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Where Can I Get Help Writing My Thesis Online?

acknowledgement in phd thesis india

You’ve spent years preparing for your master’s degree or PhD. You’ve read, studied and spent hours of time and energy writing papers. Now you’ve arrived at the culmination of all this effort: writing your thesis. There are plenty of compelling stories about the time and energy that students have spent drafting their dissertations and theses.

The good news is that you’re not alone. While you certainly don’t want to hire someone to write your thesis for you, which goes against most institution policies and puts your academic integrity at risk, you can get plenty of help with certain aspects of your thesis online. Whether you’re looking for a little guidance or extensive assistance, various services can make writing or editing your thesis go smoothly.

Dissertation Editor

One of the greatest challenges of writing your thesis can be juggling your family or job responsibilities with your studies. The time that writing takes can add another layer of obligation to your already-packed schedule. Dissertation Editor is a company whose founder is a PhD-educated writer and professor, and it promises to help you complete your thesis or dissertation on time and in compliance with your university’s rules and regulations.

acknowledgement in phd thesis india

Dissertation Editor’s primary function is to guide you along in the writing process and provide a helping hand in understanding everything you need to take care of. It places you with a writer who specializes in your area of study, and this individual can help you organize and analyze your research while making sure that your thesis fits your writing style and personality. This company also specializes in helping with any statistical analysis that you use in your thesis.

Thesis Helpers

If you’re concerned about using a service to help you write your thesis because you think it’ll be obvious that you hired help, don’t worry. Thesis Helpers puts its team of experienced writers to work for you to help you craft a thesis that finishes your degree on a high note. No matter what level of help you need, from narrowing down a topic to advanced editing and proofreading, they’re available to help.

acknowledgement in phd thesis india

The writers have advanced degrees in their areas of expertise, and one of the best things about Thesis Helpers is that it gives you ultimate say in the final product of your thesis. This company can help you with revisions and additional research, and you can rest assured that your thesis will meet anti-plagiarism standards.

Best Dissertation

Sometimes when you’re writing a thesis or dissertation, you can get stuck on one section or chapter. You may not need assistance writing the whole thing, but getting some help with the exact portion you’re struggling with can come in handy. That’s one of the strengths of using Best Dissertation . You don’t have to rely on it for help with your entire thesis if it’s not what you need.

acknowledgement in phd thesis india

Like most of the top thesis-assistance services, Best Dissertation employs writers with advanced degrees who specialize in various fields of study. What truly sets this company apart is the live support that it offers any time of the day or night. It claims to take the stress and strain out of writing your dissertation or thesis.

While some companies place a premium on helping you get your thesis written, others emphasize the editing and proofreading process. If you don’t need help with writing but need a hand with proofreading and editing, Scribbr is a good option for you. Its editors can help you get a grasp on the grammar and tone that are appropriate for academic writing.

acknowledgement in phd thesis india

Scribbr doesn’t just provide boilerplate feedback that you can find anywhere. It offers personalized feedback aimed at helping you become a better writer in the long run. You can even see examples of how its editors work by looking at the company’s website.

My Assignment Help

Writing a thesis has its own challenges that other academic writing simply doesn’t, which is why the team at My Assignment Help offers its particular brand of expertise. If you need assistance with a dissertation or thesis at the PhD or master’s level, its writers have the level of education and experience to help you write an expertly crafted and edited thesis.

acknowledgement in phd thesis india

My Assignment Help prides itself on hiring subject matter experts, meaning you can pair up with a helper who already has an advanced degree in your field. They understand the nuances of academic writing that are specific to your area of study, and they can provide advice on everything from making your abstract more unique to crafting a thought-provoking conclusion.


acknowledgement in phd thesis india

5 Things To Consider Before Choosing Your Dissertation Topic

As I am inching towards, what I hope would be my final year of PhD research, I have been thinking and analyzing a lot of my actions in retrospect. I thought of putting together a list of things I learned and things I wish I had considered in my first year.

1) Finding the “right” mentor.

We spend a lot of time in deciding the right lab or the best PhD supervisor. A lot has been said and done about finding the right fit. One thing I have learned is that apart from the usual parameters we set in finding the best supervisor for us personally, sometimes we forget to consider if the supervisor is right for the project. Sometimes the project may expand in an area beyond your and your mentor’s expertise. In such cases, it is important to consider whether your mentor will make the right resources available to you. Putting together a good research advisory committee, scientists who would have expertise in that specific topic, will come in handy. Research can be quite daunting and grad students deal with intense pressure and stress on a daily basis. Your time should be spent researching and not trying to find the right instrument in the cheapest core facility and definitely NOT YouTubing the workings of a new technique. Make sure to find someone to train you, attend workshops, shadow a technician and make sure your supervisor makes these available to you when needed. A mark of a good mentor is when they don’t hesitate to seek consultation or advise from an external or senior scientist who is an expert in the field.

2) Is this a good career investment?

Turns out most students forget about the crucial thing about spending years in grad school – landing the job! Most of us don’t think about job search or the next move until our final year, which I think is too late. While choosing a topic, you may want to consider things like job market, skill requirement, funding agencies and so on. For example, researching therapeutic drug targets for a disease that has no cure is far better than investing in a project discovering drug targets for a disease with multiple FDA approved drugs. Weigh the pros and cons carefully. Will your project help you acquire technical skills that are translatable to the industry? If you live in a city or country that is in dire need of science policy advisors or climate crisis advocates or good science communicators, will your PhD program give you enough skills to apply to these jobs?

3) Is there scope for collaborations?

Collaborations are a unique way to expand into different research topics in your field, whether it’s a collaboration within your group or research with a different research group altogether. This lets you become more versatile, get a flavor of how other researchers approach their science and if nothing else, learn a new scientific topic up-close. A productive collaboration is one which will take your expertise and enhance another project, without taking too much time away from your project. Inter-lab collaborations are a great way to demonstrate your negotiating, team management and interpersonal skills. Oh, and did I mention it’s good for networking? So finding aims in your proposal early on, that are good for teaming up with other groups is a good idea, especially while conferencing.

4) Will it help you AND your science grow?

I will start with the science part first. Obviously, we all want to learn and become an expert in the respective field when we started off, so what do I mean by growth here? If your research topic is only going to be a repeat of your previous techniques and scientific concepts, chances are, halfway through the project, you’re going to lose interest. It is great to start off the project with something familiar, but if it isn’t exploring in areas that are uncomfortable and challenging to you, is it really worth a PhD? Test new ideas, push your boundaries and give yourself a deadline to fully delve into answering these questions. But be wary not to spend too much time and get distracted. It is good to spend the first two years (in a five-year program) to be adventurous, but if it gets too challenging it really should not be pursued at the expense of your time.

I stress on personal growth next. PhD project is a LOT of time commitment. Especially to one very specific thing, that more often than not, will consume most, if not all of your time. This means one must consider having room for co-curricular activities that will in turn be an asset for your own research project. For example, I love to read about popular science, wildlife, climate science, conservation, policies and history. My program had a structured graduate minor alongside my PhD major and I decided to study science communication for this minor. Now, I get to write, read or watch other popular forms of science, engage with community, organize local events and dissect science policies as part of my curriculum. I have also gotten opportunities where I talked about my own research to strangers and thus, honed in my craft of communicating science. All of this will ultimately reflect in your resume and you know that apart from spending long hours fine-tuning your experiments, you will leave with heaps of useful skills for future jobs. So, I would recommend finding things that compliment your science early on, this will go a long way!

5) Will you need a backup plan?

