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UPSC Essay Topics - Important Essay Topics for UPSC Mains 2023

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Understanding UPSC Essay Topics holds significant importance as it evaluates the candidate's ability to analyse, present arguments, and communicate effectively. In this article, we will explore the diverse range of UPSC essay topics, their significance, and essential tips to excel in this section. Get ready to enhance your writing and analytical skills and make a strong impression on the evaluators with well-crafted essays.

UPSC Essay Paper

The Essay paper in the UPSC Mains examination requires candidates to write multiple essays , each on a different topic, chosen from a given list of options. The essay topics for UPSC cover a wide range of issues, including social, economic, political, cultural, and philosophical aspects, both national and international.

The essay paper holds significant weightage in the UPSC Mains examination, contributing 250 marks out of the total 1750 marks . Scoring well in this section can have a considerable impact on the overall ranking and selection for the coveted civil services.

Weekly UPSC Essay Topics By Vajiram & Ravi

The UPSC Essay Paper is an opportunity for candidates to demonstrate their proficiency in expressing ideas and analysing complex issues. Vajiram & Ravi Pensive-Weekly Essay Writing Programme provides you with two Essay Topics every Saturday based on the previous year's question papers and the changing trends analysis. You can submit your Essay for peer evaluation on This will help you nourish your writing skills, give you clarity of thought, and build the capacity to express opinions in a logical and coherent manner.

Important Essay Topics for UPSC 2023

The purpose of the essay paper is to assess the candidate's ability to critically analyse a topic, present well-structured arguments, and communicate their ideas effectively. It also evaluates their knowledge of various issues, their clarity of thought, and their capacity to express opinions in a logical and coherent manner.

Some of the Important Essay Topics to prepare for the UPSC Mains Examination 2023 are:

  • Gender Equality
  • Environment/Urbanization
  • Economic Growth
  • Federalism/Decentralization
  • Agriculture
  • Economics 

UPSC Essay Topics on Philosophy

Every year, UPSC typically provides you with two or more essay topics centred around philosophical thoughts, Indian philosophical schools, or quotes from notable personalities. To effectively address these philosophical topics, you should refer to Philosophy Books to gain a foundational understanding. Here is a list of UPSC Essay Topics on Philosophy :

  • Everything comes to him, who hustles while he waits.
  • We are always blind as we want to be.
  • You cannot step twice in the same river.
  • A disciplined mind brings happiness.
  • The price of Greatness is Responsibility.
  • People would rather Believe than Know.
  • Mind - A beautiful Servant? Or a dangerous Master?

UPSC Essay Topics on Art and Culture

The UPSC Essay Topics related to Indian society, art, and culture cover a wide range of subjects, offering great diversity. To gain knowledge about the static content on these topics, you should rely on fundamental books on society, as recommended for the exam. Here is a list of UPSC Essay Topics on Indian Art and Culture :

  • Culture changes with economic development.
  • Culture is what we are, Civilization is what we have.
  • Social reform is a myth if places of worship are open only to all castes and not to all genders.
  • Impact of Globalization on Indian Art and Culture.
  • Caste System - India’s Enduring Curse.
  • Godmen - A Threat to Indian Art and Culture?

UPSC Essay Topics on Science and Technology

UPSC essay topics on Science and Technology can largely be addressed through current affairs. You may also benefit from consulting a Science and Technology Book for UPSC to compose a comprehensive and well-rounded essay. Here are some UPSC Essay Topics on Science and Technology:

  • Deglobalisation is good for the world.
  • Science is organised Knowledge. Wisdom is Organised life.
  • Technology is a Weapon against Poverty.
  • Prioritising Education Technology for Global Growth.
  • Technology is the silent factor in International Relations.
  • Scientific and Technological Progress cannot be equated with Human Progress.

UPSC Essay Topics on Education

Education stands as one of the preferred UPSC Essay Topics, with an essay related to this subject often appearing in the paper each year. To tackle this topic effectively, you should stay abreast of Current Affairs , incorporating significant changes and advancements in the field. Let's explore some of the Essay topics for UPSC centred around education:

  • Self Education is a lifelong curiosity.
  • Education Breeds Peace.
  • Education is a progressive discovery of our own ignorance.
  • Education must also train one for quick, resolute and effective thinking.
  • Schooling is not Education.

UPSC Essay Topics on Polity and Governance

To comprehensively address Polity and Governance topics, you should acquire fundamental knowledge from Polity Books for UPSC and Current Affairs. These resources offer static information about relevant issues and their historical context, which proves valuable while writing UPSC Essay Topics on Polity. Here are some Essay Topics on Polity and Governance:

  • The Role of Politics in Development.
  • Should Youth in India Consider Politics as a Career?
  • Art, Freedom and Creativity will change society faster than politics.
  • The politics of Identity is the Politics of the Weak.
  • People should not be afraid of their Government. The Government should be afraid of its people.
  • Government Surveillance - Good or Bad?

UPSC Essay Topics on Economy

Essays concerning economic growth are frequently included in the Essay Paper. To tackle these topics effectively, you should refer to Economy Notes for UPSC to gain a comprehensive understanding. Once the fundamentals are grasped, you can enhance their essays by incorporating examples, data, and statistics to create a multidimensional perspective. Here is a list of UPSC Essay Topics on Economy:

  • We don't have to sacrifice a Strong Economy for a Healthy Environment.
  • India, a $5 trillion Economy - Dream or Reality?
  • Digital Economy: A leveller or a source of Economic Inequality?
  • Innovation is the key determinant of social welfare and economic growth.
  • Labour Reforms in India and its Role in Economic Growth.

UPSC Essay Topics on Social Issues

Social issues are a significant aspect of the UPSC essay paper, reflecting the candidates' understanding of societal challenges and their ability to propose viable solutions. These essays provide a platform for candidates to analyse, critique, and suggest measures for pressing social concerns. Topics related to social issues in the UPSC Essay paper may include:

  • Inclusivity and Plurality are the hallmarks of a Peaceful Society.
  • A Gender-sensitive Indian Society is a prerequisite for Women and Child Empowerment.
  • The weaker sections of Indian Society - are their Rights and Access to Justice getting Better?

Previous Year UPSC Essay Topics

Practising previous year's essay topics will help you become familiar with the UPSC exam pattern , word limit, and the types of essay questions frequently asked in the Mains Examination. Analysing past essay topics will also allow you to identify recurring themes and trends, enabling you to prioritise their preparation accordingly. Regular practice with past essay topics will instil confidence in you, helping you feel more comfortable and prepared for the actual exam.

  • Forests are the best case studies for economic excellence.
  • Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world.
  • History is a series of victories won by the scientific man over the romantic man.
  • A ship in the harbour is safe, but that is not what a ship is for.
  • The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining.
  • A smile is the chosen vehicle for all ambiguities.
  • Just because you have a choice, it does not mean that any of them has to be right.

Tips to Excel in UPSC Essay Paper

  • Understand the Topics: Thoroughly comprehend the essay topics, including the keywords and instructions. Choose a topic that aligns with your strengths and interests.
  • Plan and Structure: Devote some time to plan your essay. Create an outline and organise your thoughts in a structured manner, with a clear introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • Be Objective: Present balanced arguments and avoid a biased or one-sided approach. Consider multiple perspectives and present a holistic view.
  • Provide Examples and Evidence: Support your arguments with relevant examples, data, quotes and evidence to strengthen your essay.
  • Maintain Clarity: Write in a clear and concise manner. Use simple language and avoid jargon or overly complex vocabulary.
  • Practice Regularly: Regular practice is essential to improve Essay writing skills. Write essays on diverse topics to enhance your versatility.
  • Time Management: Allocate appropriate time for planning, writing, and revising each essay to manage time effectively during the examination.
  • Revise and Edit: Review your essays for coherence, grammar, and structure. Make necessary edits to refine your work.

FAQs on UPSC Essay Topics

What are the important UPSC Essay Topics?

Here is a list of UPSC Essay Topics asked in Mains Examination previously:

  • Culture is what we are, civilization is what we have.
  • Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.
  • What is research but a blind date with knowledge?
  • Best for an individual is not necessarily best for society.
  • Wisdom finds truth.
  • Ships don’t sink because of water around them, ships sink because of water that gets into them.
  • Patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most significant structure of social inequality.
  • Technology as the silent factor in international relations.

How do I Prepare for the UPSC Essay?

To prepare for the UPSC essay, focus on understanding the essay syllabus and past topics to identify recurring themes. Regularly practise writing essays on various topics to improve your writing skills and time management. Structure your essays with a clear introduction, main body, and conclusion.

Which is the best source to practise UPSC Essay Topics?

The best sources to prepare Essay for UPSC include official UPSC materials, newspapers, and magazines like The Hindu, Yojana , and Kurukshetra for current affairs, standard books on diverse subjects, government reports and publications, online platforms like PIB and PRS India, UPSC previous year papers for understanding the exam pattern, and regular practice of essay writing on various topics.

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UPSC 2020 Essay Analysis: More Abstract Topics Yet Relevant To Current Issues Are In Vogue; Here’s How To Prepare

Swarajya Staff

Jan 27, 2021, 02:52 PM | Updated 02:52 PM IST

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  • Some students may go for the ‘basics’ on Essay topics, and hence feel that they can do well. Imagine an essay written by an average 10th grader. However, such an essay will not fetch good marks.

In the last four parts of this series, we discussed the General Studies -1 , General Studies - 2, General Studies - 3 and General Studies - 4 papers of the UPSC Civil Services (Main) Exam (CSE Main) 2020. In this part we shall discuss the Essay paper.

The total candidates allowed to appear for UPSC Main exam are around twelve to thirteen times the number of the vacancies. For UPSC 2020, the total number of vacancies was 796 so accordingly around 10 thousand candidates would have given the UPSC Mains 2020.

Essay paper analysis

The Section A of the paper gave four choices to the candidates who had to pick one of these topics to write an essay. The topics were:

  • Life is long journey between human being and being humane
  • Mindful manifesto is the catalyst to a tranquil self
  • Ships do not sink because of water around them , ships sink because of water that gets into them
  • Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication

As one can see, the topics are abstract. One has to be well read, and have the ability to think and connect things in such types of topics.

Some students may go for the ‘basics’ on these kind of topics, and hence feel that they can do well. Imagine an essay written by an average 10th grader. However, such an essay will not fetch good marks.

The recipe to get good marks in such essays is to expand the horizon of the given quote, include good examples from past and present, and both support and critique it. One can also use quotes of eminent personalities, books etc. to substantiate their point.

For example, in the third topic, one can give examples of fall of civilisations and Gandhi’s quote about how extreme materialism leads to the fall of civilisations. One can also include the example of Indian civilisation and the mechanisms it incorporates that make this ancient ship sturdy.

