the people living in the cities is that life in a village is difficult and like punishment. Such views only arise out of ignorance and lack of information about the values that the villages hold.

City Life vs. Village Life

Life in a city has its own advantages so does life in a village. Though living in a city is more comfortable and convenient it is also expensive. Residing in a city cost you dearly in terms of maintenance, lifestyle and other needs. Most of such expenses are unnecessary and could well be waved off. This unnecessary expenditure is absent in villages.

The simple village life hardly requires anything more than a square meal two times a day. There is hardly any disposable income, and even if there is, it is spent wisely on many important things like marriages, houses, etc. Unlike the cities where people spend their precious savings on dining in hotels, buying clothes even without any function or festival, shopping precariously, etc.

Despite the convenience, life in a city is unnecessarily commercialized and influenced by external factors. Village life, on the other hand, is utterly simple to the core with no-nonsense attached. It has its own beauty – it gives real-life hands-on experience with life, labor, people, and relationships.

City life offers more comforts than the village but it’s also engulfed in many engagements that really don’t matter. In cities, people value things more than relationships. They judge each other and make relations based on mutual financial status and materialistic possessions. This self-centered attitude is absent in villages and villagers value humans and relationships moreover materials.

Quality of Life in a City and a Village – Essay 2 (400 Words)

Cities and villages both are areas where humans reside in colonies. However, both city life and village life differ on several parameters including education, health, employment, society, etc. Despite the differences, each life has its own value and significance. In the essay, we shall go through the quality of life both in cities as well as villages.

Life in a City

Most of us must be familiar with how is life in a city. Living in a city is more comfortable and convenient as compared to living in a village. A city offers better basic amenities and modes of a commute than a village. There is also an ample number of schools and colleges making cities a hub of education.

Also, the 24/7 availability of doctors and hospitals with trained staff, make the city life more safe and secure. Government bodies and public offices are more active in cities than they are in the villages. Police, municipality, PWD (Public Works Department) and other agencies work tirelessly for the general public, making the latter’s life more safe and comfortable. Life in a city also offers plenty of entertainment opportunities, both for the children and the elders.

Any city has big market places with cinema halls, restaurants, parks and what not. The mall culture is also thriving in Indian cities and there is hardly a city without malls. A city certainly offers a good quality of life with all the basic necessities and comforts.

Life in a Village

Village’s life is completely different from that of the city. It goes on at a really casual pace, without many events in the houses or in the village itself. Farming is the prime occupation of many, a normal village life entails, sowing the crops, taking care of the cattle and other similar jobs. The village life lacks the hustle-bustle of the cities and is lived in a very simple way.

However, life in a village has its own advantages. Villages have kept our religious and traditional values alive for ages. The festivals that we only superficially celebrate in the cities are celebrated in their real essence in the villages. Also, the village society is more closely linked together than in the cities, making life more socially secure than the cities.

Both city life and village life are in high contrast with each other. They have their own differences, advantages, and disadvantages. But, despite the differences, they are an integral part of human civilization.

Essay on City Life vs. Village Life

Difference Between City Life and Village Life – Essay 3 (500 – 600 Words)

Both cities and villages are places of human settlements; though, they differ hugely from each other in terms of quality of life and social structure. In the following essay, we will compare the life in a city with that in a village and discuss their respective advantages and disadvantages based on different aspects.

Difference Between City Life and Village Life

Life in a city or a village differs in several aspects like education, health facilities, basic amenities, social bonding, cultural values, etc. We will briefly go through the difference in city and village life on several parameters.

The city presents good education opportunities than villages. A city has educational institutes from primary to graduation or post-graduation level. Villages, on the other hand, have few government-run primary schools. Though many villages in India today, have degree (graduation) colleges, still, they lack behind in terms of quality of education and post-education opportunities. Such is the situation that the villages’ youth are migrating to cities for education.

  • Health Facilities

This is one of the most significant fields on which the Indian villages lack behind the cities. Cities have a number of doctors, hospitals, dispensaries, pathologies, diagnostic centers, medical shops, etc. Some big cities with a sufficient population also have two to three government hospitals. Sadly, the situation isn’t the same in the villages. The government of India has mandated one Primary Health Center (PHC) with at least one doctor in every village, howsoever small.

But, the medical facilities available in a PHC have no comparison with that of any city hospital. Cities hospitals are more equipped to deal with emergencies with immediate facilities to conduct any kind of test if required. Many PHCs in villages also face staff crunch and lack of funds to upgrade their medical equipment. Often, they only do the job of providing basic first aid.