If you are diving into something extremely challenging, let’s say it will not only require you to learn new, field-specific techniques, but it will mean questioning the dogma – make sure you have another small project to safely rely back on. If your program has at least one first-author paper requirement for dissertation, it is imperative you sit with your supervisor and make sure you will get a paper out in time. No dogma is worth challenging at the cost of your degree!

These are some pointers that I thought of, from personal experience. I hope that you will find it useful and informative.

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India’s biggest taxation headache is a potential goldmine for this IIT graduate

Goodbye ledgers.

In the middle of his PhD programme, Archit Gupta figured out that merely publishing papers and completing his thesis wouldn’t give him the adrenaline rush he craved. “There was intense action going on in Silicon Valley and I just couldn’t tear myself away from it,” he recalled during a telephonic interview from Bengaluru, India’s Silicon Valley, where he is now based.

After mulling over it, he dropped out of his doctorate programme at the University of Wisconsin in 2008 and headed for California. Two years later, he was in India. ”I was looking at starting something of my own…I wanted to solve a real problem,” said Gupta, a graduate of the Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati.

Inspiration struck in early 2011. “While talking to my father (a chartered accountant), we came to the conclusion that taxes are a problem for everybody,” Gupta said. “It was a relatively untapped market with a great business opportunity.”

Two months later—just 11 days before the annual tax-returns deadline of July 31—Gupta, along with his father Raja Ram Gupta, launched an online tax filing company called ClearTax. By the time the tax-filing deadline arrived, they’d snapped up over 1,000 clients. Today, ClearTax is India’s largest e-filing tax platform, with over 1.5 million users.

Seven years on, once again, Gupta and ClearTax find themselves sitting on a potential goldmine: the goods and services tax (GST).

One tax, many troubles

On July 01, the Narendra Modi government rolled out the GST, which has been 17 years in the making . The GST intends to simplify India’s layered fiscal structure by subsuming 16 different taxes hitherto levied at different rates in different places. Hereon, it will be one central tax with four different slabs.  So now , cooking gas will be taxed at 5%, jam at 12%, cornflakes at 18%, and a refrigerator at 28%, irrespective of the state where it’s sold.

The GST is aimed at improving efficiency and compliance by also digitising the entire procedure. Under the GST framework, businesses with an annual turnover of over Rs20 lakh must file their taxes online every month along with the annual returns. Until now, they had to do it only annually or quarterly.

Now, invoices are to be uploaded online by the 10th of every month. Following this, the submissions will be matched with those filed by every other merchant in the supply chain for verification by the 15th of the month. The final tax liability will be cleared by the 20th of the month. Even if one person in the chain fails to upload the correct document, or if there are mismatches in the sales or purchase records, the process will go awry.

So, while the intent was to simplify the tax structure, the GST may have ended up making tax filing even more convoluted for some 13 million registered companies. Apart from the confusion that  the GST is likely to trigger , countless small businesses will also be forced to invest in computers and hiring chartered accountants (CAs), thereby pushing up costs.

The government itself hasn’t been shy of admitting “teething problems.” And the companies have been given two months to comply. They are now scrambling for affordable and effective solutions. Just what Bengaluru-headquartered ClearTax is offering.

“More than a crore (10 million) businesses are affected,” said Gupta, 32, who now serves as ClearTax’s CEO. “It is the one of the biggest tax reforms in the world and is also very complex. For players like us, it spells a dramatic opportunity because we are on the cusp of tax and technology and, therefore, can service a large audience.”

Clearing the tax maze

ClearTax’s primary service is straightforward: Individuals upload their Form 16s (an annual statement issued by the employer detailing salary and the tax deducted at source), and income and investment details, and the platform’s software calculates a user’s tax liability. The entire process can be completed within seven minutes, the company claims.

Archit Gupta, Founder, ClearTax.

For individuals, the ClearTax platform is free, unless they require a CA’s help in filing returns. ClearTax has relationships with over 10,000 CAs and over 220 companies for this. For specific questions on tax and compliance, experts are made available, for a fee. The other money-spinner is ClearTDS, an online platform that companies can use to file the returns on tax deduction at source (TDS) for their employees. It is used by the likes of ICICI Bank and TechMahindra.

For the GST, ClearTax has rolled out a custom-built, cloud-based software. It allows accountants to centralise data on their client businesses, prepare standardised invoices, check them for mismatches with invoices filed by the client’s suppliers, undertake corrections, and finally file the returns directly on the government portal. The software will be free to use for the first three months, after which ClearTax will charge Rs5,000 a year.

There’s also a free ClearTax helpline where merchants can reach out to experts who can handhold them through the GST return-filing process. For a fee, these experts can guide businesses in minimising their tax-outgo.

To build its GST-related taxation services, ClearTax has invested Rs32 crore. It plans to pump in more money as it targets about 10 million businesses that will be affected due to the new tax-regime.

In June 2016, the as yet unprofitable firm raised $12 million (Rs78 crore) from SAIF Partners. The company’s  other investors include  American seed accelerator Y Combinator, Sequoia Capital , and PayPal Co-founder Max Levchin.

But ClearTax may not have a free run in the market. A small army of companies—from big accounting firms to tiny startups—are positioning themselves to tap into the demand prised open by the GST. A cursory check on the Google app store shows over 75 applications offering tax solutions.

Gupta, however, is unperturbed, especially now that he’s got enough money to outmuscle the competition.

“Our mantra is to keep it simple and accessible and that’s what consumers want,” he said. “We have proved it as far as individual tax-payments are concerned, and are now the largest online firm in this space.”

Goods & Services Tech: This is the first in a series of articles on technology-driven startups that could benefit from India’s biggest tax reform, the Goods & Services Tax.

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5 inspiring PhD thesis acknowledgement examples

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Crafting a PhD thesis acknowledgement can be a challenging task, but it can also be an enjoyable one. There are no strict rules or guidelines to follow, allowing for creative freedom. However, seeking inspiration from sample acknowledgements can greatly assist in initiating your own writing process. Here are five PhD thesis acknowledgement examples!

PhD thesis acknowledgement example 1

Phd thesis acknowledgement example 2, phd thesis acknowledgement example 3, phd thesis acknowledgement example 4, phd thesis acknowledgement example 5.

I started my PhD just before the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, a period that presented numerous challenges and uncertainties. Nonetheless, I made it to the finish line! I would like to express my deepest gratitude to the exceptional individuals who supported and guided me throughout this transformative journey, enabling me to successfully obtain my doctorate despite the many unforeseen obstacles that arose.

First and foremost, I would like to thank my PhD supervisors, Prof. Xiu Ling and Prof. Frederic Semoas. Their constant support, guidance, and encouragement have been invaluable throughout the entire process. From the initial stages of refining my research proposal to the final submission of my thesis, their unwavering presence and wealth of wisdom have been instrumental in shaping my academic growth. I highly valued the biweekly meetings we held, which not only served as crucial checkpoints to keep me on track academically, but also provided me with plenty of encouragement. I am profoundly grateful for the immeasurable contributions they made to my development.

In addition to my supervisors, I am indebted to my exceptional lab mates, whose support has been a constant source of motivation. Our collaborative writing sessions and informal chats, whether conducted via screens during lockdowns or in person whenever circumstances allowed, provided a lifeline during the most challenging times. I am proud to say that we became more than just lab partners, but good friends. Paul, thanks for always providing a steady supply of cookies that brought much-needed sweetness to our intense work sessions. Ina, your late-night phone calls helped me to keep my self-doubt in check. And Valeria, your enthusiasm and upbeat character made spending long hours in the lab an enjoyable experience.

Among the most memorable highlights of my PhD journey was the opportunity to participate in the Applied Chemistry Summer School in Belfast. This enriching experience would not have been possible without the dedication and expertise of Dr. Simone and Dr. Erek. I am deeply grateful for the knowledge, connections, and friendships that were forged during that time.