The first topic talks about ‘being human’ and ‘being humane’. In this topic, candidates can touch upon the nature vs nurture, evolutionary biology vs sociology debate. Is human nature inherently selfish? What is the source of morality? What conduct is humane and why?

Touching upon these topics will give the examiner an impression that a candidate is truly well read.

The second topic is about ‘mindfulness’ and a ‘tranquil self’. Candidates should first have a clear definitions of both, and then try to establish a connection. Candidates with interest in philosophy and spirituality will be able to write this essay very well. Quotes from Bhagvad Gita etc. can be used.

Candidates can touch upon the connection between a ‘tranquil self’ and whether it necessary leads to life negation. One can give example of

Apart from elaborating on the concept of ‘self’, ‘mind’ etc., candidates should also give examples of how such persons with ‘tranquil self’ are unmoved by adversities and keep making the world a better place. For example, the story of Saint Eknath and the man who spit on him a 100 times, the story of saint Ravidas and King Sikandar Lodi, Guru Tegh Bahadur, Guru Gobind Singh etc.

Similarly in the fourth topic, the candidates can give good examples, elaborate on the Indian tradition. One can comment on the sartorial politics of Gandhi - his simplicity as a weapon on politics etc.

In Section B of the paper, following four options were given:

  • Culture is what we are, civilization is what we have
  • There can be no social justice without economic prosperity but economic prosperity without social justice is meaningless
  • Patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most significant structure of social inequality
  • Technology as the silent factor in international relations

On these topics, factual knowledge of candidates can come in handy.

In the first topic, candidates can give factual details from Sindhu Saraswati civilisation to Mauryan to current times. In the second one, candidates can give facts regarding inequality, poverty, marginalization and marginalised groups.

In the third topic, candidates can give definition of patriarchy and different ways it operates in the society, for example, control of female sexuality, traditional gender roles in family, patrilocality, patrilineality, low female labour force participation, poor property rights etc.

Fourth topic is an interesting one. Candidates can list out the technologies that defined international relations in the modern era, starting with the Age of Discovery and Industrial Revolution. They can give example of British naval power and how it help built Pax Britannica .

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UPSC Examination (CSE) essay papers are for 250 marks with each essay carrying 125 marks. Here are tips by five Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officers to achieve a score above 125.

T prateek rao: marks 147, “starting the essay with an anecdote will help grab the examiner’s interest immediately. break monotony with your creative side.”, satyam gandhi: air 10, “read non-fiction books and expand your understanding of the world around you,” he says, urging aspirants to spend up to an hour each day just on reflection. , sonalika jiwani: air 192, "topical essay question requires an understanding of all major subjects like environment, governance abstract questions should have logical thoughts with proper justification, provoking the examiner’s thoughts." , nishant jain: air 13, “attempt one essay every 15 days to push an average score to good and a good score to excellent. pick a topic that you feel familiar with – whether you have read something on the topic or have some knowledge about it. , devyani yadav: air 11, “aspirants must ensure that they attempt the philosophical questions when working on the mock papers. while the essay question might be abstract, one can base the essay on facts. ensure you cohesively present points.”, click here to read more .

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Following are the topics on which our followers have written (and writing essays) every Sunday to hone their essay writing skills. The topics are chosen based on UPSC previous year topics. Writing one essay on each Sunday will help you get better marks in this paper.

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  • [VIDEO] How to Improve Marks in Essay and Ethics Papers?
  • [VIDEO] How to Write Philosophical Essays


  • February 18, 2024 : Never Let School Interfere With Your Education
  • February 11, 2024 : Whoever Controls the Media Controls the Mind
  • February 04, 2024 : A certain darkness is needed to see the stars
  • January 28, 2024 : Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it
  • January 21, 2024 : Subtle Is powerful
  • January 14, 2024 : The power of community to create health is far greater than any physician, clinic or hospital. 
  • January  07, 2024 : Give them Quality. That’s The Best Kind of Advertising
  • December 31, 2023 : The only antidote to mental suffering is physical pain
  • December 24, 2023 : All Great Changes Are Preceded By Chaos
  • December 17, 2023 : We are drowning in information, but starved for Knowledge
  • December 10, 2023 : Violence Is the last resort of the incompetent
  • December 03, 2023 : Be a Voice, Not an Echo
  • November 26, 2023 : A Society that has more justice is the society that needs less charity
  • November 19, 2023 : Sell Your Cleverness and Buy Bewilderment
  • November 12, 2023 : love takes off the masks that we fear we cannot live without and know we cannot live within
  • November 5, 2023 : Clothes Make The Man
  • October 29, 2023 : Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.
  • October 22, 2023 : Mathematics is the music of reason
  • October 15, 2023 : Girls are weighed down by restrictions, boys with demands – two equally harmful disciplines
  • October 08, 2023 : Inspiration for creativity springs from the effort to look for the magical in the mundane.
  • October 01, 2023 : Not All Who Wander Are Lost
  • September 24, 2023 : Visionary Decision-Making happens at the intersection of intuition and logic
  • September 17, 2023 : Thinking Is Like A game. It does not begin unless there is an opposition team.
  • September 10, 2023 : Unless we have well-educated people, we are vulnerable on National Security
  • September 03, 2023 : Harsh Laws are, at times, better than No laws
  • August 27, 2023 : Nations Do Not Die From Invasion. They Die From Internal Rottenness
  • August 20, 2023 : In Individuals, insanity is rare; In groups, parties and nations, it is the rule.
  • August 13, 2023 : Economics Is Too Important To Leave To The Economists.
  • August 06, 2023 : A self without a book-shelf is naked.
  • July 30, 2023 : Wrong Choices Lead To Right Places
  • July 23, 2023 : Credit where credit is due.
  • July 16, 2023 : A right is not what someone gives you; it’s what no one can take away from you.
  • July 9, 2023 : The measure of intelligence is the ability to change
  • July 2, 2023 : Do what you can, with what you have, where you are. 
  • June 25, 2023 : In the long run , the sword will always be conquered by the spirit
  • June 18, 2023 : The company you keep determines your Success
  • June 11, 2023 : A disciplined mind brings happiness.
  • June 4, 2023 : Our moral responsibility is not to stop the future but to shape it
  • May 28, 2023 : Action breeds confidence and courage
  • May 21, 2023 : A library is a hospital for the mind
  • May 14, 2023 : Self-Education is Life-Long Curiosity
  • May 7, 2023 : Silence is Spurious Golden
  • April 30, 2023 : The price of greatness is responsibility
  • April 23, 2023 : Progress is impossible without change
  • April 16, 2023 : The Impact of Artificial Intelligence.
  • April 9, 2023 : People would rather believe than know.
  • April  2, 2023 : Prioritizing education technology for global growth
  • March 26, 2023 : Technology is a weapon against poverty
  • March 19, 2023 : Every choice you make makes you
  • March 12, 2023 : Patience is a virture ; virtue is a grace
  • March 5, 2023 : Before any fight, it is the fight of mind
  • February 26, 2023 :  The Measure of a man is what he does with Power.
  • February 19, 2023 : When you kill time, you kill life.
  • February 12, 2023 : Delayed success mostly stays forever.
  • February 05, 2023 : The wound is the place where the Light enters you.
  • January 29, 2023 : Doubt is an uncomfortable condition, but certainty is a ridiculous one.
  • January 22, 2023 : I am what I am, so take me as I am
  • January 15, 2023 : Real learning comes about when the competitive spirit has ceased
  • January 08, 2023 : Time hurts but it also heals. It punishes but it rewards too- it is the greatest teacher ever for a human.
  • January 01, 2023 : The Beginning is the End and the End is The Beginning.


  • December 25, 2022 : To tolerate is purely an act of mind
  • December 18, 2022 : The arc of moral universe is long, but it bends towards justice
  • December 11, 2022 : Religion is a culture of faith; Science is a culture of doubt.
  • December 04, 2022 : My best friend is a person who will give me a book I have not read
  • November 27, 2022 : Everything comes to him who hustles while he waits
  • November 20, 2022 : We are always blind as we want to be
  • November 13, 2022  : By your stumbling, the world is perfected.
  • November 6, 2022 : You cannot step twice in the same river
  • October 30, 2022 : Just because you have a choice, it does not mean that any of them has to be right.
  • October 23, 2022 : A smile is the chosen vehicle for all ambiguities
  • October 16, 2022 : The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining
  • October 9, 2022 : A ship in harbour is safe, but that is not what ship is for
  • October 2, 2022 : History is a series of victories won by the scientific man over the romantic man
  • September 25, 2022 : Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world
  • September 18, 2022 : Forests are the best case studies for economic excellence
  • September 11, 2022 : Culture changes with economic development.
  • September 4 2022 : We don’t see things as they are, we see them as we are.
  • August 28 2022 :  The obstacle is the path.
  • August 21 2022 : What is to give light must endure burning.
  • August 14 2022 : “He who has never learned to obey cannot be a good commander.” Aristotle.
  • August 7 2022 : Any fool can know. The point is to understand.” Albert Einstein
  • July 31, 2022 : A bad conscience is easier to cope with than a bad reputation. Friedrich Nietzsche.
  • July 24, 2022 : Time is all we have and don’t
  • July 17, 2022 : Life fritters away when distractions become your lifestyle
  • July 10, 2022 : After every darkness comes the dawn July 10, 2022 : After every darkness comes the dawn
  • July 3, 2022 : Mind – a beautiful servant? Or a dangerous master?
  • June 26, 2022 : Education Breeds Peace
  • June 19, 2022 : A great leader is never angry
  • June 12, 2022 : That which hurts, instructs; That which instructs, creates; Creates Wonders!
  • June 05, 2022 : Don’t let what you cannot do interfere with what you can do
  • May 29, 2022 : The journey is a reward as well as destination
  • May 22, 2022 : Imagination creates reality
  • May 15, 2022 : The curious paradox is, only if we accept things as they are, things can change
  • May 08, 2022:  The whole problem with the world is that fools and fanatics are so certain of themselves, while wiser people are so full of doubts
  • May 01, 2022:  Loyalty To Country Always. Loyalty To Government Only When It Deserves
  • April 24, 2022: Successful Investing Is Anticipating The Anticipations of Others
  • April 17, 2022: Courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear, not absence of fear
  • April 10, 2022 : Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn
  • April 03, 2022 : Forgiveness is the final form of love
  • March 27, 2022 : The world of reality has its limits; the world of imagination is boundless
  • March 20, 2022 : Reason has always existed, but not always in a reasonable form.
  • March 13, 2022 : Everything we hear is an opinion; not a fact
  • March 5, 2022 : There are better practices to “best practices”
  • February 27, 2022 : History repeats itself first as a tragedy second as a farce.
  • February 20, 2022 : What is research, but a blind date with knowledge!
  • February 13, 2022 : Hand that rocks the cradle rules the world
  • February 6, 2022 : The real is rational and the rational is real.
  • January 30, 2022 : Philosophy of Wantlessness Is Utopian, while the philosophy of materialism is chimera.
  • January 23, 2022 : Your perception of me is a reflection of you; my reaction to you is an awareness of me.
  • January 16, 2022 : The process of self-discovery has now been technologically outsourced.
  • January 09, 2022 : Knowing oneself is the beginning of all wisdom
  • January 02, 2022 : Biased Media Is A Real Threat To Indian Democracy


