topic sentence examples for cause and effect

Understanding Cause and Effect (Sentence Examples and Essay Sample)

cause and effect

What is cause and effect ? You’ve probably heard the saying, “There’s a reason for everything.” And it’s true! Everything happens for a reason. But what are some of the reasons? In this blog post, we’ll explore some cause and effect examples. We’ll also discuss how to identify the cause and effect in everyday situations.

Cause and effect example

What is cause and effect?

Understanding cause and effect is crucial in our daily lives , as well as in scientific and medical fields. When considering a problem or situation, it can be helpful to ask “what caused this?” and “what are the effects?”. 

This type of analysis allows you to determine what actions you may need to take in order to prevent or manage certain effects. 

Let’s use the example of smoking: the cause may be a person’s decision to smoke a cigarette, and some possible effects could be an increased risk for lung cancer or heart disease. 

By understanding the relationship between cause and effect, you can make informed choices in your lives and find solutions to problems.

Additionally, in  scientific experimentation , establishing a clear cause and effect relationship is crucial for determining the validity of results. In sum, thinking about cause and effect can aid us in making sense of our world and finding ways to improve it.

Cause and effect example

Examples of cause and effect

The cause is the root of the problem while the effect is what results from the issue.  Cause and effect  are often related: one event may be the result of another, or several events may contribute to a single result.

  • A cause: poor nutrition can lead to Effects: of both weight gain and fatigue.
  • An effect may have more than one cause: for example, a headache could be caused by stress, dehydration, or a sinus infection.
  • Cause: Watching too much television Effect: Directly causes eye strain or indirectly causes health problems if it leads to a sedentary lifestyle.

The causes of an event may be immediate or remote. For example, the immediate causes of a car accident may be speeding and wet roads, while the remote causes may be driver fatigue and mechanical problems with the vehicle.

The effects of an event may be  immediate or delayed . For example, eating too much sugar might immediately cause a sugar high, or the effects might not be noticeable until hours later when blood sugar levels crash.

Cause and effect can be difficult to determine because there may be multiple factors involved. For example, it can be hard to say whether poverty causes crime or if crime causes poverty.

Cause and effect example

Examples of cause and effect in sentences

  • Cause: If a man offends his neighbor by insulting him, the natural reaction is that the insulted neighbor becomes angry ( Effect ). When this happens, he tells his friends about what happened to garner sympathy. Often, his friends will also become upset, and they too will spread the news to their social circles (another cause and effect).
  • Cause: Drinking coffee Effect: Dehydration. 
  • Cause: A person starts smoking. Effects: Gets various health problems, including cancer and heart disease.

Middle school students

  • Smoking causes cancer.
  • Eating too much sugar causes diabetes.
  • Wearing sunscreen prevents skin cancer.
  • Exercising makes you healthier and looks better.
  • Driving without a seat belt can lead to serious injury or death in the event of an accident.
  • Studying helps you learn and remember information better.
  • Staying up late can make you tired and less alert the next day.
  • Swimming in the ocean can cause a rash or infection if you’re not careful.
  • Eating raw fish can cause food poisoning.
  • Reading in dim light can damage your eyesight.

High school students

  • Eating a balanced diet helps you stay healthy. 
  • Drinking too much alcohol can cause liver damage. 
  • Exercise is good for your body and mind. 
  • Too much stress can lead to physical and mental health problems. 
  • Sleeping for eight hours each night helps improve your mood and energy levels. 
  • Taking care of your belongings keeps them in good condition for longer periods of time. 
  • Being on time allows you to have a more productive day. 
  • Participating in class discussions increases your understanding of the material. 
  • Chewing gum while you’re studying helps you focus and remember the information better.

College students

  • Being overweight increases the risk of developing chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes mellitus.
  • Earning a college degree can lead to increased earning potential throughout a lifetime.

Software engineers

  • The bug caused the system to crash.
  • A coding error in the software caused incorrect data to be displayed.
  • A misconfiguration in the system caused the problem.
  • Poorly written code can cause serious problems for a software system.
  • Incorrect input can cause an application to malfunction.
  • Misuse of a function can cause errors in the program output.
  • A programming error can cause a system to fail catastrophically.
  • A software bug can cause applications to fail unexpectedly. 
  • Bad data can cause a program to crash or produce incorrect results. 
  • Undocumented features can often lead to unforeseen problems.

Marketing professionals

  • Increased spending on advertising led to a significant increase in profits.
  • A decrease in the quality of the products led to a decrease in sales.
  • The company’s decision to focus on price over quality caused them to lose market share.
  • Focusing on new markets led to an increase in revenue.
  • Introducing new products led to an increase in profits.
  • Spending more time on research and development led to increased sales of new products.
  • Targeting a younger demographic led to an increase in profits.
  • A lack of focus on customer service led to a decrease in sales and market share. 
  • Increasing the amount of product promotion led to significant sales.

Cause and effect example

Cause and effect essay example

The causes and effects of homelessness.

Homelessness  is an issue that affects people all over the world. There are many different causes of homelessness, and as a result, there are also many different effects. In this essay, we will explore the causes and effects of homelessness in detail.

The most obvious cause of homelessness is unemployment. Personal relationships, mental health issues, and substance abuse can all contribute to an individual losing their housing. Additionally, even those who do have steady employment may struggle to afford rising rent costs or be unable to find stable, affordable housing in their area.

Ending homelessness

There is no one-size-fits-all solution to ending homelessness, and it’s important to consider all possible causes when developing plans and programs to support those experiencing homelessness. 

The high cost of housing is often compounded by other factors, such as low wages, unemployment, and mental illness. In many cases, people who become homeless have difficulty maintaining steady employment due to these factors. As a result, they cannot afford housing, leading to homelessness.

Inflection by mental illness

Mental illness is another cause of homelessness. A large portion of homeless people – estimates range from  20-25%  – suffer from severe mental illness, whereas only 6% of non-homeless individuals do. Some experts estimate that as many as one-third of all homeless people have some form of mental illness.

This can make it difficult for them to maintain employment or afford to house. Mental illness can also make it difficult for people to access services that help them escape the streets.

There are many different effects of homelessness. One of the most obvious effects is poor physical health. Homeless people often have difficulty accessing necessities like food and  shelter , which can lead to malnutrition and exposure to harsh weather . Homelessness also often leads to increased stress levels and mental health problems such as anxiety and depression.

In conclusion, homelessness is a complex problem with many causes and effects. Understanding all of these factors is essential to effectively address the issue.

Cause and effect example

Cause and effect exercises

If you train your parrot, he will speak.

What is the cause?

What is the effect?

She forgot to feed her dog, it died of starvation.

I didn’t drink enough water today, so I am feeling dehydrated.

Cause: Training the parrot.

Effect: Learning to speak.

Cause: Forgot to feed her dog.

Effect: Died of starvation.

Cause: Didn’t drink water.

Effect: Feeling  dehydrated .

The next time you want to understand why something happened, consider looking for the cause and effect. And, when you’re ready to improve your grades or earn a degree, remember that we’re here to help you succeed. But understanding cause and effect can provide clarity where there might be confusion.

It is the connection between the core cause the effect. There can be multiple causes in a situation. Although it doesn’t have an impact on the cause and effect relationship. For example, “eating poorly and not exercising.” This can be an example of multiple causes and can have multiple effects.

They are discourse between the relationship of cause and effect relationships. For example, an essay on “growing childhood obesity epidemic” and the root causes of this. Explaining complex relationships requires discourse between the cause and effect (the argument). This is typically found in essay format (cause and effect essays) rather than daily life.

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topic sentence examples for cause and effect

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topic sentence examples for cause and effect

About the author

Dalia Y.: Dalia is an English Major and linguistics expert with an additional degree in Psychology. Dalia has featured articles on Forbes, Inc, Fast Company, Grammarly, and many more. She covers English, ESL, and all things grammar on GrammarBrain.

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Cause and Effect: Definition, Meaning, and Examples

Allison Bressmer

Allison Bressmer

Cause and Effect Title

You may be familiar with the Biblical quote “You reap what you sow.” The things you do are like planted seeds, and those seeds produce a crop which is the result of your actions.

The quote is an example of the cause and effect relationship. Your action, sowing good or bad seeds, produces a reaction, a healthy or rotten harvest.

A cause is an action, and the effect is the resulting reaction.

Definition of Cause and Effect

What does cause and effect mean, examples of cause and effect in sentences, cause and effect relationship examples, cause and effect words.

In the cause and effect relationship, one or more things happen as a result of something else.

A cause is a catalyst, a motive, or an action that brings about a reaction—or reactions. A cause instigates an effect.

An effect is a condition, occurrence, or result generated by one or more causes. Effects are outcomes.

Cause and effect synonyms

Cause and effect means that things happen because something prompted them to happen.

A cause is why something happens. An effect is what happened.

For example, you have a picnic planned for Sunday afternoon. However, the weather becomes stormy and you have to cancel your outdoor plans.

In this situation, the cause is the stormy weather and the effect of that stormy weather is the picnic cancellation.

Cause and effect definition

Cause and effect are intertwined. American poet Ralph Waldo Emerson said, “Cause and effect are two sides of one fact.”

You can’t have an effect without a cause, nor can you have a cause without an effect.

In cause and effect relationships, there may be multiple causes and multiple effects. The relationship may cycle on with a cause leading to effects that become a cause for more effects!

Let’s say that you oversleep and are late to a meeting and, because you’re late to the meeting, you miss out on the delicious pastries the boss brought in. Since you missed the pastries, you’re hungry and aggravated. This may in turn have an effect on your next interaction with a colleague or client.

Cause and effect circle

Cause and effect sentences show a clear, direct relationship between events. They show how one event or action triggers an outcome. They may also show how an effect has more than one cause, or a cause has more than one effect.

Cause and effect sentences can present the cause first and follow it with the effect, or present the effect first and follow it with the cause.

The order of cause and effect

  • I ate tons of junk food, so now I feel sick.
  • I feel sick because I ate tons of junk food.

These sentences have the same cause and effect presented in a different order. These sentences share the same meaning and show the same relationship.

In the next five sentences, determine which comes first, the cause or the effect.

He lied to me, so I ended our relationship.

Since I was up all night with my sick child, I’m exhausted this morning.

She never gave up on her writing, and now she’s published a book!

They could finish the race because they had trained for it so diligently.

They gave the restaurant a critical review because their food was burnt to a crisp.

In the first three sentences, the cause comes first. In sentences four and five, the effect comes first.

Cause and effect relationships exist in just about every subject area.

We can see the causes of local, national, or global events, and the effects of those events. We can ask, “What were the causes of World War II?” and then “What were the effects of World War II?”

We can examine what caused an economic recession or depression and the effects of that crisis on society.

In these cases, as with many others, there are multiple causes and multiple effects.

In 2020, the world was hit with a global pandemic. Scientists saw the effects of the disease on people’s health and lives and began searching for the cause of the virus.

As the story goes, Sir Isaac Newton observed an effect, an apple falling from a tree. This prompted him to seek the cause of that fall—why did the apple fall down, not sideways or up? His observation of that effect led him to discover the cause: gravity.

When conducting experiments, scientists perform an action (cause) to see what will happen as a result (effect).

Most of us probably had to do an experiment with plants in school. We examined what happened to our two plants (effects) depending on whether we gave or withheld from them proper light and water (cause).

The Natural World

Nature is full of examples of cause and effect.

  • Plants grow as a result of the sun’s heat and light.
  • Bears hibernate so they can conserve energy and won’t require food during the winter months when food is scarce.
  • The moon’s gravitational pull causes the ocean’s tides.

Narrative stories, both fiction and non-fiction, are often driven by cause and effect.

In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby , Gatsby bases all of his action on pleasing Daisy because he is obsessed with winning her love.

Our everyday lives are full of cause and effect experiences.

  • As a result of studying hard, you aced your test!
  • You called in sick because you woke up with a fever.
  • You meet friends for drinks because it’s your birthday.

There are words that signal a cause and effect relationship. These words can help readers recognize the cause and effect structure of a passage, making it easier to comprehend content.

Words that signal a cause include:

Words that signal effect include:

Signal Words in Cause and Effect Sentences

Observe how the signal words communicate the relationship in these cause and effect example sentences:

As a result of COVID, many high school students couldn’t experience graduation ceremonies.

There was a multi-car accident on the highway, so traffic was at a standstill.

I’ve started eating a much healthier diet. Consequently , I’ve lost weight and have more energy.

Thanks to my caring friends, I recovered from a difficult situation.

Since the weather was perfect, we spent the entire day outdoors.

My partner got his dream job 200 miles away from where we currently live. As a result , we have to sell the home and move.

His financial hardships are due to his careless spending.

She campaigned the hardest, therefore she won the vote.

The doctor’s optimism is the reason for our positive outlook.

Your sister is several years older than you. Accordingly , she has more responsibility and independence.

TIP: Observe the sentences that start with cause signal words ( As a result , Thanks to , Since ). There are two clauses in those sentences and they are connected by a comma.

The first clause is dependent meaning that it must be attached to an independent clause to make sense. When left alone, dependent clauses can become sentence fragments which are grammatically incorrect.

ProWritingAid is a thorough grammar checker that will alert you to any fragments and make suggestions for revision.

Cause and effect sentence fragment

A Final Word on Cause and Effect

A cause and effect relationship is one in which an event generates an outcome. We see these relationships everywhere: from history to science to nature to literature to daily life!

When you’re reading or writing about cause and effect, look for or use signal words that make the relationship between the event (cause) and the outcome (effect) clear.

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topic sentence examples for cause and effect

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Allison Bressmer is a professor of freshman composition and critical reading at a community college and a freelance writer. If she isn’t writing or teaching, you’ll likely find her reading a book or listening to a podcast while happily sipping a semi-sweet iced tea or happy-houring with friends. She lives in New York with her family. Connect at linkedin.com/in/allisonbressmer.