Lastly, I want to express my deepest gratitude to my family whose belief in my abilities and support. Your encouragement played an integral role in my accomplishments. To my mom, dad, and Maria: Thank you for everything. I dedicate this PhD thesis to you.

It takes a village to raise a child” is a well-known proverb, and I strongly believe that completing a PhD also requires the support of a village. Therefore, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to the people who played significant roles in my PhD journey.

First and foremost, I would like to thank my supervisor, Patricia Renault. Your exceptional academic expertise, coupled with your commitment to support early career researchers truly make you a role model in the often competitive realm of academia. Your guidance and encouragement have been invaluable .

I would also like to express my gratitude to my PhD thesis committee members: Prof. Dr. Hels, Prof. Dr. Frontstotten, Dr. Buwo, and Dr. Luis. Thank you for your time and effort, reading the 284 pages of my thesis thesis for providing valuable feedback and thought-provoking questions. Your insights have greatly enriched the quality of my work.

Furthermore, I want to thank all the interviewees who generously shared their thoughts and life stories for my research. Without your willingness to participate, my thesis would not have been possible.

A special appreciation goes to my colleagues and peers at the Department of Anthropology. Engaging in stimulating academic exchanges with all of you while maintaining a personal connection has been truly enriching.

Lastly, I want to express my deepest gratitude to my wife. Thank you for always being my rock, accompanying me through the highs and lows of this academic journey. Your support and belief in me have been a source of strength and motivation.

When I embarked on my PhD journey five years ago, little did I know the profound experiences that lay ahead. Fulfilling my long-held dream of pursuing a PhD, time seemed to pass swiftly as I immersed myself in the world of academia. Transitioning from several years in professional practice back to the university environment was both daunting and exhilarating.

I am incredibly grateful for the opportunity to be a part of an exceptional research institute that provides deep insights into seismology. I extend my heartfelt appreciation to my advisor, Prof. Dr. Daniels Selwas, for generously sharing his extensive academic knowledge and playing a pivotal role in helping me establish myself within the academic community. I am truly thankful for his firm yet compassionate guidance, which not only facilitated significant contributions to publications during my PhD but also opened doors I never thought possible.

Undoubtedly, pursuing a PhD presented its fair share of challenges. Early on, I encountered setbacks when some of my experiments failed, leading me to readjust my research proposal in my second year. However, what initially appeared as hurdles eventually revealed themselves as blessings in disguise. These challenges allowed me to refocus my efforts on seismic tomography, a subject that ignited a genuine passion within me. I apologize to everyone who patiently endured my enthusiastic ramblings about my research!

During my third and fourth years, I had the privilege of working as a teaching assistant for Prof. Susan Meyers. This role introduced me to the immensely fulfilling world of teaching, from which I gained invaluable knowledge and insights. Prof. Meyers provided exceptional guidance and unwavering support throughout my teaching endeavors.

As I diligently worked on documenting my research results, the small breaks organized by my best friend Andy became cherished highlights after long days of writing. These rejuvenating moments kept me motivated and inspired to persevere.

As I bring my five-year-long PhD journey to a close, I can genuinely say that I am immensely proud of my accomplishments. This transformative journey has not only shaped me as a researcher but also as an individual, imparting the invaluable lesson that perseverance yields fruitful rewards in the long run. The unwavering commitment and determination displayed by those around me have profoundly influenced my character.

My greatest aspiration is that my research proves beneficial and contributes to a better understanding of earthquakes. The drive to advance knowledge in this field continues to fuel my motivation and determination. I am deeply grateful to all the individuals mentioned, as none of this would have been possible without their guidance and encouragement. I am excited to see what the future holds.

“The more that you read, the more things you will know, the more that you learn, the more places you’ll go.” —Dr. Seuss

This quote has always resonated with me, but as I approach the end of my PhD, its profound meaning has taken on new significance in my life.

Throughout my PhD journey, I have been fortunate to explore various places and experiences. Moving to Chicago, I had the privilege of joining an exceptional literature department, surrounded by individuals who share a deep passion for reading. Relocating to a new city on my own was challenging, but fate led me to forge a wonderful friendship with my flat mate, Loreen. Loreen, I am grateful for your companionship and support from the very beginning of my PhD.

Furthermore, I cannot envision a better PhD supervisor than Dr. Molly Glours. Her countless feedback and guidance have played a pivotal role in refining my academic writing and sharpening my arguments. Molly, your unwavering passion for literature is truly inspiring, and I aspire to follow in your footsteps one day.

My academic journey has also taken me to conferences in Canada and Belgium, marking my first experiences in Europe. Beyond the intellectually stimulating discussions, these trips have provided unforgettable adventures for a small-town girl from the Midwest.

Participating in a three-minute research pitch competition not only pushed me beyond my comfort zone but also introduced me to an incredible partner, Joshua. It is remarkable how life leads us to unexpected places and introduces us to remarkable people when we least expect it.

My research has also led me to the Chicago Public Library, where I had the opportunity to work with children’s reading clubs as part of my fieldwork. This collaboration has been incredibly rewarding, and I extend my heartfelt thanks to George Newton and Immania Hikale for making this partnership possible.

Finally, I would like to thank my family. Mom, your tireless work and unwavering commitment to provide for Joan and me while always emphasizing the value of education have made a profound impact on my journey. From those early hours spent in the library together, you instilled in me a deep love for reading. Completing a PhD in comparative literature feels like the natural culmination of our shared journey, and I hope you are aware of and proud of the significant role you have played in shaping my path.

Grandma and Grandpa, you made immense sacrifices and worked tirelessly to provide a better life for your children and grandchildren. Look how far we have come! Your dedication and resilience continue to inspire me as I reflect on my achievements.

Completing a PhD is a monumental achievement, and I still find it hard to believe that I have reached this milestone. I want to raise a toast to everyone who has been a part of this incredible journey with me.

First and foremost, I owe a tremendous debt of gratitude to Professor Dr. Suna Shikrati, who has been instrumental in my success over the past four years. I feel incredibly fortunate to have had the guidance and mentorship of such a highly respected academic.

To Katie, Felicitas, Aron, Xime, and Andy – you are the best PhD crew in the entire department. Together, we have navigated the challenges and celebrated the triumphs, and I am grateful to have had you by my side.

Sonya, words cannot express how much your unwavering belief in me has meant. You have been my biggest cheerleader throughout this journey, and I cannot thank you enough for your love and support.

Lastly, I want to express my heartfelt appreciation to coffee and my dog Ben. Coffee has fueled countless late nights and early mornings, providing the necessary jolt to keep me going. And Ben, my loyal companion, you have been my faithful reminder to take breaks, dragging me away from my computer and insisting on regular outdoor excursions.

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Acknowledgement Sample

Acknowledgement Sample

PhD Thesis Acknowledgement sample

acknowledgement in phd thesis india

Firstly, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to my advisor Prof. _______ for the continuous support of my Ph.D study and related research, for his patience, motivation, and immense knowledge. His guidance helped me in all the time of research and writing of this thesis. I could not have imagined having a better advisor and mentor for my Ph.D study.

Besides my advisor, I would like to thank the rest of my thesis committee: Prof. __________, Prof. ___________, and Dr. ____________, for their insightful comments and encouragement, but also for the hard question which incented me to widen my research from various perspectives.

My sincere thanks also goes to Dr. _________, Dr. ______________, and Dr. __________, who provided me an opportunity to join their team as intern, and who gave access to the laboratory and research facilities. Without they precious support it would not be possible to conduct this research.

Last but not the least, I would like to thank my family: my parents and to my brothers and sister for supporting me spiritually throughout writing this thesis and my my life in general.