  • December 26, 2021 : What Gets Measured Gets Managed
  • December 19, 2021 : The enemy of stability is complacency
  • December 12, 2021 : A clear conscience fears no accusation
  • December 05, 2021 : Power of vested interests is vastly exaggerated compared with the gradual encroachment of ideas
  • November 28, 2021 : The whole is more than a sum of its parts
  • November 21, 2021 : Scientific and technological progress cannot be equated with the progress of humanity
  • November 14, 2021 : The price of our vitality is the sum of all our fears
  • November 7, 2021 : Lawlessness is the result of failure to cultivate a sense of self-evaluation
  • October 30, 2021 : What you do makes a difference, and you have to decide what kind of difference you want to make
  • October 24, 2021 : Science for the economic freedom of humanity
  • October 17, 2021 : An interdependent world cannot be an inequitable world
  • October 03, 2021 : Strength comes from an indomitable Will
  • SEPTEMBER 26, 2021 : Ethnocracy and concentration of power can derail even an affluent nation
  • SEPTEMBER 19, 2021 : Conservation is a state of harmony between men and land.
  • SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 : Culture of entitlement comes with unreasonable expectations and insecurities 
  • SEPTEMBER 5, 2021 : Literacy is a vital skill that enhances dignity, improves health outcomes, empowers people to access their rights and bolsters opportunities
  • AUGUST 29, 2021 : A parliamentary system of government rests on a functioning opposition as ‘no democracy can do without it’.
  • AUGUST 22, 2021 : Development must lead to dismantle all kinds of human unfreedom
  • AUGUST 15, 2021 : Sport is a reflection of larger social phenomena
  • AUGUST 8, 2021 : Every social stratum has its own Common Sense and its own good sense
  • AUGUST 1, 2021 : Capitalism without competition is not Capitalism. It is Exploitation.
  • JULY 25, 2021 : We don’t have to sacrifice a Strong Economy for a Healthy Environment
  • JULY 18,2021 : We Need not a social conscience, but a social consciousness.
  • JULY 11, 2021 : The cure for evils of democracy is more democracy.
  • JULY 04, 2021 : No Constitution by itself achieves perfect justice
  • JUNE 27, 2021 : Our world has achieved brilliance without conscience.
  • JUNE 20, 2021 : Our common humanity demands that we make the impossible possible.
  • JUNE 13, 2021 : Without courage we cannot practice any other virtue with consistency. We can’t be kind, true, merciful, generous, or honest.
  • JUNE 06, 2021 : The political problem of mankind is to combine three things: economic efficiency, social justice and individual liberty.
  • MAY 30, 2021 : Economics without ethics is a caricature & ethics without economics is a fairy tale.
  • MAY 23 , 2021 : Indecisiveness is the rival of Progression
  • MAY 16 , 2021 : Time changes everything except something within us which is always surprised by change.
  • May 09, 2021 : The possession of arbitrary power has always, the world over, tended irresistibly to destroy humane sensibility, magnanimity, and truth
  • May 02, 2021 : The truth of character is expressed through choice of act ions
  • April 25, 2021 : It is not our differences that divide us; It is our inability to recognise, accept, and celebrate those differences.
  • April 18, 2021 : Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.
  • April 11, 2021 : Solutions emerge if situations are not forced
  • April 04, 2021 : Morality is subservient to materialistic values in present times
  • March 28, 2021 : Prejudice is a burden that confuses the past, threatens the future and renders the present inaccessible
  • March 21, 2021 : Our major social problems are not the cause of our decadence but are a reflection of it
  • March 14, 2021 : The Future of Multilateralism : Towards a responsible Globalization
  • March 07, 2021 : Subtlety may deceive you; Integrity never will
  • February 28, 2021 :Technology as the silent factor in international relations
  • February 21, 2021 :Patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most significant structure of social inequality
  • February 14, 2021:There can be no social justice without economic prosperity but economic prosperity without social justice is meaningless
  • February 07, 2021: Culture is what we are civilization is what we have
  • January 31, 2021: Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication
  • January 24, 2021: Ships do not sink because of water around them , ships sink because of water that gets into them
  • January 17, 2021: Mindful manifesto is the catalyst to a tranquil self
  • January 10, 2021: Life is long journey between human being and being humane
  • January 03, 2021: The Covid pandemic has revealed the urgent need for effective governance everywhere”
  • December 27, 2020: Challenges of 21st Century – insurmountable?
  • December 20, 2020: Too much Democracy is Detrimental to Development
  • December 13, 2020: Happiness is not an ideal of reason, but of imagination.


  • December 06, 2020 : As you Start to walk on the way, the Way appears
  • November 29, 2020: Need of the Hour is to Maximise Possibilities of Agriculture in India
  • November 22, 2020: The survival of democracy depends on its ability to lower social uncertainty
  • November 15, 2020: There is no greatness where there is no simplicity
  • November 08, 2020: Inequality can be Reduced by the Power of the Market rather than the Government
  • November 01, 2020: Civil liberties are fundamental to the functioning of modern democracies
  • October 25, 2020: Artificial Intelligence is Not All Evil – It can Promote Social Good Too
  • October 18, 2020: Wherever law ends, tyranny begins
  • October 11, 2020:Hyper-globalism is threat to human prosperity
  • September 27, 2020: Our World is in a Surplus of Multilateral Challenges and a Deficit of Solutions
  • September 20, 2020: In India Agriculture and the Farmer are both the Victims of Narrow Political Vision
  • September 13, 2020: India Needs Aggressive and Pragmatic Neighbourhood Policy
  • September 6, 2020: “The greatest discovery of all time is that a person can change his future by merely changing his  attitude .
  • August 30, 2020: The worst form of inequality is to try to make unequal things equal
  • August 23, 2020: Justice will not be served until those who are unaffected are as outraged as those who are.
  • August 16, 2020: Life without liberty is like a body without spirit.
  • August 09, 2020: Strive not to be a success, but rather to be of value
  • August 02, 2020: New Education Policy 2020: A Progressive Policy with Diverse Challenges
  • July 26, 2020: In a democracy, the individual enjoys not only the ultimate power but carries the ultimate responsibility
  • July 19, 2020: Education is a progressive discovery of our own ignorance
  • July 12, 2020: The human spirit must prevail over technology
  • July 05, 2020: When the power of love overcomes the love of power the world will know peace.
  • June 28, 2020: Today India Needs ‘Harmony in Diversity’, Not Unity in Diversity.
  • June 21, 2020: A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots.
  • June 14, 2020: Post Independence, the Issue of Land is at the Core of India’s Non-Achievement of Its Development Aspirations
  • June 7, 2020: Never Let a Good Crisis Go to Waste
  • May 31, 2020: Despite Challenges, To be a Healthy and Successful Nation, India must Ensure Universal Health Coverage 
  • May 24, 2020: Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man’s character, give him power.
  • May 17, 2020:The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little
  • May 10, 2020: Urban Exclusion of Migrant Workers in India is a Reality and Needs Urgent Robust Policy Measures
  • May 03, 2020: Uncertainty should ignite creativity, not depravity
  • April 26, 2020: The fool doth think he is wise but the wise man knows himself to be a fool
  • April 19, 2020: Social Harmony, not Social Distancing, is the final solution to all our problems
  • April 12, 2020: It is our choices, that show what we truly are, far more than our abilities
  • April 05, 2020: Education must also train one for quick, resolute and effective thinking
  • March 29, 2020: “Problems cannot be solved at the same level of awareness that created them”
  • March 22, 2020: In order to understand the world one has to turn away from it on occasion
  • March 15, 2020: Pandemics such as COVID-19, though Catastrophic, are in the end Meant to Reset Humanity and its Priorities
  • March 08, 2020: Those who have wisdom have all: Fools with all have nothing
  • March 01, 2020: Indifferentism is the worst kind of disease that can affect people.
  • [VIDEO] Perspectives on Essay Topic of Feb 23
  • February 23, 2020: To ease another’s heartache is to forget one’s own.
  • February 16, 2020 : When civil services does its job, people will not need social service
  • February 09, 2020 : The greatest threat to our planet is the belief that someone else will save it.
  • February 02, 2020: Ability will get you success, Character will keep you successful.
  • January 26, 2020: Media’s duty is to inform public, not manufacture opinion.
  • January 19, 2020: Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes
  • January 12, 2020 : Women who seek to be equal with men lack ambition
  • J anuary 5, 2020 : All war is a symptom of man’s failure as a thinking animal
  • December 29, 2019 : There cannot be daily democracy without daily citizenship
  • December 22, 2019: War is the ultimate Price we pay for lasting Peace
  • December 15, 2019 : Inclusivity and Plurality are the hallmarks of a peaceful society
  • December 08, 2019: Justice Loses Character if it becomes Revenge
  • December 01. 2019: Economic Growth and Development are Shaped by the Societies in which they Operate
  • November 24, 2019: Social Media is the Fourth Pillar of Democracy
  • November 17, 2019: Media is No More a Fourth Pillar of Democracy
  • November 10, 2019: Rise of Artificial Intelligence: the threat of jobless future or better job opportunities through reskilling and upskilling
  • November 03, 2019:Biased media is a real threat to Indian democracy
  • October 27, 2019: Neglect of primary health care and education in India are reasons for its backwardness
  • October 20, 2019: South Asian societies are woven not around the state, but around their plural cultures and plural identities
  • October 13, 2019: Courage to accept and dedication to improve are two keys to success
  • October 06, 2019: Best for an individual is not necessarily best for the society
  • September 29, 2019: Values are not what humanity is, but what humanity ought to be
  • September 22, 2019: Wisdom finds truth


