Pollution Essay

Pollution is a slow poison that continues to destroy our environment and our lives day by day, it is mainly divided into three parts: air pollution, noise pollution, water pollution.

Air pollution is due to smoke coming out of vehicles, factories, flying dust etc. Noise pollution is caused by the horns of vehicles, the running of machines and other noise-generating objects.

Water pollution is caused by putting factories waste materials and plastic waste and other things in rivers and ponds.

If we have to reduce pollution, then we will have to plant more and more trees and make people aware of pollution, only then we can wish for a good future.

Pollution Essay 500 Words:

At present, pollution has taken a very formidable form.

Due to this, life has become very difficult in big metros, here every day some new disease is being born.

Pollution is spreading so fast that nowadays it seems that it has become a part of our life.

Due to pollution, not only human life has been affected but also there has been a change in the environment of wildlife, animals and earth.

Types of Pollution:

Pollution has been divided into three main parts according to international standards, apart from this, there are many types of pollution:

Air pollution: A ir pollution is caused by mixing of polluted gas from vehicle into the air.

The main sources of air pollution are the smoke emanating from motor vehicles, smoke from factories and chimneys, dust blowing, odor caused by rotting objects, firecrackers etc.

Water pollution: Water pollution occurs due to many types of harmful chemicals, bacteria etc that are emptied into the water.

The main sources of water pollution are the discharge of polluted water from the factories into the rivers and ponds, the gutter opening into the rivers, plastic thrown in the water.

Water pollution is spread by adding other waste material.

Noise pollution: A loud and unbearable sound above hearing range falls under the category of noise pollution.

The main source of noise pollution – loudspeakers, horns of vehicles, sound of machines, thunder of clouds etc. due to which noise pollution is spread.

Pollution Essay

Pollution Prevention Measures Essay:

To prevent air pollution, trees should be planted in large quantities, as well as where there is indiscriminate cutting of trees, they should be stopped.

Industry businesses that spread air pollution should adopt new technology which leads to less pollution.

In order to reduce water pollution, we have to pay more attention to cleanliness.

We throw garbage in rivers and ponds, the factories are responsible for water pollution should be closed.

Noise pollution is mostly done by human beings, so if we stop using the horns ourselves and if we take care of the machines regularly, then they will not produce any noise and there will be a decrease in noise pollution.


The way pollution is increasing on our earth, it will take the form of destruction in the coming few years, if some strict rules are not put in place to stop the pollution soon then the whole environment of our earth will be spoiled and our life will be in crisis.

If we have to reduce pollution, then first we have to improve ourselves and make people aware of the losses occuring due to pollution.

Until the people of our entire country are not aware, then it is not possible to reduce any type of pollution.

Essay on Pollution 2000 Words

Pollution is the problem of the whole world, not only of India, but all the countries are worried about it due to increasing pollution.

Today almost everything in the world, whether it is live or non-living, is getting polluted in some form or the other.

Water, air, soil and the entire planet have been hit by pollution. Due to pollution, some problem or new diseases arise every day.

The entire atmosphere is being polluted due to leakage of gas from factories, increasing radioactivity from nuclear plants, toxic chemicals and wastewater from factories and factories in rivers, ponds, seas.

Today, we are only paying attention to our progress but we are not worrying about nature at all. Science has made a lot of progress today, but has still not been successful in curbing pollution.

The World Health Organization is repeatedly warning all the countries of the world, but still no drastic action is being taken on increasing pollution.

If our country continues to concentrate on caste and reservation,when will india get a time to think about the environment?

Types and Side Effects of Pollution:

Water Pollution- Pollution Essay:

At present, water pollution is a big problem. At present, all our major rivers like Ganga, Yamuna Chambal, etc. are littered with all the dirt, in which various types of plastic and other garbage are lying.

In some places it seems that garbage is flowing in place of water in the river, some people also do their daily activities, washing clothes, bathing animals near the rivers due to which their water gets contaminated.

The matter of even greater concern is that poisonous and chemical-rich water released from factories is also released in rivers and ponds.

According to a recent data, about 73 people die every hour due to drinking polluted water in our country and this figure is increasing year after year.

Our governments are also no less in increasing water pollution because the water released from the gutter is often released into the rivers and oceans, due to which the entire water gets polluted.

Which makes the water poisonous, due to which the life of the living organisms in the river is in danger and this poisonous water are used for drinking, due to which various diseases spread.

Air Pollution:

Air pollution is a matter of concern because many cities of our country come in the top ten list of most air polluted cities in the world.

From this, it can be estimated that how fast air pollution is increasing in our country. In our country, every year 12.4 lakh people die due to air pollution and this figure is increasing year after year.

Air pollution is generally the main caused by smoke from factories and chimneys, smoke from coal, smoke coming out of homes, smoke from stubble burning, etc.

Another major cause of air pollution is also that indiscriminate felling of trees which is increasing day by day and urbanization is increasing due to which air pollution is increasing.

Asthma cancer, skin disease due to air pollution, irritation in eyes, heart diseases, due to which human and other animal animals die prematurely.

Our environment is also affected by air pollution. Trees and plants wilt and due to this, excessive air pollution occurs.

Noise Pollution- Pollution Essay:

Noise pollution is caused by loudspeakers, horns, the rattle of vehicles, the sound of machines, the sound of airplanes, the construction work, the thunder of clouds, etc.

But the main source of noise pollution comes from human-generated works. If a human stays continuously around high volume sound, then he can be deaf as well as his mental balance will get distrub.

At present, people use loudspeakers everywhere in weddings, parties, any kind of publicity, which greatly increases the noise pollution.

Children and old people have more problems due to noise pollution. Noise pollution also affects the day-to-day routine of animals.

Soil Pollution:

The main reason for soil pollution is the work done by human beings because human beings promote each type of pollution for their little greed.

The waste material coming out of factories,are either bury in the soil or thrown improperly, due to which the land there slowly starts becoming barren.

At present, there is a problem of soil pollution due to plastics because toxic materials keep coming out of the plastic all the time, which make the whole land poisonous.

The use of urea fertilizers used in the field has also increased greatly due to which the land becomes polluted.

All these have an impact on human health because poisonous chemicals are found in the grains and vegetables originating from the land, which worsens human health, which is why many diseases are spreading today.

Light Pollution- Pollution Essay:

Day and night are natural activities, if there is any change in them, then it affects the whole nature. At present, electricity is being used very much due to the progress of science.

And nowadays, more lights are used, due to which, even at night, it looks like day.

Due to increasing urbanization, there is a lot of light even at night. Due to which wild animals have a lot of trouble, their entire routine gets spoiled due to this. Light pollution also has a bad effect on human health, due to this there is not enough sleep.

Radioactivity Pollution:

Pollution caused by radioactive radiation is called radioactivity pollution. This pollution is not visible to the eye but is the most dangerous for health.

The person coming into contact with it or any other animal that dies in no time.

This pollution is usually from the atomic bomb, nuclear power from the waste material coming out of the house. Wherever this pollution spreads, there is no sign of life.

Thermal Pollution:

Presently thermal pollution is increasing very fast because as the needs of people are increasing, there are different types of factories in which water is used to keep many types of substances and other things for cooling purposes.

Due to which the water becomes very hot and it is released directly into the rivers, due to which the temperature of water suddenly changes. This causes the death of living organisms in the rivers.

Pollution Balance Measures:

To plant trees:.

If our earth is to be saved from pollution, we will have to plant more and more trees and whoever is doing indiscriminate cutting of trees,strict action against them must be taken. Tees absorb carbon dioxide and give us oxygen. If there are no trees then we will not get oxygen and our life will end. Ttake pledge today, do plant at least one tree on your birthday.