  • Employment Opportunities

The economy of an Indian village is primarily agriculture-based. The majority of the village population does farming for livelihood. They produce cereals, crops, fruits, vegetables, etc. and sell it out to the local market for profit. This is by and large the only source of income in a village. Other stable employment opportunities in a village are nil.

On the other hand, the city provides tremendous employment opportunities both for daily wage workers and professionals. The high dependency level of the agricultural industry on natural climatic conditions and the occurrence of rains have made it a risky business, thereby, causing high migration from villages to cities. The youth of villages is today abandoning farming and moving to the cities in search of more stable employment.

  • Social Bonding

The social life in a village is more closely knitted together. People personally know each other and take part in happiness and sorrow whenever required. This social bonding is something that is absent in city life. In cities’ dwelling, it is quite common for people to be neighbors for years without taking part in family functions or even normal conversation, to say the least.

This social absenteeism is in high contrast with the villages, where everyone, not only the neighbors, knows each other too well enough, on personal terms. Therefore, life in a city might be financially stable with all the basic amenities, but village life is a true example of human relationships and social values.

The life in both cities and villages has its own advantages and disadvantages based on different aspects. While a city life provides a better standard of living, a village life, on the other hand, is a perfect example of better social life and relationship values.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Ans . Life in the village is peaceful and more comfortable.

Ans . The lack of essential facilities and no carrier opportunities make village life difficult.

Ans . The natural scenes, friendly and helping people, and clean environment are the real beauty of village life.

Ans . Life in cities is easy because of good facilities like better transport, electricity, communication, education, and carrier facilities.

Ans . City life is unhealthy because of contaminated air, water and pollution.

Ans . Indore is the cleanest city in India.

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Essay on City Life Vs Village Life for Students and Children


500+ Words Essay on City Life Vs Village Life

Village life reflects the rural lifestyle and city life shows the urban lifestyle. Life in both rural and urban areas has its own plus points and problems. One is quite different from each other. Traditionally, India is a predominantly rural country as Mahatma Gandhi had said, “The real India lives in villages”. Though India is mainly a land of villages, there are many cities as well in the country.  Life in these big cities is quite different from life in a village. Let us consider, in brief, life in a big city and point out some of its important advantages and disadvantages.

essay on city life vs village life

Comparison: City life Vs Village life

The facility of education.

In big cities, there are good arrangements for education. The big college even universities are available.  There are also a very large number of school both government and private in the big city.  These arrangements do not exist in small towns and villages.

Medical Facility

Cities also provide sufficient medical facilities.  Almost in every city, there are good hospitals in which the poor get free medicines and treatment. Many qualified doctors are also there to serve the sick and the suffering. Indeed lack of such medical arrangement is the main drawback of villages.

Amusement and Recreation

Cities also provide many opportunities for amusement and recreation. In every city, there are a number of cinema houses and multiplexes, where we can enjoy with family. Also, a number of restaurants and hotels are available for better food of variety. There are also many parks and gardens where we can enjoy the best natural beauty. Villages are always lacking such facilities.

The Opportunity of Employment

The most important advantages of cities are the availability of huge opportunity for employment . They are centers of trade and commerce as well as offices of many multinational companies . Persons with different qualifications can easily find jobs to suit them.  In villages, employment is available mostly in farming. Due to farming, only seasonal jobs are available to a large population in villages.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Mixed Culture

Cities are having a variety of people from various cultures. But real India and its customs are highly visible in villages.

Natural Environment

It is fact villages are always natural due to be their self-creation by nature. On the other hand, most cities are manmade. Hence the natural environment of villages is their main attraction. In villages only we may have the charms of birds and flowers or the beauty of the day-dawn.

Pollution and Adulteration

City life is extremely unhealthy due to air pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution . The people are not getting fresh air to breathe or the clear sky to enjoy the sunshine. Also, food in the cities is dirty, unhealthy and adulterated. The villages are very much away from such drawbacks.

Population and Other Issues

In city life is very costly. People have to live with a lot of pomp and show. A simple life as in the villages is almost impossible in the city. Besides, the cities are over-crowded and it is very hard for people to get suitable accommodation. People in the city do not have much sympathy with others even with neighbors. The sympathy and close interdependence which is marked in the village’s life is entirely lacking in the city.

Thus, life in villages and in cities presents two contrasting pictures. There are positive as well as negative aspects of both. Therefore it is up to the individual to make the most of it irrespective of the rural or urban setting that one lives in. I, myself, like to live in a village in the close vicinity of a modern city so that I can enjoy the pleasures both of the city and the village.