  • September 15, 2019: Kashmir Problem – Historical Injustice or Misguided Geopolitics?
  • September 08, 2019: India’s Space Ambitions – Are they Welfarist?
  • September 01, 2019: India – $5 Trillion Economy: Dream or Reality?
  • August 25, 2019 Knowledge will give you power, but character respect.
  • August 18, 2019 The mind is everything. What you think you become.
  • August 11, 2019: Virtue is Knowledge
  • August 04, 2019: Inclusive governance begets Inclusive growth
  • July 28, 2019: India’s headache: Unemployment or Underemployment?
  • July 21, 2019: The road to science and spirituality are opposite, but we should tread both
  • July 14, 2019: India is a leading power, rather than just a balancing power
  • July 07, 2019: Should the world embrace democratic socialism or progressive capitalism?
  • June 30, 2019: Impact of Digital Revolution on Human Wellbeing
  • June 23, 20 19: Contentment is natural wealth, luxury is artificial poverty
  • June 16, 2019: The definition of happiness is the full use of your powers, along the lines of excellence.
  • June 09, 2019: Not Corruption, Communalism is the Greatest Threat India is facing Today
  • May 19, 2019: First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.
  • May 12, 2019: Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake
  • May 05, 2019: Happiness equals reality minus expectations
  • April 28, 2019: Political correctness is tyranny with manners
  • April 21, 2019: The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.
  • April 07, 2019: Dogma is the sacrifice of wisdom to consistency
  • March 31, 2019: The true measure of a man is how he treats someone who can do him absolutely no good.
  • March 24, 2019: Terrorism has No Religion
  • March 17, 2019: Money and Religion – Great Unifiers of Humankind?
  • March 10, 2019: Tradition becomes our security, and when the mind is secure it is in decay
  • March 03, 2019: Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower
  • February 24,2019: Knowledge speaks, but wisdom listens
  • February 17, 2019: Problems worthy of attack prove their worth by fighting back
  • February 10, 2019: Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.
  • February 03, 2019: You can avoid reality, but you cannot avoid the consequences of avoiding reality
  • January 27, 2019: Glory is fleeting, but obscurity is forever
  • January 20, 2019: All that we are is the result of what we have thought.
  • January 12, 2019: All differences in this world are of degree, and not of kind, because oneness is the secret of everything.
  • January 06, 2019: National security is Irreversibly linked to good economic growth


  • December 28, 2018: To plan for smart development, governments and business must recognize nature’s role in supporting economic activity
  • December 23, 2018: Government Surveillance – Good or Bad?
  • December 16, 2018: Trade Wars – Economic or Geopolitical?
  • December 02, 2018: Immigration is Not a Threat, but Fundamentally it’s an Economic Issue
  • November 25, 2018: A people that values its privileges above its principles loses both
  • November 18, 2018: “The past’ is a permanent dimension of human consciousness and values
  • November 11, 2018: A good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge
  • November 04, 2018: Management of Indian border disputes – a complex task
  • October 28, 2018: Alternative technologies for a climate change resilient India
  • October 21, 2018: Poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere
  • October 14, 2018: Reality does not conform to the ideal, but confirms it
  • October 07, 2018: Customary morality cannot be a guide to modern life
  • September 30, 2018: Commercialization of Space : Importance and the need for regulation
  • September 23, 2018: E-commerce as a new form of trade and its challenges to India.
  • September 16, 2018: Ability is nothing without opportunity
  • September 09, 2018: Death Penalty eliminates Criminals, not Crime.
  • September 02, 2018: Dissent is the foundation of democracy.
  • August 26, 2018: Mars Mission and Mob lynchings are two obverse faces of India
  • August 19, 2018: Strengthening Land Rights Strengthens Development
  • August 12, 2018: Age of Big Data: Data is the New Oil, History is its oldest bank
  • August 05, 2018: Strong Institutions and fair procedures, not personalities constitute the fundamentals of good governance
  • July 29, 2018: Social reform is a myth if places of worship are open only to all castes and not to all genders.
  • July 22, 2018: Section 377, not the carnal acts banned under it is ‘against the order of nature ‘
  • July 15, 2018: Schooling Is Not Education
  • July 08, 2018: Sometimes it takes a natural disaster to reveal a social disaster.
  • July 01, 2018: Normal human activity is worse for nature than the greatest nuclear accident in history
  • June 24, 2018: Gender Sensitive Indian Society is Prerequisite for Women and Child Empowerment
  • June 17, 2018: Where Should India Invest More – Human Capital or Human Development?
  • June 10, 2018: Has Democracy Taken Backseat Due to the Rise of Populists and Demagogues?
  • June 03, 2018: We won’t have a society ,if we destroy the environment
  • May 27, 2018: Can Development and Environment Protection Go Together?
  • May 20, 2018: Governor is the Choke Point of Federal Circuit of India
  • May 13, 2018: Anonymity is the Best and the Worst Feature of Urbanism
  • May 06, 2018: A man is but the product of his thoughts; what he thinks, he becomes
  • April 29, 2018: Guaranteeing Right to Vote may Establish a Democracy, But Ensuring it’s Right Use Only Will Bring a True Democracy
  • April 22, 2018: Stereotyping is an Ideological Force Which Hinders and Endangers Consolidation of India
  • April 15, 2018: Can Education and legislation Address Violence Against Women and Children in India?
  • April 8, 2018: Banking Crisis in India – Failure of Governance and Regulation?
  • April 1, 2018: Privacy is the fountainhead of all other rights
  • March 25, 2018: Impact of Technology on Human Relations and Human Productivity
  • March 18, 2018: India’s Focus should be on Ease of Living, not on Easy of Doing Business
  • March 11, 2018: A friend to everybody is a friend to nobody
  • March 04, 2018: Capitalism can not Bring Inclusive Growth
  • February 25, 2018: The unprecedented advance of technologies facilitate individual empowerment but at the cost of Institutions and Democratic societies
  • February 18, 2018: Threats being Faced by Liberal Democratic Systems are both Dangerous and Permanent
  • February 11, 2018: For India, Stigmatised Capitalism is Better than Crony Socialism
  • February 04, 2018: Art, freedom and creativity will change society faster than politics.
  • January 28, 2018: Politics of Identity is the Politics of the Weak
  • January 21, 2018: Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime
  • January 14, 2018: Peace cannot be kept by force; it can only be achieved by understanding
  • January 07, 2018: The Root Cause of Agrarian Distress in India – Failure of Policies or Failure of Governance?


  • December 31, 2017: Impact of the new economic measures on fiscal ties between the union and states in India
  • December 24, 2017: Fulfilment of ‘new woman’ in India is a myth
  • December 17, 2017: Joy is the simplest form of gratitude.
  • December 10, 2017: Farming has lost the ability to be a source of subsistence for majority of farmers in India
  • December 03, 2017: Destiny of a nation is shaped in its classrooms
  • November 19, 2017: Has the Non- Alignment Movement(NAM) lost its relevance in a multipolar world
  • November 12, 2017: Social media is inherently a selfish medium.
  • November 04, 2017: We may brave human laws but cannot resist natural laws
  • October 29, 2017: Gratitude is not only the greatest of virtues, but the parent of all the others.
  • October 22, 2017: Harith Diwali, Swasth Diwali : What measures are needed to deal with Festivity and Air Pollution?
  • October 15, 2017: Biggest Threat to Humanity – Moral Crisis or Climate Change?
  • October 08, 2017: The monsoon is a defining aspect of India’s nationhood
  • October 01, 2017: India’s Infrastructure Story – Why is India not able to Build like China?
  • September 24, 2017: Impact of Digital Technologies on Globalisation
  • September 17, 2017: Urbanisation and Solid Waste Management in India – Challenges and Opportunities
  • September 10,2017: Gender Equality and Peace: Are They Connected?
  • September 03, 2017: Recent Natural Disasters – What do they Reveal about Humanity?
  • August 27, 2017: Godmen – A Threat to Indian Society and Culture
  • August 20, 2017: Corruption in India: Neither Systemic Reforms nor Surgical Strikes would End it
  • August 13,2017: Interrelationship between Gender Equality and Sustainable Development
  • August 06, 2017: Utility and relevance of Parliament in our polity
  • July 30, 2017: Caste System – Source of India’s Eternal Inequality?
  • July 23, 2017: Indian Democracy, Media and Public Opinion – Does Public Opinion Matter in Policymaking?
  • July 16, 2017: Poverty and Environment – Their Interrelationship is the Key to Sustainable World
  • July 09, 2017: Soft Power is India’s Strength, not its Weakness
  • July 02, 2017: Technology and Jobs – Is Technology a Curse?
  • June 25, 2017: Democracy’s Relevance in the Face of New Global Threats
  • June 18, 2017: Federalism in India – Competitive or Cooperative?
  • June 11, 2017: Peace, Environment and Development: Are these Interrelated?
  • June 04, 2017: Role of Technology in Development – Is Technology Helping or Hindering Development?
  • May 28, 2017: Poverty is a State of Mind
  • May 21, 2017: Does India Need Superpower Status?
  • May 14, 2017: India’s Achilles Heel – Lack of Ambition or Lack of Leadership in Achieving Greatness?
  • May 07, 2017: Don’t limit a child to your own learning, for he was born in another time.
  • April 29, 2017: The greatest happiness of the greatest number is the foundation of morals and legislation
  • April 23, 2017: To conquer fear is the beginning of wisdom
  • April 16, 2017: One-Party-Dominant System – Is it Good for India?
  • April 09, 2017: Should Youth in India Consider Politics as Career?
  • April 02, 2017: Can World Save Succeeding Generations from the Scourge of War?
  • March 26, 2017: Low, stagnating female labour-force participation in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms?
  • March 19, 2017: When a man is denied the right to live the life he believes in, he has no choice but to become an outlaw
  • March 12, 2017: The marks humans leave are too often scars
  • March 05, 2017: Environmental Challenges and Geopolitics: How to save our Environment?
  • February 27, 2017: Radical Solutions are Needed to Address Today’s Radical Problems
  • February 19, 2017: India’s Importance in the Post-truth World
  • February 12, 2017: The Role of Politics in Development
  • February 05, 2017: Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored
  • January 29, 2017: Building Walls and Banning Refugees – Does this Help Humanity?
  • January 22, 2017: Digital economy: A leveller or a source of economic inequality
  • January 15, 2017: Cyberspace and internet: Blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run
  • January 08, 2017: Water disputes between states in federal India
  • January 01, 2017: Need brings greed, if greed increases it spoils breed