Stop using Plastic- Pollution Essay:

Presently, how plastic is connected with our life like water and air, plastic is being used in everything. Toxic materials keep coming out of plastic for thousands of years, which pollutes water, air and the entire environment.

We have to stop the use of plastic, the government is also banning plastic, but the use of plastic will continue to increase till we become aware.

Promote Car Pulling:

Due to increase in the number of vehicles, the needs of fuel has also become very high and due to this, there is increase in air pollution. Nowadays, every person carries his own vehicle which further increases the problem of air pollution.

If we use public vehicles and if we go to the same office, then sharing a car will save fuel and reduce air pollution.

Use Energy Properly:

We have to use energy properly. Different types of engines we see are very polluting and waste material released from it is poisonous.

Clean the Rivers- Pollution Essay:

We all have to clean the rivers, ponds and oceans together, because from that we get water to drink and other animals also depends on water for same.

If water start turning poisonous, then a variety of diseases will spread, which can also take the form of an epidemic, so we should not throw garbage in rivers and ponds.

Focus on maintenance of vehicles / machines:

Maintenance of vehicles and machines is very important if they are not maintained, then they cause a lot of noise pollution as well as air pollution.

To save a few rupees, we pollute our environment, this is a matter of great concern, so it is always necessary to maintain vehicles and machines from time to time.

Reduce usage of urea Fertilizer:

Urea manure is being used by the farmers for higher yields in the fields, which improves the yield of the crop but makes the land barren and at the same time many types of poisonous substances are added to that crop, which enter directly into our body and our health deteriorates, so farmers should reduce the use of urea fertilizer and use natural fertilizer.

Make strict rules law:

The Indian government has enacted several laws to curb pollution, but due to non-compliance of those laws, pollution is increasing, so we have to ensure that the laws made to prevent pollution are to inforced properly.

The Indian government should make more stringent laws against pollution because if nature only doesn’t exist then what’s the use of life so it is very important to save the environment.

Spread Awareness about Pollution:

We all have to work together to spread awareness about pollution right from every citizen to top decision making authority.

We have to convince people that if we continue to spread pollution like this, the life of the next generation will be in trouble. Also, our entire environment will get destroyed due to pollution.

Therefore, we have to go from city to village and educate people about pollution through small dramas and other methods, only then pollution can be stopped.




The government has taken many steps to solve the environmental pollution in our country, our government has set up a pollution institute in Madhya Pradesh, which will give pollution related information to the government every year.

Strict action is being taken on whichever person or institution is responsible for increasing pollution.

At present, sewerage treatment plants are also being set up in small towns. Also, campaigns are being run every year to promote plantation.

If we all cooperate to prevent environmental pollution essay, then the day is not far when the balance will establish in the environment and the life of other beings along with human life will also be out of danger.

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Essay on Environmental Pollution

List of essays on environmental pollution in english, essay on environmental pollution – essay 1 (150 words), essay on environmental pollution: types, causes and effects – essay 2 (250 words), essay on environmental pollution: with conclusion – essay 3 (300 words), essay on environmental pollution – essay 4 (500 words), essay on environmental pollution: types, causes and conclusion – essay 5 (600 words), essay on environmental pollution: factors and measures taken – essay 6 (1000 words), essay on environmental pollution: forms, sources and types – essay 7 (1500 words).


Environmental pollution is one of the most critical threats faced by our planet in the present day scenario. This is a global issue, which is seen commonly in all countries, including the third–world countries, irrespective of their developmental statuses.

What is Environmental Pollution?

Environmental pollution is when human activities introduce contaminants in the environment, thereby leading to the disruption of the routine processes, causing irreversible changes in the environment. The agents causing pollution are called pollutants. Pollutants are substances occurring in nature or created because of extraneous human activities. Pollutants can also be forms of energies let out in the environment. Based on the pollutants and the pollution caused in the components of the environment, the environmental pollution may be classified as follows:

i. Air Pollution

ii. Water Pollution

iii. Soil/Land Pollution

iv. Noise Pollution

v. Radioactive Pollution

vi. Thermal Pollution


Any natural resource found in the environment, when used at a higher rate than the ability of its restoration, leads to depletion, thereby causing environmental pollution. This will lead to the declination of environmental quality and is evidenced by the loss of biodiversity, loss of flora and fauna, the introduction of new diseases and stressful life in the human population, etc.

The environment forms a very important aspect of human life because that is where we find the essentials of life e.g., air, water and food. Due to global industrialization and modernization, there has been environmental pollution. The environmental pollution has greatly affected the quality of life for animals, plants and humans. Hazardous effects including diseases that have emerged as a result of environmental pollution. Environmental pollution is basically the contamination of environment’s nature in both physical and biological systems which affects the normal functioning of the environment.

Types and Causes of Environmental Pollution:

The types of environmental pollution are specific to causes and components of the environment. Environmental pollution is classified into groups depending on the natural components as follows; air pollution, noise pollution, soil pollution and water pollution. The contaminants of the environment are called pollutants. The main pollutants are industries because industries emit harmful gases in the atmosphere, which cause air pollution, industrial effluents are also discharged into water bodies causing water pollution. Other pollutants include smoke from combustion, greenhouse gasses emission e.g., carbon dioxide which is high in India.

Effects of Environmental Pollution:

Environmental pollution has been a challenge in India. The adverse effects are specific to the type of pollution although some may cut across. Air pollution has resulted in harm to human health and destruction of the ozone layers in the atmosphere. Water pollution has caused death of aquatic life and acidification. Soil pollution has resulted in unhealthy soil i.e., unbalanced soil pH which does not favor plant growth. India has struggled with challenges of environmental pollution.

Environmental pollution has become a great concern to save our planet. We need to adapt various measures to reduce environment pollution. Some of them includes planting trees, reducing the use of non-renewable resources, proper disposal of wastes, etc. It is the responsibility of every individual to save our environment from getting polluted.

We should treat the environment of our earth like our mother. It also nurtures us. If the climate gets polluted then, how can we survive?

Earth provides us so many natural resources for our health and growth. But, as time is passing, we are becoming more selfish and keep on polluting our environment. We do not know that if our environment gets more polluted then, it will ultimately affect our health and future too. It will not be possible for us to survive on earth easily.

Effect of Environmental Pollution on Health:

It is unnecessary to tell that environmental pollution has ruined and spread its toxic tentacles inside the basic needs of human, i.e., water, food, air, and soil. It affects our inhaling, drinking, and eating. It also damages the health of animals along with humans.

Various things pollute the air like gaseous releases from motor vehicle ignitions and industries, burning fossil fuels inside the air, etc. The solid industrial waste, oil spills, plastic dumps, and city garbage that thrown into the water pollutes the river and oceans. Similarly, inorganic procedures of agriculture destroy the fertility of the soil.

As you know that water is used for drinking, the soil used for producing food, and the air is used for breathing, all of these three contaminated elements insert their pollutants inside the body of human and result in diseases.

The diseases that occur due to environmental pollution consist of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, lung cancer, skin cancer, lead poisoning, cardiovascular diseases and stroke, radiation augmented cancers, mercury poisoning, congenital disabilities, allergies, lung diseases owing to occupational exposure to numerous toxin and many more. The list is unending.

Our earth is moving on the way to unhealthy future for every living being. So, we must become aware of the factors that pollute our environment and take some necessary steps to keep our future safe and healthy.

Our environment is made of both living and non-living things. The living things include animals, plants, and other microorganisms, whereas air, water, soil, sunlight, etc., form the non-living components of the environment.