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  • Thesis & Dissertation Acknowledgements | Tips & Examples

Thesis & Dissertation Acknowledgements | Tips & Examples

Published on May 3, 2022 by Tegan George . Revised on July 18, 2023.


The acknowledgements section is your opportunity to thank those who have helped and supported you personally and professionally during your thesis or dissertation process.

Thesis or dissertation acknowledgements appear between your title page and abstract  and should be no longer than one page.

In your acknowledgements, it’s okay to use a more informal style than is usually permitted in academic writing , as well as first-person pronouns . Acknowledgements are not considered part of the academic work itself, but rather your chance to write something more personal.

To get started, download our step-by-step template in the format of your choice below. We’ve also included sample sentence starters to help you construct your acknowledgments section from scratch.

Download Word doc Download Google doc

Table of contents

Who to thank in your acknowledgements, how to write acknowledgements, acknowledgements section example, acknowledgements dos and don’ts, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about the acknowledgements section.

Generally, there are two main categories of acknowledgements: professional and personal .

A good first step is to check your university’s guidelines, as they may have rules or preferences about the order, phrasing, or layout of acknowledgements. Some institutions prefer that you keep your acknowledgements strictly professional.

Regardless, it’s usually a good idea to place professional acknowledgements first, followed by any personal ones. You can then proceed by ranking who you’d like to thank from most formal to least.

  • Chairs, supervisors, or defense committees
  • Funding bodies
  • Other academics (e.g., colleagues or cohort members)
  • Editors or proofreaders
  • Librarians, research/laboratory assistants, or study participants
  • Family, friends, or pets

Typically, it’s only necessary to mention people who directly supported you during your thesis or dissertation. However, if you feel that someone like a high school physics teacher was a great inspiration on the path to your current research, feel free to include them as well.

Professional acknowledgements

It is crucial to avoid overlooking anyone who helped you professionally as you completed your thesis or dissertation. As a rule of thumb, anyone who directly contributed to your research process, from figuring out your dissertation topic to your final proofread, should be mentioned.

A few things to keep in mind include:

  • Even if you feel your chair didn’t help you very much, you should still thank them first to avoid looking like you’re snubbing them.
  • Be sure to follow academic conventions, using full names with titles where appropriate.
  • If several members of a group or organization assisted you, mention the collective name only.
  • Remember the ethical considerations around anonymized data. If you wish to protect someone’s privacy, use only their first name or a generic identifier (such as “the interviewees”)/

Personal acknowledgements

There is no need to mention every member of your family or friend group. However, if someone was particularly inspiring or supportive, you may wish to mention them specifically. Many people choose to thank parents, partners, children, friends, and even pets, but you can mention anyone who offered moral support or encouragement, or helped you in a tangible or intangible way.

Some students may wish to dedicate their dissertation to a deceased influential person in their personal life. In this case, it’s okay to mention them first, before any professional acknowledgements.

Prevent plagiarism. Run a free check.

After you’ve compiled a list of who you’d like to thank, you can then sort your list into rank order. Separate everyone you listed into “major thanks,” “big thanks,” and “minor thanks” categories.

  • “Major thanks” are given to people who your project would be impossible without. These are often predominantly professional acknowledgements, such as your advisor, chair, and committee, as well as any funders.
  • “Big thanks” are an in-between, for those who helped you along the way or helped you grow intellectually, such as classmates, peers, or librarians.
  • “Minor thanks” can be a catch-all for everyone else, especially those who offered moral support or encouragement. This can include personal acknowledgements, such as parents, partners, children, friends, or even pets.

How to phrase your acknowledgements

To avoid acknowledgements that sound repetitive or dull, consider changing up your phrasing. Here are some examples of common sentence starters you can use for each category.

Note that you do not need to write any sort of conclusion or summary at the end. You can simply end the acknowledgements with your last thank you.

Here’s an example of how you can combine the different sentences to write your acknowledgements.

A simple construction consists of a sentence starter (in purple highlight ), followed by the person or entity mentioned (in green highlight ), followed by what you’re thanking them for (in yellow highlight .)


Words cannot express my gratitude to my professor and chair of my committee for her invaluable patience and feedback. I also could not have undertaken this journey without my defense committee, who generously provided knowledge and expertise. Additionally, this endeavor would not have been possible without the generous support from the MacArthur Foundation, who financed my research .

I am also grateful to my classmates and cohort members, especially my office mates, for their editing help, late-night feedback sessions, and moral support. Thanks should also go to the librarians, research assistants, and study participants from the university, who impacted and inspired me.

Lastly, I would be remiss in not mentioning my family, especially my parents, spouse, and children. Their belief in me has kept my spirits and motivation high during this process. I would also like to thank my cat for all the entertainment and emotional support.

  • Write in first-person, professional language
  • Thank your professional contacts first
  • Include full names, titles, and roles of professional acknowledgements
  • Include personal or intangible supporters, like friends, family, or even pets
  • Mention funding bodies and what they funded
  • Appropriately anonymize or group research participants or non-individual acknowledgments


  • Use informal language or slang
  • Go over one page in length
  • Mention people who had only a peripheral or minor impact on your work

If you want to know more about AI for academic writing, AI tools, or research bias, make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples or go directly to our tools!

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In the acknowledgements of your thesis or dissertation, you should first thank those who helped you academically or professionally, such as your supervisor, funders, and other academics.

Then you can include personal thanks to friends, family members, or anyone else who supported you during the process.

Yes, it’s important to thank your supervisor(s) in the acknowledgements section of your thesis or dissertation .

Even if you feel your supervisor did not contribute greatly to the final product, you must acknowledge them, if only for a very brief thank you. If you do not include your supervisor, it may be seen as a snub.

The acknowledgements are generally included at the very beginning of your thesis , directly after the title page and before the abstract .

In a thesis or dissertation, the acknowledgements should usually be no longer than one page. There is no minimum length.

You may acknowledge God in your dissertation acknowledgements , but be sure to follow academic convention by also thanking the members of academia, as well as family, colleagues, and friends who helped you.

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How to Write Acknowledgement for Thesis – Top Effective Ideas

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acknowledgement in phd thesis india

Why Do You Need an Acknowledgement for PhD Thesis?

An acknowledgement is a brief part at the beginning where the author thanks everyone who helped them during the study period. This writing part is the separate section between the abstract and the contents, where you should only express your genuine gratitude. To understand the purpose better, you need to answer three main questions in your acknowledgement for PhD thesis:

  • Who do you want to thank?
  • What do you want to express?
  • What tone are you going to use?

acknowledgement in thesis

Any PhD project is complex and stretched out over time, so expressing sincere gratitude to everyone who has supported you on your path to your degree makes sense. When writing an acknowledgement for thesis, you must mention everyone (individuals, organizations, etc.) who supported you when working on the studies. It sounds easy, but not when you must turn the blank sheet into grateful words, especially if they’re related to officials and require a formal tone. So, how can you proceed with the acknowledgement? What things should you pay attention to? Let’s figure everything out!

Use the Thesis Acknowledgement Sample as a Reference

Clarifying the writing requirements and defining to whom you want to express your appreciation are the first things you should do before getting started with a thesis acknowledgement. The formatting and content rules always come first as they limit you in volume and number of gratitudes. The standard acknowledgement section should be no longer than one page, where you must place all your personal and professional thanks.

The task is feasible, and the acknowledgements sample for thesis created by qualified PhD writing experts only confirms this. Save the template and refer to it as you review professional recommendations from our thesis writing services and write your own acknowledgements.