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  • How to Write Topic Sentences | 4 Steps, Examples & Purpose

How to Write Topic Sentences | 4 Steps, Examples & Purpose

Published on July 21, 2022 by Shona McCombes . Revised on June 5, 2023.

How to Write Topic Sentences

Every paragraph in your paper needs a topic sentence . The topic sentence expresses what the paragraph is about. It should include two key things:

  • The  topic of the paragraph
  • The central point of the paragraph.

After the topic sentence, you expand on the point zwith evidence and examples.

To build a well-structured argument, you can also use your topic sentences to transition smoothly between paragraphs and show the connections between your points.

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Table of contents

Writing strong topic sentences, topic sentences as transitions between paragraphs, topic sentences that introduce more than one paragraph, where does the topic sentence go, frequently asked questions about topic sentences.

Topic sentences aren’t the first or the last thing you write—you’ll develop them throughout the writing process. To make sure every topic sentence and paragraph serves your argument, follow these steps.

Step 1: Write a thesis statement

The first step to developing your topic sentences is to make sure you have a strong thesis statement . The thesis statement sums up the purpose and argument of the whole paper.

Thesis statement example

Food is an increasingly urgent environmental issue, and to reduce humans’ impact on the planet, it is necessary to change global patterns of food production and consumption.

Step 2: Make an essay outline and draft topic sentences

Next, you should make an outline of your essay’s structure , planning what you want to say in each paragraph and what evidence you’ll use.

At this stage, you can draft a topic sentence that sums up the main point you want to make in each paragraph. The topic sentences should be more specific than the thesis statement, but always clearly related to it.

Topic sentence example

Research has consistently shown that the meat industry has a significant environmental impact .

Step 3: Expand with evidence

The rest of the paragraph should flow logically from the topic sentence, expanding on the point with evidence, examples, or argumentation. This helps keep your paragraphs focused: everything you write should relate to the central idea expressed in the topic sentence.

In our example, you might mention specific research studies and statistics that support your point about the overall impact of the meat industry.

Step 4: Refine your topic sentences

Topic sentences usually start out as simple statements. But it’s important to revise them as you write, making sure they match the content of each paragraph.

A good topic sentence is specific enough to give a clear sense of what to expect from the paragraph, but general enough that it doesn’t give everything away. You can think of it like a signpost: it should tell the reader which direction your argument is going in.

To make your writing stronger and ensure the connections between your paragraphs are clear and logical, you can also use topic sentences to create smooth transitions. To improve sentence flow even more, you can also utilize the paraphrase tool .

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As you write each topic sentence, ask yourself: how does this point relate to what you wrote in the preceding paragraph? It’s often helpful to use transition words in your topic sentences to show the connections between your ideas.

Emphasize and expand

If the paragraph goes into more detail or gives another example to make the same point, the topic sentence can use words that imply emphasis or similarity (for example, furthermore , indeed , in fact , also ).

Indeed , cattle farming alone is responsible for a large proportion of greenhouse gas emissions.

Summarize and anticipate

If the paragraph turns to a different aspect of the same subject, the topic sentence can briefly sum up the previous paragraph and anticipate the new information that will appear in this one.

While beef clearly has the most dramatic footprint, other animal products also have serious impacts in terms of emissions, water and land use.

Compare and contrast

If the paragraph makes a comparison or introduces contrasting information, the topic sentence can use words that highlight difference or conflict (for example, in contrast , however , yet , on the other hand ).

However , the environmental costs of dietary choices are not always clear-cut; in some cases, small-scale livestock farming is more sustainable than plant-based food production.

You can also imply contrast or complicate your argument by formulating the topic sentence as a question.

Is veganism the only solution, or are there more sustainable ways of producing meat and dairy?

Sometimes you can use a topic sentence to introduce several paragraphs at once.

All of the examples above address the environmental impact of meat-eating versus veganism. Together, they make up one coherent part of a larger argument, so the first paragraph could use a topic sentence to introduce the whole section.

In countries with high levels of meat consumption, a move towards plant-based diets is the most obvious route to making food more sustainable. Research has consistently shown that the meat industry has significant environmental impacts.

The topic sentence usually goes at the very start of a paragraph, but sometimes it can come later to indicate a change of direction in the paragraph’s argument.

Given this evidence of the meat industry’s impact on the planet, veganism seems like the only environmentally responsible option for consumers. However, the environmental costs of dietary choices are not always clear-cut; in some cases, small-scale livestock farming is more sustainable than plant-based food production.

In this example, the first sentence summarizes the main point that has been made so far. Then the topic sentence indicates that this paragraph will address evidence that complicates or contradicts that point.

In more advanced or creative forms of academic writing , you can play with the placement of topic sentences to build suspense and give your arguments more force. But if in doubt, to keep your research paper clear and focused, the easiest method is to place the topic sentence at the start of the paragraph.

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topic sentence examples for cause and effect

A topic sentence is a sentence that expresses the main point of a paragraph . Everything else in the paragraph should relate to the topic sentence.

Topic sentences help keep your writing focused and guide the reader through your argument.

In an essay or paper , each paragraph should focus on a single idea. By stating the main idea in the topic sentence, you clarify what the paragraph is about for both yourself and your reader.

The topic sentence usually comes at the very start of the paragraph .

However, sometimes you might start with a transition sentence to summarize what was discussed in previous paragraphs, followed by the topic sentence that expresses the focus of the current paragraph.

Let’s say you’re writing a five-paragraph  essay about the environmental impacts of dietary choices. Here are three examples of topic sentences you could use for each of the three body paragraphs :

  • Research has shown that the meat industry has severe environmental impacts.
  • However, many plant-based foods are also produced in environmentally damaging ways.
  • It’s important to consider not only what type of diet we eat, but where our food comes from and how it is produced.

Each of these sentences expresses one main idea – by listing them in order, we can see the overall structure of the essay at a glance. Each paragraph will expand on the topic sentence with relevant detail, evidence, and arguments.

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10.8 Cause and Effect

Learning objectives.

  • Determine the purpose and structure of cause and effect in writing.
  • Understand how to write a cause-and-effect essay.

The Purpose of Cause and Effect in Writing

It is often considered human nature to ask, “why?” and “how?” We want to know how our child got sick so we can better prevent it from happening in the future, or why our colleague a pay raise because we want one as well. We want to know how much money we will save over the long term if we buy a hybrid car. These examples identify only a few of the relationships we think about in our lives, but each shows the importance of understanding cause and effect.

A cause is something that produces an event or condition; an effect is what results from an event or condition. The purpose of the cause-and-effect essay is to determine how various phenomena relate in terms of origins and results. Sometimes the connection between cause and effect is clear, but often determining the exact relationship between the two is very difficult. For example, the following effects of a cold may be easily identifiable: a sore throat, runny nose, and a cough. But determining the cause of the sickness can be far more difficult. A number of causes are possible, and to complicate matters, these possible causes could have combined to cause the sickness. That is, more than one cause may be responsible for any given effect. Therefore, cause-and-effect discussions are often complicated and frequently lead to debates and arguments.

Use the complex nature of cause and effect to your advantage. Often it is not necessary, or even possible, to find the exact cause of an event or to name the exact effect. So, when formulating a thesis, you can claim one of a number of causes or effects to be the primary, or main, cause or effect. As soon as you claim that one cause or one effect is more crucial than the others, you have developed a thesis.

Consider the causes and effects in the following thesis statements. List a cause and effect for each one on your own sheet of paper.

  • The growing childhood obesity epidemic is a result of technology.
  • Much of the wildlife is dying because of the oil spill.
  • The town continued programs that it could no longer afford, so it went bankrupt.
  • More young people became politically active as use of the Internet spread throughout society.
  • While many experts believed the rise in violence was due to the poor economy, it was really due to the summer-long heat wave.

Write three cause-and-effect thesis statements of your own for each of the following five broad topics.

  • Health and nutrition

The Structure of a Cause-and-Effect Essay

The cause-and-effect essay opens with a general introduction to the topic, which then leads to a thesis that states the main cause, main effect, or various causes and effects of a condition or event.

The cause-and-effect essay can be organized in one of the following two primary ways:

  • Start with the cause and then talk about the effects.
  • Start with the effect and then talk about the causes.

For example, if your essay were on childhood obesity, you could start by talking about the effect of childhood obesity and then discuss the cause or you could start the same essay by talking about the cause of childhood obesity and then move to the effect.

Regardless of which structure you choose, be sure to explain each element of the essay fully and completely. Explaining complex relationships requires the full use of evidence, such as scientific studies, expert testimony, statistics, and anecdotes.

Because cause-and-effect essays determine how phenomena are linked, they make frequent use of certain words and phrases that denote such linkage. See Table 10.4 “Phrases of Causation” for examples of such terms.

Table 10.4 Phrases of Causation

The conclusion should wrap up the discussion and reinforce the thesis, leaving the reader with a clear understanding of the relationship that was analyzed.

Be careful of resorting to empty speculation. In writing, speculation amounts to unsubstantiated guessing. Writers are particularly prone to such trappings in cause-and-effect arguments due to the complex nature of finding links between phenomena. Be sure to have clear evidence to support the claims that you make.

Look at some of the cause-and-effect relationships from Note 10.83 “Exercise 2” . Outline the links you listed. Outline one using a cause-then-effect structure. Outline the other using the effect-then-cause structure.

Writing a Cause-and-Effect Essay

Choose an event or condition that you think has an interesting cause-and-effect relationship. Introduce your topic in an engaging way. End your introduction with a thesis that states the main cause, the main effect, or both.

Organize your essay by starting with either the cause-then-effect structure or the effect-then-cause structure. Within each section, you should clearly explain and support the causes and effects using a full range of evidence. If you are writing about multiple causes or multiple effects, you may choose to sequence either in terms of order of importance. In other words, order the causes from least to most important (or vice versa), or order the effects from least important to most important (or vice versa).

Use the phrases of causation when trying to forge connections between various events or conditions. This will help organize your ideas and orient the reader. End your essay with a conclusion that summarizes your main points and reinforces your thesis. See Chapter 15 “Readings: Examples of Essays” to read a sample cause-and-effect essay.

Choose one of the ideas you outlined in Note 10.85 “Exercise 3” and write a full cause-and-effect essay. Be sure to include an engaging introduction, a clear thesis, strong evidence and examples, and a thoughtful conclusion.

Key Takeaways

  • The purpose of the cause-and-effect essay is to determine how various phenomena are related.
  • The thesis states what the writer sees as the main cause, main effect, or various causes and effects of a condition or event.

The cause-and-effect essay can be organized in one of these two primary ways:

  • Start with the cause and then talk about the effect.
  • Start with the effect and then talk about the cause.
  • Strong evidence is particularly important in the cause-and-effect essay due to the complexity of determining connections between phenomena.
  • Phrases of causation are helpful in signaling links between various elements in the essay.

Writing for Success Copyright © 2015 by University of Minnesota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.

Cause and Effect in Composition

Glossary of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms

  • An Introduction to Punctuation
  • Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia
  • M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester
  • B.A., English, State University of New York

In composition , cause and effect is a method of paragraph or essay development in which a writer analyzes the reasons for—and/or the consequences of—an action, event, or decision.

A cause-and-effect paragraph or essay can be organized in various ways. For instance, causes and/or effects can be arranged in either chronological order or reverse chronological order. Alternatively, points can be presented in terms of emphasis , from least important to most important, or vice versa.