Whenever any kind of toxicity is added to our surroundings for a considerably long duration, it leads to environmental pollution. Some of the major types of pollutions are air, water, soil, noise, light, and nuclear pollution.

Smokes from the industries, house chimneys, vehicles, and fuels causes air pollution. Wasted industrial solvents, plastics, and other wastes, sewage etc., causes water pollution. Use of pesticides and deforestation are the major causes of soil pollution. The unnecessary honking of the vehicles, use of loudspeakers lead to noise pollution.

Although it is hard to realize the light and nuclear pollutions these are equally harmful. Excessively bright lights consume a lot of energy while threatening the environmental balance in several ways. Needless to say, the negative impacts of a nuclear reaction last for many decades to come.

All the constituents are interconnected to each other. As the cycle of nature goes on, the toxicity of one component is passed on to all other components as well. There are various means by which the contamination continues to circle in the environment. We can understand it with an example below.

When it rains, the impurities of air gradually dissolve in the water-bodies and soil. When crops are grown in the fields, their roots absorb these harmful toxicants through the contaminated soil and water. The same food is ingested by both animals and human beings. In this way, it reaches the top of the food chain when the herbivores are consumed by the carnivores.

The consequences of environmental pollution can be seen in the form of severe health diseases. More people are suffering from respiratory problems, weaker immunity, kidney and liver infections, cancer, and other chronic illnesses. The aquatic life, including both flora and fauna, is depleting rapidly. The soil quality and crop quality are deteriorating.

Global warming has become a major issue as a result of environmental pollution that the world needs to cope up with. The melting icebergs in Antarctica have resulted in the rising sea levels. Natural calamities such as frequent earthquakes, cyclones, etc., are all due to the havoc caused by the increased environmental pollution levels. Incidents of Hiroshima-Nagasaki and Chernobyl in Russia have led to the irreparable damage to the humankind.

In response to these disasters, every possible measure is being taken by the different countries in the world. More awareness programs are being organized to educate people about the hazards of environmental pollution and the need of protecting our planet. Greener ways of living are becoming popular. Energy-efficient bulbs, eco-friendly vehicles, use of solar and wind energy, are to name some.

Governments are also emphasizing on planting more trees, eliminating plastic products, better recycling of natural wastes, and minimal use of pesticides. This kind of organic lifestyle has helped us protect many plant and animal species from becoming extinct while making earth a greener and healthier place to live in.

The presence of a substance in the environment which can be harmful to human beings, plants or animals is what we call as a pollutant and this occurrence is called environmental pollution. Environmental pollution is one of the most discussed, researched as well as ignored and abused by all of us in today’s age. We already know a lot about it, yet we intend to do very little to control it. Perhaps we have not yet felt the direct impact it has already had on our lives. For instance, just recently there has been a study by WHO which claims that the average life of a person residing in Delhi has been reduced by 10 years just because of the exposure to the harmful substances in which a person living in Delhi is forced to breathe. Simply said, environmental pollution, though a concern for the entire world, is yet to see concrete steps towards its control.

Types of Environmental Pollution:

Environmental pollution is usually thought to be a reference to air pollution. However, it is a general term used to refer pollution occurring in air, soil and water as well as other forms of pollution such as the ones caused due to heat, light, radioactive materials and noise.

Causes of Environmental Pollution:

Each type of environmental pollution has its own set of sources, some of which can be easily identified while some may not be direct sources of pollution, though they may trigger the same. For instance –

Industrial waste – The waste generated from different industries is a major cause of water, air and soil pollution. The chemical waste from industries contaminates the water to such an extent that there have been instances wherein some regions of the world, people suffer from specific diseases due to the presence of contaminated water around them. Also, smoke or harmful gases such as sulphur, nitrogen and carbon released as residues from the industries get mixed with air and contaminate it.

Vehicles – Use of vehicles has become rampant and there has been a massive growth in the last decade. Though the use of vehicles has benefited us in a larger way, the emissions from the vehicles have led to a massive increase in air pollution. In fact, many cities in the world have been forced to chalk out strategies such as odd and even, where vehicles ply on odd or even days based on their registration numbers just to curb the growing air pollution in such cities. Also, the immense use of petroleum fuels has led to the depletion of fossil fuels from the soil further depleting the resources available to mankind.

Agricultural Waste – Due to the ever-growing population, the demand for agricultural products has increased manifold. This has led to the rampant use of pesticides and chemicals in order to increase the productivity. However, this practice has its share of effects on the environment. For instance, the cotton belt of Punjab in India has been boon for the cotton industry, but at the same time, people living in this region have been found to suffer from different forms of cancer due to the large use of pesticides and chemicals in this area.

Population overgrowth and technology advancements have all led to the increase in demand for resources for optimum survival. However, we must not forget that the environment has been forced to pay a huge price for the same and we all should be responsible enough to do our bit in order to curb the ever-increasing environmental pollution or else, it may be difficult for future generations to even survive on this planet. Better methods such as the use of solar energy, wind energy and other ecologically safe technologies can surely be considered an an alternative in order to live in a healthy and pollution free environment.

India is the second most populous country in the World and home to over 1.3 trillion people. It is a land of gorgeous and spectacular landscapes, abundant natural resources, and one of the most sought after holiday destination. But the biggest concern of today’s time is the grave challenge of large-scale environmental pollution faced by the country. Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC) has stated India as the world’s second most polluted country in the world. The horrendous condition of environmental pollution in the country has resulted in the shortening the life of an average Indian’s by over four years. The Indian government has declared a state of emergency for environmental pollution in the urban areas.

Scientists from India’s most renowned cancer institute unconcealed awful statistics that approximately half of the school going children in Delhi are growing up with the irreversible lung impairment condition. The level of dangerous and toxic pollutants in the air, water and soil has gone way above the safe limit. Heavy industrialization, urbanization and some age old practices like burning agricultural waste have equally contributed to the miserable environment condition in India.

Factors of Environmental Pollution:

1. Air pollution :

New Delhi, the capital of India, made global headlines recently when it turned up in the top 10 most-polluted places on earth. Supreme Court of India has imposed a ban on old petrol and diesel vehicles in Delhi. Despite numerous efforts by the government to manage polluting emissions from the industries and use alternate traffic mechanisms, the air condition continues to deteriorate. The major sources of air pollution are traffic, power plants, industry, burning waste, cooking using wood and charcoal. Emission of greenhouse gasses poses a real time threat to the concentration of toxic elements in the air.

2. Soil pollution :

As the industrial sector in India is witnessing a prolific growth. As a result soil pollution is becoming a major concern in all parts of the country. Soil pollution poses an alarming threat to agricultural productivity, food safety, and human health. The area of fertile land is deteriorating every passing day by the use of chemicals for gaining better produce. The growth of cities in India has used soil as a sink for perpetually greater amounts of municipal waste. Cities like Bangalore & Chennai, famously called the IT hubs of the country are facing a grave issue of large amount of e-waste piled in the dump yards. Large amount of land is wasted as dumping grounds both within and at the outskirts of cities. These dumping grounds can be seen treated as pastures for cattle which can result in numerous health hazards.

3. Water pollution:

In India, we are not new to water pollution. Agriculture is the prime necessity for the country and apparently environmental impact on the climate has hugely affected the monsoons. Huge amount of waste, including metals like lead, toxic chemicals coming from Industries is dumped in rivers and water-bodies. The largest source of water pollution in India is the untreated sewage water. Some villages in India still practice defecation in the open which further pollutes the nearby water bodies. Ganga and Yamuna are ranked amongst the top 10 the most polluted rivers in the world.