In the beginning, I would say thanks to my supervisor Prof._____ to guide me well throughout the research work from title’s selection to finding the results. Their immense knowledge, motivation and patience have given me more power and spirit to excel in the research writing. Conducting the academic study regarding such a difficult topic couldn’t be as simple as he made this for me. He is my mentor and a better advisor for my doctorate study beyond the imagination.

Apart from my Supervisor, I won’t forget to express the gratitude to rest of the team: Dr._____, Prof._____ and Prof.______, for giving the encouragement and sharing insightful suggestions. They all have played a major role in polishing my research writing skills. Their endless guidance is hard to forget throughout my life.

I am also pleased to say thank you to Dr._____, Prof.______ and Dr._____, who made my access simpler to the research facilities and laboratory and gave an opportunity to become part of their team as an intern. It wouldn’t have been possible to conduct this research without their precious support. They all really mean a lot to me.

I would always remember my fellow labmates too for the fun-time we spent together, sleepless nights that gave us the courage to complete tasks before deadlines and for stimulating the discussions. I would also like to thank my friends from _________ University. The man who also supported me well throughout the entire research program is Dr.______. Their immense support actually guided me to rectify numerous things that could create major challenges in the acceptance of my paper.

In the end, I am grateful to my parents, siblings, friends and acquaintances who remembered me in their prayers for the ultimate success. I consider myself nothing without them. They gave me enough moral support, encouragement and motivation to accomplish the personal goals. My two lifelines (parents) have always supported me financially so that I only pay attention to the studies and achieving my objective without any obstacle on the way.

Structure of the Acknowledgements Sample for Thesis

Each acknowledgement section has a simple writing structure that includes a sentence starter, followed by a person or entity mentioned and why you thank them. To make the task easier, find an appropriate thesis acknowledgement sample and use it as a template to compose yours.

To make a PhD thesis acknowledgement concise and professional looking, you can try to prioritize your thanks and list your benefactors alphabetically:

  • Start writing the acknowledgement by mentioning the most critical contributors – chairs, supervisors, mentors, etc.
  • Next, list other supporters – e.g., advisors, research participants, colleagues, laboratory assistants, librarians, etc.
  • Mention funders and providers of financial support you received.
  • Conclude with expressing emotions for your personal supporters – family, friends, classmates, etc.

Note that the institution may have preferences about the order, the format, and the layout of the acknowledgement writing for thesis. Most universities prefer to keep acknowledgements strictly professional. However, if you can also place friendly gratitudes, it’s better to put professional acknowledgements first, followed by personal ones. Mention all the people directly involved in the research and work on your project. Still, if you feel that people who inspired you are also important, add them as well.

How to Write Acknowledgement for Thesis While Keeping It Formal

It’s common when we switch to a more informal tone and add emotions to the first-person narrative. But this is inappropriate in writing acknowledgement thesis, which should remain formal. Avoid using informal language and slang. Set priorities and start writing with more formal support, moving to less formal.

When you thank professionals, it’s essential to include everyone who helped you – from suggesting your research topic to the final proofreading or helping with figuring out how to write acknowledgement for thesis.

  • Even if your supervisor didn’t help you much, you should still thank this person. Otherwise, it will look like you’re snubbing them, and you can’t let that happen.
  • Ensure you write the professionals’ full names and provide their positions. Even if you know them well, the others who read your work are not, so you clarify this information by mentioning their full names and titles.
  • If you mention professionals from one institution, list their names in the order required by the prompt for writing acknowledgements thesis (generally alphabetically).
  • Remember ethical considerations around anonymized data. If you must save someone’s privacy, write only their name and general identifier.

Separate Mentions in Your PhD Thesis Acknowledgement

To simplify the process, separate everyone you acknowledge into categories: “major gratitudes,” “big gratitudes,” and “minor thanks.” “Major gratitudes” are the people your project would be impossible without. Your advisor, chair, committee, and funders should be in this category used in your acknowledgement thesis.

Those who supported you while working on your project and helped you to grow intellectually belong to the “Big gratitudes” section of the acknowledgement PhD thesis. All your research helpers can belong to that category, as well as classmates, colleagues, laboratory assistants, etc.

All the others mentioned in the PhD thesis acknowledgement sample belong to the “Minor thanks” position of hierarchy. Mention here people who encouraged you and offered moral support – parents, friends, classmates, etc. However, your writing should include only the most influential personalities and organizations due to limited space.

Like the thesis abstract , the acknowledgement should contain only the most essential information. Find samples if you hesitate about what to mention and how to compose the piece. Pick up several different works to see what starters could be used and how authors build sentences to express their thoughts. This will help you create a readable writing structure and keep a smooth and logical narrative.

Let Best PhD Writers Help With Writing Acknowledgement Thesis

As with any other academic paper, there are several options to cope with the acknowledgements. You can try to make it on your own, using ready-made templates and following professional recommendations, or with support from specialists who help writing research proposal and any related papers. What is better is up to you, but consider that the second option can help save precious time you may spend on other parts of your PhD project.

As you can see in the acknowledgement sample for thesis, our writing experts are well-versed in working with such a PhD paper, and they will gladly create another one individually per your requirements. Notably, we make each piece from scratch only without using pre-written content. Only this way we can assure you a perfectly-customized acknowledgement of the highest quality.

Stop struggling with how to write an acknowledgement for a thesis – let experienced writing pros prepare the best one in just a few hours!

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How to Write Acknowledgement for Dissertation?

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How to Write Acknowledgement for Dissertation (1)

Students pursuing doctoral or master’s programs are required to submit a dissertation as part of their studies. A dissertation is a written document that summarises the research conducted and includes findings either on a question or a topic chosen by the student. A dissertation is important as it demonstrates a student’s knowledge about their subject and their ability to use research methods to define a topic/subject. As part of the dissertation, students are required to submit an acknowledgement. This blog guides you on how to write an acknowledgement for your dissertation acknowledgement, what to include in an acknowledgement for a dissertation, and includes tips and samples for acknowledgement for dissertation projects.

Must Read: All About PhD Thesis

This Blog Includes:

Acknowledgement for dissertation, why is thesis acknowledgement so important, professional and academic acknowledgements, how to write acknowledgement for a dissertation, including thanks in acknowledgement for the dissertation, how long should my acknowledgements be, where should my acknowledgements go, phrases to help you get started, dissertation acknowledgement examples, dissertation acknowledgement sample, dos and don’ts while writing acknowledgement for dissertation, [bonus] find out the best country to pursue phd, when to write dissertation acknowledgements, differences between your thesis acknowledgement and preface, summary of writing dissertation acknowledgements.

An acknowledgement for the dissertation is written to acknowledge and thank all individuals and academic departments that helped you during the process of writing a dissertation. It is a section where you thank funders, dissertation supervisors, other academics, colleagues, family and friends that helped in the research and writing process. The acknowledgement is placed after the title page of the dissertation and is no longer than one page. 

Also Read:  What is Research Proposal?

Some students add an acknowledgement part to their thesis or dissertation projects because they were difficult, while others do so because they worked hard for a long period. If a lot of individuals have helped you over the years, you might want to think about them to express your thanks. Who are these individuals? In a thesis acknowledgement, it’s common to see:

  • Fellow students;
  • Colleagues;
  • Possible respondents;

The main objective of an acknowledgement page is to express gratitude to people who helped you during your research.