  • (December 25, 2016) – Cooperative federalism: Myth or reality
  • (December 18, 2016) – Innovation is the key determinant of economic growth and social welfare
  • (December 11, 2016) – Near jobless growth in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms
  • (December 04, 2016) – If development is not engendered, it is endangered
  • (November 27, 2016) – Social media is better at breaking things than at making things
  • (November 20, 2016) – Deglobalization is good for the world
  • (November 12, 2016) – Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all the others
  • (November 06, 2016) – It is not inequality which is the real misfortune, it is dependence
  • (October 30, 2016) – Reducing Poverty while also Conserving Nature is an Impossible Task
  • (October 23, 2016) – Poverty can be eliminated by putting science at the heart of development
  • (October 16, 2016) – People shouldn’t be afraid of their government. Governments should be afraid of their people
  • (October 09, 2016) – Better Access is Key to Inclusive Cities
  • (October 02, 2016) – The weaker sections of Indian society – Are their Rights and Access to Justice Getting Better?
  • (September 25, 2016) – Imagination is more important than intelligence
  • (September 18, 2016) – Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life
  • (September 11, 2016) – Not what we have But what we enjoy, constitutes our abundance
  • (September 04, 2016) – It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it
  • (August 28, 2016) – If one can Address Moral Crisis, many of World’s Problems can be Solved
  • (August 21, 2016) – Overdependence on Technology will Advance Human Development
  • (August 14, 2016) – Geography may remain the same ; history need not
  • (August 07, 2016) – Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom
  • (July 31, 2016) – To live is the rarest thing in the world. Most people exist, that is all
  • (July 24, 2016) – True knowledge exists in knowing that you know nothing
  • (July 17, 2016) – We Can Not Fight Terrorism – We have to Live With it
  • (July 10, 2016) – A house divided against itself cannot stand
  • (July 02, 2016) – When the going gets tough, the tough get going
  • (June 26, 2016) – India a Reluctant Participant in the New Global Order?
  • (June 19, 2016) – Inclusiveness in India – Still a Dream?
  • (June 12, 2016) – No one can make you feel inferior without your consent
  • (June 05, 2016) – Not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted
  • (May 29, 2016) – It is hard to free fools from the chains they revere
  • (May 22, 2016) – Honest disagreement is often a good sign of progress
  • (May 15, 2016) – Fire is a good servant but a bad master
  • (May 08, 2016) – The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence
  • (May 01, 2016) – Labour Reforms in India and its Role in Economic Development
  • (April 24, 2016) – It takes a whole village to raise a child
  • (April 17, 2016) – Trust take years to Build, Seconds to Break
  • (April 10, 2016) – Cleanliness is next to Godliness
  • (April 03, 2016) – Honesty is the Best Policy
  • (March 27, 2016) – Before criticizing a man, walk a mile in his shoes
  • (March 20, 2016) – Caste System – India’s Enduring Curse
  • (March 13, 2016) – Fortune favors the bold
  • (March 06, 2016) – Quick but steady wins the race
  • (February 28, 2016) – Dreams which should not let India sleep
  • (February 21, 2016) – Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole
  • (February 14, 2016) – Technology cannot replace manpower
  • (February 7, 2016) – Character of an institution is reflected in its leader
  • (January 31, 2016) – Can Capitalism bring Inclusive Growth?
  • (January 24, 2016) – Crisis Faced in India – Moral or Economic?
  • (January 17, 2016) – Too many cooks spoil the broth
  • (January 10, 2016) – The Best Things in Life are Free
  • (January 3, 2016) – Don’t count your chickens before they hatch.


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UPSC Essentials- Experts talk with Shabbir Ahmed Bashir: ‘Newspapers are the best source for UPSC essay preparation’

As the essay topics of upsc are becoming more abstract in nature, shabbir a. bashir with an experience of more than 20 years of guiding students to excel in essay writing, shares his valuable insights..

abstract essay upsc

The UPSC-CSE Mains season has begun. The Essay Paper is one of the nine papers in the UPSC civil services mains exam. Shabbir A. Bashir, an expert on UPSC Essays , has been mentoring and guiding UPSC aspirants for more than twenty years. He answers some very relevant questions regarding Essay writing which aspirants will find highly valuable.

What are the essential points to keep in mind while attempting an Essay for UPSC-CSE?

abstract essay upsc

Essays have different purposes in different examinations. UPSC essays are not language proficiency comprehensions, just a tool of creativity, or mere work of art. An essay is not about filling pages. The CSE Essay is a representation of oneself that is going to be evaluated by one of the most esteemed institutions of the nation- UPSC. It is one of the most important papers which helps UPSC to select the best candidates to lead the nation as civil servants. UPSC essay tests analytical skills with a deeper understanding not superficial ones. UPSC wants insightful and thoughtful essays. Do not leave preparation for Essays to the last moment.

Writing good UPSC-specific essays take time. Such essays have to be rich in terms of references. As the essay topics of UPSC are becoming more abstract students are facing a lot of problems to understand the topic. The reason is shallow reading skills.

Thanks for pointing out that topics are becoming more abstract or philosophical. What are the challenges you see with such topics?

Festive offer

There are certain problems that the students face with abstract topics. Firstly, they face a problem in understanding and interpreting the topic. Secondly, proper planning of the essay is missing. They must understand that an essay should have a sense of flow, organized ideas and logical links. Also, students usually follow some technique called the PESTLE technique. It is not a bad tool but does not always make sense in an abstract essay. Don’t go by any formula. The depth of your points matters not the number of your points. Essay scripts with abstract topics sometimes fail to be meaningful writeups. The major reason is that the reading width and ability of aspirants are not up to the mark. The outcome is that such essays lack expression skills and the ability of narration. The bare minimum that aspirants can do to come over such challenges is to read newspaper articles and editorials.

Since you have mentioned newspapers, how relevant do you think are newspapers for essay preparation?

Newspapers are the best source for Essay preparation. Look at an editorial or an article in the newspaper as an essay. Candidates must learn from those articles how to write an introduction, body, and conclusion. Identify authors and columnists who are subject experts.

From The Indian Express , students can follow articles of notable writers like Udit Misra who writes on the economy, Harish Damodaran who writes on agriculture, Amitabh Sinha who writes on the environment, and C. Raja Mohan who contributes to international relations, etc. Newspapers help in developing analytical skills and writing styles.

What should be the supporting tools which aspirants should use in their Essays?

Essays of UPSC are not purist Essays. They are more like reports. Such an essay must have mostly paragraphs embellished with points, one or two flow charts, and a good graph or a table. However, do not use many pictorial tools. I can suggest one important tool in an essay- subheadings. Subheadings make the essay look structured, and organized and it stands out.

What is your advice regarding quotes and anecdotes used in Essays?

My advice to aspirants is to not force irrelevant quotes and anecdotes. You must know some good quotes. But you will not get high scores on the basis of the number of quotes you have written in the essay. Also, a quote is not always a proverb. A quote should be meaningful and should enrich your essay. One has to ‘mine’ good quotes from books or novels, articles or editorials from newspapers, or from some reports or surveys like the Economic Survey . Remember, a quote or anecdote is written to give some credibility to your arguments.

What are the absolute don’ts that the aspirants must keep in mind while attempting an essay?

Essay writing has no rules as such. Essays, in general, are a script of the free flow of ideas and thoughts. But since UPSC-CSE is a part of a test that selects civil servants, there are certain aspects that should be avoided by the aspirants-

1) Do not see an Essay as an ‘innocent creativity’ tool. Essays encourage creativity but aspirants must be careful about certain things like not challenging or writing against constitutional values, ethical issues, environmental sustainability, women’s rights, freedom fighters, etc.

2)Do not show frustration, anger, or biases in your essays. There are certain lines that you shouldn’t cross as future civil servants.

Other than these two points, I will like to mention a point on ‘balanced essays’ . Firstly, one must understand what is a ‘balanced essay’. A balanced essay is one that is unbiased and critically objective. There is no compulsion to unnecessarily balance the essay with an equal number of pros and cons points. One’s essay should portray a balance of mind not a balance of points. Secondly, one must not force generic solutions just for the sake of giving some. Writing that ‘not cutting trees is a solution to deforestation’ is a very generic solution not expected from bright minds. Solutions should have dimensions, like legislative, governance, administrative, ethical, etc. They should be backed by authentic, relevant and credible sources. Take the help of case studies, white papers of organizations, surveys, and reports, UN resolutions, etc.

As a beginner in the journey of UPSC-CSE, what should a candidate keep in mind for essay writing?

There are five important points to answer this question for beginners-

1. Reading should go beyond GS and Essay guides. As mentioned earlier utilize newspaper articles and develop a habit of reading good sources.

2. Develop the habit of thinking and reflecting on your ideas. It takes time. So, keep patience. I tell my students that an Essay is like a relationship- you have to invest, nurture and develop.

3. Start writing practice. The best way to write on an abstract topic is to review something, like reviewing a book.

4. Keep trying to improve your language and style. Regular newspaper reading will help you.

5. Do not wait for the last moment ( which is after the prelims) to start preparing for Essays. Start early.

Exclusive takeaways from Shabbir Ahmed’s interview

1. I tell my students that an essay is like a relationship- you have to invest, nurture and develop.

2. Look at an editorial or an article in the newspaper as an Essay.

3. One’s essay should portray a balance of mind not a balance of points.

4. Do not wait for the last moment ( which is after the prelims) to start preparing for Essays. Start early.

Shabbir Ahmed’s message for UPSC Aspirants:

Firstly, be honest and sincere about your ambition. Secondly, know your competencies and skills to be developed for this exam. Thirdly, a maniacal focus is needed. UPSC-CSE is not a regular career to flirt with.

Shabbir Ahmed’s special message for students who do not clear this exam:

Firstly, accept and move on. Not everyone is supposed to qualify. Secondly, stop playing the victim card. The world has no obligation to sympathize with your failure. Thirdly, the world outside UPSC needs people who are team players, risk-takers, innovative, confident and passionate. Enter a new world with a balanced IQ and EQ.

Shabbir Ahmad’s source of motivation:

It has evolved with time- from survival at the beginning of his career to delivering excellence with time. He believes that a teacher lives his dreams through his students. Teaching is a kind of parenting. He feels a real sense of satisfaction when he helps his student on the path to success. Now, he wants to strive for larger goals contributing to the education process, teacher’s training etc.

Shabbir Ahmed’s favourite past times : Travelling, driving and reading

Shabbir Ahmed recommends: The Reader ( he likes the movie for the sensitivity involved in it), Oscar-winning and nominated movies and The Lunchbox .

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Essay Paper UPSC 2023 (Mains) Question Paper and Analysis

Last updated on September 27, 2023 by ClearIAS Team

Essay Paper UPSC 2023 (Mains) Question Paper and Analysis

UPSC conducted the Civil Service Mains exam for essay paper on 15 September 2023.

The CSE mains essay paper comprises two sections. Each section contains 4 essay topics. Out of which 2 topics of choice from each section need to be picked.

Candidates were supposed to answer about 1000-1200 words for each essay.

Table of Contents

UPSC CSE Essay Paper 2023 Instructions

General instructions mentioned on the essay paper, that need to be followed by every aspirant are provided here.

  • Total Marks: 250 marks, Time duration: 3 hours.
  • The essay must be written in the medium authorized in the admission certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this question-cum-answer (QCA) booklet in the space provided.
  • No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
  • Word limit, as specified, should be adhered to.
  • Any page or portion of the page left blank, must be struck off clearly.

Essay Question Paper: UPSC Civil Services Main Exam (Written) 2023

The question paper of the UPSC CSE mains essay paper is provided here.