4. Noise pollution:

Noise pollution is another burning issue of Modern India. Traffic congestion on roads, maddening sounds of honking horns, factory sirens, shuddering sound of the running of machines and loud sound of loudspeakers majorly contribute to the tremendous increase in noise pollution. Environmental pollution has resulted in the outbreak of so many health issues for an average Indian.

Measures taken:

India signed the historic Paris climate agreement on 24th November 2017 along with 170 Nations at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. India has committed itself to the effective implementation of the Paris agreement on climate change. Prime Minister of India Shri. Narendra Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron inaugurated Uttar Pradesh’s biggest solar power plant in Mirzapur district on 12th March 2018. India has also signed an agreement with Germany on technical cooperation under the Indo-German Energy Program – Green Energy Corridors (IGEN-GEC). The Indian government is taking serious steps to restore the sanctity of Ganga and Yamuna rivers by implementing the ‘Clean Ganga’, ‘Namami Gange’ and ‘Yamuna Cleaning Program’.

As plastic is a major pollutant, the State Government of Maharashtra has compete ban on plastics bags from 23rd June 2018. The notification issued by the Maharashtra state government banned manufacturing, usage, sale, circulation and storage of plastic materials such as bags, spoons, plates and other disposable items. The ban also includes packaging material and thermocol. However the plastic used for packaging of medicines and drugs, milk and treatment of solid waste is exempted from the ban. Stringent laws are enforced to control Noise pollution.

Various NGOs (Non-Government Organizations) are working day and night to educate the average Indians about the ill-effects of pollution on their mental and physical health. The Government is running rigorous campaigns through television, movies, print-media and other such outlets to encourage people to practice environmentally friendly lifestyle.

One cannot deny that the polluted environment in urban India is a ticking time bomb. Prolific industrialization for growth of the National economy has apparently put at risk even a breath of fresh air in the Indian cities. Lack of public participation in the implementation of stringent laws to fight environmental pollution is another huge concern. The public health in India is at serious risk. The Indian government is working to implement the solutions on a larger canvas, for example, switching to clean energy, regulations to reduce the emissions of harmful pollutants, and campaigning to spread acquaintance about the adverse effects of environmental pollution. The most significant aspect is encouraging the Indian people to give away their age-old practices which are by and large hazardous to the environment. The Sanskrit phrase “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” which means that ‘the world is like a family’, must come alive in the minds and hearts of each one of us to save this beautiful and serene land of traditions.

Pollution as defined by the dictionary is the introduction or presence in of a substance that is harmful or has poisonous effects on the environment. Pollution is further explained as the introduction into the natural environment contaminants that can cause an adverse change. To be basic, environmental pollution causes harm to the environment and which in turn brings harm to people in the environment.

Occurrence of Environmental Pollution:

The occurrence of environmental pollution is when the surrounding is contaminated by pollutants; this brings about some changes that adversely affect our regular lifestyles. The key components or elements of pollution are pollutants and they are majorly waste materials of very different forms. Pollution brings about a disturbance in the balance of the environment and the ecosystem. Development and modernisation have brought with them a sharp increase in pollution and this has given rise to various human illnesses and most importantly global warming.

Forms of Environmental Pollution:

There are many various forms of environmental pollution including water, air, radioactive, soil, heat, noise and light. For every form of pollution, there are two sources of pollution; the non point and the point sources. It is very easy to monitor, indentify and control the point sources of pollution while the non-point pollution sources are quite difficult and hard to control.

Causes and Sources of Environmental Pollution:

The sources and causes of environmental pollution consist of the following:

i.   Industrial Activities:

Industries from all around the world even though they have brought affluence and prosperity have continually disturbed ecological balances and have probed the biosphere. The fall-outs of experiments, pall of smoke, industrial effluents and the swirling gases are a constant hazard to health, contaminating and polluting both water and air. The inappropriate disposal of industrial wastes has become a source of both water and soil pollution. The chemical wastes from the various industries can cause pollution to rivers, lakes, seas and also to soil and air through the release of fumes.

ii. Solid Waste Dumping:

Commercial and household wastes are sources of environmental pollution when the wastes are not disposed of properly.

iii. Vehicles:

Vehicles that use diesel and petrol emit smoke and also the smoke that is emitted by cooking coal pollutes our environment. The exponential growth in the number of vehicles on the roads has only aided the emission of smoke that when released spreads and eventually mixes with the air that we breathe. The smoke of these various vehicles is quite harmful and is the primary cause of air pollution. There is also the risk of sounds from these vehicles producing noise pollution.

iv. Rapid Industrialisation and Urbanisation:

The rapid rate of urbanisation and also industrialisation are major causes of environmental pollution because of the harm and death they bring to plant which causes harm to animals, humans and the ecosystem.

v. Population Overgrowth:

The rapid population increase especially in developing nations, the demand for occupation, basic food and shelter has been on the rise. Due to the high demand, deforestation has become rampant to help meet the growing demand of the population.

vi. Fossil Fuel Combustion:

The continual combustion of fuels of fossils is as source of pollution to the soil, the air and water through toxic gases like Carbon monoxide.

vii. Agricultural Wastes:

Pesticides and fertilizers that are used during agriculture are major sources of environmental pollution.

Air Pollution:

This is probably the most dangerous and common form of environmental pollution and it has been seen to be synonymous with urbanisation. The primary reason for this is the high rate of fuel combustion. Fuel combustion is now a very basic requirement for transport, cooking and some other activities both domestically and industrially. All these activities release a large number of toxic chemicals into the atmosphere and are not removed from the air, affecting and threatening our existence.

Sulphur oxide is released into the air by the smoke and this makes the air very toxic. This is primary caused by smoke from factory stacks, chimneys, vehicles or even something very common like the burning of a log of wood. The emission of sulphur oxide and many other gases into the atmosphere leads to global warming with the capacity to lead to an acid rain. The emission of these greenhouse gases and the global warming it causes has led to droughts, erratic rains and increased temperatures worldwide. Conditions and ailments like Bronchitis, Asthma and the extremely dangerous case of lung cancer and this occurs majorly in the cities.

An example of one of the many sad examples of the calamities that can rise due to air pollution is the 1984 gas tragedy of Bhopal. The gas tragedy was a result of the release of a gas (methyl isocyanate) at a gas plant. About 2,000 people lost their lives in the tragedy and more than 200,000 people suffered from extensive respiratory problems. Respiratory illnesses, increase in asthma and cardiovascular diseases can be caused by an irritant (for example, particulates that are below 10 micrometers in size). Till this very moment, there are still birth defects in babies born and this has been attributed to the Bhopal Tragedy.

Water Pollution:

Water is essential for life; every living creature or being depends on water for survival. About 60% of all species live in water; this means that the pollution of water is a very important pollution type that has to be controlled. There are a lot of factors that contribute to water pollution, one very major contributing factor is industrial effluent disposed into rivers and seas and causing a large imbalance in the properties of water and this makes the bodies of water unfit for live. There are also a lot of diseases that are caused by water pollution and these diseases affect both non-aquatic and aquatic species.

Pesticides and insecticides that are sprayed on different plants is a source of pollution to the groundwater and also, oil spills in oceans have led to severe irreversible damage to the bodies of water. Another source of water pollution is eutrophication and it happens due to activities like the washing of utensils, clothes near rivers, ponds or lakes; the washing detergent moves into the water and inadvertently blocks the penetration of sunlight and this reduces the oxygen content of the water and makes it inhabitable.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) put forward that about 80% of marine environment pollution originates from sources like runoff. The pollution of water can have devastating effect on marine life. Citing an example, pathogens grow well with sewage, while inorganic and organic compounds that are in water can make the composition of water to change. If the level of dissolved oxygen is low, the water is considered to be polluted; dissolved oxygen is from the decomposition carried out on organic materials like sewage that are added to the water.