No dissertation is ever finished in a vacuum. There are many individuals to thank, from those who read your work to academic supervisors who assisted you through the project. Thank these individuals in your dissertation acknowledgements. Take care to use complete names and titles while naming. After a long writing process, your supervisor is likely to know you by your first name. To credit them, though, it’s best to include their complete name and title. There are no hard and fast rules in this part, but make sure to appreciate individuals that helped you out tremendously. Consider including the following:

  • Supervisors of dissertations
  • Academics who worked on the study directly, such as lab workers or your research group
  • Colleagues who assisted you with research or proofread your work

There is no format to write an acknowledgement for a dissertation. You should simply start by thanking everyone who helped you. While writing, you can use an informal tone as an acknowledgement is more personal. It should be written in first-person. You can acknowledge individuals, institutions or organisations. It is preferred to start with professional acknowledgements first and then move to personal acknowledgements. You choose to simply say thank you in some acknowledgements whereas in others you can elaborate on how that person helped you.

Make sure you thank the right people from your institution as well as from your personal life.

Professional acknowledgements can include:

  • Committee members
  • Supervisors
  • Professors 
  • Librarians (generalists and specialists)
  • Proofreaders
  • Laboratory assistants
  • Other academics
  • Professional colleagues
  • Classmates who contributed in some way
  • Research participants
  • You can also mention if someone in authority gave you valuable suggestions

Personal Acknowledgements can include:

  • Your  partner
  • Friends and the Family members who contributed or inspired in some way
  • Any other individual who inspired or guided you in your academic journey
  • You can also choose to thank God.

Also Read: PhD in UK

The length of acknowledgements varies greatly. Some areas short as a single paragraph, while others are as long as three pages. The length of your recognition page will mostly be determined by the number of people you wish to thank. Try to restrict your acknowledgements section to one page as a general guideline. Even though there is no word restrictions, a long acknowledgements section dilutes the thankfulness you’re attempting to show, especially to those who have aided you the most.

Your acknowledgements should, in the great majority of circumstances, come after your abstract and before your table of contents. However, we strongly urge you to examine your university’s standards, as some universities have their own set of rules that you must observe.

We understand how difficult it is to express your gratitude to people who have helped you throughout the years, especially in words. To assist you in getting started, we’ve supplied a few samples of phrases from which you may finish or obtain ideas.

  • I am deeply grateful to XXX…
  • I would like to express my sincere gratitude to XXX…
  • I would like to offer my special thanks to XXX…
  • I would like to extend my sincere thanks to XXX…
  • …for their assistance at every stage of the research project.
  • …for their insightful comments and suggestions.
  • …for their contribution to XXX.
  • …for their unwavering support and belief in me.
  • You can use the following examples that will help to write an acknowledgement for your dissertation. You can simply say thank you or elaborate on how each person or group contributed to your dissertation.
  • First of all, I would like to express my sincere gratitude to ________ for providing financial support without which this research would not have been possible. 
  • I would like to thank my supervisor _____ for the constant support and guidance throughout this project.
  • I would like to thank the following people for helping with this research project
  • Many thanks to _____without whom I would not have been able to complete this research.
  • I would also like to acknowledge _________ for their participation and engagement. 
  • I would like to express my gratitude to ______ for providing valuable suggestions that helped guide this entire project.
  • I would like to thank ____  from the bottom of my heart for their constant support, guidance and encouragement.
  • Special thanks to ______ for their invaluable advice, continuous support, and patience during my research
  • I would like to extend my sincere thanks to ____ for their assistance at every stage of the research project.
  • ___ provided constant encouragement and was always willing and enthusiastic to assist in any way he/she could throughout the research project.
  • I am grateful to have the pleasure of working with 
  • I am deeply grateful to _____ for their unwavering support and belief in me
  • I wish to thank my loving and supportive partner/parents/friends

Also Read: How to Write a Motivation Letter for PhD Programs?

  • Do check if the university has provided guidelines to write an acknowledgement
  • Do Make sure that you include individuals who directly helped you in the process.
  • Do keep the tone informal and personal.
  • Do use the full name and appropriate titles and qualifications.
  • Do remember to keep the acknowledgement of the appropriate length. 
  • Don’t thank each and every member of your family unless someone was particularly inspiring or supportive.
  • Don’t overlook anybody, especially people you know and have helped you in a professional capacity, even if their contribution was very little.
  • Don’t forget to revise the acknowledgement and remove any redundancies.  

Must Read: Dissertation vs Thesis

I’ve seen that a surprising percentage of students submit proposal draughts with the acknowledgements section fully prepared. “The more portions I do now, the less I’ll have to do later,” we imagine the reasoning goes. It’s also understandable that filling up a part that doesn’t require any citations is appealing.

While there’s nothing wrong with planning out your acknowledgements section ahead of time, it’s preferable to store it apart from your proposal document. Your Chair and committee members may find it weird to be acknowledged before they’ve finished assisting you through the dissertation process, as acknowledgements are intended to be written retroactively.

It’s pointless to use your prologue and acknowledgement in your thesis at the same time. What is the best way to make this decision? Write a prologue if you wish to express gratitude and give readers further information. Write your thesis acknowledgement if you don’t have enough room.

  • You should thank the department, staff, or funding organizations who helped you with your project in a separate acknowledgement section of your thesis. Find excellent thank-you letter templates to express thanks to individuals who have supported you financially, given you positive feedback, or benefited you in any other way. Your thank-you notes function as a formal recognition of your thesis.
  • Because there is a political consideration to consider when writing, professional acknowledgements should come first. Check your list of collaborators to discover whether any academics supported you in the creation of this crucial publication.
  • Before you begin writing, make a list of anybody who is linked to your project in any way. Some of them will read or edit your work, while others will listen to your academic problems or support you regularly. Mention friends or family members who are pursuing graduate degrees.

The acknowledgement portion of your dissertation is the section with the least amount of control. There aren’t any particular headers or word counts required. I recommend that you take your time and reflect on the people that assisted you in completing your journey and express your gratitude to them. You may send them a note or invite them to dinner, which is a fantastic idea. However, a lasting acknowledgement in your dissertation serves as a reminder to yourself and the rest of the world that these people had a significant impact on your life and future. The acknowledgement page of several pleased parents has been framed! Remember that, while this is your chance to express gratitude to people, how you do so (and the care with which you do so) reflects who you are. Even if you’re weary of writing, it’s important to put actual effort into this part since it will communicate who you are as a person to everyone who reads it.

You should recognize people who supported you academically or professionally, such as your supervisor, funders, and other academics, first in the acknowledgements of your thesis or dissertation. Then you may express your gratitude to friends, family members, or anybody else who helped you along the way.

The acknowledgements are usually found at the very beginning of your thesis, immediately following the title page and before the abstract.

To begin, make a list of persons you’d want to thank in your dissertation acknowledgements. In the following step, start with the official and work your way down to the informal, thus supervisors, mentors, committees, and other professional relationships should be included first. Then you may go on to personal expressions of gratitude, which might include friends, family, and even pets.

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Farhat Jahan

Impact of vocational and Technical education towards women empowerment in Pakistan

In the present study cluster analysis by average linkage method was used for classification of potato genotypes on the basis of phenotypic traits. Cluster analysis is a multivariate technique used to group the data into clusters in a way that the observations within in a cluster are similar whereas the clusters are distinct from one another. Data on thirty five potato genotypes were evaluated in the field experiment for 3 qualitative traits namely number of eyes/tuber, tuber shape and tuber skin type. The amalgamation steps in the cluster analysis showed that the similarity level decreased by increases of about 6 or less until it decreased by 13 at the step from four clusters to three. This shows that four clusters are logically sufficient for final partition. The resulting dendrogram displayed the information in the form of a tree diagram. In the present data, potato genotypes such as CIP01, CIP25, CIP2, CIP4, CIP10, CIP24, CIP32, CIP 09, CIP20, CIP27, CIP29, CIP33, ASTRIX, DESIRRE, ZINA Red, HZD2 1499, CIP 07, CIP16 and CIP30 made up the first cluster, CIP12, CIP14, CIP28, CIP31and CIP17 made up the second cluster, CIP03, CIP06, CIP08, CIP11, CIP15, CIP05, CIP13, CIP18, CIP19, CIP34 made up the third cluster and CIP22 made up the fourth cluster. These genotypes are grouped into clusters based on the similar phenotypic characteristics that is number of eyes/tuber, tuber shape and skin type are associated in each of the distinct cluster. This lassification of genotypes with the help of cluster analysis could assist breeders to select and identify genotypes with desirable characteristics for inclusion in variety breeding programs.