Examples and Observations

  • "If you prove the cause , you at once prove the effect ; and conversely nothing can exist without its cause." (Aristotle, Rhetoric )
  • Immediate Causes and Ultimate Causes "Determining causes and effects is usually thought-provoking and quite complex. One reason for this is that there are two types of causes: immediate causes , which are readily apparent because they are closest to the effect, and ultimate causes , which, being somewhat removed, are not so apparent and may perhaps even be hidden. Furthermore, ultimate causes may bring about effects which themselves become immediate causes, thus creating a causal chain . For example, consider the following causal chain: Sally, a computer salesperson, prepared extensively for a meeting with a client (ultimate cause), impressed the client (immediate cause), and made a very large sale (effect). The chain did not stop there: the large sale caused her to be promoted by her employer (effect)." (Alfred Rosa and Paul Eschholz, Models for Writers , 6th ed. St. Martin's Press, 1998)
  • Composing a Cause/Effect Essay "For all its conceptual complexity, a cause/effect essay can be organized quite simply. The introduction generally presents the subject(s) and states the purpose of the analysis in a clear thesis . The body of the paper then explores all relevant causes and/or effects, typically progressing from least to most influential or from most to least influential. Finally, the concluding section summarizes the various cause/effect relationships established in the body of the paper and clearly states the conclusions that can be drawn from those relationships." (Kim Flachmann, Michael Flachmann, Kathryn Benander, and Cheryl Smith, The Brief Prose Reader . Prentice Hall, 2003)
  • Causes of Child Obesity "Many of today's kids are engaged in sedentary pursuits made possible by a level of technology unthinkable as recently as 25 to 30 years ago. Computer, video, and other virtual games, the ready availability of feature films and games on DVD, plus high-tech advancements in music-listening technology have come down into the range of affordability for parents and even for the kids themselves. These passive pursuits have produced a downside of reduced physical activity for the kids, often with the explicit or implicit consent of the parents. . . . "Other fairly recent developments have also contributed to the alarming rise in child obesity rates. Fast food outlets offering consumables that are both low in price and low in nutritional content have exploded all over the American landscape since the 1960s, especially in suburban areas close to major highway interchanges. Kids on their lunch breaks or after school often congregate in these fast food outlets, consuming food and soft drinks that are high in sugar, carbohydrates, and fat. Many parents, themselves, frequently take their children to these fast food places, thus setting an example the kids can find justification to emulate." (MacKie Shilstone, Mackie Shilstone's Body Plan for Kids . Basic Health Publications, 2009)
  • Cause and Effect in Jonathan Swift's "A Modest Proposal" "'A Modest Proposal' is a brilliant example of the use of non-argumentative devices of rhetorical persuasion . The whole essay, of course, rests broadly upon the argument of cause and effect : these causes have produced this situation in Ireland, and this proposal will result in these effects in Ireland. But Swift, within the general framework of this argument, does not employ specific argumentative forms in this essay. The projector chooses rather to assert his reasons and then to amass them by way of proof ." (Charles A. Beaumont, Swift's Classical Rhetoric . Univ. of Georgia Press, 1961)
  • Effects of Automobiles "I worry about the private automobile. It is a dirty, noisy, wasteful, and lonely means of travel. It pollutes the air, ruins the safety and sociability of the street, and exercises upon the individual a discipline which takes away far more freedom than it gives him. It causes an enormous amount of land to be unnecessarily abstracted from nature and from plant life and to become devoid of any natural function. It explodes cities, grievously impairs the whole institution of neighborliness, fragmentizes and destroys communities. It has already spelled the end of our cities as real cultural and social communities, and has made impossible the construction of any others in their place. Together with the airplane, it has crowded out other, more civilized and more convenient means of transport, leaving older people, infirm people, poor people and children in a worse situation than they were a hundred years ago." (George F. Kennan, Democracy and the Student Left , 1968)
  • Examples and Effects of Entropy "Because of its unnerving irreversibility, entropy has been called the arrow of time. We all understand this instinctively. Children's rooms, left on their own, tend to get messy, not neat. Wood rots, metal rusts, people wrinkle and flowers wither. Even mountains wear down; even the nuclei of atoms decay. In the city we see entropy in the rundown subways and worn-out sidewalks and torn-down buildings, in the increasing disorder of our lives. We know, without asking, what is old. If we were suddenly to see the paint jump back on an old building, we would know that something was wrong. If we saw an egg unscramble itself and jump back into its shell, we would laugh in the same way we laugh as a movie run backward." (K.C. Cole, "The Arrow of Time." The New York Times , March 18, 1982)
  • Writing Cause and Effect Essays for English Learners
  • Development in Composition: Building an Essay
  • Cause and Effect Essay Topics
  • Practice in Making a Simple Outline for a Cause & Effect Paragraph
  • 50 Cause and Effect Journal Prompts
  • How to Teach Topic Sentences Using Models
  • Understanding Organization in Composition and Speech
  • Definition and Examples of Paragraphing in Essays
  • Definition and Examples of Ethos in Classical Rhetoric
  • What an Essay Is and How to Write One
  • Definition and Examples of Analysis in Composition
  • Moving Past the Five Paragraph Essay
  • Practice in Using Quotation Marks Correctly
  • How to Structure an Essay
  • 67 Causal Essay Topics to Consider
  • Hookers vs. Chasers: How Not to Begin an Essay

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10 Cause and Effect Examples

cause and effect examples and definition

Cause and effect refers to the causal relationship between two events or things. In this relationship, the second event (or thing) is the result of the first.

In psychology, cause and effect can be seen in behaviors, thoughts, and emotions. For example, we often see it in applied behavior therapy, where psychologists measure how their intervention leads to a behavioral change.

A cause is a catalyst that provokes a reaction, while an effect is a resultant condition created by this cause. Causes are what incite effects: they spark reactions and set in motion occurrences or results.

Definition of Cause and Effect

A cause-effect relationship suggests that one event is the impetus for another to occur. In other words, when something happens, it triggers a resulting consequence or outcome.

According to Taberski & Burke (2014), cause and effect:

“…is the relationship between the reason (or “why”) something happens and the consequences of that action” (p. 22).

Brown and Greg (2018) state that:

“…it is the idea that, for every action, there is a reaction (illustrated by a domino rally – once one domino is pushed, it causes another to do so, and another, until all of the dominos have fallen” (p. 55).

A cause is the origin of an effect, while the effect is the result of an action. Together they form a cycle in which cause and effect continuously interact. 

Cause-effect relationships are found in all aspects of life, from social interactions to physical phenomena. Cause and effect are used in psychology to explain behavior, thoughts, emotions, and more (Nicholas, 2008). 

It can be both positive and negative and demonstrates consequences of actions. For example:

  • A student does well on an exam (effect) because they studied persistently throughout the course (cause). 
  • A student does not do well on an exam (effect) due to lack of studying (cause). The lack of studying was the cause, and the low grade was the effect. 

So, in simple terms, cause and effect explain how an action or event leads to inevitable consequences. 

10 Examples of Cause and Effect

  • Stress causes anxiety : When a person is burdened by work, school, or domestic issues, this can trigger uncomfortable feelings of stress and anxiety. Such sensations frequently result in frustration and being overwhelmed.
  • Insulting someone can lead to an argument : If someone says something harmful and hurtful to another person, it can cause an argument or physical confrontation.
  • Sleeping too little causes fatigue : If an individual does not get enough rest, they will feel tired and lethargic throughout the day. Such fatigue can affect concentration, decision-making, and other cognitive processes.
  • Loneliness leads to depression : Social isolation can be highly detrimental to emotional wellness, potentially leading to depression due to the lack of social connection and corresponding support. In addition, this absence of companionship can bring forth emotions such as sadness and hopelessness.
  • Poor eating habits lead to health issues : Eating unhealthy, processed, or sugary foods can take a toll on the body. It can result in weight gain, high cholesterol, and other health problems. Besides, it can also raise some psychological issues such as lack of satisfaction, feeling guilty, etc.
  • A new medication created to treat depression can lead to addiction : When someone relies on a specific medication to manage their depression, it can quickly become an addiction that is difficult to break.
  • Lack of communication can cause misunderstandings : When individuals fail to express their emotions and ideas effectively, confusion ensues. Such miscommunication can lead to outrageously tumultuous conflicts, resulting in distress and despair.
  • Abuse can lead to psychological trauma : Abuse can have a profound and long-lasting impact on an individual, not just emotionally but psychologically as well. These effects may manifest as post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, or depression, which could all be caused by prolonged abuse.
  • Watching violent movies can make people more aggressive : Viewing movies with violent content has been linked to increased aggression in individuals, likely because they are more inclined to imitate what is portrayed on the screen.
  • Bullying can lead to low self-esteem : Experiencing persistent bullying or harassment can be incredibly damaging to one’s self-worth, leading to a lack of confidence and insecurity.

Cause-Effect Criteria

To establish a cause-effect relationship, three criteria must be met. They include temporal precedence, covariation, and eliminability (Oppewal, 2010) .

  • Temporal precedence: It refers to the notion that the cause must precede the effect in time. For example, when a child falls off their bike, the cause of the injury is the fall rather than the injury itself.
  • Covariation: It means that if a cause is present, then an effect should follow. If a child eats ice cream every day and starts to gain weight, then we can assume that the cause of their weight gain is eating ice cream.
  • Eliminability: According to this criteria, if a cause is eliminated, then an effect should also be eliminated. Suppose a person stops smoking cigarettes and their health improves. In that case, we can conclude that smoking cigarettes is the cause of their poor health.

Law of Cause and Effect

The law of cause and effect assumes that most events in the world have their own root, from which everything begins, and outcomes that depend on it. 

A person needs to be aware of the causes and consequences of their own actions to analyze their successes and failures, as well as correct the mistakes of actions in an attempt to change the result (Tiwari, 2009).

The law of cause and effect states that all successes and failures necessarily have a reason and a result. Every action in life is performed for some purpose, sometimes unconscious, and always has inevitable consequences.

From this, we can conclude that victories and successes are often not a successful combination of circumstances but the result of work and achieving goals.

The law of cause and effect works almost always: in different areas of life, ages, and people with varying types of personalities, thinking, and behavior. The critical condition here is the freedom of choice of a person (Tiwari, 2009).

If individuals can make their own decisions, their whole life depends only on themselves.

In most cases, when a person goes to the goal, clearly imagining the result, they know the reason for their behavior and understand what consequences they should expect.

So, the law of cause and effect provides a framework to examine how events can be connected.

Thorndike’s Law of Effect

Thorndike’s Law of Effect states that behaviors followed by satisfying consequences tend to be repeated, and those followed by unpleasant consequences learn to be avoided .

Thorndike’s law of effect is an extension of the law of cause and effect, introduced by Edward Thorndike in the early 20th century (Thorndike, 2019).

It is based on the idea that behavior is driven by its consequences. According to this law, rewarded behaviors will be repeated while those that are punished or unrewarded will not.

It also suggests that when a behavior is rewarded, it strengthens the connection between it and its reward. Conversely, when a behavior is punished, it weakens the relationship between the behavior and its reward (Thorndike, 2019).

Thorndike’s law of effect can be used to explain why people continue to engage in certain activities, even when they can be harmful to their well-being (Thorndike, 2019).

For example, a person may continue to engage in an addictive behavior even though they know it will have negative consequences.

Such happens because the behavior has been rewarded in the past, creating a solid connection between the behavior and its reward.

However, as negative consequences become more likely, the connection between the behavior and its reward is weakened. The same idea can be applied to explaining why some people become victims of bullying.

When someone is consistently subjected to harassment, the behavior may become reinforced, and the person may not be able to find the means to escape the situation due to feelings of worthlessness and insecurity (Thorndike, 2019).

By understanding Thorndike’s law of effect, we can gain insight into the connections between cause and effect and why certain behaviors are repeated.

Related Theories

  • Behaviorism in education
  • Operant conditioning
  • Classical Conditioning
  • Observational learning
  • Vicarious learning

Cause and effect is a fundamental law of life. Every action, decision, and choice we make has consequences on our lives, whether positive or negative.

Thorndike’s Law of Effect is an extension of the law of cause and effect that highlights how behavior can be shaped by reinforcement. 

It suggests that behaviors followed by pleasant consequences are more likely to be repeated, while those followed by unpleasant effects are less likely to be repeated.

By understanding how cause and effect works, we can understand why certain behaviors are repeated and develop strategies to modify them. As a result, it will help us lead more rewarding lives, both personally and professionally. 

Brown, D., & Greggs, A. (2018).  Philosophy of religion for OCR . Polity.

Nicholas, L. J. (2008).  Introduction to psychology . Uct Press.

Oppewal, H. (2010). Concept of causality and conditions for causality.  Wiley International Encyclopedia of Marketing . https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444316568.wiem02059

Taberski, S., & Burke, J. (2014).  The common core companion: What they say, what they mean, how to teach them . Corwin.

Thorndike, E. L. (1927). The law of effect.  The American Journal of Psychology ,  39 (1/4), 212–222. doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/1415413

Tiwari, A. K. (2009).  Psychological perspectives on social issues and human development . Concept Pub. Co.

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Viktoriya Sus (MA)

Viktoriya Sus is an academic writer specializing mainly in economics and business from Ukraine. She holds a Master’s degree in International Business from Lviv National University and has more than 6 years of experience writing for different clients. Viktoriya is passionate about researching the latest trends in economics and business. However, she also loves to explore different topics such as psychology, philosophy, and more.

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Module 4: Writing Workshop—Writing in College

Cause and effect essays, learning objectives.

  • Describe techniques for highlighting cause and effect

Cause and effect is the relationship between two things when one thing makes something else happen. For example, if we eat too much food and do not exercise, we gain weight. Eating food without exercising is the “cause;” weight gain is the “effect.” There may be multiple causes and multiple effects. Looking for the reason why things happen (cause/effect) is a basic human drive. So, understanding the cause/effect text structure is essential in learning the basic ways the world works. Writers use this text structure to show order, inform, speculate, and change behavior. This text structure uses the process of identifying potential causes of a problem or issue in an orderly way. It is often used to teach social studies and science concepts.

Breaking Down Cause and Effect Assignments

Sometimes writing prompts include signal words that show cause/effect relationships, such as:  because , so, so that, if… then, consequently, thus, since, for, for this reason, as a result of, therefore, due to, this is how, nevertheless , and accordingly . 

A cartoon drawing of a human heart.

Figure 1 . What are some known causes of heart disease? How would you format a cause and effect assignment based on this topic?

Cause and effect writing prompts will often ask the “why” question:

  • Why are reality shows popular?

Sometimes they use words like analyze , connection , or relationship :

  • What is the connection between greenhouse gases and climate change?
  • Analyze the relationship between doing and learning

Other prompts may ask you to explain the cause and effect relationship. Look for the verb explain  as a signal word so you answer the prompt correctly.

  • Explain the effects of livestock production on climate change.

Depending on the assignment, you may be asked to look for different kinds of cause/effect relationships:

  • Stated cause/effect relationships : the relationship is stated clearly
  • Unstated cause/effect relationships : you will need to make inferences or “read between the linked” to make connections in the relationship
  • Reciprocal cause/effect relationships : effects may be part of a chain. In this kind of structure, one effect goes on to cause a second effect, which may then cause a third effect, etc.

Approaching the Assignment

Step 1 : Look for unstated cause-and-effect relationships

In some paragraphs, the cause-and-effect relationship is not directly stated. In these cases, you will have to “read between the lines” to find the cause-and-effect relationship. Use clues from the paragraph to identify a cause-and-effect relationship.

  • To find the effect, ask yourself: “What happened?”
  • To find the cause, ask yourself: “Why did it happen?”

Let’s look at some examples:

  • Reef bleaching is the effect; global warming and rising temperatures are the cause.
  • In this example, the cause is implied (being bad at team sports), and the effect, or result, is trying out for track and field.

Step 2 : Look for the signal words that show cause-and-effect relationships.