By harming aquatic creatures, water pollution contaminates the whole food chain by seriously causing harm to the humans that are dependent on the aquatic creatures. There has been a sharp increase in the number of diarrhoea and cholera cases everywhere.

Soil Pollution:

This is also called land pollution and it happens due to addition of chemicals that are not wanted to the soil caused by human activities. The use of pesticides and insecticides removes all the compounds of nitrogen from the soil thus making it highly unfit for the plants to get nutrients from. Deforestation, mining and waste release from industries also depletes the soil and this will inhibit the growth of plants and the soil will end up being eroded.

A significant part of solid waste is the industrial or commercial waste. Hazardous waste can be said to mean any solid, liquid or sludge form of waste that has properties which are dangerous or are potentially dangerous to the environment or human health. Hazardous wastes are generated in industries from pesticide manufacturing, petroleum refining, mining and a whole lot of other productions involving chemicals. Hazardous wastes are not solely generated by industries; households also generate waste that are hazardous like fluorescent lights, paints and solvents, aerosol cans, motor oil and ammunition.

Noise Pollution:

This is caused anytime there is a noise that has intensity higher than 85db and it reaches the bare ears. Noise pollution causes different psychological problems (e.g. hypertension and stress). It sometimes also causes a permanent impairment of hearing which is a very devastating thing. Noise pollution is largely caused by loud compressors and pumps in industries.

Radioactive Pollution:

This is believed to be one of the highly dangerous types of pollution because the effects are permanent. Nuclear waste disposed carelessly, accidents in nuclear plants, etc are all examples of radioactive pollution. Radioactive pollution can cause infertility as a result of exposure, cancer (blood and skin), blindness and various birth defects. It can also permanently alter the air, soil and water – which are the major life sources. It has been found to cause serious mutation in some species that can for ages propagate.

Environment , Environmental Pollution , Pollution

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Pollution Essay in English for Students


Essay on Pollution for Students

Being aware of pollution is quite mandatory for all the students these days. In order to become a responsible citizen of the world for future generations, every child should know how human activities are leaving an impact on the environment and nature. This topic is quite crucial. And, school children should learn how to write an interesting essay on ‘Pollution’ effortlessly. Take a glance below. 

A Few Things to Keep in Mind:

Never ever hurry to write the essay.

Think properly and jot down your thoughts before proceeding.

Divide your write-up into a few segments such as - introduction, main body - you can make a few points as per the topic and a conclusion.

Try writing short paragraphs. Short and crisp sentences are also a great way to avoid silly mistakes.

Adding factual data wherever required is important such as year, date etc.|

Essay on Pollution


Pollution has become a very common yet serious issue in today’s world. It has been there in different forms since a long time even before human evolution such as volcanic eruptions, wildfire which lead to various photochemical reactions in the atmosphere. The current concern is that it is rising day by day due to various resources of pollutants. And, one of the main pollutants are humans and man-made machines. It is right to say that pollution is damaging the mother earth severely and we, humans, should play our part to prevent it from happening.

What is Pollution?

Pollution sepsis is the presence of contaminants in the natural environment that causes harm and damage and therefore leads to adverse changes.

Kinds of Pollution

There are mainly three kinds of pollution - 1) Air Pollution, 2) Water Pollution, and 3) Soil Pollution. 

Air Pollution

Air Pollution occurs due to the presence of harmful gases and substances in the air. It is due to vehicle emission, dust and dirt, poisonous gasses from the factories etc. To reduce air pollution, we should use carpooling or public transport rather than using our private mode of transportation whose harmful gas emission only adds to the problem, we should also actively avoid burning trash or other materials etc.

Water Pollution

Water Pollution happens when toxic substances get mixed in various water bodies such as lakes, oceans, rivers etc. Here toxic substances refer to the Chemical fertilizer, Industrial waste, Sewage and wastewater, Mining activities, Marine dumping etc.

Soil Pollution

Soil pollution depicts the contamination of soil due to the presence of toxic substances due to Excessive use of fertilisers and pesticides, deforestation, industrial waste etc . To maintain the soil’s fertility, the government must limit the usage of fertilizers and plant more trees.

There are a few other pollutants causing pollution apart from the aforementioned ones, such as Radioactive pollution. This is one of the rarer types of pollution. It occurs due to the presence of radioactive substances such as the presence of nuclear waste in air, solids, liquids or any other place.

Effects of Pollution on Human Health

Pollution is increasingly having a major effect on the health of human lives. People are gettin g affected by different types of deadly diseases due to the various pollution in air, water and soil. Here are the different diseases humans face due to different pollution.

Due to Air Pollution

Air is an essential part of human life. Humans cannot live without breathing air. But, air pollution causes major damage to human lives. Here are some of the major diseases caused due to air pollution.

Lung cancer

Major coronary heart disease

Respiratory problems

Due to Water Pollution

Water is another source of life. Any living being cannot survive without drinking water. But the continuous degradation and pollution of major water bodies are also causing deadly diseases to humans and animals. It is also affecting marine life. Since water is consumed all the time, it’s pollution is causing a lot of deadly diseases. Some of the major diseases caused by water pollution are as follows:

Hepatitis A


Due to Soil Pollution

Soil is an important part of our lives. The land on which we are walking or travelling is made with soil. Due to all the chemicals mixed with the soil and degradation due to the same, it is inevitable that many harmful chemicals come in contact with our body and cause many skin diseases or in forms of food crops that are planted on such polluted soil. Direct contact can cause a lot of problems for us humans. Some of the major diseases caused due to soil pollution are as follows:

Different types of cancer

Damage of the nervous system due to contact with lead present in the soil.

liver and kidney failure

What are the Different Methods to Reduce Pollution?

The degrading quality of all the important elements like air, water and soil is affecting the lives of many children, adults as well as animals. We need to keep our environment safe and use effective methods to reduce pollution. 

Methods to reduce Air Pollution

Some of the effective methods to reduce air pollution are as follows:

Regulation of air through chimneys: The industries should disintegrate the harmful gas from the air prior to its release from the chimneys. They should check and avoid using harmful gases, which are the major causes of air pollution.

Use of public transport or cycle: If you are travelling to distant places, it is recommended to take public transport. Or if you are going to any shops or buying any garment, it is always better to use your cycle. Public transport can take you to different places along with other people; this will help reduce air pollution. If you can cycle, it will reduce air pollution and another added benefit is that it will keep your health in check.

Reduction of fires and smokes: In the dry season, many people burn plastic, papers, dry leaves, which creates a big fire and smoke that creates a harmful layer of fog suspended in the atmosphere. It is better if you stop burning plastic to reduce smoke.

Methods to Reduce Water Pollution

Some of the effective methods to reduce water pollution are as follows:

Avoid disposing of plastic and waste materials: To keep the water free from any pollution, the first thing is to avoid disposing of any sort of plastics or food waste water material in water. The waste materials get dissolved in the water and harm the aquatic life along with those who drink the water. 

Reduce use of chemicals: you should avoid purchasing harmful chemical products that can get mixed with the water and pollute it. The biggest examples are pesticides and insecticides, which causes a major effect on marine life.

Reduce use of detergents: Detergents have many strong chemicals which can cause the leather to water and wash your clothes. If these detergents get mixed with water, they can pollute the soil.

Methods to Reduce Soil Pollution 

Some of the methods to reduce soil pollution are as follows:

Avoid disposing of harmful chemicals: The industries should avoid disposing of harmful chemicals in the soil. It can change the structure and components of the soil making it an unusable surface of land for vegetation. 

