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LLM Thesis on: Issues of Expropriation: The Law and the Practice in Oromia

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Expropriation of private land rights involves two contradictory interests. On one side, there is a public need for land; on the other side landholders need the provision of tenure security and protection of their private property rights. Thus, it needs to keep a balance between them. To create the intended balance, legislation has to authorize the government to expropriate land rights for clear and limited public purpose under the supervision of an independent body. In this article the writer will argue that the rural land laws of Ethiopia have defined the public purpose for expropriation of rural land rights in different manner depending on the nature of the landholders. For peasants and pastoralists the public purpose requirement is defined vaguely and broadly leaving its component to be determined by public authority. However, for investors the concept is limited to the projects implemented by the government. Moreover, the writer argues that the protection of private property rights and provision of land tenure security of holders is further undermined due to the legislation failure to authorize the affected people from taking an appeal to an independent body objecting the fact that the project to which the private rural landholding is expropriated does not satisfy the public purpose requirement.

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In Ethiopia, expropriation and compensation measures have become a great concern due to horizontal urban expansion and development induced projects. Especially in peri-urban areas, the livelihood of farmers is affected by expropriation without fair and comparable compensation. This paper investigates the impacts of expropriation and compensation activities on livelihood of peri-urban smallholders taking Debre Markos Town as a case study area. Mixed research methods were employed. Quantitative data were gathered using a structured questionnaire and by interviewing about 100 smallholders. Qualitative data were collected in focus group discussions and by analyzing legal documents. The analysis showed a high trend of expropriation without fair and appropriate compensation as result of ignoring legal procedures of expropriation and compensation. Expropriated farmers also complained that they did not get any support from the government to use compensation money properly for further invest...

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    A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE LLM IN BUSINESS LAW ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA MAY, 2020 Thesis Approval Page by Board of Examiners Title of the thesis Major Problems Associated with Arbitration in Ethiopia By: Tensay Belayneh Board of Examiners Signature Date


    experience in Ethiopia. Chapter one tries to set the scene by exploring the concepts of prosecution, prosecutorial decision making and the right to equality. A compressive discussion is provided in an attempt to shed light on the origins and development of the concepts and the latent tension between them.


    TITLE: - The Existing Status of Bilateral Investment Treaties in Ethiopia: Issues and Trends Prepared by: MEKETE TEFERI ID No. GSR/3967/02 Advisor: - ATO MOHAMMED HABIB ( Assis. Prof. of International Law) October, 2011 Addis Ababa Ethiopia PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version


    a thesis submitted to the college of law and governance studies jimma university in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the masters degree (llm) in human rights and criminal law by: lemlem dejenu mulugeta principal advisor: getahun alemayehu (ll.b, ll.m, phd) co-advisor: ms. azeb belachew (llb,ll.m) july , 2020 jimma ,ethiopia

  5. (PDF) LLM Thesis on: Issues of Expropriation: The Law and the

    LLM Thesis on: Issues of Expropriation: The Law and the Practice in Oromia Elias Gudeta In rural residents of most developing countries, including Ethiopia, land is the main economic, political, social and cultural asset. It is the crucial source of generating livelihood income for society.


    consisted of the National Bank of Ethiopia, Commercial Bank of Ethiopia, Development Bank of Ethiopia, Sabean Utility Corporation and Mr. Alfred Abel. The group ceased to exist in 1975 when financial institutions and large companies were nationalized and transferred to government ownership.11