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Essay on City Life Vs Village Life in English

compare and contrast essay on city and village life

Table of Contents

City Life Vs Village Life: Even decades after independence, India is replete with inequality so much so that it is often said there are the two countries, one that is Bharat and the other, India. It speaks of the two different realities that prevail in rural and urban parts of the country. But, it is essential that the residents of both rural and urban areas live in harmony with each other.

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According to the National Survey Organization, the average monthly per capita expenditure in a rural area of ​​the country was Rs 1054, while in urban areas it was Rs 1984 in 2009-10, that means the per capita expenditure of urban dwellers was more than 88% as compared to those living in the villages. This is not the only difference in the lives of villagers and city dwellers.

Long and Short Essays on City Life Vs Village Life in English

Here we are providing essays on village life vs. city life in a very simple and easy to understand language for students so that they can select any village life vs. city life essay as per their needs.

Essay on City Life Vs Village Life in 100 words

India is said to be a land of villages. Sixty-seven percent of the country’s population still lives in villages. To people who live in villages, life in urban areas is full of difficulties. What they do not like is vehicular pollution, crowd, constant noise, and smoke rampant in cities, which make them feel uneasy.

But those raised in cities love the hectic pace of life. They love to chase their dreams of money, power and social status. Each day brings to them new problems and complications for which they struggle to adjust to survive the rat-race of life.

Definitely, there is a great difference in the lifestyle of people living in villages and cities. The need is to balance both kinds of lifestyles by incorporating good aspects from each other.

Also Check: Life is an Indian Village Essay

Essay on City Life Vs Village Life in 150 words

Facilities and opportunities to move forward are greater in urban life than what we find in rural existence but there is an acute problem of pollution, noise, lack of adequate water supply, traffic jam, overcrowding and crime in cities. Similarly, though there is a lack of modern facilities in rural areas, but the clean air and peace are beneficial for the health of the people living there.

Villages hold a mirror to Indian culture and heritage. India’s centuries-long traditions still exist there. You can enjoy sunshine, greenery and tranquillity, and the people here are found to be very warm and friendly.

On the other hand, urban life is filled with tough challenges. Mostly, the people living in cities can avail latest amenities and cutting-edge facilities. They are always pre-occupied and busy with one thing or the other all the time. Sadly, they do not have time to even meet their neighbours, friends and relatives. Thus, there are advantages as well as drawbacks to live in both rural and urban areas.

Essay on City Life Vs Village Life in 200 words

India is largely an agriculture-based country. Farmers are the backbone of rural economy. They work very hard in agricultural fields where they grow grains and vegetables. They conserve water in ponds and canals to irrigate crops. The life of farmers is close to nature, away from the hustle and bustle of cities. There is peace and tranquillity everywhere, except for conflicts over land and caste prejudices and the prevailing taboos and superstitions.

On the other hand, people in cities are always racing against time. There is always great pressure to perform leading to stress and other health problems related to the hectic lifestyle of urban life. The urban dwellers have little time for friends, neighbours, relatives, or even their own family members. As the cost of living in cities is constantly going up, the chase of money becomes an inevitable part of life in cities. Yet despite accumulating wealth, peace still eludes the urban habitants.

But life in villages has its own problems. There are frequent clashes related to ownership of land and caste. Many villages do not even have basic facilities of education, employment, healthcare, transport and electricity. Ultimately, there is need for restoring true balance and purpose in your life, whether you are living in a village or a city.

Essay on Village Life Vs City Life in 250 words

Rural life is quite peaceful as people here do not lead a hectic lifestyle. They wake up early in the morning and fall asleep timely at night. Here the air is not polluted, as is the case with cities. There is also less pollution and crowd. Villagers are accustomed to easy-going life in villages as opposed to the hectic life in cities that leads to great amount of stress for them.

But villages mostly lack basic facilities such as electricity, schools, nursing homes and factories to employ people. Villagers have to walk on foot for several miles, if they do not have their own transport. Villages only provide seasonal employment and mostly people there are not gainfully employed. All these factors lead to large-scale migration of people from rural to urban areas in search of good education, employment and comforts of life.

But life in cities has its own negative side – it’s full of pressure, stress and anxiety. People here have several material comforts and amenities but no mental peace. They are always busy in executing various tasks related to their personal and professional life so much so that they sometimes they do not even know their next-door neighbour. The pressure to constantly perform takes a heavy toll on their health and they become prone to various ailments or lifestyle diseases even at a young age. Some of them even spend sleepless nights and their mental equilibrium takes a beating. So, life in rural and urban areas is poles apart but both are integral to the development of India.