Eat food in biodegradable containers: As you dispose of the food containers in dustbins, it is good to use biodegradable food containers despite using plastic containers, which are harmful to the soil.

Plant more trees: The structure of the soil can be improved by planting more trees. Trees help to hold the soil together and improve the soil quality. Hence we should plant more trees.

How to Reduce Pollution Gradually?

Upon learning about the harmful effects of pollution, it is everyone’s responsibility to take some steps towards prevention. We should be aware of all the possible preventive measures to help reduce every kind of pollution such as to curb air pollution, we should avoid bursting crackers during any festival or using public transport or carpool to reduce air pollution or cutting down the usage of loud loudspeaker, and public honking would help in noise pollution. We should always be aware of this situation and take measures accordingly. It’s us who should be cautious in the beginning and make everyone else surrounding us conscious as well. We should take eco-friendly steps like planting more trees, reducing the usage of plastic, using more sustainable products in the household etc. while talking about the pollution of the entire world, you should always remember that every small step will lead to a bigger impact one day.

In a nutshell, every kind of pollution leaves a huge negative impact on our environment, human lives, animals etc. We, as responsible citizens, must take steps towards a better tomorrow. We must join hands to take various initiatives and fight against this problem. A lot of innocent lives are put in danger due to pollution every day. If we don’t do anything from now on or take a stand to make the earth pollution-free, then the doomsday will be upon us very soon.

FAQs on Pollution Essay in English for Students

1. Why should one refer to Vedantu?

All the reading materials at Vedantu are curated by the subject-matter experts who have years of experience in the respective field. The content is well - researched and compiled into easy readable format for the benefit of students. Students can refer to these resources with ease and learn things at their own pace. Most importantly all the content on Vedantu is provided for free and it can be easily downloaded into PDF from both the website and mobile application of Vedantu. 

2. How can I download reading material from Vedantu?

Accessing material from Vedantu is extremely easy and student-friendly. Students have to simply visit the website of  Vedantu and create an account. Once you have created the account you can simply explore the subjects and chapters that you are looking for. Click on the download button available on the website on Vedantu to download the reading material in PDF format. You can also access all the resources by downloading the Vedantu app from playstore. 

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How to write a pollution essay?

Pollution is a serious concern at present. with depleting natural resources it has become a need of the hour to cut down on pollution and switch to eco-friendly alternatives. if you are writing pollution, here is how you can write an informative one, table of contents, air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, causes and impacts of pollution, how to reduce pollution, things to remember while writing a good essay.

Pollution is a term we are all acquainted with. It refers to the contamination of natural resources due to various hazards pollutants and the increasing amount of pollution is making our daily lives miserable. Pollution is mainly a result of human activities which harm the environment and in turn, prove to be dangerous for human health. Needless to say, there is an urgent need to address this situation and tackle the problem. However, while writing a pollution essay, you must first understand the types of pollution, the effects, and the ways to reduce it. Let’s take a look at the various sections you can include in your pollution essay.

Air pollution is caused due to the emission of harmful gases like sulphur dioxide and carbon dioxide. These gases are by-products of burning toxic substances in factories and industries and are responsible for reducing the quantity of oxygen in the Earth’s atmosphere. Moreover, they lead to several health problems such as breathing disorders, respiratory diseases, even cancers, etc. 

water pollution - pollution essay

As more and more waste accumulates into water bodies, we humans are at an increased risk of experiencing water shortages. Sewage waste, industrial waste, etc. are being dumped into canals, rivers, and seas directly. This also affects marine life and the oxygen present in water bodies starts disappearing. People in many parts of the world are forced to drink polluted water and get diseases such as cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, etc.

A large population depends on agriculture in India for their food and living. Farmers use pesticides, fertilizers, and other chemical compounds for more production which contaminates the soil. The waste that is dumped on open grounds from industries or households, contributes to soil pollution. It becomes the breeding site of mosquitoes which spread diseases such as dengue. 

Apart from contributing to air pollution, vehicles also cause noise pollution. People living in urban areas suffer from stress-related issues and anxiety due to increased noise pollution. Other sources of noise pollution are the bursting of crackers, factory machinery, music played on loudspeakers, etc. It can affect the functioning of the brain as well.  

In your pollution essay, you must talk about the causes and the impacts that different kinds of pollution have on our ecosystem. Below is a table detailing the various causes of pollution and how their hazardous effects –

Apart from these, some other types of pollution are light pollution, thermal pollution, and radioactive pollution. 

Pollution disrupts your quality of life. You may not be able to notice the immediate effects of pollution but in the long term, it may lead to serious health complications. For instance, you are not able to see the natural gases but you inhale them and may fall ill over time. Increased levels of carbon dioxide are the major factor leading to global warming .

reduce pollution - pollution essay

A good conclusion to your pollution essay is to mention ways to help reduce pollution. For example, people should make certain lifestyle changes. It is better to take public transport to reduce vehicular smoke and emissions. 

To combat noise pollution a strict ban on firecrackers must be imposed everywhere, especially during festivals and celebrations. It can also bring down the level of air pollution to a great extent.

The key to dealing with environmental pollution is reducing plastic waste, adopting the habit of recycling, and choosing eco-friendly alternatives. All used plastic makes its way into the oceans and land, which causes excess pollution. Proper disposal of waste must be encouraged and everyone must take the initiative of planting more trees. To sum it up, all types of pollution are hazardous and have serious consequences. A step towards change must be taken by all and not one.

Here are a few tips for you to keep in mind when writing a pollution essay –

  • Understand the topic well.
  • Follow a pattern.
  • Once you already see a structure emerging, provide data and talk about the effects of pollution.
  • Support your essay with statistical data.
  • Start with a compelling introduction, mention the challenges and conclude with how to overcome them.
  • Talk about the future you imagine and how making changes now will help you achieve them in the future.
  • Always keep your essay to the point. Avoid making it lengthy unnecessarily.
  • Remember that your essay is a direct reflection of your English language skills. Use proper vocabulary, avoid making grammatical mistakes, and proofread the essay.
  • Your essay must be unique and capable of keeping the reader engaged. 

Liked this blog? Read How to write a college essay about yourself that stands out

Q1. What will happen if air pollution is not checked?

Answer – If air pollution is not controlled immediately, the air will continue to become poisonous and we may have to use oxygen kits to breathe. Rising air pollution causes premature aging and exposure to air toxins will increase the rate of mortality.

Q2. Is it possible to reduce pollution?

Answer – It is still possible to reduce pollution by taking individual steps to decompose waste mindfully and plant more trees. For a greener and better Earth, you must act today. 

Q3. What are the effects of water pollution?

Answer – Water pollution leads to the destruction of biodiversity, depletes aquatic ecosystems, and contaminates the food chain. Increased water pollution will make us face a lack of water for drinking, causing diseases.

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Essay on Pollution

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  • Updated on  
  • Nov 19, 2022

Essay on Pollution

As the world embraced urbanization, mother nature witnessed the greener lands getting transformed into modern cities and metropolises. What followed is a trail of natural disasters signalling that something is wrong with the planet earth. Pollution is increasingly asked under the writing section in school and college tests as well as competitive exams . This is because it is a relevant environmental issue today. This blog aims to help you with the necessary knowledge as well as tips and tricks to draft a well-written essay on pollution.

Related Read: Women Empowerment Essay

What is Pollution?