Write  two  essays, choosing  one  topic from each of the following Sections A and B, in about 1000-1200 words each:

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1: Thinking is like a game, it does not begin unless there is an opposite team.

2: Visionary decision-making happens at the intersection of intuition and logic.

3: Not all who wander are lost.

4: Inspiration for creativity springs from the effort to look for the magical in the mundane.

5: Girls are weighed down by restrictions, boys with demands- two equally harmful disciplines.

6: Mathematics is the music of reasons.

7: A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity.

8: Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.

UPSC Mains Essay Paper 2023: Exam Analysis

The essay topics for the UPSC Civil Services Main Exam in 2023 were intellectually demanding and philosophical in nature.

They required candidates to engage in deep critical thinking and present their thoughts logically.

All the questions in this year’s paper aimed at assessing the candidates’ ability to handle abstract concepts and express their ideas effectively in a structured manner.

This year’s essay topics look like that UPSC has taken inspiration from a wide range of sources, including philosophical and literary works.

Thinking is like a game, it does not begin unless there is an opposite team

This topic seems to revolve around the idea that critical thinking often emerges in response to opposing viewpoints or challenges.

Candidates may have been asked to explore how the clash of ideas leads to innovation and progress.

Visionary decision-making happens at the intersection of intuition and logic.

This famous saying belongs to Paul O’Brien.

This statement likely prompted candidates to discuss the balance between intuition and rationality in making important decisions.

It encourages a reflection on the role of both factors in effective leadership and problem-solving

Not all who wander are lost

This saying belongs to J.R.R. Tolkien,  The Fellowship of the Ring.

The topic expected from candidates to think about how exploring and being spontaneous in life’s journey can be really good.

It’s a deep topic that can be understood in many different ways.

Inspiration for creativity springs from the effort to look for the magical in the mundane

This essay topic appears to emphasize the idea that creativity is not limited to rare moments of inspiration but can be found in everyday experiences.

It probably asked people to think about where creativity comes from and how we can express it in our daily lives.

Girls are weighed down by restrictions, boys with demands- two equally harmful disciplines

This is the saying of Simone de Beauvoir

Simone de Beauvoir was a prominent French existentialist philosopher and feminist thinker. She made significant contributions to feminist philosophy through her work, including “The Second Sex,” where she discussed the concept of “The Other” and examined the role of societal expectations in shaping women’s lives.

The quote by Simone de Beauvoir presented the idea that both girls and boys or individuals of different genders, often face distinct but equally harmful forms of societal pressures and constraints.

It suggests that expectations placed on girls (referred to as “restrictions”) and boys (referred to as “demands”) can be damaging and limit their potential.

Mathematics is the music of reasons

The complete saying of James Joseph Sylvester is that mathematics is the music of reason. May not music be described as the mathematics of the sense, mathematics as music of the reason? The musician feels mathematics, the mathematician thinks music: music the dream, mathematics the working life.”

This statement suggests a poetic connection between mathematics and music. Candidates likely had to discuss the beauty and logic inherent in mathematics and its role in shaping our understanding of the world.

A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity

This topic seems to touch upon the ideas of social justice and charity, which have been discussed by philosophers like John Rawls and the concept of the “veil of ignorance.”

Candidates may have been asked to explore the relationship between justice, equality, and philanthropy in society.

Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school

Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school –  Albert Einstein .

This essay topic likely demands from candidates to reflect on the value of education beyond rote memorization.

It may have expect discussion on the practical application of knowledge and lifelong learning.

What Should Aspirants Preparing for UPSC CSE for Next Year do for an essay paper?

Taking the essay paper in the UPSC exam seriously is important. This paper requires you to write 10-12 pages about abstract or philosophical topics, which can be challenging if you’re not well-prepared.

To succeed in this exam and perform well in the essay paper, you should work on improving your comprehension and analytical skills. To get additional guidance you can join the ClearIAS essay writing program as well.

One helpful way to prepare is by reading various types of essays, especially philosophical ones. Pay special attention to the ideas of famous philosophers like Immanuel Kant, Thomas Aquinas, John Locke, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Marx, and others.

Practice writing essays based on famous quotes, as this is a common format in UPSC exams.

Additionally, be ready to write essays on a wide range of topics, including society, politics, the economy, and technology. UPSC asks such types of questions too.

Keep in mind that there isn’t a fixed pattern for UPSC questions. Analyze previous year’s question papers to get valuable insight. So, focus on understanding the way UPSC frames questions rather than expecting a consistent trend.

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Essay Self-Study Course & Test Series for UPSC 2024/25

  • 68 Self-Study Video Sessions
  • 6 Essays Sectional Tests with Model Essays
  • Shabbir Sir's recorded sessions teaching the best approach towards writing an essay - be it Topical, Abstract, or a Comprehensive Essay
  • All Evaluations can be done if the tests are submitted before February 2024
  • Detailed Feedback & Evaluation.
  • Each test will have 4 Topics of which only 1 topic can be chosen to write an Essay on.

Please Note - All Tests will be evaluated only before UPSC Prelims 2024.

Essay Self-Study Course & Test Series for UPSC 2024/25

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  • Essay Course & Test Series for UPSC 2024/25
  • Essay Foundation
  • Essay Modular Course with Test Series - 2023
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  • UPSC Model Essay - PYQ 2022

Essay Booklet

Essay tests, test series 1, test series 2, test series 3, test series 4, test series 5, test series 6, techniques of essay writing, techniques of essay writing i, techniques of essay writing ii, techniques of essay writing iii, techniques of essay writing iv, techniques of essay writing v, topical essay discussions, topical essay discussion, farming has lost the ability to be the source of subsistence for majority of farmers in india - 2017, technology as the silent factor in international relations - 2020, democracy is a consensus building exercise, cyberspace and internet: blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run, peace in international relations is ensured by balance of power, digital economy: a leveler or a source of economic inequality, potential of space ventures: economic, military and technological, multi-linguism in education: a logical necessity or a hyped superfluity, data enriches our cognition but spoils our sensitivity, user rights over data cannot be compromised in the name of information revolution, nothing is possible without human but nothing lasts without institutions, e-governance has a significant role to play in the changing landscape of crises that governments are confronted with today., responsible leadership implies a reverence for facts but not obsession with them., implementation of welfare state measure needs structural revision, abstract essay discussions, abstract essay discussion, how to write abstract/philosophical topics in essay paper, explaining the 3rd step and discussion of an example, essay canvas, 5 fundamental philosophical insights, abstract and philosophical essay discussion, quick but steady wins the race - 2015, customary morality cannot be a guide to modern life, values are not humanity is but what humanity out to be - 2019, a true leader is one who inspires mentors and importantly keeps his flock together, justice will not be served until those who are unaffected are as outraged as those who are, distrust all in whom the impulse to punish is powerful, he who is cruel to animals becomes hard in dealing with men, forgiveness is not an occasional act. it is an constant attitude, liberty can not be granted to people. people must rise to it, the relationship between spirituality and science is not necessarily contentious but it has its challenges, thematic essay discussions, theme - education abstract, theme - religion spirituality and critical thinking, theme - climate justice, theme - rights, remedies and responsibilities, what is most personal is most universal, human rights rest on human dignity, happiness is not and ideal of reasons but of imaginations, does religion limit our ability to explore the meaning of life, adaptation is the ability to be so good that you can be mediocre at will, individual self actualization cannot be supreme value of a society, a journey of thousand miles starts with a single step, you can practice any virtue erratically, but nothing consistently without courage, theme - pandemic and associated issues, theme - women, it’s not the content but the method of education that writes the fate of a society, today a story is not told, it is sold., there is no such thing as great talent without great will power., if your compassion does not include yourself, it is incomplete., information communication technology is the key to health facilities for all, is urban employment assurance the need of the hour., only time can heal what reason cannot., nothing is more honourable than a grateful heart., essay handouts, value-added-content, techniques of answer writing, techniques of answer writing i, techniques of answer writing ii, techniques of answer writing iii, topical essay discussion i, topical essay discussion ii, abstract essay discussion i, abstract essay discussion ii, abstract essay discussion iii, thematic essay discussion, thematic essay discussion i, thematic essay discussion ii, test discussion, preksha agrawal, answer copy pdf, pyq 2022 & 2023, tackling philosophical essays, value added content, key highlights.

1 Essay Booklet

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68 Sessions

68 Sessions

6 Tests

1 Essay Comprehensive Booklet (Soft Copy)

Free resources, essay pyq sample.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Who is this program for.

Essay Course & Test Series for UPSC 2024/25 is a Self-Study Course with Test Series, meant for the students who are going to attempt the UPSC CSE Mains 2024. Essay has 250 marks in total, and it is always good to score big in Essays to give an advantage over competitors in the exam. But the current change in pattern with more philosophical and abstract topics being asked often leaves the students confused. There is a special technique with needs to be learnt before any Essay is written. This course is focussed on enabling the exact same thing among aspirants.

What is the program structure?

  • Course Duration: 3 month
  • Course Commencement Date - 5-Nov-23
  • Includes 6 Sectional Tests with Model Essays. Each Test will have 4 Topics of which only 1 Essay needs to be written.
  • Sessions on discussions for Topical, Abstract & Comprehensive Essays
  • 68 Video Sessions

Why this program with Edukemy?

  • The Program, to be taken by Shabbir sir, is focussed on the recent change in pattern. The idea is to inculcate understanding among students through techniques which has helped many toppers over the years score high marks in the Essay papers of UPSC CSE Exam.
  • The topics of the test are in the exact same pattern as UPSC, helping the students with a comfort, when they see the exact same pattern in the real exam
  • Major part of the course would be focussed only on Abstract and Philosophical topics. However, equal emphasis would be given to Thematic Topics

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Essay Self-Study Course & Test Series for UPSC 2024/25

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The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Civil Services Examination is one of the most prestigious and challenging competitive exams in India. To assess the comprehensive understanding and analytical abilities of the aspirants, the UPSC includes an essay paper in the Mains examination. The UPSC essay paper tests candidates on a wide range of topics and issues and requires a deep understanding of various subjects. In this article, we will delve into the various aspects of the UPSC essay, from coaching to model answers, and explore the strategies to excel in this crucial paper.

Essay Coaching for UPSC

Many aspirants opt for essay coaching to enhance their essay-writing skills. Essay coaching for UPSC can be a valuable resource to develop the necessary skills and strategies. These coaching programs often provide guidance on essay structure, topic selection, and time management. Enrolling in a reputable coaching program like UPSC Essay Self-Study Program with Test Series 2024/25 can provide aspiring candidates with the necessary knowledge and guidance to excel in the essay paper.