Muhammad Hassan Siddiqi

To estimate genetic and forensic parameters, the entire mitochondrial DNA control region of 100 unrelated Makrani individuals (males, n = 96; females, n = 4) living in Pakistan (Turbat, Panjgur, Awaran, Kharan, Nasirabad, Gwadar, Buleda, Karachi and Burewala) was sequenced. We observed a total of 70 different haplotypes of which 54 were unique and 16 were shared by more than one individual. The Makrani population showed a high genetic diversity (0.9688) and, consequently, a high power of discrimination (0.9592). Our results revealed a strongly admixed mtDNA pool composed of African haplogroups (28%), West Eurasian haplogroups (26%), South Asian haplogroups (24%), and East Asian haplogroups (2%), while the origin of the remaining individuals (20%) could not be confidently assigned. The results of this study are a valuable contribution to build a database of mtDNA variation in Pakistan

Genetic characterization of the Makrani people of Pakistan from mitochondrial DNA control-region data

Wajeeha Zameer

This work focuses on the life journey of Dr. Ismail Saad, starting from his early life to his advent to the USA for his PhD in Education then his return to Pakistan where he established the Special Education Department at Karachi University in 1988; further he established the Hamdard Institute of Education and Social Sciences at the Madinat ul Hikam – Hamdard University, where he served as the Vice Chancellor as well. After all these accomplishments he went on to establish the Department of Education at the Iqra University as well; further more this work highlights Dr. Ismail Saad’s efforts in translating the works of Maria Montessori into Urdu making it more approachable for Pakistan. This work also strongly focuses on the journey Dr. Ismail Saad undertook and went on to become the 1 ABSTRACT st Ph.D. of Education in Pakistan and how his life had been a benchmark after another in which he has established three institutes of education in three different universities and now he is known as the Founding Father of those institutes.

Pakistani Educationists

Saeed Sheikh

This research paper critically analyzes the performance of Pakistan Standards & Quality Control Authority (PSQCA) vis-a-vis global standardization regime. The paper is in fact an attempt to highlight weaknesses of Standardisation mechanisms of third world countries in the context of Pakistan as how these countries are lagging behind in competitive international markets due to their poor, lethargic and inefficient national standardization bodies.

Pakistan Standards & Quality Control Authority: A Critical Review

wasim shaikh

The Nature of Poverty and Its Prospects: Pakistan Evidence

Randall Law

2005, South Asian Archaeology 2001

Regional Interaction in the Prehistoric Indus Valley: Initial Results of Rock and Mineral Sourcing Studies at Harappa

2014, PCSIR Laboratories Karachi

Depositional environments of the Bara Formation sandstone from Lakhra areas Sindh

Zeerak Khan

FYP Report

Naveed Khan

2019, Book of Abstracts Final

The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the impact of WCM on Profitability for a sample of 30, Cement and Sugar industries that are listed on Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX). This research will expand the horizon of knowledge and comparative analysis of manufacturing sector (Cement and sugar). In this study Panel data is used and time of the study is FY 2014 to FY 2018, Secondary data is used and sources of data were taken from financial annual report of industry, STATA software is used for Pooled Ordinary Least Square to measure the effect. In this research NPM is taken as dependent variables and WCM independent which is measured by liquidity ratio while Size of Firm is taken as control variable. The key finding of analysis shows that CR has positive and significant effect on profitability in both sectors. However CCC has negative and significant but positive and insignificant effect on profitability in both sectors. ITR has positive and insignificant effect on profitability, Size has positive and significant effect on profitability in both sectors. The final discussion comprehend that increase in CCC leads to decrease in Profitability, while decrease in CCC leads to increase in Profitability. The quicker the firm converts its assets in to liquidity the better the firm will assume profitability. It concluded that profitability can be enhanced if industry manager manage their working capital in a more efficient way. At last test equality of matched pairs was applied to measure the trend effect which shows that both industries have different operation, techniques and infrastructure, which has significant difference between firm variables and ITR has insignificant effect. Which show that both industries has different inventories turnover. Keywords: Net Profit Margin, Current Ratio, Inventories Turnover Ratio, Cash Conversion Cycle, Size of Firm.

Impact of Working Capital Management on Firm Profitability

Syed Nawaz Ul-Huda , Shahid Naseem

A number of serious studies have been conducted to decipher relationships between geological environment, potable/ drinking water, and diseases as they were considered to have triggered suffering due to diseases among people. Chronic anemia can be caused by prolonged exposure to drinking water contaminated with cadmium (Cd). Under such circumstances, accumulation of Cd is manifested in the kidney, resulting in cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study is to present the impact of Cd-contaminated drinking water on human health among the residents of villages in Winder. Collection of about 48 groundwater samples at an average distance of 1 to 2 km between the sampling sites has enabled a sufficient geological representation of distribution of minerals and elements in the samples. Concentration and comparison of Cd in the study area sample sites reveal highest values (24.2-30.0 ppb) in the northeastern and southeastern sectors, covering parts of all three geological areas of Bela Ophiolite of Cretaceous age. Conducted questionnaire surveys provided relevance between cause and effect nature of Cd bearing diseases among which kidney, joint, and night blindness are more prominent. Due to this phenomena, toxic risk of Cd in drinking water was high as per calculated health hazard indices. The use of this water by the villagers may cause health problems and disorders among the inhabitants of the area.

Impact of Cadmium Polluted Groundwater on Human Health: Winder, Balochistan

Uzma Asghar

Pakistan journal of scientific and industrial research

“Metal Contents in the Ground Waters of Tharparkar District, Sindh, Pakistan with Special Focus on Arsenic”

Christopher Oropel

it's not mine


Satuluri Sravanthi

In last 500 years, Kachchh experienced several large magnitude earthquakes (6.0 ! M 7.8), however, not all accompanied surface rupture. The 1819 Allah Bund earthquake (Mw7.8) accompanied surface rupture, whereas, the 2001 Bhuj event (Mw7.6) occurred at a depth of 23 km on E-W striking south dipping thrust fault remained blind. Discontinuities between the denser-brittle basement (?) and overlying ductile-softer Mesozoic-Tertiary-Quaternary succession resulted in a different geometry of faulting. Normal faults associated with rift were reactivated as reverse faults during inversion tectonics, propagated in sedimentary succession and arrested. Thrust-ramps developed along the discontinuities accompanied surface ruptures. Folded structures along the South Wagad Fault (SWF) e an active thrust, exhibits lateral-propagation of fold segments and linkage, suggestive of fault-related-fold growth. Paleoseismic investigations revealed evidence of at least three paleo-earthquakes. Event I occurred before BCE 5080; Event II between BCE 4820 and 2320, and was probably responsible for a massive damage at Dholavira e Harappan site. Event III was between BCE 1230 and 04, most likely caused severe damage to Dholavira. Archaeo-seismological Quality Factor (AQF) of 0.5 suggests that the Dholavira is vulnerable to earthquakes from nearby active faults. With 1500e2000 yr of recurrence interval, occurrence of a large magnitude earthquake on SWF cannot be ruled out.