Pollution is the introduction of harmful materials into the environment. These materials are called pollutants. They can be created by human activity like trash and natural like volcanic ash. Pollutants damage the quality of water, air and land. Pollution is a global problem. Air and water carry pollution into the ocean currents and migrating fish. Pollution is among the many things that harm our planet- once greener and healthier than it is now. Pollution is a dangerous phenomenon that is contributing to an array of health issues.

Essay on Pollution

Types of Pollution

In simple terms, pollution is defined as the contamination of the physical and biological constituents in the earth’s atmosphere. It affects human life and the natural environment to a very great extent. It degrades our natural resources, from the water we drink to the air we breathe. While writing an essay on Pollution, you must mention the major four types of pollution which are as follows:

  • Air Pollution : Air pollution is the contamination of air in the atmosphere when harmful or excessive quantities of substances such as smoke and harmful gases from industries, CFCs and oxides produced by automobiles, the burning of solid wastes, etc. are introduced into the environment.
  • Water Pollution : This refers to the contamination of natural resources of water, due to the addition of harmful chemical, biological or physical materials, which includes industrial wastes, oil spills, domestic and farm wastes, pesticides, as well as mining and agricultural wastes, to water resource which make it unusable.
  • Soil Pollution : Land/Soil Pollution occurs due to the degradation of the earth’s surface by different commercial, industrial, agricultural and domestic activities. Causes of soil pollution also include mining, deforestation, dumping of e-waste and other industrial wastes, usage of harmful chemicals such as insecticides, pesticides, etc.
  • Noise Pollution : Excess noise due to sounds created by machines, loudspeakers, microphones, loud music, noise from industries, construction and civil engineering works etc. lead to noise pollution.

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Causes and Health Effects of Pollution

You can include various causes and health effects in your essay on Pollution from the following table:-

Add the causes and effects in your essay on Pollution depending upon the word limit allowed to you.

essay on pollution

Format for Essay on Pollution

Before writing an essay on Pollution, students must be familiarised with the format of essay writing. The key elements of the essay format are Introduction, Body of Content and Conclusion. Take a look at the following paragraphs which delve deeper into the details of these features as per a 200-250 word essay:

  • Introduction – The introduction of the essay must be on providing an overview of the given topic. For an essay on Pollution, you can begin with a simple definition or thought-provoking sentence and complete it in about around 60 words. Since, it is the first thing the reader looks at, try to make it interesting by adding recent instances and impactful questions.
  • Body of Content – This area of the content comes after the introduction and can be explained in around 100-120 words, describing the given topic in detail. So, in writing about pollution, you can describe how the atmosphere and the environment are getting affected due to Pollution and list down various ways to prevent pollution.
  • Conclusion – Wrapping up your essay, this part comprises around 50 words. Try to bring a positive outlook on the issue you are discussing or conclude by summing up in a concise way.

Also Read: Essay on Pollution in Hindi

conclusion of essay pollution

Sample Essay on Pollution in 250- 300 Words

The biggest threat plant earth is facing is pollution. Unwanted substances leave a negative impact once released into an environment. There are four types of pollution air, water, land, and noise. Pollution affects the quality of life more than any human can imagine. Due to air pollution, even teenage kids have developed various respiratory diseases. Water pollution has led to diseases in children. The waste we humans dump on the land or chemical fertilisers which are put on the land for agricultural purposes causes land/ soil pollution. If the soil quality gets deteriorated due to such practices, the soil will become infertile and no crops could be grown in future. The government has launched various schemes over the years to fight pollution but individual efforts can also play a vital role. Start by replacing plastic bags for shopping with cloth bags, stop littering on roads and stop wasting water are some of the basic things to start with that can lead to big changes in the environment.

Sample Essay on Pollution in 300-350 Words

One of the most critical threats faced by our planet in the present day scenario. Environmental pollution is a global issue affecting people around the world. It is occurring in different forms, whether by affecting the air we breathe or the water resources we utilise for several purposes. Air pollution came into being with an increase in the level of carbon dioxide, with the increase in pollutants which are contaminating the air and causing breathing discomfort as well as skin diseases to human beings. Talking about the other aspect, there is no life without water. The water bodies are polluting and becoming unsafe for drinking or any other use because of industrial development, rapid urbanisation and various other reasons. Due to air pollution, diseases that can occur to human beings are asthma, various skin diseases, cancer, etc. Therefore, it is the essential need of the hour to take serious steps to reduce pollution to its core. At a personal level, we can minimise environmental pollution by taking public transport or carpools to reduce vehicular smoke, avoiding firecrackers at festivals and celebrations can also cut down on air and noise pollution, not using fertilisers and pesticides which can cause both water and soil pollution, and switching over to organic farming. The government can also bring strict rules and regulations to lessen industrial pollution.  To sum up, any type of pollution is harmful to the environment with serious consequences like global warming, uneven climatic changes, etc. Due to our greediness and illegal human activities, the innocent lives of animals are lost. The time has come to join our hands and work towards preserving and protecting the environment for the present as well as future generations.

Also Read: Essay on Environment: Examples and Tips

conclusion of essay pollution

Tips on How to Write an Essay on Pollution

Before you start writing your essay on Pollution, make a note of the following things:-

  • Make points of what types of pollution and compulsorily add air, water and noise pollution
  • Make a list of what causes and effects do you want to write about
  • Ensure that everything you want to write about is factually correct
  • Try to write shorter and readable sentences. There should be a connection amongst all 3 parts of the essay on Pollution- introduction, body and conclusion

How to Reduce or Prevent Pollution?

Everyone has a responsibility to take action to prevent pollution after learning about its negative impacts. Every preventive measure that can be taken to lessen pollution should be known to us. For example, to reduce air pollution, we should refrain from lighting fireworks during festivals, take public transportation or carpool, limit the use of loudspeakers, and reduce noise pollution by honking in public. This circumstance should always be on our minds so that we can respond appropriately. In the beginning, it is up to us to exercise caution and to raise awareness among those around us. We should take environmentally beneficial measures, such as increasing tree planting, lowering plastic usage, utilising more sustainable household products, etc. Always keep in mind that every tiny action now will have a greater effect tomorrow when discussing global pollution.

Tips on Reducing Pollution

conclusion of essay pollution

  • Say NO to Crackers
  • Use Public Transportation
  • Turn off the lights, fans and water taps when not in use
  • Recycle and Reuse
  • Segregate your waste
  • Say NO to Plastic
  • Plant more trees
  • Use of fans instead of ACs

How Often Does an Essay on Pollution Come in School Exams?

In your school exams, an essay on Pollution will come in your English language paper. Environmental Science is a subject every school teaches so you can pick up some points from the chapters on Pollution and add them to your essay. An essay on Pollution is asked very often if not every year (with one or two other choices of topic) because of its significance in today’s world.

Hence, we hope the blog that this blog has assisted you in comprehending what an essay on pollution must include. If you are struggling with your career choices and need expert guidance, our Leverage Edu mentors are here to guide you at any point of your academic and professional journey thus ensuring that you take informed steps towards your dream career.

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Nikita Puri

Nikita is a creative writer and editor, who is always ready to learn new skills. She has great knowledge about study abroad universities, researching and writing blogs about them. Being a perfectionist, she has a habit of keeping her tasks complete on time before the OCD hits her. When Nikita is not busy working, you can find her eating while binge-watching The office. Also, she breathes music. She has done her bachelor's from Delhi University and her master's from Jamia Millia Islamia.

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Pollution Essay || Pollution Essay in English || Essay on Pollution

Follow us on, essay on pollution in 250 words , 500 words and 1000 words for students and children, pollution introduction.

  • Pollution meaning
  • Air Pollution
  • Water Pollution
  • Soil Pollution
  • Noise Pollution
  • Radiation Pollution

Causes of Pollution

Effects of pollution, how to reduce pollution.