UPSC Essay Copy of Toppers

Studying the UPSC essay copies of previous years' toppers can be an invaluable resource for aspirants. These copies serve as a benchmark for what the UPSC is looking for in an ideal essay. Analyzing the essays of toppers can help candidates understand the art of presenting their ideas, structuring their essays, and covering a wide array of dimensions in a given topic. As a part of the UPSC Essay Self-Study Program with Test Series 2024/25 , we have provided you the Essay Copy of Preksha Agrawal, Rank 30 , UPSC 2022.

UPSC Essay Topics with Answers

The UPSC essay paper covers a broad spectrum of topics. Aspirants must be prepared to write on anything from social issues to environmental concerns, from historical events to current affairs. Studying UPSC essay topics with answers from previous years can give candidates insights into the type of questions asked and the depth of knowledge required.

In recent times, UPSC has moved towards more Philosophical and Abstract Topics. We recommend you go through the Content of the UPSC Essay Value Added Content, a piece created by Edukemy to enhance your UPSC Essay preparations.

The Essay Value Added Material will be a part of the UPSC Essay Self-Study Program with Test Series 2024/25 by Edukemy.

UPSC Essay Copy

The UPSC essay copy is the answer sheet that candidates submit during the exam. These copies are crucial for evaluation and determine a candidate's score. Aspirants must ensure their essays are well-structured, relevant, and articulate to secure a high score.

An aspirant has to write about 1000-1200 words when it comes to an Essay Topic. So, with respect to UPSC Essay Copy, a total of 18-20 pages per topic will be utilized in general by a student.

UPSC Essay 2022 PDF

For the latest UPSC essay paper, candidates can refer to the UPSC essay 2022 PDF. This document provides details about the topics, instructions, and guidelines for the essay paper. It is essential for candidates to familiarize themselves with the most recent essay paper to be well-prepared for the examination.

For Model Essays on UPSC Essay 2022 PDF - DON'T WORRY! We have made it a part of our offering with  UPSC Essay Self-Study Program with Test Series 2024/25 .

UPSC Essay Paper

The UPSC essay paper is a crucial part of the UPSC Mains examination. It consists of two sections, each with four essay topics. Candidates must choose one topic from each section and write two essays in a span of three hours. The essay paper is designed to assess a candidate's ability to express their thoughts and ideas coherently.

You can find UPSC Essay Paper 2023 here - Link

Essay for UPSC PDF

Aspirants can find essay for UPSC PDFs online, which provide guidance and model essays. These resources can be immensely helpful for candidates looking to improve their essay-writing skills. They often include tips on essay structure, topic selection, and sample essays.

UPSC Essay Word Limit

The UPSC sets a word limit for the essay paper. As of 2022, the word limit is 1,000-1,200 words per essay. Staying within this limit is crucial as exceeding it can result in point deductions. Candidates must practice writing essays while adhering to the word limit to develop this skill.

UPSC Essay Previous Year Question Paper

The UPSC essay previous year question papers are invaluable study materials. They give candidates a sense of the kind of questions asked in previous exams, allowing them to prepare accordingly. Candidates should solve these papers to gauge their readiness for the actual exam. As a part of the UPSC Essay Self-Study Program with Test Series 2024/25, we are providing you with the Model Essays for UPSC Essay Previous Year Question Paper 2022 and 2023.

UPSC Essay PYQ (Previous Year Questions)

To excel in the UPSC essay, it's essential to solve UPSC essay PYQs. Solving previous year questions gives candidates an idea of the examination pattern and the topics frequently asked. This practice can help aspirants prepare effectively.

UPSC Essay Book PDF

There are numerous UPSC essay books available in PDF format that can serve as comprehensive study materials. These books often contain guidance on essay writing techniques, sample essays, and practice exercises. Candidates can utilize these resources to enhance their essay-writing skills.

UPSC Essay Question

The UPSC essay question is an open-ended one that requires candidates to critically analyze and express their thoughts. The ability to comprehend the question correctly and frame a relevant response is crucial for success in the essay paper.

Essay for UPSC in English

Candidates can choose to write their essays in either English or Hindi, as per their preference. For those who opt for English, it is essential to have a strong command of the language and express their ideas effectively.

UPSC Essay Paper 2023 PDF

Aspirants preparing for the UPSC essay paper in 2023 can refer to the UPSC essay paper 2023 PDF for the latest guidelines and topics. Staying updated with the most recent exam pattern is vital for a successful attempt.

You can download the UPSC Essay Paper 2023 PDF here - Link

UPSC Essay Model Answers

Studying UPSC essay model answers can help candidates understand the quality and depth of content expected by the UPSC. These model answers are often provided by coaching institutes and experts and serve as excellent reference materials for aspirants.

At Edukemy, we are offering you Model Essays for UPSC Essay Paper 2023 & UPSC Essay Paper 2022.

UPSC Essay Marks

The UPSC essay paper is marked out of 250 marks and is a significant component of the Mains examination. Scoring well in this paper can significantly impact a candidate's overall rank. Candidates should aim to maximize their UPSC essay marks by practicing regularly and seeking feedback.

UPSC Essay Topics 2022

For candidates preparing for the UPSC essay paper in 2022, it's crucial to have a clear understanding of the essay topics. Being well-versed in the topics of that year can enhance one's chances of performing well in the exam.

UPSC Essay Course

Edukemy's UPSC Essay Self-Study Course with Test Series 2024/25 is one of the best courses to prepare for UPSC Essay Writing. These courses often cover essay writing strategies, practice sessions, and feedback to help candidates improve their skills.

The UPSC essay is a critical component of the Civil Services Mains examination. Aspirants should focus on honing their essay writing skills, staying updated with the latest exam patterns and topics, and seeking guidance from coaching programs and model answers. By mastering the art of essay writing, candidates can significantly improve their chances of success in this prestigious examination.

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Climate Change Essay

Climate Change Essay: Step by Step Guide to Ace UPSC Writing Topic

“If you want to change the world pick up your pen and write” – Martin Luther.

An IAS officer is responsible to change the world by successfully implementing policy, and managing day-to-day administration. Hence UPSC exam wants to access the aspiring writing skills and includes an essay paper in Mains.

In this article, we will show you some effective tips with an example of how to write an essay to score well.

An essay is a piece of writing that explains a given topic. A writer expresses his opinion and tries to convince the readers.

You may have written many essays until now but the UPSC essay expects a very different one. It accepts a formal essay that is simple, clear and depicts information.

For the UPSC CSE essay paper, you will have to write two essays of 1000-1200 word limits in 3 hours. Each essay will carry 125 marks and overall 250 marks.

The invigilator will score the candidate according to the information, creativity, writing skills, spirit and quality.

Basic Structure of a UPSC Essay

Introduction: 5 to 6% of total essay’s length.

Main Body: 80-90%

Conclusion: 5-6%

Also Read: Important Essay Topics for UPSC 2021: Take a Look at Essay Sample Answer

Different Topics of Essay Paper

# Political Thoughts

Topic: Cooperative federalism: Myth or reality.

# Indian Society

Topic: Culture is what we are, civilization is what we have.

Topic: Biased media is a real threat to Indian democracy.

# Education

Topic: Neglect of primary health care and education in Inda are reasons for its backwardness.

# Women and Gender

Topic: Patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most important structure of social inequality- 2020.

#Abstract topics

Topic: Ships do not sink because of water around them, ships sink because of water that gets into them.

Topic: There can be no social justice without economic prosperity but economic prosperity without social justice is meaningless.

# Environment

Topic: Alternative technologies for a climate change resilient India.

# Science and Technology

Topic: Technology as the silent factor in international relations.

H3 Discuss the Socio-economic Impact of Climate Change in India – 2018 UPSC

Brain Mapping

Topics to cover.

# Short introduction about climate change

# Impact of climate change

# An initiative of government to tackle this problem

Essay Example

Also Read: Essay on ‘Climate Change’ for UPSC: Learn How to Write Best Essay for UPSC

Introduction: What is Climate Change?

Climate change is a major problem of the world it has not only harms the environment but also has a multi-dimensional effect on different segments of society.

According to UNFCCC, Climate change is a result of direct and indirect human action that interferes in the composition of the global atmosphere.

Body: Socio-Economic Impacts of Climate Change

Climate changes results in lower agriculture production and ultimately in food shortage. Economically weaker sections are worse hit by it as they are not able to purchase food supply at that high price.

Moreover, due to extreme climates, some lands becomes too dry or too wet for any crop production.

#2. Rise of Sea Level

Due to an increase in temperature of glaciers are melting at an alarming rate. Soon they will flood the coastal areas and cities located on the bank of the river. This will harm the people over there.

Moreover, people will the government will have to spend money on adapting these cities for high sea level. Many cities, harbours, ports and off-shore fields will be flooded by the increase in sea levels and they have to be relocated this will cause huge stress on the government and economy.

#3. Health Issues

Due to Climate change, several health issues are rising. According to a report of WHO, annually around 1, 50,000 deaths occurs due to climate changes. Climate changes increase the population of mosquitoes and contribute to malaria, dengue, and other infectious diseases. Moreover, due to heat strokes, thousands of lives are lost every year.

#4. Agriculture

Climate change has a major impact on agriculture. Increased CO2 levels will initially increase the growth of plants. When the optimum level of CO2 will be crossed, it will start having a reverse effect. Consequently, this results in low production. Moreover, it also affects pests, soil porosity, irrigation, rainfall and many others.

Due to increased pest problems and low production, farmers will be forced to use more pesticides and fertilizers. In addition, due to an increase in CO2, the concentration of protein will decrease along with other nutritional values. This will harm human health.

India’s agriculture is solely dependent on rainfall. Climatic changes and irregular rainfall patterns will have a negative impact on India’s agricultural yields

#5. Labor Shortage

Due to an increase in heat, hunger and increasing health issues, the efficiency of the labour force will decrease. People will have to work in extreme weather conditions and hence their productivity, creativity and innovation will decrease.

#6. Inflation

Due to lower food crop production and high demand, the prices of food crops will shoot up. This will increase hunger and poverty. Moreover, prices of other products that depend on crops indirectly will also rise.

Due to the high melting rate of glaciers, a time will soon come when the rivers will dry. Many hydro-powered projects run on hydroelectricity.

Due to the extreme climate, the electricity demand will rise. People will need more climates to battle heat and cold. This will increase the consumption of fossil fuels.

#8. Fresh Water Shortage

Due to the increase in the use of river water and other freshwater resources for irrigation and the increase in melting of snowpack, soon the perennial rivers will dry up. Groundwater levels will also decrease due to irregular rainfall patterns. This all will contribute to the freshwater shortage.

India addresses these problems and hence is adopting several policies and treaties to tackle them. National Action Plan on Climate Change, National Clean Energy Fund, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance and Bharat Stage Emission Norms are some examples.

Moreover, the World needs to come together to address the problems of climate change as it is not a problem of a single country.

Also Read: How to Write an Essay? 9 Tips To Score Better in UPSC Essay Paper

UPSC Essay Practice – Do It Yourself

#1. Global efforts on climate change: A lost cause?