Step 3 : Look for effects that are also causes. Effects can form a chain in which one effect goes on to cause a second effect, which may then cause a third effect and so on. Study this example:

When people cut down trees to clear land, they destroy the habitats of birds. This reduces the number of nest sites. As a result, fewer baby birds are hatched, and the bird population declines.

  • Cause 1: People cut down trees.
  • Effect 1: The habitats of birds are destroyed.
  • Effect 2: The number of nest sites is reduced.
  • Effect 3: Fewer baby birds are hatched.
  • Effect 4: The bird population declines.

Formatting Cause and Effect

Cause/effect paragraphs generally follow a basic paragraph format. That is, they begin with a topic sentence and this sentence is followed by specific supporting details.

For example, if the topic sentence introduces an effect, the supporting sentences all describe causes. Here is an example:

In recent decades, cities have grown so large that now about 50% of the Earth’s population lives in urban areas. There are several reasons for this occurrence. First, the increasing industrialization of the nineteenth century resulted in the creation of many factory jobs, which tended to be located in cities. These jobs, with their promise of a better material life, attracted many people from rural areas. Second, there were many schools established to educate the children of the new factory laborers. The promise of a better education persuaded many families to leave farming communities and move to the cities. Finally, as the cities grew, people established places of leisure, entertainment, and culture, such as sports stadiums, theaters, and museums. For many people, these facilities made city life appear more interesting than life on the farm, and therefore drew them away from rural communities.

Notice how each supporting sentence is a cause that explains the effect mentioned in the topic sentence. In the chart below are the main ideas of the above paragraph, to help you understand the relationships better:

Notice also how the topic sentence is followed by the “focusing” or “prediction” sentence, “There are several reasons for this.” Such sentences help the reader anticipate the organization of the paragraph or essay.

Writing Workshop: Cause and effect

Open your Working Document and find the heading “Cause and Effect.”

Effect: Anxiety has increased among college students.

Causes: List 3 ideas you have about possible causes.

Try it the other way.

What effect might be indicated by the three causes below?

  • The average U.S. resident spends over two hours on social media every day.
  • The average worker spends over a quarter of their work week on e-mail.
  • On average, U.S. adults send more than 30 texts per day.

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180 Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Cause and Effect Essay Topics

topic sentence examples for cause and effect

That’s why cause-and-effect essays are one of the most commonly assigned writing assignments in all of academia. They test a student’s ability to draw connections and make logical arguments as well as research abilities and writing skills. 

They can be very enjoyable to write if you know the fundamentals of essay writing, understand what this type of essay requires, and choose the right topic. In this article, you’ll get a brief overview of what a cause and effect essay is, tips on how to choose the right topic, and a list of over 150 topics to inspire you!

What is a Cause and Effect Essay?

A cause and effect essay is a writing assignment that asks you to explore the causes of certain events and link them to their outcomes. These types of essays can be focussed on the causes, the effects, or both. They can follow the typical 5 paragraph essay format, or they can have more body paragraphs than usual, depending on the complexity of the topic chosen. 

How to Choose a Cause and Effect Essay Topic

Since the entire paper will be about the causes and effects of your topic, choosing the right topic is vitally important for this type of essay. Sometimes teachers give a general theme to follow which makes it easier to choose a specific topic. Having the freedom to choose any topic you want can be daunting but as long as you keep the following points in mind, you’ll find an excellent topic to write about. 

  • If you’ve been assigned a theme, spend time brainstorming several ideas to get a unique and interesting topic.
  • Get ideas about what you want to write about from articles you’ve recently read. This will also give you a headstart on research.
  • Take a broad topic and narrow it down to specific issues and relationships.
  • The scope of your essay shouldn’t be too broad or too narrow. Think about your word count and choose a topic you can explore properly within that limit.
  • You should always have facts and research to back up any claims you’re making, so choose a topic that has credible information available.
  • Use personal conversations and experiences to narrow down the list of potential topics.
  • Make sure there are a clear cause and effect relationship to explore in your topic. 
  • Always try and choose a topic that you feel personally interested in. Passion will make the research more enjoyable, make your writing more interesting, and cut down on the amount of time you spend on the assignment.

Cause and Effect Essay Topics List for Students

Cause and effect essay topics for high school.

20 topics for cause and effect essay for high school students related to their experiences and chosen to match the level of complexity expected. 

Can student activism cause changes in the world?
What is the impact of growing up a child of divorce?
What are the main causes of anxiety in high school?
What are the effects of having very rich or famous parents?
How does having a messy room impact productivity?
What are the reasons that comic book movies rarely get Academy Awards?
Why is music better today, or why was it better in the past?
Why do students cheat?
What are the effects of playing group sports on social bonding?
What should people do to avoid getting sick?
Can online shopping cause shopping addiction?
Why are some video games more fun than others?
Why are oil spills so bad for marine ecosystems?
Why does weight have such a large impact on self-esteem?
What is the effect of family vacation on family relationships?
Why are people afraid of trying new things?
Why should humans protect endangered species?
How does theoretical physics affect the real world?
What are the long-term effects of vaping?
Is there a connection between bullying culture and school violence?

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Cause and Effect Essay Topics for College Students

Here’s a collection of 20 unique topics for college-level papers that will benefit from research and deep analytical skills.

Why do so many Americans still live in poverty?
What is the impact of underage drinking?
How does fasting impact your overall health?
What would be the difference if an asteroid impacted land or ocean?
Why do we buy so many things we don’t need?
What is the UN doing to combat modern-day slavery?
What is the impact of religious oppression in a country?
Why do sports and physical activity release endorphins?
Why is Japan more technologically advanced than many countries in the world?
How has the internet affected education in remote villages in developing nations?
How did Christianity shape colonialism?
Why is it dangerous not to finish a course of prescription medication?
What are the effects of picture and video apps on self-esteem?
Should standardized testing have such a large impact on a student’s future?
What is the impact of colonialism on modern-day Africa?
What is the impact of distance learning on mental health?
What are the benefits of studying in a group versus studying alone?
Is it possible to date and still be focused on academics?
Do violent movies and video games lead to real-life violence?
What is the impact of being raised in a multi-generational household?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics for Middle School

These 20 topics are perfect for teenagers to think about and should inspire them to write a fantastic essay. 

What is the effect of bullying on school culture and school spirit?
Why is it important to think about the environment?
What are the effects of spending time in nature?
What were the causes of World War II?
How has Covid-19 changed your daily routine?
What would happen if everybody did only what they wanted to?
What is the connection between music and mathematics?
How can social media and the internet reduce loneliness?
Why was the invention of the steam engine so important?
Describe a society where people learned to get along with each other.
Should famous people who say or do bad things lose their fans?
Why do countries close to the equator usually have spicy food?
What has been the effect of rap lyrics on poetry?
What are some of the benefits of colonizing Mars?
How do video games affect academic achievement?
What is the role of parental punishment on motivation?
What are the benefits of celebrating holidays from different religions?
What is the fallout from posting an unpopular story on Instagram?
How can you build a successful social media channel?
How does having a fun teacher affect student motivation?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics for Elementary Level

While these types of essays can become very complex, it is important for young children to start understanding the connection between things and exploring causes and effects at an early age. Here are 20 topics perfect for kids!

Why is it important to learn to share?
Why is it important to eat a good breakfast?
What have you learned from your favorite cartoon character?
How does the weather impact your mood?
Why should children get more time to play?
How do you feel after getting a good night’s sleep?
Why should Santa Claus bring you the toys you want?
What would you do if you saw an injured animal?
Why are birthdays important?
Why is riding a bike good for the environment?
How would having a smartphone improve your life?
How does being an older brother or sister make you different?
How does being a younger brother or sister make you different?
Why is it important to learn math?
Do having pets make you more responsible?
What are the effects of bullying on the bully?
What is the impact of your favorite Marvel superhero on the plot of the Marvel Cinematic Universe?
What are the causes and effects of being popular?
Why is littering bad for society?
Why is it important to eat vegetables?

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Cause and Effect Essay Topics Ideas

Fun cause and effect essay topics.

20 good cause and effect essay topics that are just plain fun to think about!

How are esports going to change the future?
What would it be like to give up all social media as a high school student?
Should people with more money be taxed at a higher rate?
Are periodic revolutions good for the progression of society?
How does smiling affect how long you live?
What are the benefits of owning a pet?
What started the domestication of animals by humans?
How has the use of cell phones affected in-person interaction?
What would be the impact on society if people could directly vote for every important issue?
What makes Elon Musk such a magnetic person?
What would the world be like if Facebook never existed?
Why are young people better at gaming than older people?
How is virtual reality going to change entertainment?
Why have science fiction movies become so popular over the last decade?
What responsibilities should social media influencers automatically be aware of?
What was the impact of Star Wars on the film industry?
How did YouTube change the way humans create and consume media?
Would Harry Potter have been less popular if the main character was a woman?
What effect does the language you speak have on the way you think?
What would the impact of raising the minimum wage be?

Easy Cause and Effect Essay Topics

You don’t have to write something too complicated to get a good grade! Here are 20 easy essay topic examples for your paper. 

What are the main causes of teenage smoking?
How do school uniforms improve cohesion and morale?
What is the impact of sweet fruit juices on health?
What role does the media have on public opinion?
What are the benefits of traveling abroad?
Do people feel better after crying?
Does using a smartphone right before sleeping negatively impact sleep quality?
Why is it more difficult for immigrants to find a job?
What are the effects of working out too much?
Does online dating make people have lower social skills?
How can improving time management reduce stress?
What is the impact of family stability on academic performance?
How does attending college impact lifelong earning potential?
Why is Google the most popular search engine?
How is carbon dioxide a greenhouse gas?
Why was the #Metoo movement so important?
What are the benefits of reading for pleasure as a child?
How has globalization impacted the role of women in societies?
What are the negative impacts of sound pollution?
How can a single species impact large ecosystems?

Personal Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Go over these 20 essay topics to write an essay that relies more on self reflection and personal growth. 

How has your favorite book impacted your life?
Is parenthood always a rewarding experience?
How does being selfish eventually impact oneself negatively?
What are the impacts of optimism on happiness?
How can a single individual make a significant change in the world?
How can meditation improve quality of life?
How has guilt affected your life personally?
How do people do bad things without realizing it?
Why are people afraid of commitment?
How does being in an abusive relationship impact both people?
What is the impact of being a minority on self-identity?
What is the connection between overthinking and depression?
How has the most significant relationship in your life shaped you?
How does getting older impact the ability to learn new things?
Why do people chase a feeling of control?
What are the impacts of living with someone with a mental disorder?
How long does it take to get over a serious breakup?
What are the reasons you want to be rich?
What would make you happy?
What is the best way of using social power?

Interesting Cause and Effect Essay Topics

20 interesting essay topics that will make your essay stand out amongst the crowd. 

What are some of the ways the world would have been different if the axis powers won WWII?
Do strikes and protests work effectively for different types of issues?
What would happen to coastal populations if ocean levels increased by 2 meters?
How much do tv shows and movies impact the way people think about other countries?
What has been the impact of rising internet penetration rates in developing countries?
What social care measures should countries implement in the face of catastrophes like Covid-19?
What is the connection between science and religion?
What would you do if you could become president of the world for 1 year?
How do phytoplankton in the ocean impact life on Earth?
Why is going to college an indicator of long-term happiness?
Why are certain video games popular amongst certain groups?
How does someone decide which music genre is their favorite?
How is artificial intelligence going to change the military and therefore the world?
What makes someone exceptional in their chosen field?
What are the most important characteristics of a good boss?
Can escapism be beneficial in situations such as trauma?
Does living together before marriage hurt or harm the long-term relationship?
What effect do different colors have on mood?
Is the continued growth of technology going to make people value in-person events more?
How has the first amendment impacted countries around the world?

Controversial Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Here are 20 controversial topics to think about. Be warned! You’ll have to do really solid research and make your point eloquently.

What was the impact of American foreign policy during the Cold War?
Does stem cell research have the potential to save millions of lives?
How do genetically modified crops impact the human body?
How do increasing temperatures impact rates of transmissible diseases?
How do oil-producing companies and their lobbies impact the search for renewable energy?
How do fashion companies end up employing children in sweatshops?
Can pizza now be considered an American food?
How do kings, queens, or any form of royalty impact the society of a country?
What are some of the negative outcomes of social Darwinism?
Why did the communism of the Soviet Union fail?
What has China’s one-child policy done to advance economic growth in the country?
How have sedition laws been used to censor free speech?
If artificial intelligence develops sentience, should they be given human rights?
How does a bad president impact that country's international reputation?
What are the roots of Russia’s aggressive international policies?
What are the negative impacts of the introduction of nonnative species?
What are the effects of gun regulation laws on murder rates around the world?
Are certain drugs beneficial for psychiatric treatment?
What was the root of the eugenics movement around the world in the early 1900s?
What has the impact of animal testing been on human health?

Final Thoughts

If you want to delve deep into a particular topic and analyze the causes and effects, a cause and effect essay is the perfect choice for you. It can be a fascinating process if you choose the right topic. This article has provided you with 180 topics to consider and guidelines on selecting a topic. If you need any help with coursework writing , research paper writing service , or custom essay writing , Studyfy's team of professional writers and dissertation writing services can guide you in the right direction. Additionally, their essay editing and proofreading services can help you improve your essay and make it stand out. Choose Studyfy, the best essay service , to help you achieve academic success.

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137 Intriguing Cause and Effect Essay Topics for Students

Teach critical thinking, logic, and the art of persuasion.

What are some reasons a teacher may ban cell phones in class?

Cause and effect essays aren’t just a way to help students strengthen their writing skills. They’ll also learn critical thinking, logic, and the art of persuasion. In addition, they teach students to demonstrate how one thing directly influences another. Coming up with engaging cause and effect essay topics can be challenging, but we have you covered. This list of ideas includes a variety of topics that range from social and cultural movements to mental health and the environment.