  • Conclusion of Pollution

Introduction : Today pollution has become a world wide problem . It is causing heavy damage to all living beings . The problem of pollution has become very serious today. Man has interfered too much with nature . As a result , environment which includes air , water , sail etc has been polluted.

If environment is polluted , all sorts of life – human , animal and vegetation is affected indirectly or directly. The problem of pollution is more serious in India . It is very difficult to control the ever rising problem of pollution in big cities like Kolkata , Delhi , Mumbai , Chennai , Kanpur and Bhopal.

What is Pollution

Pollution meaning : Pollution means entrance of harmful elements like dust particles , smoke , poisonous elements , bacteria etc. in our natural environment . These harmful elements are continuously into the air , water and soil and causing wide spread pollution.

Types of pollution

Kinds of Pollution : The main kinds of pollution are :-

Air Pollution ,  Water Pollution ,  Soil Pollution ,  Noise Pollution ,  Radiation Pollution.

Air pollution : Air pollution is mainly caused the smoke of industries , factories , motor cars , burning waste . Smoke releases SO2 into the air making it toxic. It is caused mainly due to chimneys, factory stacks, vehicles or something as common as ‘burning of wood’. Release of SO2 and other greenhouse gases into air causes global warming and has capacity to cause acid rain.

Global warming or emission of these gases has increased temperatures, erratic rains and droughts worldwide. This has heavily increased the cases of Asthma, Bronchitis and the more dangerous lung cancer, mainly in the metro cities. Air pollution is believed to end lives of over 20 lakh people every year – a study, published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, says.

Water pollution : Water pollution is said to occur when toxic pollutants and particulate matter are introduced into water bodies such as lakes , rivers and seas. These contaminants . are generally introduced by human activities like improper sewage treatment and oil spills .Water pollution not only harms the aquatic beings but it also contaminates the entire food chain by severely affecting humans dependent on these. Water-borne diseases like cholera, diarrhoea have also increased in all places.

Soil pollution : Soil pollution Also known as Land Pollution, this occurs due to incorporation of unwanted chemicals in the soil due to human activities. Soil pollution depicts the contamination of soil due to the presence of toxic substances such as excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides , deforestation industrial waste etc. Food is a big contributor to landfill waste. Up to 40 percent of food produced in the United States is trashed each year, according to the Natural Resources Defense Council.

Noise pollution : Noise pollution is dangerous to life . It is said that 85 decibels causes deafness and other diseases. It may lead to psychological problems like stress & hypertension. The common reasons behind noise pollution is the sound that comes from industry , planes and other sources that reaches beyond permissible limits.

Radioactive pollution : This is considered one of the most dangerous pollution because of its permanent effects. An unarrested upset in a nuclear plant , careless nuclear waste disposal, etc. It can cause cancer – skin, blood, infertility due to exposure, birth defects and blindness; It has the ability to permanently change soil, air and water – the major sources of life. It can even cause mutation in species which can propagate for ages.

Man is more responsible for pollution than any other natural polluting agent like earthquakes , cyclones or volcano erruptions. The main causes of pollution are :-

  • Uncontrolled growth of population.
  • Heavy destruction of forests.
  • Establishment of new cities and industrial areas.
  • Rapid progress of industries.
  • Rapid progress of transportation. 
  • Use of explosives in mining and wars.
  • Testing of atomic weapons. 
  • Radiation from the Sun.

Pollution is causing heavy damage to all the living beings . Some of them are :-

  • Air pollution is causing respiratory problems like Asthama.
  • Chloro – Floro – Carbonic compounds are making holes in the Ozone layer which protects the earth from the ill effects of infra – red rays of the sun.
  • Water pollution is causing diseases like dysentry and jaundice. It is also causing heavy damage to the marine life.
  • Noise pollution is causing the problems of mental tension and blood – pressure.
  • Soil pollution is damaging the fertility of the soil.

Remedy of the Problem : If we take the following steps firmly we may be able to solve the problem of pollution up to some extent :-

  • Protection of our natural forests.  
  • Plantation of trees and new forests.
  • Application of anti – pollution gadgets to all vehicles and factories.
  • Development of pollution free fuels. 
  • Banning the use of explosives. 
  • Banning the testing of nuclear weapons.

Conclusion of Pollution essay

Conclusion of Pollution : No problem can be solved without the active help of the common people. So every man will have to come ahead to make a pollution free world.

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Essay on Air Pollution – Causes, Effects, Solutions, Conclusion

conclusion of essay pollution

Air Pollution

The  whole world has been suffering from lots of problems  since its existence, and the problems are getting bigger and bigger day by days.

One of the biggest problems that the entire planet faces is the amount of pollution on the planet. Pollution is of several kinds, but the pollution that affects the most to our nature and environment is  Air pollution .

Air pollution is the pollution in which the pollutants get released in the air, and those  pollutants then pollute the air  which affects the health of a human being.

Air pollution is the pollution when the dirt, dirt particles and other kinds of pollutants get mixed to air and make the air polluted.

Today,  every city in the world is suffering from air pollution , and that is why a lot of people and organizations in the world are trying their best to save the world from air pollution.

Air Pollution in India

Indian cities are much polluted and that can get seen from various visuals. Land and air pollution are connected directly as if the land is dirty, after a few days, that dirty land will lead to air pollution. In India, there are only a few surfaces where the pollution level is less. For example, the  pollution level in Chandigarh city is lesser  than a lot of cities in India. However, the pollution level in various cities of NCR, UP and Bihar is way higher than a lot of cities in India. The  air pollution in India is getting increased day  by day. But, the good news is that the people who had no interest in cleaning their country before, are now getting involved in schemes like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, etc.

There are lots of causes of air pollution in the world and here are a few of those causes:

  • The  burning  of fossil fuels  is the biggest cause of air pollution, and that is why it has been prohibited at a lot of places in the world.
  • Cars, buses, motorbikes are another big cause of air pollution because they emit a lot of pollution also.
  • Volcano eruptions  are another big cause of air pollution.
  • When we cook at home, sometimes we need wood and charcoal for it, and these materials cause a huge amount of air pollution.
  • People  smoking cigarettes  is another big cause of air pollution.
  • If due to some reason a  forest catches fire , then it becomes one of the biggest reasons for air pollution.

These are a few effects on human beings, plants, and animals due to air pollution:

  • The rainwater flows through the surface and ends in the river, and when the surface gets polluted, all the rainwater will take the polluted surface particles with itself which will not only pollute the river, but it will also  pollute the land through which the water flows .
  • A lot of people  suffer from allergies  which are a side effect of living in an air-polluted
  • Air pollution can also  lead to severe diseases  like cancer, heart diseases, and other respiratory problems, etc.


  • One should  restrict the use of charcoal , wood, thus the pollution caused by these resources would not be there in the world.
  • A  restriction should be there on industries  to use the kind of materials which causes zero to no air pollution at all.
  • The cities which have the maximum air pollution should get asked as to how they will reduce the air pollution and what are their plans for it.

Air pollution is a huge problem not only in India but the whole world, various organizations do their bit to make sure that  plans are made to restrict air pollution , but unfortunately those plans never get executed rightly. That is why even after knowing that the air is getting polluted every day, the organizations around the world are unable to provide a good solution to it. As a human being, we must contribute, that is why, we need to gather and make sure that all the places, suffering from air pollution, should get organized in a manner so that air pollution should not exist. Everyone should participate in schemes like  Swachh Bharat Abhiyan  which will not only reduce the air pollution in the country but will also reduce various other kinds of pollution.

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