#2 Alternative technologies for a climate change resilient India.

Also Read: Best Essay Books for UPSC: Perfect the Art of IAS Essay Writing

Wrapping it Up

Essay Paper is a scoring paper for your Mains. It carries 250 marks that are enough to take the game in your favour. Moreover, you can only score well by only thins that is Practice, Practice and Practice.

Try to solve previous year question papers, model papers and match your answers with previous year’s toppers answers. This will help you to analyze your shortcomings and help you to formulate a better strategy.

For more such information, tips and guidance visit UPSC Pathshala This website has all those that you will need to score well in your UPSC preparation. Moreover, do share your thoughts in the comment section below.

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Shilpa is a professional web content writer and is in deep love with travelling. She completed her mass communication degree and is now dedicatedly playing with words to guide her readers to get the best for themselves. Developing educational content for UPSC, IELTS aspirants from breakthrough research work is her forte. Strongly driven by her zodiac sign Sagittarius, Shilpa loves to live her life on her own notes and completely agrees with the idea of ‘live and let live. Apart from writing and travelling, most of the time she can be seen in the avatar of 'hooman' mom to her pets and street dogs or else you can also catch her wearing the toque blanche and creating magic in the kitchen on weekends.

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(Webinar) How to Tackle Philosophical and Abstract Essays in UPSC Main 2023-24? | Target 150+ score | Live with Zeeshan sir, Essay Program Head

abstract essay upsc

28th June @ 7:00 pm | UPSC Philosophical and Abstract Essays made super easy by Zeeshan sir | Click below and register for the webinar

Essay writing is a crucial component of the UPSC Mains examination. This is a paper where the candidates’ expressive and analytical skills are put to the test. The topics provided in the essay paper can range from socio-economic issues to philosophical and abstract themes. Tackling such broad and diverse themes can be challenging, especially when it comes to philosophical and abstract topics.

A great UPSC essay starts with brainstormed random ideas, disjointed facts…chaos, formulated into a  ‘blueprint’.  That’s the first step before you actually start writing it.

We are delighted to announce that Zeeshan Sir, our esteemed Essay Program Head, will be conducting a comprehensive session on mastering the nuances of philosophical essays in UPSC Mains and aiming for a stellar score of 150+

abstract essay upsc

Known for his profound expertise and effective teaching methods, Zeeshan Sir has been a guiding beacon for countless UPSC aspirants. His mentorship has proven instrumental in the success of over 56 UPSC 2022 rankers, who vouch for his insightful understanding of the subject matter and his ability to convey complex ideas with clarity and precision.

Why abstract and philosophical essays are a pain point for UPSC aspirants ?

  • Abstract and philosophical essays are often seen as challenging due to their broad and interpretative nature.
  • Unlike socio-economic topics, philosophical topics do not have a fixed set of facts or data that can be directly included in the essay.
  • These essays require the candidates to demonstrate their critical thinking skills, ability to make abstract connections and articulate their thoughts coherently.

abstract essay upsc

Who should attend the webinar by Zeeshan sir ?

  • Aspirants preparing for the UPSC 2023-24 Mains.
  • Individuals struggling with abstract and philosophical essays in the Mains.
  • Candidates looking to improve their overall score in the Mains.
  • Aspirants seeking guidance from an experienced and successful mentor.
  • Candidates looking for effective strategies and tips to approach philosophical and abstract essays.
  • Anyone who is aiming to break free from the feeling of unfulfillment and aimlessness in their preparation.
  • Aspirants who are not able to decipher the pattern and ‘new ways of UPSC’.
  • Someone who has failed in earlier attempts – aiming to understand and fill critical gaps in your preparation.
  • Candidates looking for practical strategies rather than generic guidance.
  • Aspirants who want effectiveness, efficiency, and consistency in their preparation

This Clarity with Ranker’s session holds the keys to your success.

abstract essay upsc

What should you expect?

  • In-depth understanding of how to tackle abstract and philosophical essays in the Mains.
  • Strategies to target and achieve a 150+ score in the UPSC Mains essay paper.
  • UPSC Essay trends vis-a-vis Philosophical and Abstract topics.
  • Insightful tips and tactics to decode and address complex essay topics.
  • Interactive Q&A session to address individual queries and concerns.
  • Guidance on improving writing skills and presenting ideas effectively.
  • Exposure to previous years’ essay topics and a critical analysis of the same.

Other than this Zeeshan sir will also share best practices to be followed:

  • Regular writing practice: Choose diverse topics, including philosophical ones, for regular practice.
  • Read widely: Broaden your understanding and perspective by reading widely, including philosophy, sociology, psychology, current affairs, etc.
  • Brainstorming: For every topic, spend some time brainstorming different ideas, views, and arguments before starting to write.
  • Outline your essay: Always create an outline to ensure your essay is structured and coherent.
  • Choose your essay topic wisely: Your understanding of the topic and comfort level should determine your choice.
  • Time management: Allocate sufficient time for understanding the topic, brainstorming ideas, creating an outline, writing the essay, and reviewing it.
  • Maintain a balanced view: If the topic is debatable, present both sides of the argument before taking a stand.
  • Use effective language: Avoid grammatical and spelling errors.
  • Ensure flow and coherence: The essay should be logically structured, and each paragraph should flow


This session will be held in online mode.

Date:  28th June 2023 (Wednesday)

Time:  7 pm Onwards

Zoom Meeting Link will be sent via your registered email address.

Post-Webinar CivilsDaily’s UPSC Essay and Mentorship session

Post webinar we will share an Essay Framework PDF.

You will also get a 1-1 Mentorship session with Zeeshan sir and his team.

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  • IAS Preparation
  • How to Prepare Philosophical Essays Topics for UPSC Mains

How to prepare for Philosophical essay topics for the UPSC Exam?

The UPSC Mains Exam consists of nine papers, one of which is an essay. The Essay Paper in the IAS Mains Exam is divided into two parts A and B, each containing four themes of 125 marks, for a total of 250 marks. Candidates must choose a topic from each area and write about it in 1,000 to 2,000 words in three hours. The essay paper is regarded as critical in deciding the ultimate outcome of a candidate’s selection and ranking.

Writing helps you to explore your own ideas, thoughts, and beliefs. What you put on paper will reveal to the reader how you argue, think, and defend your point of view. However, many candidates find essay writing to be a difficult task. Though one segment is relatively simple to tackle, with topics ranging from social, political, environmental, and economic aspects, writing an essay on philosophical topics is a huge challenge. In this article we will share some tips and tricks to approach a philosophical essay.

Selecting the topic for UPSC Essay

A good essay will undoubtedly have a variety of dimensions and components. There are certainly numerous fundamental guidelines for essay writing that should be followed when looking for these aspects and dimensions. The first and most important step is to choose a topic, particularly a philosophical one.

While choosing a topic, choose a topic on which you have sufficient knowledge and you can express yourself in 10-12 pages. If you are unfamiliar with a topic or do not have many dimensions to write upon, your ideas will be exhausted in 2-3 pages, and you will wind up repeating yourself. Unlike the GS topics or the current affair topics in the philosophical essay, marks will not be assigned purely based on the content of your essay but also, to its language, consistency, and organisation of your thoughts. Hence, select a topic on which you have sufficient information and on which you can express yourself really well. There are several concerns associated with how to address the philosophical topic in an effective and safe manner. This is what we are going to discuss in the next section.

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Tips to write a Philosophical Essay for UPSC Exam

The idea of a philosophical essay for UPSC is not to use flowery language, use story-telling tactics, or surprise the examiner. The brilliance of a philosophical essay is found in your well-organised thoughts; the language you employ is just a powerful tool for communicating these ideas to the examiner. The subtle art lies in proving one’s points in a clear and concise manner.

Approaching the topic- the first thing after selecting the topic is deciphering or decoding the topic . Decoding the topic means drawing an outline of the essay before writing it. Outlining an essay entails determining what to say in the introduction/conclusion, which ideas come where, and even which quote to utilise for the essay, among other things. The knowledge of GS Paper-4 Ethics , can be used in writing this type of essay.

Defining essential concepts and connecting them will expand the scope of the essay. Furthermore, quotes, instances, reports, and stories greatly contribute to the attraction of philosophical works. Otherwise, simply writing philosophical thoughts becomes uninteresting in essays. For instance in the topic- “Courage to accept and dedication to improve are two keys to success”, one must have a firm grasp of the concepts of bravery, devotion, and achievement. And use these concepts to interlink with each other.

Adding dimensions to your essay- To make your essay comprehensive, it is important to cover more and more dimensions related to the subject. You can use the “ PESTLEE ” Approach (Political – Economic – Sociological – Technological – Legal – Environmental –Ethics Analysis). However, explaining each of these dimensions one should be extremely cautious about his/her ideological beliefs. The essay should not represent your viewpoint; instead, the topic should be written with a more rational approach. Keep the following points in mind when writing on the above dimensions-

  • While writing an essay it is important to maintain the ideological balance that is required. When dealing with issues, one must also be democratic. When proposing remedies or analysing events or issues, the values of ‘freedom and equality’ should be the driving principles.
  • Always adhere to and preserve Constitutional ideals throughout your essay. It is critical for a philosophical essay that the ideals contained in our Constitution are reflected in whatever topic, issue, or answer we explore. The viewpoint can be extra constitutional but not unconstitutional.
  • Do not call into question the issue itself, which is to say, do not contradict yourself. Choose a stance (preferably, the middle approach) and stick to it throughout the essay.
  • In general, one should avoid idealist or non compromising viewpoints. In reality, finding the middle ground is the greatest method to deal with difficult challenges. It is likewise important not to draw broad generalisations about any specific problem. Instead, while addressing or debating any specific issue, there should be suggestions of tolerance, fairness, and understanding.
  • Never describe something as positive that is commonly perceived or used negatively, and vice versa.

Concluding your essay – For an effective conclusion, a ‘ cyclic return ‘ strategy is required. To put it another way, end concepts with the introducing ideas at the starting of your essay. It is critical to remember that a solid finish is just as vital as a strong start. Both are necessary for better scores, as is a fair amount of brainstorming.

Philosophical themes are more difficult to write about than others since they relate to so many complex concepts. This implies that, even if you address the core concept of the essay question in the UPSC exam, there may be essential components of it that you overlooked. Thus, using the PESTLEE approach will help you go over all the rewired dimensions, making your essay a comprehensive one.

Hopefully, the preceding article was informative, and it helps you to tackle the philosophical essays, ratio of which are increasing year by year in the UPSC exam. While essay writing takes time, with the above points reading the question attentively, analysing it, and writing it should be completed in a reasonable length of time.

Download UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Paper from the linked article.

Download UPSC Mains 2020 Essay Paper from the linked article.

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