Science and Environment Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • Describe the effect of urbanization on the environment.
  • What is the impact of air pollution on health?
  • What are the causes and consequences of plastics on marine life?
  • What is the impact of rising sea temperatures on fish and marine life?
  • Describe the impact of human behavior on global warming.

Describe the impact of human behavior on global warming. Cause and effect essay

  • What is the effect of social media on environmentalism?
  • What causes volcanic eruptions?
  • What causes trees to die?
  • What are the effects of gravity?
  • Why are plants green?
  • Why do trees shed their leaves?
  • What causes a species to become endangered?
  • What are some of the causes of animals losing their habitats?
  • Describe the effect of overpopulation on the environment.
  • What are the effects of famine on human population?
  • What are the causes and effects of Antarctica floods?
  • What are the effects of pollution on the ocean?
  • What effect do cars have on the environment?
  • Why is it important to manage wildfires?
  • What has been the impact of DNA on crime scene processing?

What has been the impact of DNA on crime scene processing?

  • What are the impacts of deforestation in Brazil?
  • What are the effects of GMO foods on human health?
  • What are the impacts of immunizations on human health?

Technology and Social Media Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • What are the effects of social media on adolescent development?
  • How does technology affect productivity?
  • What are the effects of video games on childhood development?
  • How do cell phones affect human relationships?
  • What are some reasons a teacher might ban cell phones from class?

What are some reasons a teacher might ban cell phones from class? Cause and effect essay

  • What effects do cell phones have on sleep?
  • What effects did the invention of the Internet have on technology?
  • What were the origins of cyberbullying?
  • What are the effects of tablet use on small children?
  • How has online dating changed relationships?
  • What makes some people less likely to use social media?
  • What are the effects of social media on privacy?
  • How does the rise of TikTok affect Facebook and Instagram?
  • In what ways could social media lead to extremism?
  • What is the impact of social media on the increasing popularity of plastic surgery and other enhancements?

What is the impact of social media on the increasing popularity of plastic surgery and other enhancements?

  • What are some of the benefits of owning a smartphone and what are some of the drawbacks?
  • What has been the impact of online shopping on brick-and-mortar stores?
  • What has been the impact of smartphones on marriages and relationships?
  • What are the causes and effects of texting while driving?
  • What has the rise of “influencers” meant for Hollywood?
  • In what ways have photo filters influenced young people’s self-esteem?

Culture and Social Issues Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • What are some of the reasons for substance abuse in young people?
  • What are some of the effects of bullying?
  • How does economic status affect the quality of health care?
  • What are some of the causes of homelessness?
  • Explain the effects of ignorance on discrimination.
  • What are the impacts of death sentences on social justice?

What are the impacts of death sentences on social justice? Cause and effect essay

  • How does financial success affect societal privilege?
  • What effects does growing up poor have on children?
  • In what ways does religion influence society?
  • What are the effects of immigration on a host country?
  • What are the effects of ageism on job opportunities?
  • What is the impact of LGBTQ+ representation in TV and movies?
  • What are the effects of school shootings on politics?
  • How do school uniforms affect students?
  • What are the impacts of high student debt?
  • What are the impacts of body shaming on people?
  • What were the lasting impacts of the AIDS epidemic on society?

What were the lasting impacts of the AIDS epidemic on society? cause and effect essay

  • What would be the impact if abortion were banned in the United States?
  • What has been the impact of marriage equality in the United States?
  • What are the causes and effects of noise pollution?
  • What are the causes and effects of inflation on the economy?
  • What are the effects of TV shows on our behavior?

Sports Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • Examine the effects of exercise on mental health.
  • What led to baseball being an iconic American sport?
  • What drives people to participate in extreme sports?
  • In what ways did globalization affect modern sports?
  • What were the effects of doping on amateur and professional sports?
  • Select a sport and write about the historical factors that led to the popularization of that sport.

topic sentence examples for cause and effect

  • Describe the ways in which youth sports influence a child’s development.
  • What were the driving forces behind the first Olympics?
  • How can team sports help develop social skills?
  • How have e-sports changed the sporting landscape?
  • In what ways do race biases influence sports?

In what ways do race biases influence sports.

  • What are the effects of regular workouts on immunity?
  • How does participating in sports affect leadership skills?
  • In what ways can sports lead to character development?
  • What effect does famous athletes’ social commentary have on their fans?

History Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • What are the effects of the war in Syria on the United States?
  • What have been the lasting effects of the Civil Rights Movement?
  • What were the causes and effects of the attack on Pearl Harbor?
  • What led up to the Berlin Wall being torn down and what effects did that have?

What led up to the Berlin Wall being torn down and what effects did that have? Cause and effect essay

  • What lasting impact did 9/11 have on modern American society?
  • What were the causes of the Salem Witch Trials?
  • What was the cultural impact of the Spanish-American War?
  • How has globalization led to modern-day slavery?
  • What events led to the fall of the Roman Empire?
  • What were the impacts of the Great Depression on women’s employment?
  • How did cartels come into existence? What effect have they had on the United States and Mexico?
  • What were the causes and effects of the Women’s Liberation Movement?
  • Give an example of colonialism in history and name the resulting impact to the affected society.

Give an example of colonialism in history and name the resulting impact to the affected society.

  • What led to the rise of ISIS and what has the impact been on international security?
  • What factors led to the Titanic’s sinking?
  • What were the causes and effects of the Vietnam War?
  • Choose an American president. What led him to become president and what were the effects of his presidency?

Mental Health Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • How can stress affect the immune system?
  • How does social anxiety affect young people?
  • How can high academic expectations lead to depression?
  • What are the effects of divorce on young people?
  • How does service in the armed forces lead to post-traumatic stress disorder?

How does service in the armed forces lead to post-traumatic stress disorder? Cause and effect essay topic

  • What are the effects of mindfulness on mental health?
  • Describe the ways in which the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted mental health.
  • How does childhood trauma impact childhood development?
  • What impact does witnessing violence have on mental health?
  • What is behind increasingly high levels of anxiety in modern American society?

What is behind increasingly high levels of anxiety in modern American society? cause and effect essay topic

  • What are the causes and effects of panic attacks?
  • What are the causes and consequences of high stress in the workplace?
  • What are some of the causes of insomnia and in what ways does it affect mental health?
  • What is the impact of staying home for an extended period of time?

Current Events Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • Choose a local public education campaign. What are the effects of that campaign?
  • What are the causes and effects of migration?
  • What are the causes and effects of terrorist attacks?

What are the causes and effects of terrorist attacks?

  • What are the effects of legalizing genetic engineering research?
  • How do low voting rates impact elections and government?
  • What is the effect of raising the minimum wage?
  • What are the effects of globalization on society?
  • How does gerrymandering affect election outcomes?
  • What are the causes and effects of police brutality?
  • What are the causes and effects of political polarization?

What are the causes and effects of political polarization?

  • What are the causes and effects of fake news?
  • What are the effects of global war on citizens?
  • What is the effect of international aid on poverty or health?
  • Why do some countries have nuclear weapons, and what does this mean for other countries?

Education Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • What the effects of teacher quality on student success?
  • What are the causes and effects of student loan debt?
  • What are the causes and effects of low graduation rates?

What are the causes and effects of low graduation rates?

  • What are the effects of assigning homework?
  • What are the causes and effects of school funding disparities?
  • What are the causes and effects of the digital divide in education?
  • What is the effect of A.I. on education?
  • What are the causes and effects of student burnout?
  • Should students be required to study a foreign language in school, and what are the effects of learning a foreign language?

Should students be required to study a foreign language in school, and what are the effects of learning a foreign language?

  • What effect has the COVID pandemic had on education?
  • What are the effects of same-sex classrooms or schools?

What are your best cause and effect essay topics for students? Come exchange ideas in the We Are Teachers HELPLINE group on Facebook .

Plus, check out our list of interesting persuasive essay topics for kids and teens..

Coming up with cause and effect essay topics can be challenging, but we have you covered. Check out our list with a variety of topics.

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Cause and Effect Essay Outline: Types, Examples and Writing Tips

20 June, 2020

9 minutes read

Author:  Tomas White

This is a complete guide on writing cause and effect essays. Find a link to our essay sample at the end. Let's get started!

Cause and Effect

What is a Cause and Effect Essay?

A cause and effect essay is the type of paper that the author is using to analyze the causes and effects of a particular action or event. A curriculum usually includes this type of exercise to test your ability to understand the logic of certain events or actions.

cause and effect essay

If you can see the logic behind cause and effect in the world around you, you will encounter fewer problems when writing. If not, writing this kind of paper will give you the chance to improve your skillset and your brain’s ability to reason.

“Shallow men believe in luck or in circumstance. Strong men believe in cause and effect.” ― Ralph Waldo Emerson

In this article, the  Handmade Writing team will find out how to create an outline for your cause and effect essay – the key to successful essay writing.

Types of the Cause and Effect Essay

Before writing this kind of essay, you need to draft the structure. A good structure will result in a good paper, so it’s important to have a plan before you start. But remember , there’s no need to reinvent the wheel: just about every type of structure has already been formulated by someone.

If you are still unsure about the definition of an essay, you can take a look at our guide:  What is an Essay?

Generally speaking, there are three types of cause and effect essays. We usually differentiate them by the number of and relationships between the different causes and the effects. Let’s take a quick look at these three different cases:

1. Many causes, one effect

Cause and effect graphic organizer

This kind of essay illustrates how different causes can lead to one effect. The idea here is to try and examine a variety of causes, preferably ones that come from different fields, and prove how they contributed to a particular effect. If you are writing about World War I, for example, mention the political, cultural, and historical factors that led to the great war.

By examining a range of fundamental causes, you will be able to demonstrate your knowledge about the topic.

Here is how to structure this type of essay:

  • Introduction
  • Cause #3 (and so on…)
  • The effect of the causes

2. One cause, many effects

Cause and effect chart

This type of cause and effect essay is constructed to show the various effects of a particular event, problem, or decision. Once again, you will have to demonstrate your comprehensive knowledge and analytical mastery of the field. There is no need to persuade the reader or present your argument . When writing this kind of essay, in-depth knowledge of the problem or event’s roots will be of great benefit. If you know why it happened, it will be much easier to write about its effects.

Here is the structure for this kind of essay:

  • Effect #3 (and so on…)

3. Chain of causes and effects

Cause and effect pictures

This is the most challenging type. You need to maintain a chain of logic that demonstrates a sequence of actions and consequences, leading to the end of the chain. Although this is usually the most interesting kind of cause and effect essay, it can also be the most difficult to write.

Here is the outline structure:

  • Effect #1 = Cause #2
  • Effect #2 = Cause #3
  • Effect #3 = Cause #4 (and so on…)

Cause and Effect Essay Outline Example

Let’s take a look at an example. Below, you will find an outline for the topic “The causes of obesity” (Type 1) :

Cause and effect examples

As you can see, we used a blended strategy here. When writing about the ever-increasing consumption of unhealthy food, it is logical to talk about the marketing strategies that encourage people to buy fast food. If you are discussing fitness trainers, it is important to mention that people need to be checked by a doctor more often, etc.

In case you face some issues with writing your Cause and Effect essay, you can always count on our Essay Writers !

How do I start writing once I have drafted the structure?

If you start by structuring each paragraph and collecting suitable examples, the writing process will be much simpler. The final essay might not come up as a classic five paragraph essay – it all depends on the cause-effect chain and the number of statements of your essay.

Five paragraph essay graphic organizer

In the Introduction, try to give the reader a general idea of what the cause and effect essay will contain. For an experienced reader, a thesis statement will be an indication that you know what you are writing about. It is also important to emphasize how and why this problem is relevant to modern life. If you ever need to write about the Caribbean crisis, for instance, state that the effects of the Cold War are still apparent in contemporary global politics. 

Related Post: How to write an Essay introduction | How to write a Thesis statement

In the Body, provide plenty of details about what causes led to the effects. Once again, if you have already assembled all the causes and effects with their relevant examples when writing your plan, you shouldn’t have any problems. But, there are some things to which you must pay particular attention. To begin with, try to make each paragraph the same length: it looks better visually. Then, try to avoid weak or unconvincing causes. This is a common mistake, and the reader will quickly realize that you are just trying to write enough characters to reach the required word count.

Moreover, you need to make sure that your causes are actually linked to their effects. This is particularly important when you write a “chained” cause and effect essay (type 3) . You need to be able to demonstrate that each cause was actually relevant to the final result. As I mentioned before, writing the Body without preparing a thorough and logical outline is often an omission.

The Conclusion must be a summary of the thesis statement that you proposed in the Introduction. An effective Conclusion means that you have a well-developed understanding of the subject. Notably, writing the Conclusion can be one of the most challenging parts of this kind of project. You typically write the Conclusion once you have finished the Body, but in practice, you will sometimes find that a well-written conclusion will reveal a few mistakes of logic in the body!

Cause and Effect Essay Sample

Be sure to check the sample essay, completed by our writers. Use it as an example to write your own cause and effect essay. Link: Cause and effect essay sample: Advertising ethic issues .

Tips and Common Mistakes from Our Expert Writers

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Check out Handmadewriting paper writing Guide to learn more about academic writing!

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Due to human nature, we draw conclusions only when life gives us a lesson since the experience of others is not so effective and powerful. Therefore, when analyzing and sorting out common problems we face, we may trace a parallel with well-known book characters or real historical figures. Moreover, we often compare our situations with […]

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Students obtaining degrees in fine art and art & design programs most commonly need to write a paper on art topics. However, this subject is becoming more popular in educational institutions for expanding students’ horizons. Thus, both groups of receivers of education: those who are into arts and those who only get acquainted with art […]

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Get top 100 cause and effect essay topics now.

cause and effect essay topics

When you need the best cause and effect essay topics on the Internet, all you have to do is read this blog post. We have a list of the best 100 cause and effect topics and these topics are updated periodically. You can get some ideas from our list right now, as it has just been updated for June, 2020. On top of the free topics, you also get to see why choosing a great topic is entirely in your best interest. Read on!