Essay on Village Life Vs City Life in 300 words

More than half of India’s population lives in villages. Gandhi had said “the real India lives in villages”. Rustic simplicity and natural beauty is emblematic of Indian culture and heritage.

Lives of most of the people in villages mostly depend on agriculture. Some people earn their living from animal husbandry and agro-based cottage industries. Most of the villagers are farmers. They are hardworking, unassuming and generous. When farmers plough their fields in the morning sun, the chirping of birds that accompanies the movement of the oxen seems to hum a melody of hard work. Farmers are innocent by nature unlike some of their urban counterparts who lose their inner goodness in the cut-throat world of materialism in cities.

Life in urban India is marked by wide-ranging disparity. There are residents who have unlimited means of enjoyment but some people are so poor that they have to live in slums. Economic inequality, pollution and garbage are the bane of urban existence. People also have to face lack of adequate water supply. Yet people want to live in cities because they get facilities for good education, healthcare, transport and so many modes of comforts and entertainment. There are also good opportunities for employment in cities unlike villages where very few people are gainfully employed.

City life is a boon in many ways, but on the other hand it is also a curse. Every year the population of cities is growing by leaps and bounds, increasing pressure on their infrastructure and reducing life to a dehumanized rat race.

Thus, life in villages and in cities presents two contrasting pictures. There are positive as well as negative aspects to the both and it is up to the individuals to make the most of it irrespective of the rural or urban setting that one lives in.

Essay on Village Life Vs City Life in 400 words

Life in both rural and urban areas has its own plus points and problems. One is quite different from each other. Traditionally, India is a predominantly rural country as Mahatma Gandhi had said, “The real India lives in villages”.

There is a splash of festivals and fairs in villages. Here festivals are celebrated with a sense of brotherhood in a traditional way. The whole village dances to folk tunes at the time of festival whether it is Holi, Baisakhi, Pongal, Onam, Dussehra, Diwali, or Eid. All the people in the village live in bonds of fraternity. They share mutual happiness as well as sorrow with each other as per the circumstances of life. Though their lifestyle is not as advanced as what you see in the cities, rural people are warmer, and more cordial. They are more considerate and know each other in the village. They do not live in a state of isolation as is the case with metropolitan cities.

The natural beauty of the villages in India is simply eye-catching. The lush green fields capped around by flowers and spread an intoxicating fragrance. Birds chirp around merrily in fields, barns and village homes. Simplicity is the hallmark of life in villages.

Unfortunately, the search for jobs and the glare of material comforts and facilities is leading to large-scale migration of people from rural to urban areas. Though, now villages in the country are now also advancing in terms of standard of living. Urbanisation is taking place at a fast pace; electricity, piped water, concrete roads, telephone/mobile phone, computers, education and medical care are accessible facilities in many parts of rural India these days. Farmers are now using modern agricultural implements, and in place of oxen, they are ploughing the fields with tractors.

But life is not without troubles in villages too. There are frequent disputes over land and same-gotra love marriages, which all result in bloodshed and violence. The village panchayats when deliberating on disputes pronounce very harsh and uncalled-for judgements which make people’s life a tale of misery and pain.

Villagers depend on the sale of their agricultural produce on urban markets and city dwellers cannot survive without the supply of essential commodities such as grain, fruits and vegetables from rural regions. People from villages daily commute to cities to buy latest articles of modern life, watch movies, relax and enjoy themselves or do jobs in urban establishment. In fact, development of India is unthinkable without the harmonious development of villages and cities. Both of them complement each other.

Essay on City Life Vs Village Life FAQs

What is city life vs village life.

City life is about living in busy, developed areas with access to many amenities, while village life is in smaller, rural communities with a simpler way of living.

Which is better city life or village life essay?

The essay compares and contrasts city life and village life, discussing their advantages and disadvantages.

What is a city life essay?

A city life essay explores the benefits and challenges of urban living.

How to debate village life and city life?

To debate village life vs. city life, discuss factors like infrastructure, job opportunities, and lifestyle preferences.

Why city life is better than village life debate points?

City life may be preferred for reasons like better job prospects, modern amenities, and education options, but village life offers tranquility and a closer connection to nature. The choice depends on individual preferences.

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Abdullah Mubark

Tuesday, november 9, 2010, compare and contrast between village and city, 16 comments:.

you have a little bit sentences mistakes....other wises it is help full...keep it up:)


Yep of course

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Just a little bit of mistakes 2 or 3

Nice one but u have a 3 mistakes

I am actually gonna use this rssay to mu home work because I have noyhing in my mind just fix a little words

What is wrong with me

thanks for this wonderful writing 💕💕

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