Paleo-earthquake signatures from the South Wagad Fault (SWF), Wagad Island, Kachchh, Gujarat, western India: A potential seismic hazard

Mahmood Qamar

Extensive GIS and field studies of Indus delta were conducted during 2005-08 to determine the influence of reduced flow of river Indus on dynamics of Indus delta changes as well as of its vegetation degradation during 49 years period from 1953 to 2001. There was huge loss of 67% in dense forests with slight reduction of 23% in the river flow in initial 25 years period whereas there was a minor loss of only 9% of dense forests in spite of huge reduction of 57% of river flow in next 24 years period. It was noted that lagged effect of river water dilution remained variably effective from 5-7 months after floods. It was further determined that Indus delta mangrove forests were not degraded due to higher salinity levels. Comparative figures for different parameters of forest cover, forest density, annual growth rate as well as Shannon’s diversity Index H (richness) and EH (evenness) for least flooded zone (23.12 ppt) and most flooded zone (18.74 ppt) were 60.58 vs. 56.19, 598 vs. 202, 17.46% vs. 18.08%, 0.45 vs. 0.08 and 0.40 vs. 0.07 respectively. It was determined that reduced flow of river Indus had no adverse effect on delta erosion, accretion as well as mangrove forest degradation as such. It was apparent that biological interventions of various nature and magnitude were responsible for the said degradation.


Dr. Muhammad Asif Naveed

Book of Abstracts: International Conference on Emerging Issues of Information Lanscape

Muhammad Aslam Mirza

A study was conducted to assay the quality of snowmelt in Sudhanoti and Poonch Districts of Kashmir, Pakistan. In this area, primary source of water for drinking and agricultural use is rain, snowfall and snowmelts. Physicochemical parameters; pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness (TH) HCO3 -, CO3 2-, Cl-, SO4 2-, NO2-N, NO3-N, Kjeldahl nitrogen (KN), orthophosphate (o- PO4), acid hydrolysable phosphate (t-PO4), dissolved oxygen (DO), biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Fe2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Pb2+, Cd2+, and Co2+ were determined. Chemical analyses of the snowmelts indicate the presence of major ions as: Ca2+ > Na+ > Mg2+ > K+ = HCO3 - > SO4 2- > Cl- > NO3 - > CO3 2-. Ternary plot on elemental composition indicates Ca – Na – Mg – HCO3 - /CO3, Ca – Na – SO4 and Na – Cl as the dominant hydro chemical types; while salinity hazard index sets the criterion for its agricultural utility. Higher concentration of SO4 2- and pH < 7 manifests the effect of industrial pollution as acid rains on hydrological cycle.

Hydrochemistry of Snowmelt in Sudhanoti and Poonch Districts of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan

Fazal Hussain Khan

2019, Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies

This study explores media industry in the province of Sindh, Pakistan for gender discrimination. It is generally believed that gender discrimination is based on patriarchal conception of society and is greatly rooted in culture whereas the economical and social models are also responsible for inculcating discrimination based on gender. But the changing patterns of social institutions and the transforming trends in financial designs are determining new standards and definitions. Although the feminist theorists and feminist’s movements have played magnificent role for the eradication of gender discrimination but the mindsets are still to be changed because they are hardened by socialization and cemented by customs, culture and religion for centuries. This research attempts to consult working journalists for whether they have faced, or facing, or observed, or observing discrimination within the media theatre, or the field is free of these curses. This study employs survey technique using a close ended questionnaire constructed under Guttmann Scale. It also conducts face-to- face interviews with senior journalists in Karachi, Hyderabad and Larkana implanting snowball method to deeply explore the media environment in Sindh for gender discrimination. On the basis of its findings, this research offers some implications and suggestions for policy framing and future research.

Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies: Annual

Matthew A . Cook

AIPS 2019 Newsletter (Cook & Hammond, eds.)

2006, Space and Spatial Analysis in Archaeology

Moving Mountains: The Trade and Transport of Rocks and Minerals within the Greater Indus Valley Region

Umair Ilyas


Sana Jamshaid 🇵🇰

Schiff bases are an important class of organic compounds. The common structural feature of these compounds have the azomethine group with the general formula RHC = N-R1, where R and R1 are alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, or heterocyclic groups. Schiff bases have also been shown to exhibit a broad range of biological activities, including antifungal, antibacterial, antimalarial, antiproliferative, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antipyretic properties and also have some industrial applications. The imine group present in such compounds has been shown to be critical to their biological activities Schiff bases are synthesized by Sterker reaction in which condensation of primary aromatic amines with aryl aldehydes is found to be catalyzed by using mild catalysts in presence of organic solvent. Owing to vast applications of Schiff bases in field of medicine, agriculture and industry; the work presented here was carried out to synthesize indole based Schiff bases. Different substituted anilines and novel-indolic aldehyde are used to synthesize various kinds of imines using green procedure that doesn’t require excess of organic solvents. This eco-friendly reaction has many advantages like economical, medicinal, environmental and with mild reaction conditions, simple work-up yield high products.


Dr. S O H A I L Mehmood

Abstract Proposed study includes the themes content and Ideology of 21st century Pakistani cinema as well as its production and cinematographic style. More precisely the research questions that we will try to settle are, whether?  Modern Karachi Film industry using techniques that make its preproduction, Cinematography and post production economically more feasible than its traditional Lahore peers? It is connected to traditional Lahore Film industry in one way or other?  Industry’s shift from Lahore to Karachi contributes in widening the spectrum of themes of movies?  This resurgence of national cinema will contribute in the revival of regional languages cinema?  Production studios and other facilities enough to lay a base of stabilized Film industry competing with regional film industries? What would it require to survive in the age of Bollywood and Hollywood?  Current annual rate of Film productions are enough to usher a sense of sustainability?  Governments; central and provincial, are doing enough to strengthen the revival? If not what they can do to cement these early success stories by playing their roles.  Modern day directors are mostly inspired by Hollywood and Bollywood Cinema, Do they have any Idea about parallel cinema industries like French Cinema, Chinese, NK, Irani Cinema Russian and Egyptian Cinema and resources they offer.  Is it a genuine resurgence created due the vacuum created by stagnant Lahore Film Industry or romantic adventures of Karachi’s local passionate producers.


Saeedullah ishaaq

Tectonic Activities in Pakistan

Murtala Muhammad

2017, Pure Appl. Biol

Citation Muhammad Israr, Fawad Ali, Murtala Muhammad and Noor Bahadar.Seroprevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B virus among blood donors in district Charsadda Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Pure and Applied Biology. Vol. 6, Issue 2, pp669-675. http://dx. Abstract Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is a serious worldwide public health issue both in underdeveloped and developed countries. About two billion individuals were infected by HBV globally, of which 400 million were chronic HBV carrier. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the seroprevalence and some possible risk factors of hepatitis B virus infection among male blood donors in district Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. A total of 460 male blood donors with age range 15-55 years were screened for HBsAg by Immunochromatographic technique (ICT) and 3 rd generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Out of 460 samples, 11(2.39%) were found positive for HBsAg by ICT, and 13(2.82%) were HBsAg positive by ELISA. The mean seroprevalence of HBV from both ICT and ELISA was 2.60%. The highest seroprevalence (46.15%) was observed among the donor groups with age range of 21-30 years followed by (30.76%) among 15-20 years, (15.38%) among 31-40 years and the lowest seroprevalence (7.69%) among 41-55 years. Blood transfusion (30.76%) was the most apparent influencing risk factor for HBV followed by dental treatment (23.07%), Sexual partner positive for HBV infection (15.38%), surgery and shave by the barbers (7.69%) for each and unknown reason (15.38%).

Seroprevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B virus among blood donors in district Charsadda Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan


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    India: A potential seismic hazard · Satuluri Sravanthi. In last 500 years, Kachchh