The Importance of Interesting Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Most students underestimate the importance of interesting cause and effect essay topic ideas. We don’t know why, but many students still prefer to get topics from the first three pages that pop up in Google’s SERPs. They probably don’t realize that at least a couple of their classmates will pick the exact same topics. You may thing that you have a good cause and effect topic and later realize that 5 other students have chosen that same topic for their essays. Here is why you need to come up with a 100% original cause and effect essay topic idea:

  • Your professor is bored of reading essays on the same plain old topics. When he sees a new topic, it’s like a breath of fresh air. Don’t underestimate how important this can be for your grade.
  • Interesting cause and effect paper topics have been shown by many studies to get higher grades. Why? It’s probably because professors tend to award bonus points for originality and uniqueness.
  • Consistently finding good cause and effect topics shows your professors that you really take the essay seriously. After all, you’re willing to dedicate a lot of time and effort to finding the most interesting things to talk about.

Where Can You Get Some Topics for Cause and Effect Essay?

Now that you know how important some original, fun cause and effect essay topics can be, it’s time to find the best of them. Of course, nobody expects you to spend hours every day thinking about topics. You are free to use the Internet. It’s an invaluable source of information, to be honest. There are several ways to get some really good topics:

  • You can go to the school library and read journals, articles and other writings to try to find topics for cause and effect essay. You’ll be able to find many ideas there, but it takes time to go through all the materials.
  • You can read newspapers and scientific articles online. New, intriguing research is being done every day, so you are almost guaranteed to find something interesting to write about sooner or later.
  • You can try to ask people to make some suggestions on blogs and forums. You can get some ideas from genuine experts, but it will take time.
  • You can read our list and pick a cause and effect topic for free. You are free to reword it just the way you like. And remember, we update the list periodically so we can help as many students as possible with original topics. Don’t hesitate to take a closer look at feminist essay topics .

Our Free List of Cause and Effect Essay Ideas

Without further ado, here is our list of 100% original cause and effect essay topics, updated for 2020. Pick a topic for cause and effect essay and start writing right now!

Social Media/Internet Cause and Effect Topics

Need some excellent social media/internet cause and effect topics? Look no further than our free list of topics:

  • The effect of cell phones on US youth.
  • The cause and effect of cyber bullying.
  • Why is Google the largest search engine?
  • The effects of identity theft.
  • Are social media sites losing popularity? Why?
  • Cause or playing video games and its effects.
  • Social media and its effects on teens.

Fun Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Of course, we have some very interesting and fun cause and effect essay topics for you. Pick any of these and start writing right now:

  • The causes why men are afraid to commit.
  • Does a happy marriage have an effect on mental health?
  • The causes why video games are so popular.
  • The effects of eating your veggies.
  • The cause and effect of a low grade on your essay.
  • The use of screens to write instead of pen and paper.
  • The effects of wearing a school uniform.

Culture Cause and Effect Topics

Looking for culture cause and effect topics? We have some of them in our list, of course. Just pick the best one:

  • Does mass media cause a bias effect?
  • Skinny models are causing a spike in anorexia cases.
  • Discuss China’s one-child-per-family policy.
  • Does college affect a student’s skills?
  • The effects of going to the theatre regularly.
  • Do some people learn foreign languages faster?
  • Reality shows have a negative impact on youths.

Very Good Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Looking for very good cause and effect essay topics? Want the best topics? Here are some ideas for you:

  • Hormonal changes are causing mood swings.
  • Is your career influenced by bad eating habits?
  • Personal relations are improved by humor.
  • Stress can be reduced by regular exercise.
  • Children are unhealthy because of junk food.
  • Doing lots of homework doesn’t get you better grades.

Health Cause and Effect Ideas

When it comes to health cause and effect ideas, you won’t find better topics than ours. Check them out below:

  • Causes and effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Energy levels drop when eating junk food.
  • The causes of Parkinson’s disease.
  • Joint problems are caused by obesity.
  • The cause of stress and its effects on health.
  • Obesity is impacting the healthcare system in the US.
  • The main causes of cardiovascular disease.

Easy Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Don’t want to spend an entire day writing the essay? Just pick one of our easy cause and effect essay topics:

  • The effects of pollution in Europe.
  • How dangerous are earthquakes?
  • The main causes of racism.
  • The effect of telling a lie.
  • The cause of the tsunami.
  • Has your favorite book influenced you?
  • The effect your pet has on you.

Cause and Effect Essay Topics for College Students

Here are some cause and effect essay topics for college students that you will really appreciate:

  • Why did you choose your major?
  • The causes and effects of World War II.
  • Water vapors can cause a greenhouse effect.
  • The causes and effects of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Multitasking causes an increase in stress.
  • Strict immigration policies are causing severe tensions in the US.

Relationships Cause and Effect Ideas

Discussing relationships can be an excellent choice for an essay. Pick one of our relationships cause and effect ideas:

  • Many breakups are caused by financial problems.
  • How a parent’s behavior influences his or her kids.
  • Affordable housing causes an increase of happy couples.
  • Can a friendship end because of poor communication?
  • Facebook can ruin your relationship.
  • The effect of a Lottery win on relationships.
  • The effect of smartphones of relationships.

Cause and Effect Paragraph Topics

Looking to write just a cause and effect paragraph? No problem! Here are some cause and effect paragraph topics:

  • The effect of the Internet on high school students.
  • What causes you to get low grades?
  • Families are affected by vacations.
  • Illegal deforestation is causing global warming.
  • Should we conserve water?
  • The dangers of being bullied.

Cause and Effect Speech Topics

Need to write a speech? We have plenty of cause and effect speech topics. Check them out below:

  • Is your personal information private?
  • The effects of illegal immigration on the US.
  • The effects of the Coronavirus on the UK.
  • Which is more loyal, a dog or a human?
  • The main causes of global warming.
  • The effects of a positive mindset.
  • Good food really makes you happy.

Environment Cause and Effect Topics

Discussing the environment can be very interesting, so we have an entire section with environment cause and effect topics:

  • What causes forest fires in the US?
  • The effects of water conservation.
  • What causes natural disasters?
  • Do forecasts help prevent natural disasters?
  • Why do some fish go extinct?
  • The extinction of the dinosaurs.
  • The effects of city pollution on humans.

Smoking Cause and Effect Topics

Is smoking really that bad? What about the menthol in cigarettes? Pick one of our smoking cause and effect topics and start writing:

  • The effects of heavy smoking.
  • Is pancreatic cancer deadly?
  • The causes of not having medical insurance.
  • Does nicotine affect your brain?
  • The effects of quitting smoking.
  • The causes why people start smoking.

Cause and Effect Topic Ideas for High School

Perhaps you want something easier, more appropriate for high school students. Check out our cause and effect topic ideas for high school students:

  • The causes of acne.
  • Do children suffer from social anxiety?
  • The effects of cheating on your tests.
  • What causes rivalry between siblings?
  • The causes of teenage rebellion.
  • Why do people want to travel so much?

Education Cause and Effect Ideas

Want to make a change? Pick one of these education cause and effect ideas and present your opinion to your professor:

  • Does college education give you a better life?
  • The causes of cheating at exams.
  • The effect of standardized tests on students.
  • Why do students consider school boring?
  • Are single-sex classrooms necessary?
  • The effect of homeschooling on a child.
  • Do professors burn out?

Social Problems Cause and Effect Topic Ideas

There will always be social issues to be discussed. Choose one of the social problems cause and effect topic ideas and make a change:

  • Why are men earning more than women in the US?
  • The effect of food insecurity on people.
  • What causes extreme poverty in the UK?
  • What causes widespread racism views?
  • The causes of poor sanitation.
  • Why are disabled people unable to get good jobs?
  • Should children watch news reports?

Need More Cause and Effect Ideas?

Didn’t manage to find the perfect topic in our list of cause and effect topic ideas? Don’t worry about it! You can still get some help and avoid spending another day looking for a topic elsewhere. Our seasoned academic writers can send you an entire list of topics and you can pick the best one. We move very fast, so you can expect to get the list in no time. And remember, our writers are genuine experts and hold degrees in various fields. Get the help you need right now!

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Cause And Effect Essay Guide

Cause And Effect Essay Topics

Caleb S.

230+ Cause and Effect Essay Topics to Boost Your Academic Writing

16 min read

Published on: Mar 22, 2023

Last updated on: Nov 14, 2023

cause and effect essay topics

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Are you struggling to find that perfect cause and effect essay topic that will not only captivate your readers but also make your writing process a breeze?

It's a common challenge for students. 

The frustration of staring at a blank page and the fear of choosing a topic that doesn't resonate with your interests or requirements can be overwhelming. 

But fear not!

In this blog, we will help you by providing a number of cause and effect essay topics examples. 

We'll provide you with valuable guidance you need to turn your academic writing into a compelling and thought-provoking masterpiece. 

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Good Cause and Effect Essay Topics for Students

Choosing the right topic is often the first and most crucial step to crafting a compelling essay. 

Below is a list of cause and effect essay topics for students to write a perfect essay.

Cause and Effect Essay Topics for Elementary Students

  • What are the effects of not getting up early in the morning?
  • The effects of eating healthy foods on growing strong.
  • Explain the adverse effects of terrorism on education.
  • What are the causes of the success of Disney cartoons and movies?
  • What are the effects of playing violent video games?
  • The consequences of cleaning up our environment.
  • Explain the effects of keeping a pet at home.
  • Discuss why some teachers are favorites for students.
  • Why do kids love their parents?
  • Why do girls enjoy playing with their fathers?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics for Middle School Students

  • The effects of bullying on mental health and self-esteem
  • How academic pressure affects students' stress levels
  • Causes and effects of peer pressure in middle school
  • The impact of social media on teenagers' relationships
  • Why eating junk food leads to health issues
  • The consequences of lack of physical activity on well-being
  • How parental involvement influences academic success
  • The effects of video games on cognitive development
  • Causes and effects of climate change on our environment
  • The impact of cyberbullying on emotional health

Get an in-depth view on how to write a cause and effect topic by watching this video

Cause and Effect Topics for High School Students

  • Why substance abuse leads to health and social problems
  • The impact of technology on communication skills
  • Causes and effects of high school dropouts
  • How relationships with parents affect teenagers' emotional well-being
  • The effects of college preparation programs on future success
  • Why environmental awareness leads to sustainable practices
  • The consequences of gender inequality in high school sports
  • The impact of music education on cognitive development
  • Causes and effects of cybersecurity threats on personal privacy
  • How volunteering enhances leadership and empathy skills

Cause and Effect Essay Topics for College Students

Here are some cause and effect essay topics for college:

  • How cell phones impact communication among people?
  • What are the causes of using a tablet over the computer for browsing the web?
  • Discuss the effects of retirement age on baby boomers.
  • What are the effects of online shopping and does it motivate people to shop more?
  • Effects of increased usage of mobile phones in businesses. Discuss.
  • What are the causes of a video game to be popular among a specific community?
  • Explain the causes for purchases of phone plans or unlimited data.
  • Effects of social media on relationships. Elaborate.
  • Discuss the effects of tablets on young children.
  • What are the effects of mobile phone usage in classrooms and institutes?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Psychology

  • How does the media influence our self-esteem?
  • The influence of social support on coping with grief and loss.
  • How can alcohol consumption lead to depression? 
  • What is the effect of family dynamics on a child's emotional development? 
  • Does social media have an effect on mental health issues?
  • How does religion impact mental health? 
  • What are the causes and effects of eating disorders? 
  • How does poverty affect cognitive development in children? 
  • Does environmental stress have an effect on mental health? 
  • How do gender roles influence behavior?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics Business

  • How does the global economy affect businesses? 
  • What causes companies to restructure their organization? 
  • What are the impacts of employee downsizing on a business’s productivity? 
  • How can entrepreneurial skills lead to success in business? 
  • Does technology have an effect on how businesses interact with customers? 
  • What are the effects of globalization on businesses? 
  • How do employee benefits affect job satisfaction? 
  • Does knowledge management have an effect on corporate culture? 
  • Does outsourcing lead to increased job opportunities for workers in other countries? 
  • How can multiculturalism influence success in the business world?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics on Health Care

  • How does the healthcare system affect patient outcomes?
  • What are the effects of inadequate access to health care in low-income communities? 
  • How does increasing prescription drug prices impact patients' ability to receive treatment? 
  • What are the effects of not having preventive mental health services available? 
  • Does the availability of telemedicine improve access to medical care?
  • Does health insurance have an effect on a patient's decision-making process?
  • How does the quality of healthcare impact public health? 
  • What are the effects of not having affordable healthcare available? 
  • Does increasing the number of medical professionals lead to better patient outcomes?
  • How does technology influence the delivery of healthcare services?

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Unique Cause and Effect Topics

  • Causes and effects of the "fear of missing out" (FOMO) in the digital age.
  • The consequences of virtual reality and augmented reality on human perception.
  • The effects of online dating on traditional relationships.
  • The impact of eco-anxiety on environmental conservation.
  • Causes and effects of the "minimalist lifestyle" trend.
  • How the perception of time influences decision-making?
  • The consequences of "cancel culture" on freedom of speech.
  • The effects of eco-friendly practices on business profitability.
  • Causes and effects of the "helicopter parenting" phenomenon.
  • How the #MeToo movement shapes workplace dynamics?

Fun Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • What are the causes and effects of making a laugh at the brand’s drummers?
  • Uploading the wrong photograph to Instagram. Discuss the consequences.
  • What are the causes of Harry Potter replacing Lord of the Rings?
  • The influence of funny memes on internet culture.
  • Is having a larger social circle on Facebook an indication of being famous?
  • Enlist the things to ease the pain when the battery gets low outside
  • How to become a successful entrepreneur by selling funny items?
  • Describe things to make a student laugh out loud.
  • Causes and effects of puns and wordplay in language development.
  • Why would you mix Coke and Pepsi at breakfast?

Easy Cause and Effect Essay Topics 2023

  • Discuss the causes and effects of the popularity of junk food and fast-food restaurants.
  • Discuss the influence of the internet on kids.
  • Elaborate on the popularity of sports in the United States.
  • Discuss the effects of sports on children
  • What are the effects of bullying on school children?
  • Describe the politics of Putin against the neighboring states.
  • Why must dating in schools be banned?
  • What is the cause of women engaging in destructive relationships?
  • Discuss the dangers of earthquakes.
  • Describe the impacts of stress on mental health.

Need to make sure your essay stands out? Check out this read on how to create the perfect cause and effect outline for your essay!

Interesting Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • What are the causes of a significant fall in the number of students in college libraries?
  • How can institutes produce better A–level students?
  • What is the effect of a physical education program on college students?
  • How can a civil war occur in modern society?
  • What is causing college students to feel anxiety?
  • Discuss the causes and effects of telling lies.
  • What are the causes of divorce?
  • What is the impact of genetically engineered food?
  • What causes racism?
  • What causes a person to act politely with others?

Controversial Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • Why do living together before marriage makes the relationship much better?
  • Why wives always hate their husbands’ relationships with other females?
  • Discuss sexism’s role in modern society.
  • Is homeschooling proving to be more productive than charter schools?
  • People who play popular video games are smarter. How?
  • Why is it hard to grow up with a single parent?
  • Can social media cause extremism?
  • Homelessness is mostly caused by low morale. Explain.
  • Explain the causes and effects of media violence.
  • What are the negative effects of the generation gap?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics on Mental Health

  • Explain the causes of post-traumatic stress disorder in the armed forces.
  • Discuss the causes of anxiety in young teens.
  • What are the effects of divorce on the mental health of minors?
  • Emotional problems can affect the immune system. How?
  • Why can broken relationships cause mental stress?
  • Discuss how continuous mental stress can affect the sleeping pattern.
  • Unemployment can cause psychological issues. Elaborate on the concept.
  • How is social anxiety affecting youth?
  • How does troubled family relationships lead to suicide among youngsters?
  • How can excessive academic assignments cause depression?

Medical Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • Why eating excessive fast food can influence the energy levels of an individual.
  • Explain how junk food can cause the risk of child obesity.
  • How does a lack of food affect our physical health?
  • How can acne affect a teenager’s life?
  • Discuss the effects of poor diet on health.
  • Describe how smoking causes approximately 90% of all breast and lung cancer incidents.
  • Explain the effects of exercise on physical health.
  • What are the causes of chickenpox?
  • What causes depression among elders?
  • What are the effects of avoiding vaccines?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics on Sports

Some sports cause and effect essay topics are given below:

  • How can playing team sports develop social skills?
  • Extensive workouts can damage the physical health of an individual. Explain how?
  • Why does playing sports help to release hormones from the human body?
  • How can technology impact sports events?
  • How have the Olympics affected the overall international relations?
  • What caused the Olympics to begin?
  • What caused some sports to be more popular among children than others?
  • What causes violence in sports?
  • What causes a lack of interest in sports?
  • Can sports cause character development?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics on Social Media

  • What are the impacts of social media on youth?
  • Explain the impacts of social media on business.
  • Discuss the positive and negative effects of using social media.
  • What are the effects of social media on education?
  • What causes Google to be the most popular search engine?
  • Explain the effects of social media on cyberbullying.
  • How can social media influence kids?
  • What are the effects of online dating?
  • How excessive use of cell phones affects teenagers?
  • What causes social media to lose popularity?

Technology Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • Discuss the effects of video games on young children in a narrative essay.
  • Explain the causes and effects of playing candy crush.
  • Explain the effect of technology on family time.
  • How smartphones affect business practices?
  • What are the positive and negative aspects of wireless technology?
  • Discuss the effects of technology in surgery?
  • What are the effects of using tablets in schools and colleges?
  • How has technology encouraged people to shop online more often?
  • How cellphones affect the ways people communicate with each other?
  • What causes data protection?

Want to ace your cause and effect essay? View these cause and effect essay examples to write a striking one on any topic!

Environmental Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • What are the impacts of pollution?
  • Discuss the causes of rapid changes in oceans.
  • Discuss the natural causes of global warming.
  • Explain how water vapor causes the greenhouse effect?
  • The increase in global temperature leads to growing malaria. Discuss.
  • Discuss why is it essential to manage forest fires?
  • What are the leading causes of natural disasters?
  • Why is it important to conserve water?
  • Discuss the harmful effects of animal hunting on the ecosystem.
  • How is noise pollution affecting the ozone layer?

Cause and Effect Essay Topics - History

  • Discuss the causes of the Civil War.
  • Explain the effects of WWI.
  • Discuss the major reason behind the increasing crime rates in Europe.
  • Discuss the effects of the Civil Rights movement.
  • What are the effects of war in Syria on the United States?
  • Describe the main causes and consequences of the Arab Spring.
  • How did Christianity affect the Roman empire?
  • Discuss the effects of globalization on the position of women.
  • What are the major causes of the drug wars in Columbia?
  • Discuss the effects of WWII on Jewish people.

Personal Cause and Effect Essay Topics

  • The Impact of Social Media on Personal Relationships.
  • Discuss causes of breakups in couples, especially in long-distance relationships..
  • What are the causes and effects of men's commitment phobia?
  • The impact of a life-changing travel experience on personal growth.
  • Effects of maintaining a daily journal for self-reflection.
  • The influence of a role model on personal values and aspirations.
  • Effects of a significant childhood memory on shaping personality.
  • What are the effects of the family structure on the personality of an individual?
  • Explain the causes of the common conflicts and stress within your family.
  • Discuss the effects of teachers on a student’s life.

Cause and Effect Essay Topics About Education

  • What makes an educational policy successful? How can you tell if it is successful and what is causing the success?
  • Causes and effects of standardized testing on educational outcomes.
  • What is the impact of charter school initiatives?
  • How do federal decisions affect the school systems in states and municipalities?
  • How do student-teacher relationships affect education?
  • Impact of online learning on students’ skills.
  • The effect of poverty on higher education in developed countries.
  • How the quality of school facilities and resources affects learning.
  • Describe the causes and effects behind educational gender parity.
  • Describe the causes and effects of online education.

Cause And Effect Essay Topics About Animals 

  • The Impact of Deforestation on Wildlife Extinction
  • Effects of Pollution on Aquatic Life
  • The Relationship between Climate Change and Animal Migration Patterns
  • How Overfishing Affects Ocean Ecosystems
  • The Consequences of Illegal Wildlife Trade on Endangered Species
  • Domestication of Animals and Its Effects on Behavior and Genetics
  • The Role of Pesticides in Declining Bee Populations
  • Impact of Plastic Pollution on Marine Life
  • Human-Induced Habitat Destruction and Its Effects on Biodiversity
  • The Connection between Global Warming and Changes in Animal Habitats

Cause and Effect Essay Topics - IELTS

  • Explain the effects of smoking refusal.
  • Elucidate the causes and effects of legal abortion.
  • Discuss the impact of low social status on basic health facilities.
  • Write about the causes and effects of constitutional changes.
  • What is the impact of being the only child on one’s personality?
  • What caused Hitler to become a dictator?
  • What are the major drivers of a social revolution?
  • Discuss the causes and effects of sexual promiscuity.
  • Why are people opting for working from home more?
  • How do siblings affect life learnings?

Cause And Effect Essay Topics For ESL Students

  • Causes and effects of using translation tools in language learning.
  • The influence of cultural immersion on language proficiency.
  • The impact of bilingualism on career opportunities.
  • Causes and effects of learning English for global communication.
  • How language learning affects one's understanding of other cultures.
  • The consequences of language proficiency on academic success.
  • The effects of accent and pronunciation on effective communication.
  • Causes and effects of language schools and courses on language skills.
  • The influence of subtitles in movies on language acquisition.
  • The impact of English proficiency on international travel and job opportunities.

How to Choose a Cause and Effect Essay Topic?

Choosing a topic for your cause and effect essay can sometimes be a challenging task, but it's a crucial step in crafting an engaging and informative essay. 

Here are some guidelines to help you select the perfect topic:

  • Identify Your Interests: Start by considering your own interests and passions. An essay is often more compelling when you're genuinely interested in the subject matter.
  • Consider Your Audience: Think about your target audience. What topics would resonate with them? Is there a particular issue or subject that's relevant to their lives or interests?
  • Research and Brainstorm: Spend some time researching and brainstorming potential topics. Explore current events, personal experiences, or academic subjects.
  • Narrow Down Your Focus: Once you have a list of potential topics, narrow it down to a manageable few. Consider the depth and breadth of available information on each topic. 
  • Evaluate Significance: Assess the importance and relevance of the topic. Does it address a pertinent issue or question? Will it provide valuable insights to your readers?
  • Personal Connection: If possible, choose a topic that you can personally connect with. Your own experiences and insights can add depth to your essay.

All in all, choosing the right causal essay topics can be a daunting task for most students. So, you can get help from the above-mentioned list of topics for the cause and effect essay. 

However, If you need more interesting ideas, get an essay writer right away.

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Cause and Effect Examples

Cause and effect definition, cause and effect in science, cause and effect in language, examples in sentences, transition words: cause and effect, solved exercises for better understanding.

  • Cause and Effect Quiz - Test Yourself

Cause and effect are also commonly known as causation or causality. It refers to the relationship between events that occur and their causes. This concept plays an important role in any writing or reading piece of text. It helps readers understand that one event triggered another.

This makes it a crucial concept to understand before you can ace English compositions. We also understand that many grammar concepts can be hard to understand, so we provide a wide range of workbooks and printable worksheets .

As already discussed above, causation is a series of events that involve a cause and the effect it creates. This way, the first one becomes the cause while the latter is considered the effect caused by it.

Here are a few examples to help you understand what we mean by using causation in sentences:

  • “If you drink water, you stay hydrated.” (Here, the action of drinking water is the cause, whereas the other half of the sentence refers to its results)
  • “If you clean your room, you can go play outside.” (In this sentence, the suggestion to ‘clean your room’ results in the event of playing outside)
  • “She feels exhausted because she did not sleep well.” (This example explains the cause behind a certain effect that it causes)

You’ve probably spoken to your children about cause and effect before they even learned about it.

You expect children to understand cause and effect when you are trying to prove a relationship between two things or demonstrating that one event is the direct result of another.

Many of us learned cause and effect in elementary school during science lessons.

Science seeks to explain and understand the occurrences in the natural world . Things happen for a reason.

  • The first cause and effect rule in science states that all things in the world happen for a reason. In simpler words, all actions are the effect of a cause. For instance, if the leaves sway, it is likely because of the wind. Or, if a fruit falls from the tree, it is probably because the branch couldn’t bear its weight anymore.
  • The second rule suggests the second case of cause and effect in the natural world. In such cases of causation, it is definite that events created by a cause go about in a particular order. The science of it does not allow a change in the order of the consequences. Here, the cause results only in predictable effects that take place in a linear manner. For example: Let’s assume that you bumped into a friend in your school corridor, and you both fell. There would be a series of events resulting in the final effect that is the fall on the ground.
  • You bumped into them
  • they were pushed back by the weight of your body
  • they weren’t able to find anything that could support them
  • They trip and fall, taking you along

In the given example, a certain situation is pictured in which only the above-mentioned events occur. This is considered a special scientific rule of causality as, unlike this one, other causality cases can often have numerous different effects on a single cause.

  • The third and final causality rule in science mostly refers to the physics of thermodynamics of any action. In this case, various causes lead up to a big effect. You can take the example of the firing off of a piston from a gun. A piston cannot be fired if it is not moved in a certain way by all the atoms that surround and hit it.

The effect , consequently, is the description of what happened . Before we look at language examples of cause and effect, it makes sense to check out ideas in the real world.

Ask your child, “What do you think will happen if a popsicle is exposed to the sun for a while?”

Allowing the popsicle to melt offers an opportunity for you to refer to the sun’s heat and its effect on the popsicle.

During winter, you can do the same experiment with small cups of water. You may ask, ‘What caused the water to turn into ice?” The answer would be the temperature outside!

Play a simple game in which you verbally offer a situation or a cause . Ask your child to fill in an action or an effect. You could start by saying, “It was snowing outside.” Your child could then respond by saying, “All kids have sleds.” If you said, “Someone rang the doorbell,” your child could respond, “Our dog began to bark.”

There is no single correct answer in this activity , just like there is no single cause and one effect!

It is easier to understand the concepts of cause and effect by looking at how things take place in the natural world. However, cause/effect is also an important part of grammar and language. So, let’s see how it fits the text structure.

We can apply the same logic to situational language text.

  • “Upon seeing that his daughter’s boyfriend had rutted up the yard, Marcus was seething with rage.” Here the cause is the boyfriend rutting up the yard, and the effect is the father seething with anger.

When something happens that makes something else occur , a cause and effect take shape!

Cause and effect relationships are often used in informational texts. For instance, a text may say that when the temperature drops, a person starts shivering. The cold weather is the cause and the shivering because of the cold is the effect!

Let’s look at another sentence: ‘The rain came down so hard that all leaves fell off the tree.”

We know that the effect is the leaves fell off the tree. What is the cause? The rain.

Here is another example: “Bill was skating on a hockey rink. The laces on one of his skates came loose. Bill couldn’t control his skating and ran into another skater when they both fell down.”

We know that the effect here is that Bill ran into a skater and fell. What is the cause? The laces came loose!

While this is true, the actual cause is more complicated. The laces on one of his skates came loose, which caused him not to be in control of skating, which caused him to run into another skater, which resulted in both falling down.

A domino effect resulted once the laces came loose.

Sentences dealing with cause and effect usually involve action and its result . You can usually find sentences built this way by keywords and phrases. These keywords typically include: so, since, as a result of, because, and therefore.

It is also important to note that the cause is usually written before the effect . In certain rare cases, you may find the effect written first.

Cause : none of his good deeds were being recognized as good

Effect : Alphonso was getting very angry and frustrated

Key Word : Because

You must realize that no matter what order you present the cause and effect in your sentences, you cannot have an effect precede a cause !

It had started to rain, so Molly and Sam had to run inside.

Cause : It had started to rain.

Effect : Molly and Sam had to run inside.

Keyword : so

Since it was very cold outside, John built up a big fire in his fireplace.

Cause : It was very cold outside

Effect : John built up a big fire in his fireplace.

Keyword : Since

  • The dog is sick because Ariana fed chocolates to it.

Cause : Ariana fed chocolates to the dog

Effect : The dog fell sick

  • You will score good grades in your finals if you start studying now.

Cause : Starting studying now

Effect : Scoring good grades in the finals

  • Eating two eggs every day will strengthen your immunity.

Cause : Eating two eggs every day

Effect: Strengthening your immunity

  • He pushed my daughter so hard that she fell and got hurt.

 Cause: He pushed my daughter

Effect: She fell and got hurt

  • Sarah got scared of the scarecrow in our backyard.

Cause: The scarecrow in the backyard

Effect : Sarah got scared

Cause and Effect Quiz – Test Yourself

Now that you have learned about causality let’s run a short and quick quiz to test your knowledge.

Identify the cause and effect in each scenario.

  • You are having a sleepover at your friend’s house. You and a few other friends are playing cards when you suddenly hear a loud banging noise. The noise continues throughout the night with breaks between each bang. You startle and jump each time you hear the noise. What is the cause and its effect?
  • Cause: the sleepover, Effect: you jump
  • Cause: you jump, Effect: the noise continues
  • Cause: the loud banging noise, Effect: you jump
  • Cause: you jump, Effect: the loud banging noise
  • Your school is holding a musical night the upcoming Thursday. You are a guitar enthusiast who wants to participate in the contest. However, Thursday night also happens to be the night your childhood friend is throwing a graduation party. After hours of second thinking, you finally decide to go to the party as you don’t want to hurt your friend of years.
  • Cause: Musical night, Effect: you go to the graduation party
  • Cause: you don’t want to hurt your friend, Effect: you decide to go to your friend’s graduation party
  • Cause: you are a guitar enthusiast, Effect: you spend hours second thinking
  • Cause: You go to the graduation party, Effect: you don’t want to hurt your friend
  • Your local residential community planned a baseball tournament to begin on the first weekend of spring break. You and your friends form a team of your own and prepare to win. However, it starts to rain when it’s your team’s turn to bat. Everyone runs back to their homes before you can even play.
  • Cause: it starts raining, Effect: all people return to their homes
  • Cause: it starts raining, Effect: you form a baseball team
  • Cause: you form a baseball team with your friends, Effect: residential community plans a tournament
  • Cause: everyone runs back to their homes, Effect: it starts to rain

Using the right transition words in elementary English can demonstrate cause and effect well in sentences . Words like Because , since, as, and due to show a cause or reason. Words like so, therefore, thus,   hence, alongside,  and as a result of, show an effect or result.

What is a cause and effect relationship within a text?

The relationship between a cause and effect within a piece of text is important ot understand in order to comprehend any piece of English composition. The ‘cause’ is any event that leads to one or multiple effects. The result that a cause creates is typically called the effect. It answers important questions that tell what happened and what made it happen.

There may be two types of situations in regards to cause and effect in a text. Oftentimes, there are multiple causes that lead to a single effect. Other times, a single cause could lead up to a series of effects or completely different probable effects.

How can I identify cause and effect in a text?

Cause and effect or causality demonstrates the relationships between two events or things. It explains that one event occurs as result to another. To identify the cause and its effect in any context, it is ideal to look for two events taking place. Then, look for the first event that may have caused the second one. The second event should be the one occurring as a result to the first one while the first one answers the ‘why’ question to the second one. In such a case, the first event is the cause whereas the second one is its effect.

What is an example of a cause and effect statement?

You can learn the cause/effect concept of grammar and science with the help of the following example:

Becky forgot to water her plant the entire week, so it died.

In the example above, you can easily identify both the cause as well as the effect. The situation explains why Becky’s plant died. The death of the plant is the effect that is caused by Becky’s carelessness. Becky did not water her plant for a whole weak which led to its death.

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Causes and Effects in English

Vocabulary and grammar.

In English, we use certain expressions such as because , due to , since , and as to talk about causes and effects .

In this lesson, you will learn the meanings of cause , effect , and affect . You will also learn how to express cause and effect in English .

Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses

Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All Tenses

Talking about causes and effects in English

  • as a consequence of
  • as a result of

Followed by a noun

report card

  • Signal phrase: Due to
  • Cause: John's laziness
  • Effect: He did not pass the test
  • Signal phrase: Because of
  • Cause: His bad study habits
  • Effect: He failed the test

rain

  • Signal phrase: As a result of
  • Cause: The rain
  • Effect: We canceled the picnic

ill man

  • Signal phrase: Owing to
  • Cause: David's illness
  • Effect: David could not attend

waking up

  • Signal phrase: As a consequence of
  • Cause: Tardiness
  • Effect: He was fired

Followed by a verb

  • Signal word: Because
  • Cause: John was lazy
  • Cause: He did not study well
  • Signal word: Since
  • Cause: The rain was coming
  • Effect: The picnic was canceled
  • Signal word: For
  • Cause: David was ill
  • Signal word: As
  • Cause: He arrived
  • Effect: He will be fired

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topic sentence examples for cause and effect

Parts of Southern California under evacuation warning as new atmospheric river storm hits

Portions of Southern California are under an evacuation warning Sunday as rain fall is set to hit the already rain soaked region .

Warnings for Santa Barbara County went into effect Saturday and will last through Wednesday. The warnings cover burn areas and locations near rivers that are expected to swell with the storm.

Parts of four counties in Southern California are under flood watches, according to the National Weather Service.

The storm is a continuation of the atmospheric river , which dumped over a foot of rain in Los Angeles. "This system has the potential to bring high impact weather and flooding concerns to the area through Tuesday evening," the  NWS office in Los Angeles said.

The storm could bring up to eight inches of rain in the mountains causing mudslides. The storm is predicted to bring waves of up to 20 feet in Santa Barbara County.

What is an atmospheric river?

Made visible by clouds, atmospheric rivers are ribbons of water vapor that extend thousands of miles from the tropics to the western U.S. At 250 to 375 miles wide, they provide the fuel for massive rain and snowstorms that can cause flooding along the West Coast.

In general, atmospheric rivers pick up water vapor from the warm, moist air of tropical regions and then drop the water over land in cooler regions as rain or snow.

On average, up to 50% of the annual precipitation on the West Coast occurs in just a few atmospheric river events.

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  1. Understanding Cause and Effect (Sentence Examples and Essay Sample

    An effect may have more than one cause: for example, a headache could be caused by stress, dehydration, or a sinus infection. Cause: Watching too much television Effect: Directly causes eye strain or indirectly causes health problems if it leads to a sedentary lifestyle. The causes of an event may be immediate or remote.

  2. Cause and Effect: Definition, Meaning, and Examples

    Examples of Cause and Effect in Sentences Cause and effect sentences show a clear, direct relationship between events. They show how one event or action triggers an outcome. They may also show how an effect has more than one cause, or a cause has more than one effect.

  3. How to Write Topic Sentences

    Step 2: Make an essay outline and draft topic sentences. Next, you should make an outline of your essay's structure, planning what you want to say in each paragraph and what evidence you'll use. At this stage, you can draft a topic sentence that sums up the main point you want to make in each paragraph. The topic sentences should be more ...

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    Examples of Cause and Effect: Write Better Sentences and Essays Udemy Team Share this article You probably learned about cause and effect in elementary school. Even young children can understand the relationship between two events. If you disobeyed your mother, you didn't get dessert. If you failed to study for a test, you got a bad grade.

  5. Cause and Effect Examples

    STEM Cause and Effect Examples By Mary Gormandy White, M.A. , Staff Writer Updated July 19, 2022 Image Credits "Cause and effect" is a relationship between events or things, where one is the result of the other or others. This is a combination of action and reaction. Something happens (a cause) that leads to an effect.

  6. 50 Cause and Effect Journal Prompts

    50 Writing Prompts: Causes and Effects The effect of a parent, teacher, or friend on your life Why you selected your major The effects of cramming for an examination The effects of peer pressure Why some students cheat The effects on children of a broken marriage The effects of poverty on an individual

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    For example, a cause and effect essay about deforestation's role in climate change might discuss a few of deforestation's specific causes, like a demand for wood and the clearing of land for grazing pastures, and then explain how these causes create effects that contribute to climate change.

  8. 10.8 Cause and Effect

    Exercise 1 Consider the causes and effects in the following thesis statements. List a cause and effect for each one on your own sheet of paper. The growing childhood obesity epidemic is a result of technology. Much of the wildlife is dying because of the oil spill. The town continued programs that it could no longer afford, so it went bankrupt.

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    Cause and Effect Essay Examples By Alvin Park , Staff Writer Updated December 12, 2022 Image Credits When you eat a really good pizza, you say, "yum" and likely reach for another slice. That's basic cause and effect. The pizza was good, so you responded and ate more.

  10. Definition and Examples of Cause and Effect in Essays

    For example, consider the following causal chain: Sally, a computer salesperson, prepared extensively for a meeting with a client (ultimate cause), impressed the client (immediate cause), and made a very large sale (effect). The chain did not stop there: the large sale caused her to be promoted by her employer (effect)."

  11. 10 Cause and Effect Examples (2024)

    So, in simple terms, cause and effect explain how an action or event leads to inevitable consequences. 10 Examples of Cause and Effect. Stress causes anxiety: When a person is burdened by work, school, or domestic issues, this can trigger uncomfortable feelings of stress and anxiety. Such sensations frequently result in frustration and being ...

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    Figure 1. What are some known causes of heart disease? How would you format a cause and effect assignment based on this topic? Cause and effect writing prompts will often ask the "why" question: Why are reality shows popular? Sometimes they use words like analyze, connection, or relationship:

  13. 180 Cause and Effect Essay Topics

    8 min read Mar 11, 2023 That's why cause-and-effect essays are one of the most commonly assigned writing assignments in all of academia. They test a student's ability to draw connections and make logical arguments as well as research abilities and writing skills.

  14. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics

    Mental Health How does remote work hurt mental health? Why does virtual learning cause (more/less) anxiety when taking tests? How does wearing a mask all day effect mental health? What causes people to have eating disorders? Why do people find ASMR (autonomous sensory meridian response)YouTube videos comforting?

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    1. What is a Cause and Effect Essay? 2. Cause and Effect Essay Examples for Students 3. Free Cause and Effect Essay Samples 4. Cause and Effect Essay Topics 5. Tips For Writing a Good Cause and Effect Essay What is a Cause and Effect Essay? A cause and effect essay explores why things happen (causes) and what happens as a result (effects).

  16. 137 Intriguing Cause and Effect Essay Topics for Students

    We Are Teachers What is the effect of social media on environmentalism? What causes volcanic eruptions? What causes trees to die? What are the effects of gravity? Why are plants green? Why do trees shed their leaves? What causes a species to become endangered? What are some of the causes of animals losing their habitats?

  17. Cause and Effect Essay Outline: Types, Examples & Writing Tips

    Cause #1. Cause #2. Cause #3 (and so on…) The effect of the causes. Conclusion. 2. One cause, many effects. This type of cause and effect essay is constructed to show the various effects of a particular event, problem, or decision. Once again, you will have to demonstrate your comprehensive knowledge and analytical mastery of the field.

  18. 10 Cause and Effect Example Paragraphs

    1. There are many theories about why the dinosaurs vanished from the planet. One theory that many people believe is that a gigantic meteorite smashed into the Earth. Scientists believe that the meteorite was very big and that the impact may have produced a large dust cloud that covered the Earth for many years.

  19. 21 Examples of Cause And Effect

    The following are illustrative examples of cause and effect. Material A chair breaks when you sit on it because it is made of a weak material. Cause: weak material Effect: chair breaks Actions A chair breaks because you jump on it. Cause: jump Effect: chair breaks Ideas

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    Order right now June 23, 2020 Get Top 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics Now! When you need the best cause and effect essay topics on the Internet, all you have to do is read this blog post. We have a list of the best 100 cause and effect topics and these topics are updated periodically.

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  22. Cause and Effect Examples

    Here are a few examples to help you understand what we mean by using causation in sentences: "If you drink water, you stay hydrated." (Here, the action of drinking water is the cause, whereas the other half of the sentence refers to its results) "If you clean your room, you can go play outside."

  23. Causes and Effects in English

    as a result of. thanks to. In the following examples, the noun or noun phrase will be underlined. The cause always comes after the cause/effect signal word or phrase. Signal word/phrase + Cause, + Effect. Effect + Signal word/phrase + Cause. Examples: 1. Due to John's laziness, he did not pass the English test.

  24. Atmospheric river causes evacuation warnings in Southern California

    Evacuation warnings went into effect in Santa Barbara County Saturday night as an atmospheric river storm is set to hit the area. The warnings last through Wednesday,